World War I -- America on the Homefront: "The Poster War" Ms. Susan Pojer Horace Greeley HS  Chappaqua, NY
War Mobilization
1.  Enlistment
The Most Famous Recruitment Poster
Uncle Sam—He the Man!
Don’t Mess with the U. S.
“ Huns Kill Women and Children!”
The “Little Soldier”
World War I American “Anthem”
Johnnie get your gun, get your gun,    get your gun, Take it on the run, on the run, on    the run, Hear them calling you ...
Over there, over there Send the word, send the word over    there That the Yanks are coming, the    Yanks are coming, The ...
Johnnie get your gun, get your gun,    get your gun, Johnnie show the Hun you're a son    of a gun, Hoist the flag and let...
 
 
The Spirit of ’76’
Over there, over there Send the word, send the word over   there That the Yanks are coming, the    Yanks are coming, The d...
 
1917 – Selective Service Act <ul><li>24,000,000 men registered for  the draft by the end of 1918. </li></ul><ul><li>4,800,...
2.  Expansion of the Federal Government
Council of National Defense <ul><li>War Industries Board –    Bernard Baruch </li></ul><ul><li>Food Administration –    He...
U. S. Food Administration
U. S. Food Administration
U. S. Food Administration
National War Garden Commission
U. S. School Garden Army
U. S. Shipping Board
U. S. Fuel Administration
U. S. Fuel Administration
Results of This New Organization of the Economy? <ul><li>Unemployment virtually disappeared. </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion o...
New  Social/Economic Opportunities
1.  Women
YWCA – The Blue Triangle
Munitions Work
The Girls They Left Behind Do Their Bit!
Women Used In Recruitment Hello, Big Boy!
Even Grandma Buys Liberty  Bonds
The Red Cross - Greatest  Mother in the World
The Red Cross Nurse
National League for Woman’s  Service
2.  African-Americans
Opportunities for  African-Americans in WW1 <ul><li>“ Great Migration.”   1916 – 1919    70,000 </li></ul><ul><li>War ind...
True Sons of Freedom
For “Colored” Men in Service
African-Americans on a Troop Ship Headed for France
“ Rescuing a Negro During the Race Riots in Chicago”, 1919
3.  New American Immigrants
The “Flag of Liberty”  Represents All of Us!
We are ALL Americans!
United War Work Campaign
American Committee for Relief in the Near East
Wartime Propaganda
The Committee of Public Information (George Creel) <ul><li>America’s “Propaganda Minister?” </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Germani...
“ Remember Belgium”
The “Mad Brute”
Beat Back the “Hun”
The “Menace of the Seas”
Creel Commission Film
Attacks on Civil Liberties
Government Excess & Threats to the Civil Liberties of Americans 1.  Espionage Act   – 1917   - forbade actions that    obs...
Government Excess & Threats  to the Civil Liberties of Americans 2.   Sedition Act   – 1918   - it was a crime to speak ag...
Government Excess & Threats  to the Civil Liberties of Americans 3.   Schenck v. US   – 1919   - in ordinary times the mai...
Government Excess & Threats  to the Civil Liberties of Americans 4.   Abrams v. US   – 1919   - majority ruling --> cited ...
Government Excess & Threats  to the Civil Liberties of Americans <ul><li>5. Post-war labor unrest: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C...
Anti-Labor  “ If Capital & Labor Don’t Pull Together” –  Chicago Tribune
Consequences of Labor Unrest “ While We Rock the Boat” –  Washington Times
Coal Miners’ Strike - 1919 “ Keeping Warm” –  Los Angeles Times
Steel  Strike - 1919 “ Coming Out of the Smoke” –  New York World
The “Red Scare” “ What a Year Has Brought Forth” –  NY World
“ Red Scare” -- Anti-Bolshevism “ Put Them Out & Keep Them Out” –  Philadelphia Inquirer
Boston Police Strike - 1919 “ He gives aid & comfort to the enemies of society” –  Chicago Tribune
Boston Police Strike - 1919 “ Striking Back” –  New York Evening World
Government Excess & Threats  to the Civil Liberties of Americans <ul><li>1919 - 3 rd . International   goal  --> promote w...
Congressman Victor Berger (WI) You got nothing out of the war except the flu and Prohibition.
“ Red  Scare” – Palmer Raids Police Arrest “Suspected Reds’ in Chicago, 1920
“ Red  Scare” – Palmer Raids A. Mitchell Palmer’s Home Bombed, 1920
The 1920 Election
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Ww1through postersandcartoons

  1. 1. World War I -- America on the Homefront: &quot;The Poster War&quot; Ms. Susan Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. War Mobilization
  3. 3. 1. Enlistment
  4. 4. The Most Famous Recruitment Poster
  5. 5. Uncle Sam—He the Man!
  6. 6. Don’t Mess with the U. S.
  7. 7. “ Huns Kill Women and Children!”
  8. 8. The “Little Soldier”
  9. 9. World War I American “Anthem”
  10. 10. Johnnie get your gun, get your gun, get your gun, Take it on the run, on the run, on the run, Hear them calling you and me, Every son of liberty. Hurry right away, no delay, go today, Make your daddy glad to have had such a lad, Tell your sweetheart not to pine, To be proud her boy's in line.
  11. 11. Over there, over there Send the word, send the word over there That the Yanks are coming, the Yanks are coming, The drums rum-tumming everywhere So prepare, say a prayer Send the word, send the word to beware We'll be over, we're coming over, And we won't come back till it's over, over there!
  12. 12. Johnnie get your gun, get your gun, get your gun, Johnnie show the Hun you're a son of a gun, Hoist the flag and let her fly, Yankee Doodle do or die. Pack your little kit, show your grit, do your bit, Yankees to the ranks from the towns and the tanks, Make your momma proud of you And the old Red White and Blue .
  13. 15. The Spirit of ’76’
  14. 16. Over there, over there Send the word, send the word over there That the Yanks are coming, the Yanks are coming, The drums rum-tumming everywhere So prepare, say a prayer Send the word, send the word to beware We'll be over, we're coming over, And we won't come back till it's over, over there!
  15. 18. 1917 – Selective Service Act <ul><li>24,000,000 men registered for the draft by the end of 1918. </li></ul><ul><li>4,800,000 men served in WW1 (2,000,000 saw active combat). </li></ul><ul><li>400,000 African-Americans served in segregated units. </li></ul><ul><li>15,000 Native-Americans served as scouts, messengers, and snipers in non-segregated units. </li></ul>
  16. 19. 2. Expansion of the Federal Government
  17. 20. Council of National Defense <ul><li>War Industries Board – Bernard Baruch </li></ul><ul><li>Food Administration – Herbert Hoover </li></ul><ul><li>Railroad Administration – William McAdoo </li></ul><ul><li>National War Labor Board – W. H.Taft & Frank P. Walsh </li></ul>
  18. 21. U. S. Food Administration
  19. 22. U. S. Food Administration
  20. 23. U. S. Food Administration
  21. 24. National War Garden Commission
  22. 25. U. S. School Garden Army
  23. 26. U. S. Shipping Board
  24. 27. U. S. Fuel Administration
  25. 28. U. S. Fuel Administration
  26. 29. Results of This New Organization of the Economy? <ul><li>Unemployment virtually disappeared. </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of “big government.” </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive govt. regulations in eco. </li></ul><ul><li>Some gross mismanagement  overlapping jurisdictions. </li></ul><ul><li>Close cooperation between public and private sectors. </li></ul><ul><li>Unprecedented opportunities for disadvantaged groups. </li></ul>
  27. 30. New Social/Economic Opportunities
  28. 31. 1. Women
  29. 32. YWCA – The Blue Triangle
  30. 33. Munitions Work
  31. 34. The Girls They Left Behind Do Their Bit!
  32. 35. Women Used In Recruitment Hello, Big Boy!
  33. 36. Even Grandma Buys Liberty Bonds
  34. 37. The Red Cross - Greatest Mother in the World
  35. 38. The Red Cross Nurse
  36. 39. National League for Woman’s Service
  37. 40. 2. African-Americans
  38. 41. Opportunities for African-Americans in WW1 <ul><li>“ Great Migration.” 1916 – 1919  70,000 </li></ul><ul><li>War industries work. </li></ul><ul><li>Enlistment in segregated units. </li></ul>
  39. 42. True Sons of Freedom
  40. 43. For “Colored” Men in Service
  41. 44. African-Americans on a Troop Ship Headed for France
  42. 45. “ Rescuing a Negro During the Race Riots in Chicago”, 1919
  43. 46. 3. New American Immigrants
  44. 47. The “Flag of Liberty” Represents All of Us!
  45. 48. We are ALL Americans!
  46. 49. United War Work Campaign
  47. 50. American Committee for Relief in the Near East
  48. 51. Wartime Propaganda
  49. 52. The Committee of Public Information (George Creel) <ul><li>America’s “Propaganda Minister?” </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Germanism. </li></ul><ul><li>Selling American Culture. </li></ul>
  50. 53. “ Remember Belgium”
  51. 54. The “Mad Brute”
  52. 55. Beat Back the “Hun”
  53. 56. The “Menace of the Seas”
  54. 57. Creel Commission Film
  55. 58. Attacks on Civil Liberties
  56. 59. Government Excess & Threats to the Civil Liberties of Americans 1. Espionage Act – 1917 - forbade actions that obstructed recruitment or efforts to promote insubordination in the military. - ordered the Postmaster General to remove Leftist materials from the mail. - fines of up to $10,000 and/or up to 20 years in prison.
  57. 60. Government Excess & Threats to the Civil Liberties of Americans 2. Sedition Act – 1918 - it was a crime to speak against the purchase of war bonds or willfully utter, print, write or publish any disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language about this form of US Govt., the US Constitution, or the US armed forces or to willfully urge, incite, or advocate any curtailment of production of things necessary or essential to the prosecution of the war…with intent of such curtailment to cripple or hinder, the US in the prosecution of the war.
  58. 61. Government Excess & Threats to the Civil Liberties of Americans 3. Schenck v. US – 1919 - in ordinary times the mailing of the leaflets would have been protected by the 1 st Amendment. - BUT, every act of speech must be judged acc. to the circumstances in which it was spoken. - The most stringent protection of free speech would not protect a man in falsely shouting fire in a theater and causing a panic. [Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes] - If an act of speech posed a clear and present danger , then Congress had the power to restrain such speech.
  59. 62. Government Excess & Threats to the Civil Liberties of Americans 4. Abrams v. US – 1919 - majority ruling --> cited Holmes’ “Clear and present danger” doctrine. - Holmes & Brandeis dissented: The best test of truth is the power of the thought to get itself accepted in the competition of the market, denying that a “silly leaflet” published by an “unknown man” constituted such a danger.
  60. 63. Government Excess & Threats to the Civil Liberties of Americans <ul><li>5. Post-war labor unrest: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coal Miners Strike of 1919. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steel Strike of 1919. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boston Police Strike of 1919. </li></ul></ul>
  61. 64. Anti-Labor “ If Capital & Labor Don’t Pull Together” – Chicago Tribune
  62. 65. Consequences of Labor Unrest “ While We Rock the Boat” – Washington Times
  63. 66. Coal Miners’ Strike - 1919 “ Keeping Warm” – Los Angeles Times
  64. 67. Steel Strike - 1919 “ Coming Out of the Smoke” – New York World
  65. 68. The “Red Scare” “ What a Year Has Brought Forth” – NY World
  66. 69. “ Red Scare” -- Anti-Bolshevism “ Put Them Out & Keep Them Out” – Philadelphia Inquirer
  67. 70. Boston Police Strike - 1919 “ He gives aid & comfort to the enemies of society” – Chicago Tribune
  68. 71. Boston Police Strike - 1919 “ Striking Back” – New York Evening World
  69. 72. Government Excess & Threats to the Civil Liberties of Americans <ul><li>1919 - 3 rd . International goal --> promote worldwide communism. </li></ul><ul><li>Attorney General, A. Mitchell Palmer ( The Case Against the Reds ) </li></ul><ul><li>Palmer Raids - 1920 </li></ul>6. “The Red Scare”:
  70. 73. Congressman Victor Berger (WI) You got nothing out of the war except the flu and Prohibition.
  71. 74. “ Red Scare” – Palmer Raids Police Arrest “Suspected Reds’ in Chicago, 1920
  72. 75. “ Red Scare” – Palmer Raids A. Mitchell Palmer’s Home Bombed, 1920
  73. 76. The 1920 Election

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