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SOUTH- SOUTH COOPERATION

SOUTH- SOUTH COOPERATION


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  • to foster national self-reliance of developing countries through the enhancement of their creative capacity to find solutions to their development problems in keeping with their own aspirations, values and special needs;
    to promote and strengthen collective self-reliance among developing countries through the exchanging of experience, the pooling, sharing and utilization of their technical resources and the development of their complementary capacities;
    to strengthen the capacity of developing countries to identify and analyze together the main issues of their development and to formulate the requisite;
    and to strengthen existing technological capacities in the developing countries, in order to improve the effectiveness,
    to create new capacities and capabilities and to improve the capacity of developing countries for the absorption and adaptation of technology and skills to meet their specific developmental needs.
  • The principal value added arising from South-South Cooperation is its contribution to developing and strengthening capacities between partners in a horizontal relationship where both parties benefit from sharing. This has been exemplified by Cuba and Suriname through the Health sector cooperation. Cuba has the opportunity to export its medical expertise and gain international recognition and solidarity, while Suriname is able to address its shortages on medical staff and secure medical care for its population in remote and underserved areas.
    In addition to capacity-building, development occurs through the exchange of know-how, technologies and experiences insofar as they strengthen human and institutional resources as well as national cooperation systems, encourage the production and use of local knowledge, skills and expertise and promote the systematization and analysis of successful experiences. In this sense, SSC constitutes an ideal vehicle that helps strengthen national ownership and leadership in developing countries.
    Under the SSC the exchange of know-how, technologies and experiences is demand-driven, based on national plans and priorities. This is supportive towards the level of ownership by the recipient countries. This is especially important since one of the main criticisms levied against the Technical Assistance model used in the traditional form of cooperation is that it continues to be driven by the donor country’s supply instead of the partner country’s demand, regardless of the progress achieved.
    Against this background, the experience South-South cooperation can bring in terms of harmonization with national development plans, broad stakeholder participation, and adaptability of proposals may provide valuable insights for advancing joint approaches to address key development issues, thereby contributing to the sustainability of solutions.
    This, of course, does not mean that all SSC is carried out under this perspective.
    One may argue that it is important to emphasize the potential and the good practices that underpin this form of cooperation, as they can enrich the traditional model of technical assistance, providing it with some criteria for partners to access, analyze and learn from their own practices.
  • Transcript

    • 1. SWATI GOEL M.A-1 Sem-2 1 PRESENTATION BY:- SWATI GOEL M.A-1 Sem-2 International trade Topic: South-South Cooperation
    • 2. Contents: Introduction of SSC. Its principles. Proposal for defining SSC. Objectives of SSC. Characteristics. Practical challenges. Impact of SSC. 2
    • 3. 3 Introduction  South-South Cooperation (SSC) has a long and proud history as an important form of solidarity between countries.  For the international community to acknowledge accurately its increasing role and importance, there needs to be better and more comprehensive information and data.  It is recognised that SSC has considerable advantages and better information will benefit partner countries in seeking most cost effective and appropriate funding.
    • 4. 4 Principles underlying SSC  The principles of solidarity and mutual cooperation underlie SSC and as such it is a broader and deeper concept that Northern donor aid. It encompasses financial flows (eg loans and grants) as well as the sharing of experiences, technology and skills transfers, preferential market access and trade-oriented support.  However for UN DCF to strengthen information and data flows, the initial emphasis is to be narrowed to focus on financial SSC and triangular flows.
    • 5. 5 Proposal for defining SSC  The principle is that it represents a genuine transfer of resources from the country offering cooperation programmes into the economies of partner countries.  It is defined to include grants and concessional loans (including export credits) provided by one Southern country to another to finance projects, programmes, technical cooperation, debt relief and humanitarian assistance.
    • 6. 6 Contd.  Southern actors offering SSC are Southern governments and their agencies and Southern multilateral institutions.  Southern actors receiving SSC are Southern governments and their agencies, multilateral development institutions (eg World Bank, UN), regional development banks (eg AsDB, AfDB), other multilateral institutions and CSOs.  The concessionality of SSC loans is to be designed to measure the opportunity cost of the funds to the lender.
    • 7. 7 Contd.  Triangular cooperation is Northern donors, multilateral institutions and Southern partners providing cooperation to one Southern partner to execute projects/programmes with the aim of assisting a third Southern partner country.  Since Northern donors and multilateral institutions account for their triangular flows as Northern donor aid including these flows as part of SSC would result in double-counting. However Northern donors are to be encouraged to provide better reporting on their triangular flows.
    • 8. Objectives of SSC:  Basic Objectives of SSC: contribute to the wider objectives of the development of the developing countries and international development cooperation (are interdependent and mutually supportive)
    • 9. Contd.  to foster national self-reliance of developing countries  to promote and strengthen collective self- reliance among developing countries  to strengthen the capacity of developing countries( to identify and analyze the main issues of their development)  to strengthen existing technological capacities in the developing countries  to create new capacities and capabilities and to improve the capacity of developing countries
    • 10. Characteristics of SSC  principal value added by South-South Cooperation is its contribution to develop and strengthen capacities between partners in a horizontal relationship where both parties benefit from sharing.  SSC constitutes an ideal vehicle that helps strengthen national ownership and leadership  the exchange of know-how, technologies and experiences is demand-driven
    • 11. 11 Practical challenges  One of the main challenges is lack of a single government ministry or agency responsible for the country’s SSC programmes. So there is no overarching institutional structure for recording and monitoring SSC. On the other hand, a number of Southern countries have taken steps to strengthen institutional and data collection processes.  Proposal for the way forward:  A senior Southern country official, knowledgeable of the country’s cooperation programme, be nominated to facilitate national data collection and its reporting to the DCF on a voluntary basis,  Support to be provided by the UN including through missions and email/telephone.
    • 12. 12 Impact of SSC  It is proposed to conduct analysis to learn and share good practices of SSC and triangular cooperation, for example an independent study to evaluate triangular cooperation and a repository of good practices in triangular cooperation to garner more information on the practical issues.
    • 13. THANK YOU 13

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