Beyond the Cold War
Chapter 26
Foreign Affairs
Invasion of Panama (1989)
 Bush ordered an invasion to capture General
Manuel Noriega for trial for drug ...
The Gulf War
The U.N. authorized the use of force to dislodge
Iraq from Kuwait.
 By January 1991, Bush had put together a...
Recession and Downsizing
Bush seemed unbeatable
 Approval rating – 91%
Bush was an expert in foreign policy; however,
the...
More Controversy
Clarence Thomas Hearings
 Bush nominates for Supreme Court
 African American and a Conservative
 Forme...
The Election of 1992
George Bush (Rep)
Bill Clinton (Dem)
 Moderate Governor of Arkansas
 Stressed economic issues to wi...
“It’s the Economy…”
The Clinton Presidency
Health care reform plan
 Government subsidized health care
 Hillary Clinton
 Failed to muster th...
The Clinton Presidency on Trial
The Conservative Revolution Reborn
 Midterm elections of 1994
 Newt Gingrich (R-Speaker ...
The Clinton Presidency:
The New World Disorder
Middle East Peace
 Middle East peace
negotiations
 1993 agreement between...
The Clinton Presidency:
The New World Disorder
Americans in Haiti (1995)
 Coup against Democratically-elected Jean-Bertra...
 1986 Immigration and Control Act
Significant Events
 1992 Rodney King verdict; Clinton elected
 1993 NAFTA passed
 19...
Chapter 26   1990s
Chapter 26   1990s
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Chapter 26 1990s

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Chapter 26 1990s

  1. 1. Beyond the Cold War Chapter 26
  2. 2. Foreign Affairs Invasion of Panama (1989)  Bush ordered an invasion to capture General Manuel Noriega for trial for drug smuggling and money laundering. The Gulf War  Saddam Hussein, dictator of Iraq  Iraq invaded its wealthy neighbor Kuwait on August 2, 1990 because of an oil dispute.  The U.S. dispatched troops to Saudi Arabia to prevent Iraq expansion.  Desert Shield
  3. 3. The Gulf War The U.N. authorized the use of force to dislodge Iraq from Kuwait.  By January 1991, Bush had put together a 28 nation coalition Operation Desert Storm  Air attack began on January 17 against Baghdad  Ground attack began on February 24 and lasted only 4 days  Cease fire on February 28  148 U.S. combat deaths / 145 noncombatant.  Saddam Hussein remained in power.
  4. 4. Recession and Downsizing Bush seemed unbeatable  Approval rating – 91% Bush was an expert in foreign policy; however, the Cold Warwas over. Bush begins the process of downsizing the military.  Private businesses also began “restructuring” and “downsizing”  Economic recession  Bush administration assured Americans that the recession would be short and self-correcting.  “Peace dividend”
  5. 5. More Controversy Clarence Thomas Hearings  Bush nominates for Supreme Court  African American and a Conservative  Former employee Anita Hill accused Thomas of sexual harassment  Thomas was confirmed in the Senate by a 52 to 48 margin. North American Free Trade Agreement  Bush negotiated NAFTA with Canada and Mexico  Tariff reductions would open up foreign markets to American industries.  Organized labor favored barriers against cheaper foreign products that might cost U.S. jobs.  Passed in 1993.
  6. 6. The Election of 1992 George Bush (Rep) Bill Clinton (Dem)  Moderate Governor of Arkansas  Stressed economic issues to win over working-class whites and blacks.  Made extensive use of polls to shape his stance on issues.Flip-flopped on controversial issues.“Slick Willie”  Personal Character  Chronic adulterer  Dodged the draft in Vietnam Ross Perot (Independent)  Candidate of the Reform Party  Wealthy Texan
  7. 7. “It’s the Economy…”
  8. 8. The Clinton Presidency Health care reform plan  Government subsidized health care  Hillary Clinton  Failed to muster the necessary support of Congress and the public. Comprehensive economic program  Tax hikes for corporations and for individuals in higher tax brackets.  Increased “investment” in public works and in education, skills, health, and welfare.  Very controversial; narrowly passed. “Don’t ask; don’t tell” policy forthe military
  9. 9. The Clinton Presidency on Trial The Conservative Revolution Reborn  Midterm elections of 1994  Newt Gingrich (R-Speaker of the House in 1995)  The “Contract with America”  Welfare reform  Government shutdown Scandals  Whitewater fraud (S & L scandal)  Paula Jones – Sexual harassment  Monica Lewinsky affair (White House intern)  Impeachment for perjury(1998)  Acquittal (1999)
  10. 10. The Clinton Presidency: The New World Disorder Middle East Peace  Middle East peace negotiations  1993 agreement between Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasir Arafat to restore Palestinian self-rule in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.  Rabin assassinated in 1995.
  11. 11. The Clinton Presidency: The New World Disorder Americans in Haiti (1995)  Coup against Democratically-elected Jean-Bertrand Aristide.  Jimmy Carter sent to Port-au-Prince to negotiate  U.S. troops landed without opposition Yugoslavian Turmoil (The Balkans)  Ethnic and religious conflicts in Bosnia and Croatia  Orthodox Serbs, Catholic Croats, and Bosnian or Albanian Muslims  NATO launched air strikes in 1995. Peacekeeping mission.  Intervention in Kosovo  Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic asserted Serbian control through martial law.  NATO launched air strikes in 1999
  12. 12.  1986 Immigration and Control Act Significant Events  1992 Rodney King verdict; Clinton elected  1993 NAFTA passed  1994 Republicans win control of Congress  1995 Oklahoma City bombing  1996 California passes Proposition 209  1998 Lewinsky scandal  1999 Senate acquits Clinton of impeachment charges
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