English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish                           Page 1 of 10  ...
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish                           Page 2 of 10No...
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish                           Page 3 of 10No...
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish                                         ...
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish                           Page 5 of 10Fe...
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish                                         ...
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish                           Page 7 of 10Wo...
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish                           Page 8 of 10So...
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish                              Page 9 of 1...
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish                                Page 10 o...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Spanish nouns and gender #2

2,014

Published on

This 10 page Spanish language learning handout and worksheet reviews the grammatical rules of the gender of masculine nouns referring to places, things, and ideas. It is intended for intermediate and advanced high school and adult students.

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,014
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
44
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Spanish nouns and gender #2"

  1. 1. English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish Page 1 of 10 Spanish Nouns And Gender # 2 Masculine Nouns - Places, Things, Ideas A Review for Intermediate and Advanced StudentsAs a general rule, nouns that end in –o, are masculine and nouns that end in –a are feminine. For example,el año is a masculine noun and la vida is a feminine noun. But, there are many exceptions to the rule.Some nouns that end in –a, –e, -u are masculine.el cine movie houseel coche carel colega colleagueel día dayel espíritu spiritel meringue baked egg whiteel parque parkel perfume perfumeel pie footel postre dessertel viaje trip el tranvíael tranvía trolleyExercise 1Read each English clue below. Circle the corresponding Spanish article and noun in the word search puzzle.The words can appear horizontally, vertically, diagonally, forward, and backward.E J K H E A N B O EZ L N M D I Z O L LQ G P F M B P C I TD O N E D G O L X RX D A N R L J Z E AA í D L E F G R P NL O B G T L U D T VZ B A R Y X A M X íI U L U N F P K E AQ A Y D J M X Q D Ocolleague day foot perfume trolleyFree Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandoutsPhotos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) N I C O, frogthroat, adstream, House Photography, monkeysox, cfinke
  2. 2. English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish Page 2 of 10Nouns ending in –ma, -pa, –ta are usually masculine. These nouns have Greek origins.el anagrama anagramel aroma aromael clima climateel cometa cometel crucigrama crucigramel diagrama diagramel dilema dilemmael diploma diplomael drama dramael enigma enigma el planetael esquema sketchel fantasma ghostel idioma languageel mapa mapel panaorama panoramael pentagrama pentagramel planeta planetel poema poemel prisma prismel problema problemel programa programel profeta prophetel síntoma symptomel sistema systemel telegrama telegramel tema themeExercise 2Read the English clue. Complete the puzzle with the Spanish article and noun. Across Down 5. diagram 1. prophet 6. sketch 2. dilemma 3. anagram 4. map 5. themeFree Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandoutsPhotos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) N I C O, frogthroat, adstream, House Photography, monkeysox, cfinke
  3. 3. English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish Page 3 of 10Nouns that end in –ambre, –aje are masculine.el alambre wireel calambre crampel enjambre swarm of beesel montaje settingel paisaje sceneryel pasaje train/bus fareel personaje characterel salvaje savage el enjambreExercise 3Unscramble each of the words. Copy the letters in the numbered boxes to the corresponding numbered boxes atthe bottom. A sentence will appear. (Hint: The scenery is pretty.) The answer to the sentence is on page 9.Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandoutsPhotos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) N I C O, frogthroat, adstream, House Photography, monkeysox, cfinke
  4. 4. English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish Page 4 of 10These nouns are masculine. They end in an accented vowel, a consonant, - ín, -ís, -ón, -or, -ión, -z. Many of themcan easily be mistaken for feminine nouns.accented consonant -ín -ís -ón -or -ión -zvowelel colibrí el abad el cojín el análisis el el amor el avión el ajedrez(hummingbird) (abbot) (cushion) (analysis) galardón (love) (airplane) (chess) (prize)el sofá el árbol el jardín el énfasis el el calor el bastión el altavoz(sofá) (tree) (garden) (emphasis) malecón (heat) (stronghold) speaker (jetty) el césped el país el rincón el color el camión el antifaz (turf) (country) (corner) (color) (truck) (mask) el huésped el el riñón el rencor el gorrión el aprendiz (host) parenthesis (kidney) (hate) (sparrow) (apprentice) (parenthesis) el general el sudor el limpión el arroz (general) (sweat) (wipe) (rice) el origen el el el avestruz (origen) temblor sarampión (ostrich) (tremor) (measles) el pan el valor el turbión el cáliz (bread) (courage) (squall) (goblet) el régimen el vapor el haz (regime) (vapor) (sheaf) el reloj el el lápiz (watch) bailador (pencil) el sol el maíz (sun) (maise) el sud el pez (south) (fish)Exercise 4Find and circle the words in the box on the right. The words can appear horizontally, vertically, diagonally, forward,and backward. A hidden Spanish sentence will appear between the circled words in the top 2 lines of the wordsearch puzzle. Write the sentence below. (Hint: I prefer rice to bread.) The answer is to the sentence is on page 9.P N R E F I E E Í R O E L A RR Ó O Z A L P R L A N K B P N EL COLIBRÍS I B C X E B Y Q V R V G E C EL CÉSPEDR B N E V I Q N U J A X G I A EL JARDÍNK R L S L Y P K P J L L T H E EL PAÍSJ U R O D E P S É C L E O L U EL PEZG T C L J V W S X S Z Z P R X EL RINCÓNY L N D L D Q Í A E U E G V B EL TURBIÓNE E J Í W V R A H I Z G K F F EL VALORQ B B S D G E P A C S G U Y YQ J E O B R R L W B F S T R PX K K U Q K A E Y T E X M L PJ C U G P X T J G C G U J I ZN Ó C N I R L E L K B T L E VS D R T R C D J X E J X U Z N__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ .Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandoutsPhotos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) N I C O, frogthroat, adstream, House Photography, monkeysox, cfinke
  5. 5. English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish Page 5 of 10Feminine nouns that begin with a stressed a- or ha- take the masculine article in the singular form. Because thesenouns are feminine, the adjective used to modify this type of noun is also feminine.el agua waterel águila eagleel ala wingel alba dawnel alma soulel área areael arma weaponel arpa harpel aula classroomel ave birdel hacha ax el albael hada fairyel hambre hungerExercise 5Here are 2 fallen phrase puzzles. A Spanish sentence fits into each puzzle. Use the scrambled letters under eachcolumn of the puzzle to complete the sentence. (Hints: The golden eagle flies high in the sky. Let’s put theChristmas tree in the living room.) The answers are on page 9.Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandoutsPhotos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) N I C O, frogthroat, adstream, House Photography, monkeysox, cfinke
  6. 6. English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish Page 6 of 10Compound nouns combine a verb or a preposition with a noun. They are masculine.el abrelatas can openerel cumpleaños birthdayel guardarropa closetel lavaplatos dishwasherel parabrisas windshieldel parachoques bumperel paraguas umbrellael paracaídas parachuteel pararrayos lightening rodel rascacielos skyscraperel rompecabezas jigsaw puzzleel sacacorchos corkscrew el rompecabezasel salvavidas life preserverel sujetapapeles staplerExercise 6Here are 3 cryptograms. Write the letter that corresponds with the number in each of the blanks below in order toform the Spanish sentence. (Hints: You had better take your umbrella. Juan throws the life preserver to Mario.Today is Robert’s birthday. ) The answers are on page 10.A B D E G Í L P R S T U V13 12 8 5 1 7 4 22 16 26 21 15 6__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __8 5 12 5 16 7 13 26 4 4 5 6 13 16 21 5 5 4__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __.22 13 16 13 1 15 13 26A D E I J L M N O R S T U V26 6 19 1 11 3 22 21 24 13 15 17 2 10__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __11 2 26 21 17 1 13 26 19 3 15 26 3 10 26 10 1 6 26 15 26__ __ __ __ __.22 26 13 1 24A B C D E H L M ñ O P R S T U Y13 1 10 14 26 9 5 21 20 6 3 2 15 23 25 17__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __9 6 17 26 15 26 5 10 25 21 3 5 26 13 20 6 15 14 26__ __ __ __ __ __ __.2 6 1 26 2 23 6Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandoutsPhotos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) N I C O, frogthroat, adstream, House Photography, monkeysox, cfinke
  7. 7. English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish Page 7 of 10Words that fit into these categories are masculine.Category Examplerivers el Tajomountains, lakes, seas, oceans el Himalaya, el lago Titicaca, el mar Mediterráneocars, boats, aircraft el Mercedesmonths, days el enero, el luneswines el Riojapictures named by artists el Goyasports teams el Real Madridinfinitives el comernumbers el sietemusical notes el do, el facolors el verdefruit trees el limonerolanguages el españolExercise 7These are scrambled sentences. Unscramble the boxes to reveal the sentence. Write the sentence on the lineprovided. (Hints: The Tajo is the largest river of the Iberian Peninsula. The lemon tree is a citrus tree. January isthe first month of the year.) The answers are on page 10.Example: DE Í O L R N Í N I C A O E S U L S E E L E B É R R GO T A J L A P E A I L A . MÁSE L T A J O E S E L R Í O M Á S L A R G OD E L A P E N Í N S U L A I B É R I C A .__El Tajo es el río más grande de la Península Ibérica.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandoutsPhotos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) N I C O, frogthroat, adstream, House Photography, monkeysox, cfinke
  8. 8. English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish Page 8 of 10Some nouns have a different meaning if used with the masculine or the feminine article.Masculine Feminineel capital capital (money) la capital capital (city)el canal TV channel la canal gutterel cólera cholera la cólera angerel coma coma la coma commael cometa comet la cometa kiteel corte cut la corte courtel cura priest la cura cureel editorial newspaper editorial la editorial publishing houseel frente front la frente foreheadel guía guide (person) la guía guidebookel mañana tomorrow la mañana morningel modelo model (example) la modela fashion modelel orden order (arrangement) la orden order (command)el papa pope la papa potatoel pez fish la pez tarel policía police officer la policía police departmentExercise 8Complete the sentence with the appropriate definite article.Él me dio _____ orden y tengo que hacer lo que quiere. (He gave me the order and I have to do what he wants.)¿Cuál es _____ capital de España? (What is the capital of Spain?)_____ cólera es una enfermedad epidémica. (Cholera is an epidemic illness.)Compré _____ guía pero no me sirvió de ayuda. (I bought the guidebook but it didn’t help me.)Él me besó en _____ frente. (He kissed me on the forehead.)_____ pez huele mal. (The fish smells bad.) El me besó en la frente.Ella vio el amanecer por _____ mañana. (She saw the sunrise in the morning.)Los científicos no han hallado _____ cura contra el cáncer. (Scientists have not found the cure for cáncer.)_____ corte castigó a los criminales. (The court punished the criminals.)Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandoutsPhotos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) N I C O, frogthroat, adstream, House Photography, monkeysox, cfinke
  9. 9. English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish Page 9 of 10The AnswersExercise 1E E E L I L L P P C T E O L R R L E A el colega, el día, el pie, el perfume, el tranvíaA Í D L E F N G U V A M Í E AExercise 2Across – 5. el diagrama 6. el esquemaDown – 1. el profeta 2. el dilema 3. el anagrama 4. el mapa 5. el temaExercise 3el salvaje, el montaje, el calambre, el personaje, el alambre, el pasaje, el enjambre, el paisajeThe sentence: El paisaje es bonito. (The scenery is pretty.)Exercise 4 N E Í ó R L I B V B I A R L L E U O D E P S É C l E O L T C S P R L N Í EE E Í A D P R L A E JN ó C N I R L E L EHidden sentence: Prefiero el arroz al pan. (I prefer rice to bread.)P R E F I E R O E L A RR O Z A L P A NExercise 5El águila caudal vuela en el alto cielo. (The golden eagle flies high in the sky.)Pongamos el árbol de Navidad en el salón. (Let’s put the Christmas tree in the living room.)Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandoutsPhotos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) N I C O, frogthroat, adstream, House Photography, monkeysox, cfinke
  10. 10. English-Spanish Helpful Handouts - For English Speakers Who Want To Learn Spanish Page 10 of 10Exercise 6Deberías llevarte el paraguas. (You had better take your umbrella.)Juan tira el salvavidas a Mario. (Juan throws the life preserver to Mario.)Hoy es el cumpleaños de Roberto. (Today is Robert’s birthday.)Exercise 7El Tajo es el río más largo de la Península Ibérica. (The Tajo is the largest river of the Iberian Peninsula.)El limonero es un árbol cítrico. (The lemon tree is a citrus tree.)El enero es el primer mes del año. (January is the first month of the year.)Exercise 8Él me dio la orden y tengo que hacer lo que quiere. (He gave me the order and I have to do what he wants.)¿Cuál es la capital de España? (What is the capital of Spain?)El cólera es una enfermedad epidémica. (Cholera is an epidemic illness.)Compré la guía pero no me sirvió de ayuda. (I bought the guide book but it didn’t help me.)Él me besó en la frente. (He kissed me on the forehead.)El pez huele mal. (The fish smells bad.)Ella vio el amanecer por la mañana. (She saw the sunrise this morning.)Los científicos no han hallado la cura contra el cáncer. (Scientists have not found the cure for cáncer.)La corte castigó a los criminales. (The court punished the criminals.)Free Handout – http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandoutsPhotos: www.flickr.com (Creative Commons License) N I C O, frogthroat, adstream, House Photography, monkeysox, cfinke

×