Ww1

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Ww1

  1. 1. 1914-1918: The World at War By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. Differing Viewpoints <ul><li>“ Family Feud” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fall of the Eagles” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The War to End All Wars” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The War to ‘Make the World Safe for Democracy’” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Causes of the War
  4. 4. 1. The Alliance System Triple Entente : Triple Alliance :
  5. 5. Two Armed Camps! Allied Powers : Central Powers :
  6. 6. The Major Players: 1914-17 Nicholas II [Rus] George V [Br] Pres. Poincare [Fr] Allied Powers : Franz Josef [A-H] Wilhelm II [Ger] Victor Emmanuel II [It] Central Powers : Enver Pasha [Turkey]
  7. 7. Europe in 1914
  8. 8. 2. Militarism & Arms Race Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s. 398 289 268 154 130 94 1914 1910 1900 1890 1880 1870 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures 73% Germany 39% Russia 13% Britain 10% France
  9. 9. 3. Economic & Imperial Rivalries
  10. 10. 4. Aggressive Nationalism
  11. 11. Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914 The “Powder Keg” of Europe
  12. 12. The “Spark”
  13. 13. Archduke Franz Ferdinand & His Family
  14. 14. The Assassination: Sarajevo
  15. 15. The Assassin: Gavrilo Princip
  16. 16. Who’s To Blame?
  17. 17. The Schlieffen Plan
  18. 18. German Atrocities in Belgium
  19. 19. Mobilization It's a long way to Tipperary, It's a long way to go; It's a long way to Tipperary, To the sweetest girl I know! Goodbye, Piccadilly, Farewell, Leicester Square, It's a long, long way to Tipperary, But my heart's right there! <ul><li>Home by Christmas! </li></ul><ul><li>No major war in 50 years! </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism! </li></ul>
  20. 20. Recruitment Posters
  21. 21. A Young Australian Recruit
  22. 22. Recruits of the Central Powers Austro-Hungarians A German Soldier Says Farewell to His Mother
  23. 23. New French Recruits
  24. 24. A German Boy Pretends to Be a Soldier
  25. 26. Women and the War Effort
  26. 27. Financing the War
  27. 28. For Recruitment
  28. 29. Munitions Workers
  29. 30. French Women Factory Workers
  30. 31. German Women Factory Workers
  31. 32. Working in the Fields
  32. 33. A Woman Ambulance Driver
  33. 34. Red Cross Nurses
  34. 35. Women in the Army Auxiliary
  35. 36. Russian Women Soldiers
  36. 37. Spies <ul><li>“ Mata Hari” </li></ul><ul><li>Real Name: Margareetha Geertruide Zelle </li></ul><ul><li>German Spy! </li></ul>
  37. 38. Posters: Wartime Propaganda
  38. 39. Australian Poster
  39. 40. American Poster
  40. 41. Financing the War
  41. 42. German Poster Think of Your Children!
  42. 43. The Western Front: A “War of Attrition ”
  43. 44. A Multi-Front War
  44. 45. The Western Front
  45. 46. Trench Warfare
  46. 47. Trench Warfare “ No Man’s Land”
  47. 48. Verdun – February, 1916 <ul><li>German offensive. </li></ul><ul><li>Each side had 500,000 casualties. </li></ul>
  48. 49. The Somme – July, 1916 <ul><li>60,000 British soldiers killed in one day. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months. </li></ul>
  49. 50. War Is HELL !!
  50. 51. Sacrifices in War
  51. 52. Krupp’s “Big Bertha” Gun
  52. 53. The Eastern Front
  53. 54. The Gallipoli Disaster, 1915
  54. 55. Turkish Cavalry in Palestine
  55. 56. T. E. Lawrence & the “Arab Revolt”, 1916-18
  56. 57. T. E. Lawrence & Prince Faisal at Versailles, 1918-19
  57. 58. The Tsar with General Brusilov
  58. 59. The “Colonial” Fronts
  59. 60. Sikh British Soldiers in India
  60. 61. Fighting in Africa British Sikh Mountain Gunners Black Soldiers in the German Schutztruppen [German E. Africa]
  61. 62. Fighting in Africa 3 rd British Battalion, Nigerian Brigade
  62. 63. Fighting in Salonika, Greece French colonial marine infantry from Cochin, China - 1916
  63. 64. America Joins the Allies
  64. 65. The Sinking of the Lusitania
  65. 66. The Zimmerman Telegram
  66. 67. The Yanks Are Coming!
  67. 68. Americans in the Trenches
  68. 69. The War of the Industrial Revolution: New Technology
  69. 70. French Renault Tank
  70. 71. British Tank at Ypres
  71. 72. U-Boats
  72. 73. Allied Ships Sunk by U-Boats
  73. 74. The Airplane “ Squadron Over the Brenta” Max Edler von Poosch, 1917
  74. 75. The Flying Aces of World War I Eddie Rickenbacher, US Francesco Barraco, It. Rene Pauk Fonck, Fr. Manfred von Richtoffen, Ger. [The “ Red Baron ”] Willy Coppens de Holthust, Belg. Eddie “Mick” Mannoch, Br.
  75. 76. Curtis-Martin U. S. Aircraft Plant
  76. 77. Looking for the “ Red Baron ?”
  77. 78. The Zeppelin
  78. 79. Flame Throwers Grenade Launchers
  79. 80. Poison Gas Machine Gun
  80. 81. “ Art” of World War I
  81. 82. “ A Street in Arras” John Singer Sargent, 1918
  82. 83. “ Oppy Wood” – John Nash, 1917
  83. 84. “ Those Who Have Lost Their Names” Albin Eggar-Linz, 1914
  84. 85. “ Gassed and Wounded” Eric Kennington, 1918
  85. 86. “ Paths of Glory” C. R. W. Nevinson, 1917
  86. 87. German Cartoon: “Fit for active service!”, 1918
  87. 88. 1918 Flu Pandemic: Depletes All Armies 50,000,000 – 100,000,000 died
  88. 89. 11 a.m., November 11, 1918 The Armistice is Signed!
  89. 90. 9,000,000 Dead
  90. 91. The Somme American Cemetary, France 116,516 Americans Died
  91. 92. World War I Casualties
  92. 93. Turkish Genocide Against Armenians A Portent of Future Horrors to Come!
  93. 94. Turkish Genocide Against Armenians 387,800 2,133,190 Total 15,000 73,390 Trapizond District 163,000 194,000 European Turkey 70,000 309,000 Cilicia and Northern Syria 27,000 371,800 Western Anatolia     Other Armenian-populated Sites in Turkey       16,800 225,000 Sivas 56,000 220,000 Bitlis 3,000 124,000 Diarbekir 35,000 204,000 Kharbert 500 197,000 Van 1,500 215,000 Erzerum 1922 1914 Districts & Vilayets of Western Armenia in Turkey

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