Chapter 23 and 24 1970s


Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 23 and 24 1970s

  1. 1. The 1970s Chapter 23 and 24
  2. 2. Women’s Rights Movement  Feminism of the 1960s and early 1970s To challenge the cult of domesticity. National Organization for Women (NOW-1966) Goals: to end job discrimination, legalize abortion, obtain federal and state support for child-care center. Title IX of the Educational Amendments Act of 1972 Support for the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) (1972) Roe v. Wade (1973) Legalized abortion  Becomes more radical by late 1970s. Divisions between moderate and radical feminists. Gloria Steinham attacks men and homemakers; alienates most women: public backlash and “right to life”
  3. 3. Gerald Ford  Ford inherited a presidential office badly diminished by the Watergate scandals. As the first unelected president, he had no popular mandate and was not well known outside of Washington.  Yet his easy manner and modest approach to government helped restore at least some degree of confidence in the office of president.
  4. 4. Ford’s Domestic Agenda  Social and Fiscal Conservative Believed the federal government exercised too much power over domestic affairs. Resisted congressional pressure to reduce taxes and increase Federal spending. Along with an energy crisis, this helped plunge the economy into a deep
  5. 5. Ford’s Foreign Policy: Extending Détente  SALT II Ford met with Brezhnev in 1974 and accepted the framework for another arms- control agreement that was to serve as the basis for SALT II.  Helsinki Summit Ford and Brezhnev met in Finland in August 1975 with other European leaders. Agreed to recognize the political boundaries that had divided Eastern and Western Europe since 1945.
  6. 6. 1976 Election  Jimmy Carter (Democrat) Peanut farmer &1 term governor of Georgia Washington outsider  Gerald Ford (Republican) Nixon pardon Recession  Carter narrowly with 50.1% of popular vote Carried 90% of black voters Looked to bring a new simplicity and directness
  7. 7.
  8. 8. Jimmy Carter  Carter and his staff had very little experience in Washington and did not know how to push forward an agenda.  Could not maneuver his proposals through Congress.
  9. 9. Criticism Builds at Home  Offered amnesty to the thousands of young men who had fled the country rather than serve in Vietnam.  Negotiated a treaty to turn over the Panama Canal Zone by 1999.  The Economy Inherited a bad economy and left it much worse. Stagflation – double digit inflation and increased unemployment. Problems with the Oil Supply
  10. 10. Problems with Oil Supply  Yom Kippur War (1973) Syria and Egypt launched a surprise attack against Israel Soviet Union supplied the Arabs and the U.S. supplied the Israeli allies The seven Arab members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) imposed a boycott of oil sales to countries seen as friendly to Israel. (October 1973 to March 1974)
  11. 11. Fighting Inflation  OPEC continued to raise prices. Energy costs rose Inflation rose Interest rates shot to 20%.  Carter called only for voluntary restraints on prices and wages and conservation of energy.
  12. 12. Problems with Oil Supply  Motorists were forced to wait in long lines for limited supplies of gasoline that they regarded as excessively expensive.  Many Americans saw nuclear energy as the only alternative. Three Mile Island (1979) Nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania ruptured and released radioactive gas. 100,000 people fled their homes.  Carter’s approval rating dropped to 26%. Lower than Nixon’s during Watergate
  13. 13. Camp David Accords  In 1978, Carter invited Egypt’s President Anwar el-Sadat and Israel’s Prime Minister Menachem Begin to Camp David.  Peace Agreement Israel would return the Sinai to Egypt in exchange for recognition. Israel had to negotiate a resolution of the Palestinian refugee dilemma. (Never happened)  Made an all-out war between Israel and the Arab world less likely.
  14. 14. Mounting Troubles  SALT II signed in 1979. The Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in 1979.  Iran Hostage Crisis (1979-80) Ayatollah Khomeini ousts Shaw of Iran in 1979. Carter allowed the ousted Shaw to come to U.S. Radicals captured U.S. embassy to trade for Shaw and wealth. U.S. rescue mission ended with fatal helicopter crash. 53 Americans were held hostage until the day Reagan took office. (444 days) Carter finally released several billion dollars of Iranian assets to ransom the kidnapped hostages.
  15. 15. End of Postwar Liberalism  Carter’s failure was largely symbolic. The uneasiness of the late 1970s reflected a widespread disillusionment with liberal social programs. Americans lose faith in government Vietnam puts into question the containment doctrine Government could not manage the economy Decline in race relations
  16. 16. Triumph of Conservatism  By 1980 rising prices, energy shortages, and similar economic uncertainties fed a growing resistance to a liberal agenda.  Hard-pressed workers resented increased competition from minorities, especially those supported by affirmative action quotas and government programs.  Citizens resisted the demands for higher taxes to support social welfare spending.
  17. 17. Triumph of Conservatism: The Moral Majority  A major revival of evangelical religion in late 1970s.  The traditional family seemed under siege, as divorce rates and births to single mothers soared. Sexually explicit media, an outspoken gay rights movement, and the availability of legal abortions struck many religious conservatives as part of a wholesale assault on decency.  Increasingly the political agenda was determined by those who wanted to restore a strong family, traditional religious values,
  18. 18. Triumph of Conservatism: Ronald Reagan  Unleash the capitalist spirit. (limited government) Dismantle the “bloated” federal bureaucracy. Reduce taxes and regulations. Undo the welfare state.  Restore national pride and regain international respect. Increase military spending. Outlaw abortions and reinstitute school prayer.  Emphasis is on what is right instead of what’s wrong – patriotism and religion.
  19. 19. The Election of 1980: The Reagan Revolution
  20. 20. 1962 Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring published Significant Events 1966 National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act 1969 Apollo 11 moon mission 1970 First Earth Day, EPA created 1971 Nixon adopts wage and price controls Pentagon Paper published 1972 Woodward and Bernstein investigate Watergate burglary 1973 Saturday Night Massacre 1974 United States v. Nixon Nixon resigns 1975 New York City faces bankruptcy 1978 Revolution in Iran