• Like
European explorationandcolonization
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

European explorationandcolonization

  • 343 views
Published

 

Published in Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
343
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. By: Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  • 2. Earlier Explorations1. Islam & the Spice Trade  Malacca2. A New Player  Europe Nicolo, Maffeo, & Marco Polo, 1271 Expansion becomes a state enterprise  monarchs had the authority & the resources. Better seaworthy ships.3. Chinese Admiral Zheng He & the Ming “Treasure Fleet”
  • 3. Admiral Zheng He Each ship was 400’ long and 160’ wide!1371-1435
  • 4. A Map of the Known World, pre- 1492
  • 5. Motives for European Exploration1. Crusades  by-pass intermediaries to get to Asia.2. Renaissance  curiosity about other lands and peoples.3. Reformation  refugees & missionaries.4. Monarchs seeking new sources of revenue.5. Technological advances.6. Fame and fortune.
  • 6. New Maritime Technologies Better Maps [Portulan]Hartman Astrolabe (1532) Mariner’s Compass Sextant
  • 7. New Weapons Technology
  • 8. Prince Henry, the Navigator School for Navigation, 1419
  • 9. Museum of Navigation in Lisbon
  • 10. Portuguese Maritime Empire1. Exploring the west coast of Africa.2. Bartolomeo Dias, 1487.3. Vasco da Gama, 1498. Calicut.4. Admiral Alfonso de Albuquerque (Goa, 1510; Malacca, 1511).
  • 11. Zheng He’s VoyagesIn 1498, Da Gama reachedCalcutta, China’s favorite port!
  • 12. Christofo Colon [1451- 1506]
  • 13. Columbus’ Four Voyages
  • 14. Other Voyages of Exploration
  • 15. Ferdinand Magellan & theFirst Circumnavigation of the World: Early 16 c
  • 16. Atlantic Explorations Looking for “El Dorado”
  • 17. The First Spanish Conquests: The Aztecs vs.Fernando Cortez Montezuma II
  • 18. The Death of Montezuma II
  • 19. Mexico Surrenders to Cortez
  • 20. The First Spanish Conquests: The Incas vs.Francisco AtahualpaPizarro
  • 21. Slaves Working in aBrazilian Sugar Mill
  • 22. The “Columbian Exchange”  Squash  Avocado  Peppers  Sweet Potatoes  Turkey  Pumpkin  Tobacco  Quinine  Cocoa  Pineapple  Cassava  POTATO  Peanut  TOMATO  Vanilla  MAIZE  Syphilis  Trinkets  Liquor  GUNS Olive  COFFEE BEAN  Banana  Rice Onion  Turnip  Honeybee  Barley Grape  Peach  SUGAR CANE  Oats Citrus Fruits  Pear  Wheat  HORSE Cattle  Sheep  Pigs  Smallpox Flu  Typhus  Measles  Malaria Diptheria  Whooping Cough
  • 23. Cycle of Conquest & Colonization Explorers Conq u istad oresOfficialEuropean s ie Colony! ar on si is M Perm a Sett nent lers
  • 24. Treasuresfrom the Americas!
  • 25. Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
  • 26. The Slave Trade1. Existed in Africa before the coming of the Europeans.2. Portuguese replaced European slaves with Africans. Sugar cane & sugar plantations. First boatload of African slaves brought by the Spanish in 1518. 275,000 enslaved Africans exported to other countries.3. Between 16c & 19c, about 10 million Africans shipped to the Americas.
  • 27. Slave Ship“Middle Passage”
  • 28. “ Coffin” Position Below Deck
  • 29. African Captives Thrown OverboardSharks followed the slave ships!
  • 30. European Empires in the Americas
  • 31. The Colonial Class SystemPeninsulares CreolesMestizos MulattosNative Indians Black Slaves
  • 32. Administration of theSpanish Empire in the New World1. Encomienda or forced labor.2. Council of the Indies. Viceroy. New Spain and Peru.3. Papal agreement.
  • 33. The Influence of theColonial Catholic Church Our Lady of Guadalupe Guadalajara Cathedral Spanish Mission
  • 34. The Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494 &The Pope’s Line of Demarcation
  • 35. Father Bartolome de Las Casas New Laws  1542
  • 36. New Colonial Rivals1. Portugal lacked the numbers and wealth to dominate trade in the Indian Ocean.2. Spain in Asia  consolidated its holdings in the Philippines.3. First English expedition to the Indies in 1591. Surat in NW India in 1608.4. Dutch arrive in India in 1595.
  • 37. New Colonial Rivals
  • 38. Impact of European Expansion1. Native populations ravaged by disease.2. Influx of gold, and especially silver, into Europe created an inflationary economic climate. [“Price Revolution”]3. New products introduced across the continents [“Columbian Exchange”].4. Deepened colonial rivalries.
  • 39. 5. New Patterns of World Trade