Spanish verbs with spelling changes verbs ending in guir

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  • 1. English-Spanish Helpful Handouts Page 1 of 4 Spanish Verbs With Spelling Changes – Verbs Ending In Guir Verbs ending in guir change gu to g in the first person singular in the present tense. For example, the first person singular of distinguir (to distinguish) is yo distingo. distinguir yo distingo tú distingues él distingue ella distingue usted distingue nosotros distinguimos nosotras distinguimos vosotros distinguís vosotras distinguís ellos distinguen Yo distingo una sombra. ellas distinguen ustedes distinguen The stem of some of these verbs also changes e to i in the first, second, and third person singular and the third person plural. There is no stem change in the first person plural or the second person plural. Look at the conjugation of conseguir (to attain, to get, to obtain, to succeed in). conseguir yo consigo tú consigues él consigue ella consigue usted consigue nosotros conseguimos nosotras conseguimos vosotros conseguís vosotras conseguís ellos consiguen ellas consiguen ustedes consiguen Here is a list of verbs that change gu to g in the first person singular. distinguir – to distinguish extinguir – to extinguish Here is a list of verbs that change gu to g in the first person singular and change e to i in the stem of the first, second, and third person singular and in the third person plural. conseguir – to attain, to get, to perseguir – to go after proseguir – to proceed, to continue, obtain, to succeed to go on seguir – to follow Free handout – http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandouts. Written by S. Watson. Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) Photo Acknowledgements: david.nikonvscannon, JosewShots.
  • 2. English-Spanish Helpful Handouts Page 2 of 4 Spanish Verbs With Spelling Changes – Verbs Ending In Guir The verb erguir (to build, to raise) has a different conjugation from the verbs on page one. The e at the beginning of the stem changes to y in the first, second, and third person singular and in the third person plural. Remember that gu changes to g in the first person singular. erguir yo yergo tú yergues él yergue ella yergue usted yergue nosotros erguimos nosotras erguimos vosotros erguís Él yergue la cabeza ante la ignominia. vosotras erguís ellos yerguen ellas yerguen ustedes yerguen Write the correct form of the verb after each pronoun. distinguir extinguir yo yo tú tú él él ella ella usted usted nosotros nosotros nosotras nosotras vosotros vosotros vosotras vosotras ellos ellos ellas ellas ustedes ustedes Write the correct form of the verb after each pronoun. Remember that the conjugation of erguir is different from the other verbs in regard to the first letter of the stem. conseguir perseguir proseguir seguir erguir yo yo yo yo yo tú tú tú tú tú él él él él él ella ella ella ella ella usted usted usted usted usted nosotros nosotros nosotros nosotros nosotros nosotras nosotras nosotras nosotras nosotras vosotros vosotros vosotros vosotros vosotros vosotras vosotras vosotras vosotras vosotras ellos ellos ellos ellos ellos ellas ellas ellas ellas ellas ustedes ustedes ustedes ustedes ustedes Free handout – http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandouts. Written by S. Watson. Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) Photo Acknowledgements: david.nikonvscannon, JosewShots.
  • 3. English-Spanish Helpful Handouts Page 3 of 4 Spanish Verbs With Spelling Changes – Verbs Ending In Guir Fill in the blank with the correct form of the verb. Vocabulary los cazadores – the 1. Yo no __________ (distinguir) entre el mar y el cielo en el cuadro. hunters el cielo - sky 2. Una pareja joven __________ (conseguir) ganar la lotería. el cuadro - painting el cuento - story 3. Los bomberos ___________ (extinguir) el incendio. erguir la cabeza – to hold one’s head high 4. Por favor, usted __________ (proseguir) con el cuento. ganar – to win la ignominia – public 5. Los cazadores __________(perseguir) la liebre. disgrace joven - young 6. Ve adelante y yo te __________(seguir). la liebre - hare la lotería -lottery 7. Vosotros __________ (erguir) la cabeza ante la ignominia el mar - sea la pareja - couple por favor - please ve adelante – go ahead Game Instructions You will need a pair of dice for this game. This game is played in pairs. Student A gets Worksheet A and Student B gets Worksheet B. The worksheets are on page 4. Student B casts the dice and adds the numbers rolled. Student A points the box with the verb and personal pronoun on his/her own worksheet that corresponds to that number. Student B says the conjugation for that pronoun and verb. If Student B is correct, then he/she crosses out that verb and pronoun on Student A’s worksheet. For Example, if Student B rolls a 4, then Student A points to verb and pronoun in the box that corresponds with number 4 on Worksheet A which is: extinguir nosotros. If Student B says nosotros extinguimos, he/she crosses out box 4 (extinguir nosotros) on Student A’s worksheet. Now, Student A casts the dice and adds the numbers rolled. Student B points the box with the verb and personal pronoun on his/her own worksheet that corresponds to that number. If Student A is correct, then he/she crosses out that verb and pronoun on Student B’s worksheet. For Example, if Student A rolls a 7, then Student B points to verb and pronoun in the box that corresponds with number 7 on Worksheet B which is: perseguir yo. If Student A says yo persigo, he/she crosses out box 7 (persiguir yo) on Student B’s worksheet. If a student does not conjugate a verb correctly, the verb remains active and does not get crossed out. This verb can be conjugated again depending on the roll of the dice. This gives the student an opportunity for self-correction the next time he/she rolls the number of the box with that verb. The first student to cross out all of the opponents questions wins the game. The worksheets are on page 4. Free handout – http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandouts. Written by S. Watson. Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) Photo Acknowledgements: david.nikonvscannon, JosewShots.
  • 4. English-Spanish Helpful Handouts Page 4 of 4 Spanish Verbs With Spelling Changes – Verbs Ending In Guir Worksheet A 1 2 3 4 conseguir distinguir erguir extinguir yo tú usted nosotros 5 6 7 8 persiguir proseguir seguir conseguir vosotros ellos yo tú 9 10 11 12 distinguir erguir extinguir persiguir él nosotras vosotras ellas Worksheet B 1 2 3 4 proseguir seguir conseguir distinguir ustedes tú ella nosotros 5 6 7 8 erguir extinguir perseguir proseguir yo vosotros yo tú 9 10 11 12 seguir conseguir distinguir erguir él nosotras vosotras ellas Free handout – http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandouts. Written by S. Watson. Photos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) Photo Acknowledgements: david.nikonvscannon, JosewShots.