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  • 1. Physical Map of the World, October 2010 AUSTRALIA Independent state Bermuda Dependency or area of special sovereignty Sicily / AZORES Island / island group 150 120 90 60 30 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 Capital ARCTIC OCEAN Alert ARCTIC OCEAN FRANZ JOSEF ARCTIC OCEAN LAND SEVERNAYA ZEMLYA Ellesmere Molloy Deep Longyearbyen QUEEN ELIZABETH Island Qaanaaq (Thule) (deepest point of the Arctic Ocean, -5607 m) NEW SIBERIAN ISLANDS Scale 1:35,000,000 Greenland Sea Svalbard NOVAYA Kara Sea Banks ISLANDS (NORWAY) ZEMLYA Laptev Sea Robinson Projection Resolute Barents Sea standard parallels 38°N and 38°S Beaufort Sea Island Pond Inlet Baffin Greenland East Siberian Sea Wrangel Barrow Bay (DENMARK) Island Victoria Tiksi Island Baffin Jan Mayen Norwegian Pevek Chukchi (NORWAY) Island Norilsk Sea Sea Murmansk Cherskiy Arctic Circle (66°33) Arctic Circle (66°33) NORWAY U. S. Fairbanks Great Nuuk ICELAND White Sea S I B E R I A Anadyr INS Nome Provideniya Bear Lake Iqaluit (Godthåb) Denmark SWEDEN Arkhangelsk Mt. McKinley Davis Strait Faroe Reykjavík (highest point in FINLAND R U S S I A NTA Strait Islands Lake North America, 6194 m) (DEN.) Gulf Yakutsk Anchorage of Ladoga Great Tórshavn Lake Whitehorse Bothnia Onega OU 60 Slave Lake Hudson Oslo Helsinki Magadan 60 Tallinn Saint Petersburg Bay Stockholm M Gulf of Alaska Churchill Rockall Baltic EST. Perm Bering Sea Juneau Kuujjuaq Labrador (U.K.) Yaroslavl Nizhniy Tyumen RO RO Fort McMurray ¯ Sea Riga Izhevsk Sea North DENMARK LAT. Novgorod Yekaterinburg Tomsk Krasnoyarsk Glasgow Moscow Kazan Prince CANADA Belfast UNITED Sea Copenhagen RUSSIA LITH. Vilnius Ufa Chelyabinsk Omsk Novosibirsk Lake Sea of L Ulyanovsk Baikal CK Happy Valley- Minsk URA George DS Leeds Hamburg Okhotsk SLAN Goose Bay Dublin Isle of Samara Barnaul I Edmonton Man BELARUS TIAN Saskatoon Lake IRELAND (U.K.) KINGDOM Amsterdam Berlin Warsaw . Irkutsk Petropavlovsk- U.S. ALEU Orenburg Chita Winnipeg Lódz Y Y Birmingham NETH. Homyel Voronezh Saratov Kamchatskiy Island of Cologne Astana Sakhalin AL S Calgary London Brussels POLAND Kyiv A EUT ND Winnipeg Newfoundland Lille GERMANY Prague Kraków Qaraghandy LT IAN ISLA Celtic BELGIUM LUX. Frankfurt Lviv (Karaganda) A Vancouver Sea Guernsey(U.K.) Jersey (U.K.) Luxembourg CZECH REP. UKRAINE Kharkiv Volgograd Y Khabarovsk SLOVAKIA M Lake Gulf of Paris Munich Vienna Bratislava MOLDOVA Donetsk KAZAKHSTAN T S. Ulaanbaatar KURIL MO MOU St. Lawrence LIECH. AUSTRIA Budapest Chisinau ¸ Rostov Atyraü ( Seattle Superior Lake Québec FRANCE Aral Lake Balkhash ISLANDS Bern S SLOVENIA HUNGARY Odesa Astrakhan Huron Montréal St. Pierre Lyon SWITZ. A L P Ljubljana ROMANIA Sea of Azov Gora Elbrus Sea MONGOLIA Harbin Bay of Milan (highest point in Portland Minneapolis Lake Ottawa and Miquelon Bordeaux Turin Zagreb CROATIA Belgrade Bucharest T SER Biscay SAN Europe, 5633 m) Aqtaü Michigan BOS. & Occupied by the SOVIET UNION in 1945, DE Halifax (FRANCE) MARINO Ürümqi Changchun Toronto Lake Ontario Toulouse MONACO Genoa HER. SERBIA CAU (Aktau) Jilin Sarajevo CAS Almaty BI Vladivostok administered by RUSSIA, claimed by JAPAN Milwaukee Black Sea Sapporo NT NTAINS ITALY U Caspian Buffalo S Boston Bilbao Marseille Pristina Sofia S M GO NORTH UNITED Chicago Detroit Lake AI N NT Providence ANDORRA Corsica VATICAN (FR.) CITY Podgorica KOS. Rome BULGARIA MONT. Skopje GEORGIA Tbilisi T S. Sea (lowest point in Shymkent Tashkent Bishkek Shenyang Salt Lake City Denver Indianapolis Cleveland Pittsburgh Erie OU M New York Porto PORTUGAL Madrid Barcelona Naples Tirana ALB. MACEDONIA Istanbul Ankara ARMENIA Europe, -28 m) Baku UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN TAKLA MAKAN Baotou Beijing NORTH KOREA Sea of NORTH PACIFIC Sacramento Kansas City Saint Louis Cincinnati N Philadelphia Baltimore NORTH SPAIN Valencia BALEARIC ISLANDS Sardinia (IT.) GREECE . Izmir Bursa T URKEY Yerevan AZERBAIJAN TURKMENISTAN Dushanbe Kashi DESERT Datong Tianjin Pyongyang Japan San Francisco Death Valley (lowest point in STATES LA C H IA Washington, D.C. AZORES Lisbon Sevilla (SP.) Algiers Palermo Sicily Athens Konya Adana Gaziantep Tabriz ¯ Ashgabat TAJIKISTAN Shijiazhuang Taiyuan Zibo Dalian Yantai Seoul JAPAN PACIFIC OCEAN North America, -86 m) AP PA Norfolk ATLANTIC (PORT.) Málaga Tunis MALTA (IT.) Mosul Tehran Mashhad Indian Lanzhou Jinan SOUTH KOREA Tokyo Las Vegas Nashville Charlotte Ceuta (SP.) Gibraltar (U.K.) Oran Constantine Valletta Nicosia Aleppo Arbil 1972 Line of Control claim Qingdao Yellow Pusan Nagoya OCEAN Los Angeles Phoenix Oklahoma City Atlanta OCEAN D G E MADEIRA ISLANDS Rabat Casablanca Melilla (SP.) Fès TUNISIA Mediterranean Sea Crete (GR.) CYPRUS Beirut LEBANON SYRIA Damascus IRAQ Qom Kermanshah Hera ¯t Kabul Pesha ¯war Line of Actual CHINA Zhengzhou Xian Sea Hiroshima ¯ Osaka Yokohama San Diego Dallas Bermuda I (PORT.) Tripoli Esfaha ¸ ¯n AFGHANISTAN Islamabad Control Fukuoka (U.K.) Tel Aviv-Yafo Baghdad H Mt. Everest Nanjing Nantong Tijuana Mexicali El Paso IM R Marrakech Kandaha ¯r Lahore NA Ciudad New Jacksonville MOROCCO Bangha ¯ ¯zi Alexandria ISRAEL Jerusalem Amman Al Basrah ¸ Ahva ¯z IRAN Faisala ¯d ¯ba A (highest point in Asia and the world, 8850 m) Chengdu Wuhan Hefei Shanghai M LA D S Austin Cairo JORDAN Quetta Multa ¯n Ludhia ¯na Hangzhou 30 Juarez Houston Orleans 30 P O PAN) New YA - CANARY ISLANDS Al Jizah ¯ KUWAIT Lhasa Ningbo L A N Dead Sea ¯ ¯z Shira Chongqing S ( I C ALGERIA Za ¯heda ¯n East China JA Chihuahua San Orlando (SP.) Kuwait Nanchang (lowest point in PAKISTAN Delhi BHUTAN - S Antonio Tampa NEPAL Changsha Sea Asia, -408 m) LIBYA ¯ Agra HO T Kathmandu IS ) SAUDI Thimphu AN BAHRAIN Persian Guiyang Laayoune EGYPT Jaipur Okinawa Midway N ¯npur Lucknow Fuzhou TO Monterrey Miami Gulf OMAN Ka AP - THE Manama Hydera ¯d ¯ba Patna Islands Gulf of Mexico Western Abu U Matamoros Nassau Milwaukee Deep Kunming Taipei (J L A Torreón Y Medina Riyadh Doha Dhabi Xiamen K Marcus Island (U.S.) BAHAMAS (deepest point of the Sahara Aswa ¯n Gulf of Oman Kara ¯chi BANGLADESH U (JAPAN) Tropic of Cancer (23°27) MEXICO Havana Atlantic Ocean, -8605 m) QATAR UNITED ARAB Muscat Ahmada ¯d Bhopa ¯ba ¯l Dhaka Shantou R Y Tropic of Cancer (23°27) Guangzhou AT San Luis Turks and EMIRATES Jamshedpur Khulna HAWAIIAN ISLANDS Potosí Caicos Islands (U.K.) Virgin British Virgin Islands Red Jiddah ARABIA Indore Kolkata Chittagong Mandalay Nanning Hong Kong Taiwan Kao-hsiung León Mérida CUBA Islands (U.S.) (U.K.) S A H A R A Sea Mecca KHA LI OMAN Su ¯rat Na ¯gpur BURMA Hanoi Zhanjiang Macau S.A.R. Luzon D - Honolulu Guadalajara Cancún Mexico DOMINICAN AL S.A.R. City Cayman Is. REPUBLIC Anguilla (U.K.) Port Sudan RU B INDIA LAOS Haiphong Strait Philippine Wake Island H U.S. (U.K.) Port-au- Saint-Martin (FR.) MAURITANIA Gulf of NC Sint Maarten (NETH.) Mumbai Nay Pyi (U.S.) Toluca Prince Santiago San Juan Northern M I Puebla Saint Barthelemy (FR.) Pune Tonkin Hainan Taw Chiang Vientiane JAMAICA MALI ANA TRE ST. KITTS AND NEVIS Dao Mariana ISLAS REVILLAGIGEDO Oaxaca BELIZE Kingston Navassa HAITI Santo Puerto Domingo Rico ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA Nouakchott Tombouctou Hydera ¯d ¯ba Visha ¯khapatnam Rangoon Mai PARACEL Sea Islands Belmopan Johnston Atoll (MEXICO) Acapulco Island (U.S.) (U.S.) Guadeloupe (FR.) NIGER Omdurman ERITREA YEMEN Vijayawa ¯da Bay of Da Nang ISLANDS (U.S.) (U.S.) GUATEMALA HONDURAS DOMINICA Montserrat CAPE VERDE CHAD Kassala Asmara THAILAND VIETNAM Saipan Caribbean Sea (U.K.) Martinique (FR.) Dakar Khartoum Sanaa Manila Tegucigalpa RI Guatemala City Praia SENEGAL Bengal Bangkok BURKINA Niamey Arabian ST. VINCENT AND ST. LUCIA Banjul Bengaluru Hagåtña A San Salvador Aruba Bamako SUDAN Mek’ele ¯ (Bangalore) Chennai ANDAMAN South China PHILIPPINES M THE GRENADINES Aden Guam EL SALVADOR NICARAGUA (NETH.) Curacao (NETH.) BARBADOS THE GAMBIA FASO Lac Assal Gulf of Aden ISLANDS CAMBODIA Kano NDjamena (lowest point in DJIBOUTI (INDIA) Sea (U.S.) Bissau Ouagadougou Socotra Challenger Deep Managua GRENADA Nyala Sea LAKSHADWEEP PHIL Africa, -155 m) Djibouti Calicut MARSHALL Barranquilla Coimbatore Phnom (worlds greatest ocean depth, -10924 m) H Maracaibo Caracas Port-of-Spain (YEMEN) Andaman Ho Chi Minh GUINEA-BISSAU GUINEA Penh San José Cartagena BENIN NIGERIA Addis Madurai Sea City Cebu FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA ISLANDS IPPI Clipperton Island Valencia TRINIDAD AND Conakry Hargeysa (INDIA) Gulf of P Colón Panama Ciudad Abuja Ababa EY Cochin SPRATLY (FRANCE) COSTA City TOBAGO Freetown CÔTE TOGO LL Thailand ISLANDS Guayana NE VA RICA Cúcuta DIVOIRE GHANA Ogbomoso S E Kingman Reef (U.S.) PANAMA Georgetown SIERRA Yamoussoukro Ibadan CENTRAL ETHIOPIA Laccadive Colombo Zamboanga Davao Melekeok Palikir Majuro E Medellín VENEZUELA LEONE Lomé Lagos NICOBAR T TRE Isla del Coco Paramaribo AFRICAN REPUBLIC Sea SRI D GUYANA Accra ISLANDS T Palmyra Atoll (U.S.) Monrovia (COSTA RICA) Abidjan Porto- CAMEROON SOMALIA LANKA Bandar Seri PALAU RIF Isla de French Guiana (INDIA) Begawan N NC Malpelo Bogotá LIBERIA Novo Juba N (FRANCE) Bangui Male Kuala BRUNEI (COLOMBIA) SURINAME Cayenne Douala H Malabo Medan Lumpur A COLOMBIA EQUATORIAL GUINEA Yaoundé MALDIVES Celebes Sea Cali AT Gulf of Guinea M A L A Y S I A Kiritimati PENEDOS DE UGANDA GRE (Christmas Island) Mogadishu Singapore Tarawa Howland Island SÃO PEDRO E SÃO PAULO SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE (U.S.) (KIRIBATI) (BRAZIL) Kisangani Kampala KENYA Pekanbaru Equator Equator Quito Equator Sâo Tomé Libreville REP. OF SINGAPORE Baker Island (U.S.)0 0 THE Pontianak Samarinda Jarvis GALAPAGOS ECUADOR GABON DEMOCRATIC Nairobi Padang Yaren NAURU Island Belém Annobon CONGO RWANDA Kigali District ISLANDS ARQUIPÉLAGO DE Lake K I R I B A T I (U.S.) (ECUADOR) Guayaquil Manaus São Luís FERNANDO DE NORONHA (EQUA. GUI.) REPUBLIC Bujumbura Victoria Mt. Kilimanjaro (highest point in Africa, 5895 m) Palembang Banjarmasin Jayapura Iquitos (BRAZIL) Brazzaville Teresina Fortaleza Pointe-Noire Kinshasa OF THE CONGO BURUNDI Mombasa Victoria British Indian Tanjungkarang- I N D Java Sea O N E S I A PAPUA Natal ANGOLA Ocean Territory Telukbetung Makassar Mbuji-Mayi Dodoma Jakarta Banda Sea (U.K.) NEW GUINEA SOLOMON P PE (Cabinda) Lake Dar es Salaam A João Pessoa Bandung TANZANIA R RU K I R I B A T I Trujillo Ascension Tanganyika Diego Semarang Surabaya ISLANDS ÎLES MARQUISES Pôrto Velho Recife Luanda SEYCHELLES Garcia Malang Dili Funafuti Arafura - C JA N (Fr. Poly.) Denpasar BRAZIL CH PERU V A TIMOR-LESTE Sea TUVALU Tokelau E Port Honiara MID - MID - IND Maceió Lake Christmas Island TRE (N.Z.) ILE RIDG Glorioso Islands NCH Kupang L Moresby D Lubumbashi Nyasa (AUSTL.) Moroni (FRANCE) (deepest point Timor Lima Benguela ANGOLA COMOROS Cocos of the Indian Ocean, -7258 m) Ashmore and Sea Wallis and SAMOA E Ndola Cartier Islands Darwin Grea Cusco (Keeling) Islands Futuna Salvador Mayotte Apia TR Lilongwe (AUSTL.) Cook Islands ZAMBIA INDIAN Gulf of Coral Mata-Utu t (administered by FRANCE, Lago SOUTH (AUSTL.) S S E EN (N.Z.) MALAWI claimed by COMOROS) Tromelin Island Carpentaria (FRANCE) Pago Pago Titicaca Namibe Lusaka H ST BOLIVIA C DI Brasília Saint Helena Blantyre (FRANCE) Sea Barrier American ARCHIPEL DES TUAMOTU Arequipa Juan de Nova FIJI Samoa La Paz Goiânia Island (FR.) VANUATU TYEA AN (Fr. Poly.) (U.S.) SOCIETY Papeete Cochabamba ATLANTIC Harare MOZAMBIQUE OCEAN Cairns Coral Sea N Niue ALT ISLANDS Santa Antananarivo Re Islands Port-Vila ef Suva NA (N.Z.) Cruz Uberlândia Belo H (Fr. Poly.) ZIMBABWE IPL ATAC Mozambique (AUSTL.) NC Sucre Martin Vaz F r e n c h P o l y n e s i a Campo Horizonte Beira Port Louis A OC Saint- M OCEAN Channel New E NAMIBIA NO (BRAZIL) NINE Grande TR Bulawayo Bassas Denis NukuAlofa MAURITIUS IB Vitória Trindade da India MADAGASCAR Caledonia A (FRANCE) BOTSWANA NG (BRAZIL) AMA (FRANCE) EA EA Rio de Reunion (FRANCE) TONGA PARAGUAY Windhoek TO KALAHARI Europa (FRANCE) Campinas Janeiro Walvis Bay Noumea Tropic of Capricorn (23°27) Island Tropic of Capricorn (23°27) N N DESERT (FRANCE) DESERT São Paulo DESERT Antofagasta Santos Gaborone Alice Springs ÎLES TUBUAI R R (Fr. Poly.) Adamstown Asunción Curitiba Isla San Felíx Pretoria Maputo M I D - AT Pitcairn Islands I ID Isla Sala y Gómez Saint Helena, Ascension, (U.K.) (CHILE) (CHILE) San Miguel Joinville A U S T R A L I A G G de Tucumán Johannesburg ID Isla San Ambrosio Mbabane and Tristan da Cunha SOUTH H E Easter Island (CHILE) Florianópolis Norfolk C (U.K.) LESOTHO SWAZILAND Lake Eyre Brisbane Island EN (CHILE) GREAT VICTORIA Pôrto SOUTH (lowest point in (AUSTL.) PACIFIC R Maseru DESERT T Alegre Durban Australia, -15 m) 30 Cerro Aconcagua 30 AFRICA KERMADEC C CHILE (highest point Córdoba OCEAN E LA NTIC Perth ISLANDS D in South America, Lord Howe A 6962 m) (N.Z.) M Valparaiso URUGUAY Island R Mendoza Rosario Newcastle E Cape Town (AUSTL.) K Santiago Buenos Aires Port Sydney ARCHIPIÉLAGO Adelaide Canberra Wollongong La Plata Montevideo Elizabeth JUAN FERNÁNDEZ Mount Kosciuszko (CHILE) Concepción ARGENTINA Île Amsterdam Great Australian (highest point in Australia, 2229 m) Auckland (Fr. S. and Ant. Lands) ANDE Melbourne Bahía Blanca Mar del Plata TRISTAN DA CUNHA Bight NEW N Île Saint-Paul ZEALAND RID (Fr. S. and Ant. Lands) SOUTH Gough Island Tasman Sea Wellington I Puerto Montt Tasmania S S S French Southern and Antarctic Lands Hobart G GE PACIFIC PATAGONIA (FRANCE) Christchurch CHATHAM ISLANDS Comodoro (N.Z.) OCEAN Rivadavia PRINCE EDWARD ÎLES CROZET Falkland Islands (Fr. S. and Ant. Lands) BOUNTY ISLANDS ISLANDS AUCKLAND SNARES ISLANDS (N.Z.) Laguna del Carbón (Islas Malvinas) (SOUTH AFRICA) (N.Z.) (lowest point in South ISLANDS (administered by U.K., ÎLES KERGUELEN (N.Z.) ANTIPODES ISLANDS America and the Western claimed by ARGENTINA) (Fr. S. and Ant. Lands) (N.Z.) Hemisphere, -105 m) Stanley Heard Island and Bouvet Island McDonald Islands Campbell Punta Arenas (AUSTL.) Island (NORWAY) (N.Z.) Macquarie Scotia Sea South Georgia and Island South Sandwich Islands (AUSTL.) (administered by U.K., claimed by ARGENTINA) 60 Drake 60 Passage SOUTH ORKNEY South Sandwich Trench (deepest point of the ISLANDS Southern Ocean, -8325 m) SOUTHERN OCEAN Antarctic Circle (66°33) SOUTHERN OCEAN SOUTHERN OCEAN Antarctic Circle (66°33) Amery Ice Shelf Bellingshausen Sea Weddell Sea Amundsen Sea Ross Sea Ross Sea + Antarctica Ronne Ice Shelf Vinson Massif (highest point in Antarctica, 4897 m) Twenty-one of 28 Antarctic consultative countries have made no claims to Antarctic territory (although Russia and the United States October 2010 Ross Ross Ice Shelf Ice Shelf have reserved the right to do so) and they do not recognize the claims of the other countries. Boundary representation is not necessarily authoritative. 150 120 90 60 30 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 803481AI (G00010) 10-10