Published on

Here you can know about how India's Freedom Struggled......

Published in: Education
No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  2. 2.  JalianwalaBagh is a public garden in Amritsar in the Punjab state of India and houses a memorial of national importance established in 1951 to commemorate the massacre of peaceful celebrators on the occasion of the Punjab new year on April 13,1919 in JalianwalaBagh massacre. Official British Raj Sources placed the fatalities at 379 and with 1100 wounded.  Civil Surgeon Dr. Smith indicated that there were 1,526 casualities.  The true figures of fatalities are unknown but are likely to be higher than the official figure of 379.  The 6.5 acre(26,000 m) garden site of the massacre is located in the vicivity of Golden Temple complex, the holiest shrine of Sikhism.  The memorial is managed by the jallianwalaBagh memorial trust,which was established as per the JallianwalaBagh national memorial act passed by the government of India in 1951.
  3. 3.  The non-cooperative Movement was a significient phase of the Indian struggle for freedom from British rule. It was lead by Mahatma Gandhi and was supported by the Indian National Congress. After JallianwalaBagh incident Gandhi started Non-cooperation movement. It arrived to risist British occupation in India through non-violent means protest would refuse to buy British goods, adopt the use of local handicraft, pocket liquar shops and tried to upfold Indian value of honour and in tegrity. The ideals of Ahimsa are Non-violence and his ability to rally hundred of the thousand of common citizens towards the cause of Indian Independence, were first seen on a large scale in this movement through the summer 1920, they feared that the moving leads to popular violence.
  4. 4.  The Indian statotory commision was a group of seven British members of Parliament of United Kingdom that had been dispatched to India in 1927 to study constitution reform’s in Britain’s most important colonial dependency. It was commonly reffered to as the Simon commision after its chairman Sir John Simon. One of its members was Clemant Atlle who subsequently became the British Prime minister and eventually oversaw the granting of independence to India in 1947.
  5. 5.  The Salt march is mainly known as Salt Satyagraha began with the Dandi march on march 12,1930 and was an important part of the Indian Independent movement. It was a resistance and non violent protest against the British salt MONO POLICY IN COLONIAL India and triggered the wider Civil disobedient movement this was the most significant organised challenge to British authority in 1920.  Ahemdabad to the sea coast near 24 days,240 miles(390 km)march to produce salt without paying the tax. Growing number of Indian joined him along the way.
  6. 6.  Mahatma Gandhi was born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on 2nd October at Porbandar located in Gujarat. He went off to South Africa after marriage and worked as barrister there for twenty years. In South Africa, he had his first brush with apartheid. Once while he was traveling in a train, he was thrown out of the first class compartment despite having a ticket. This made him swear that he would do his best to erase apartheid from the face of his world.  He went back to India only to find that his own country was being ruled by the British and his fellow citizens were being treated harshly by the British. listened to the teachings of Christianity with the same belief and faith he read the Hindu scriptures with. He was brutally honest and truthful and this helped him throughout his life.
  7. 7.  Nehru's Nationalism and his role in the Freedom Movement are closely inter-related, since it was the nature of Nehru's Nationalist ideas that dictated his course of action in the freedom movement of India.  Nehru's nationalism was not one of mindless jingoism. He was able to reach a common ground between an erudite internationalism and a very keen understanding of the Indian condition. Nehru's nationalism was marked by a fiery pride in the heritage of the country. But he was willing to temper this pride with his readings and his rationalist views that he received from his Western education in the West.  Jawaharlal Nehru's role in the freedom movement of India has probably not received as much historical attention as it deserves. That is, of course no surprise, as Jawaharlal Nehru's astounding success as a statesman who ushered in a new era of international relations through the formation of the NAM, and his stature as the first prime minister of independent India often adumbrate his position as a significant figure in the freedom movement of India. With his charm, highly impressive educational background, and selfless service to the nation, Nehru presented the face of a new and active India to thousands of Indians who looked up to him as a role model and a guide. 
  8. 8. EFFORTS BY… Swayam SJ 8th -B