Olimpia de Gouges
Madame de Staël &
Olympe de Gouges, real name
Marie Gouze, was born on May 7,
1748 in Montauban, France in a
Writer, playwright, pamphleteer
and French politician, she married
when she was 17 years old and had
a son named Pierre Aubry. In 1770,
she moved to Paris for the
education of her child.
In the line of Montesquieu, she
defended the separation of
powers. She supported the
constitutional monarchy, the
republican cause and she opposed
the death sentence of Louis XVI.
Her works were deeply feminist and revolutionary. She
advocated equality between men and women in all aspects
of public and private life, including equality for women in
the right to vote, access to public work, the right to: speak
publicly about political issues, access political life, own and
control property, join the army, and physical equality and
the right to education and equal power in the family and
Finally, the revolutionary court sentenced her to death by
guillotine in 1793. After the death of the king, she sent an
insulting letter to Robespierre.
"Women have the right
to climb the podium,
since we have to mount
Marie-Jeanne de la Platière, whose real
name was Marie-Jeanne Plhipon but was
better known as Madame Roland, was born
the 17th of March in 1754 in Paris, France.
Since she was very young, she showed a
great capacity for studies, an apasionated
and enthusiastic spirit and an indisputable
In 1751, she married Jean Marie Roland, a
member of the Convention and Minister of
Interior. During the first days of her
marriage, Madame Roland wrote several
political articles for the Courriel de Lyon
and she edited a good part of the writings
and political speeches of her husband.
When the couple moved from Lyon to Paris
in 1791, she started to play an active role.
Her living-room in Guénédaud Street became the
meeting point for important people like Brissot,
Pétion or Robespierre. However, the couple started
to be unpopular when her husband, the gentleman
Roland, published a criticism of the Revolution.
After the death of the King Louis XVI, the Jacobins
reached their maximum power, defeating the
Girondins. This made Madame Roland, along with
other people, be sent to the prison, in spite of
having defended freedom. On the 8th of November
1793 she was led to the guillotine. Before being
executed, she leaned in front of the Liberty Statue
situated at the square of the Revolution and
pronounced one of her most famous phrases, “Oh,
Liberty, how many crimes have been commited in
Anne-Louise Germaine Necker was born on
July 22, 1766 in Paris, she was Baroness de
Staël-Holstein, better known as Madame de
Staël. She was a Swiss writer, considered
French for her life and influence in Parisian
cultural life. She was the daughter of the
financier Jacques Necker, minister of Louis
XVI. When she was 22, she wrote a letter on
the character and works of Jean-Jacques
Rousseau. She married and had three
children with the Ambassador of Sweden.
During the French Revolution she was
active in supporting Talleyrand, but after
the fall of the monarchy, she left France and
travelled to Switzerland.
In 1797 she returned to Paris and she was fascinated by the figure of
Napoleon Bonaparte. She tried to be the inspiration for Napoleon's
policy, but she was suspicious of his liberal ideas. She met D'Alembert,
Buffon, Chamfort and Grimm. Among her essays was: "On the
influence of the passions on the happiness of individuals and nations",
among his novels was: "Delphine and Corinne, or Italy" as well as
reflections on peace and “!Considerations on the French Revolution.”
Her entrenched liberal principles were firm but friendly character. Her
manners, caring, sense of humor and people skills made her special.
After the Restoration she returned to France, where she died in 1817.
One of her most famous phrases was: "Freedom is incompatible with
love. A lover is always a slave.’’
She was fascinated by
the figure of Napoleon
Teresa Cabarrus, also known as
Madame Tallien, was born on July
31st, 1773. She was a Spanish lady
known as “Our Lady of Thermidor”.
She was sent to study in France in
1785 and there she married the
young Marquis Jean-Jacques-Devin
de Fontenay, but she divorced
shortly thereafter. Later she came
to Bordeaux with Tallien Jean-
Lambert, a Jacobin sent by the
revolutionary government. Teresa
violated the curfew imposed so she
ended up in jail. Finally, she
married Tallien. She supported the
ideas of the Revolution and
changes in France.
Her husband was against the
Girondins, who had influence in that
country, but Teresa was dedicated to
help and protect realistic and
Girondins. Therefore they called her
"Notre-Dame du Bon Secours."
Finally, she was jailed in Paris and
Tallien had to defend the Convention.
Her husband escaped with
Robespierre, and Teresa Cabarrus was
freed from prison. She died in 1835,
alone and sick in her castle, forgotten
by her husband and their children. It
was undoubtedly a fine example of the
fact that characters sometimes pull the
strings from the shadows of history.
Rocío Amores Cruz
Sofía Luque Cáceres
Ana Raposo Cabrera
Claudia García Poyato