U.s.goal1 eoc reviewpowerpoint

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U.s.goal1 eoc reviewpowerpoint

  1. 1. U.S. History Top 100 What every student should know to pass the U.S. History EOC. Goal 1
  2. 2. Goal 1: The New Nation (1789-1820) <ul><li>The learner will identify, investigate, and assess the effectiveness of the institutions of the emerging republic. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Suffrage during the Federalist Era <ul><li>Who could vote? </li></ul><ul><li>White males who owned property. </li></ul><ul><li>Who could not vote? </li></ul><ul><li>White males who did not own property </li></ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><li>African-Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans </li></ul>
  4. 4. Whiskey Rebellion, 1794 <ul><li>Farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey. The army put down the rebellion. </li></ul><ul><li>The incident showed that the new government under the Constitution could react swiftly and effectively to such a problem, in contrast to the inability of the government under the Articles of Confederation to deal with Shay's Rebellion. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Washington’s Farewell Address, 1796 <ul><li>Would not seek a third term </li></ul><ul><li>Warned against competing political parties </li></ul><ul><li>Warned against complicated entanglements of Europe </li></ul>
  6. 6. Development of the two-party system <ul><li>Democratic Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Thomas Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>Thought states should have more power </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to base economy on farming </li></ul><ul><li>Were pro-French </li></ul><ul><li>Supported a strict construction of the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Federalists </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Alexander Hamilton </li></ul><ul><li>Favored a strong central government </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to base economy on industry and trade </li></ul><ul><li>Were pro-British </li></ul><ul><li>Supported a loose construction of the Constitution </li></ul>
  7. 7. XYZ Affair, 1797 <ul><li>Delegates were sent to France to meet with French foreign minister Talleyrand. </li></ul><ul><li>The American delegates were told they could meet with Talleyrand only in exchange for a large bribe. They did not pay the bribe. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Alien & Sedition Acts, 1798 <ul><li>These laws were passed by the Federalist Congress and signed by President Adams. </li></ul><ul><li>The Alien Act increased the waiting period for an immigrant to become a citizen from 5 to 14 years and the president could deport dangerous aliens. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sedition Act made it illegal to publish defamatory statements about the federal government. It was an attempt to silence opposition. </li></ul><ul><li>The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, which initiated the concept of &quot;nullification&quot; of federal laws were written in response to the Acts. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Marbury v. Madison, 1803 <ul><li>The case arose out of Jefferson's refusal to deliver the commissions to the judges appointed by Adams' Midnight Appointments. </li></ul><ul><li>This case established the Supreme Court's right to judicial review. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Louisiana Purchase, 1803 <ul><li>The U.S. purchased the land from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains from France for $15 million. </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson was interested in the territory because it was valuable for trade and shipping and provided room to expand. </li></ul><ul><li>The Constitution did not give the federal government the power to buy land, so Jefferson used loose construction to justify the purchase. </li></ul>
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