New Freedom Reforming Zeal Burning Eloquence Superb Powers of Leadership Went over the heads of the political bosses to appeal to the people http://www.visitingdc.com/images/woodrow-wilson-picture.jpg
New Nationalism Teddy Roosevelt & Progressives Progressives Progressives New FreedomWoodrow Wilson & Democrats/Progressives More active gov’t role in economic and social affairs More active gov’t role in economic and social affairs Disagreed on strategies on how to create this active gov’t role consolidate trusts consolidate labor unions all under bigger regulatory gov’t agencies Women suffrage minimum wage laws small enterprise, entrepreneurship unregulated and unmonopolized markets no social welfare but “fairer” competition * no regulation of big business but use antitrust laws to break up big businesses into smaller units
New Nationalism Teddy Roosevelt & Progressives Progressives Progressives New FreedomWoodrow Wilson & Democrats/Progressives Disagreed on strategies on how to create this active gov’t role So What? * the election of 1912 wasn’t just a choice in policies but a choice in economic and political philosophies. *when was the last time we talked about that?
Wilson The Idealist 1/2 way between a dictionary and the bible Reconstruction = ideal of self-determination? Jeffersonian faith in the masses - the educated masses Moralist http://www.visitingdc.com/images/woodrow-wilson-picture.jpg
Wilson The Ultimate Progressive Assault on triple wall of privelage 1. tariff - Underwood Simmons Tariff Act 1913 (16th amendment) 2. banks - * Federal Reserve Act 1913 3 . trusts -Federal Trade Commision Act 1914 Clayton Anti-Trust Act 1914 http://www.visitingdc.com/images/woodrow-wilson-picture.jpg
During his first term in office, the House passed a law making racial intermarriage a felony in the District of Columbia.
His new Postmaster General also ordered that his Washington offices be segregated, with the Treasury and Navy soon doing the same.
Suddenly, photographs were required of all applicants for federal jobs. When pressed by black leaders, Wilson replied, "The purpose of these measures was to reduce the friction. It is as far as possible from being a movement against the Negroes. I sincerely believe it to be in their interest."
Control through Terror
During the progressive years, lynching of blacks reached alarming proportions. in 1910, mobs lynched 67 blacks and 9 whites. While the KKK, most well known for its anti-black activites, dissolved between 1880 adn 1915, local white groups terrorized blacks as a means of control.
Your task is to examine the document and consider various viewpoints
Control through Terror
View points of:
a member of the white circle
a black resident of idabel, okla
the county sheriff
a detective sent by the Justice dept to investigate the situation
Considerthe most appropriate role of the federal gov’t regarding secret, and sometimes violent, organizations.
Wilson and Civil Rights http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/wilson/images/portrait/wp_txt/pw_txt_aa_01.gif As president, Wilson confronted a new generation of militant African American leaders, men like William Monroe Trotter, W.E.B. Du Bois and Marcus Garvey, who had begun to challenge their more conservative elders - and the expectations and assumptions of much of white America. Universal Negro Improvement Association marcus Garvey W.E.B. DuBois
Wilson and Civil Rights Birth of a Nation Birth of a Nation NAACP and the clansmen
Victoriano Huerta seizes control of Mexico and puts Madero in prison where he was murdered.
Venustiano Carranza, Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata, and Alvaro Obregon fought against Huerta.
The U.S. also got involved by occupying Veracruz and Huerta fled the country.
Eventually Carranza would gain power in Mexico.
Mexican Revolution 1910s Emiliano Zapata Franciso I Madero Venustiano Carranza Pancho Villa Porfirio Diaz General John J. Pershing with Pancho Villa in 1914.
Wilson’s “Moral Diplomacy”
The U. S. should be the conscience of the world.
U.S. Global Investments and Latin American Investments 1914
U.S. Interventions in Latin America 1898-1920s