JalianwalaBagh is a public garden in Amritsar in the Punjab state
of India and houses a memorial of national importance
established in 1951 to commemorate the massacre of peaceful
celebrators on the occasion of the Punjab new year on April
13,1919 in JalianwalaBagh massacre. Official British Raj Sources
placed the fatalities at 379 and with 1100 wounded.
Civil Surgeon Dr. Smith indicated that there were 1,526
The true figures of fatalities are unknown but are likely to be
higher than the official figure of 379.
The 6.5 acre(26,000 m) garden site of the massacre is located in the
vicivity of Golden Temple complex, the holiest shrine of Sikhism.
The memorial is managed by the jallianwalaBagh memorial
trust,which was established as per the JallianwalaBagh national
memorial act passed by the government of India in 1951.
The non-cooperative Movement was a significient phase of
the Indian struggle for freedom from British rule. It was lead
by Mahatma Gandhi and was supported by the Indian
National Congress. After JallianwalaBagh incident Gandhi
started Non-cooperation movement. It arrived to risist
British occupation in India through non-violent means
protest would refuse to buy British goods, adopt the use of
local handicraft, pocket liquar shops and tried to upfold
Indian value of honour and in tegrity. The ideals of Ahimsa
are Non-violence and his ability to rally hundred of the
thousand of common citizens towards the cause of Indian
Independence, were first seen on a large scale in this
movement through the summer 1920, they feared that the
moving leads to popular violence.
The Indian statotory commision was a group
of seven British members of Parliament of
United Kingdom that had been dispatched to
India in 1927 to study constitution reform’s in
Britain’s most important colonial dependency.
It was commonly reffered to as the Simon
commision after its chairman Sir John Simon.
One of its members was Clemant Atlle who
subsequently became the British Prime
minister and eventually oversaw the granting
of independence to India in 1947.
The Salt march is mainly known as Salt Satyagraha
began with the Dandi march on march 12,1930 and
was an important part of the Indian Independent
movement. It was a resistance and non violent
protest against the British salt MONO POLICY IN
COLONIAL India and triggered the wider Civil
disobedient movement this was the most
significant organised challenge to British authority
Ahemdabad to the sea coast near 24 days,240
miles(390 km)march to produce salt without
paying the tax. Growing number of Indian joined
him along the way.
Mahatma Gandhi was born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
on 2nd October at Porbandar located in Gujarat. He went off
to South Africa after marriage and worked as barrister there
for twenty years. In South Africa, he had his first brush with
apartheid. Once while he was traveling in a train, he was
thrown out of the first class compartment despite having a
ticket. This made him swear that he would do his best to
erase apartheid from the face of his world.
He went back to India only to find that his own country was
being ruled by the British and his fellow citizens were being
treated harshly by the British. listened to the teachings of
Christianity with the same belief and faith he read the
Hindu scriptures with. He was brutally honest and truthful
and this helped him throughout his life.
Nehru's Nationalism and his role in the Freedom Movement are closely
inter-related, since it was the nature of Nehru's Nationalist ideas that
dictated his course of action in the freedom movement of India.
Nehru's nationalism was not one of mindless jingoism. He was able to
reach a common ground between an erudite internationalism and a very
keen understanding of the Indian condition. Nehru's nationalism was
marked by a fiery pride in the heritage of the country. But he was willing
to temper this pride with his readings and his rationalist views that he
received from his Western education in the West.
Jawaharlal Nehru's role in the freedom movement of India has probably
not received as much historical attention as it deserves. That is, of course
no surprise, as Jawaharlal Nehru's astounding success as a statesman who
ushered in a new era of international relations through the formation of
the NAM, and his stature as the first prime minister of independent India
often adumbrate his position as a significant figure in the freedom
movement of India. With his charm, highly impressive educational
background, and selfless service to the nation, Nehru presented the face
of a new and active India to thousands of Indians who looked up to him
as a role model and a guide.