The Antebellum South By:  Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS  Chappaqua, NY
Early Emancipation in the North
Missouri Compromise, 1820
Antebellum Southern Society
Characteristics of the Antebellum South <ul><li>Primarily agrarian. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic power shifted from the  “up...
Southern Society (1850) “ Slavocracy” [plantation owners] The “Plain Folk” [white yeoman farmers] 6,000,000 Black Freemen ...
Southern Population
Antebellum Southern Economy
Graniteville Textile Co. Founded in 1845, it was the South’s first attempt at industrialization in Richmond, VA
Southern Agriculture
Slaves Picking Cotton on a Mississippi Plantation
Slaves Using the Cotton Gin
Changes in Cotton Production 1820 1860
Value of Cotton Exports  As % of All US Exports
“ Hauling the Whole Week’s Pickings” William Henry Brown, 1842
Slaves Working in a Sugar-Boiling House, 1823
The South's &quot;Peculiar Institution&quot;
Slave Auction Notice, 1823
Slave Auction:  Charleston, SC-1856
Slave Master Brands Slave Accoutrements Slave muzzle
Anti-Slave Pamphlet
Slave tag, SC Slave Accoutrements Slave leg irons Slave shoes
Antebellum Southern Plantation Life
Slave-Owning Population (1850)
Slave-Owning Families (1850)
Slaves posing in front of their cabin on a Southern plantation.
Tara  – Plantation Reality or Myth? Hollywood’s Version?
A Real Georgia Plantation
Scarlet and Mammie (Hollywood Again!)
A Real Mammie & Her Charge
The Southern “Belle”
A Slave Family
The Ledger of John White <ul><li>Matilda Selby, 9, $400.00 sold to Mr. Covington,  St. Louis, $425.00  </li></ul><ul><li>B...
US Laws Regarding Slavery <ul><li>U. S. Constitution :   * 3/5s compromise [I.2]   * fugitive slave clause [IV.2] </li></u...
Southern Slavery--> An Aberration? <ul><li>1780s : 1 st  antislavery society created in Phila. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1804 :...
Slavery Was Less Efficient  in the U. S. than Elsewhere <ul><li>High cost of keeping slaves from escaping. </li></ul><ul><...
Slave Resistance & Uprisings
Slave Resistance <ul><li>“ SAMBO”  pattern of behavior used as a  charade in front of whites [the innocent, laughing black...
Slave Resistance <ul><li>Refusal to work hard. </li></ul><ul><li>Isolated acts of sabotage. </li></ul><ul><li>Escape via t...
Runaway Slave Ads
Quilt Patterns as Secret Messages The  Monkey Wrench  pattern, on the left, alerted escapees to gather up tools and prepar...
Slave Rebellions Throughout the Americas
Slave Rebellions  in the Antebellum South 1822 Gabriel Prosser 1800
Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum South:   Nat Turner, 1831
The Culture of Slavery <ul><li>Black Christianity [Baptists or Methodists]:   * more emotional worship services.   * negro...
Southern Pro-Slavery Propaganda
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Antebellum south

  1. 1. The Antebellum South By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. Early Emancipation in the North
  3. 3. Missouri Compromise, 1820
  4. 4. Antebellum Southern Society
  5. 5. Characteristics of the Antebellum South <ul><li>Primarily agrarian. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic power shifted from the “upper South” to the “lower South.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cotton Is King!” * 1860  5 mil. bales a yr. (57% of total US exports). </li></ul><ul><li>Very slow development of industrialization. </li></ul><ul><li>Rudimentary financial system. </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate transportation system. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Southern Society (1850) “ Slavocracy” [plantation owners] The “Plain Folk” [white yeoman farmers] 6,000,000 Black Freemen Black Slaves 3,200,000 250,000 Total US Population  23,000,000 [9,250,000 in the South = 40%]
  7. 7. Southern Population
  8. 8. Antebellum Southern Economy
  9. 9. Graniteville Textile Co. Founded in 1845, it was the South’s first attempt at industrialization in Richmond, VA
  10. 10. Southern Agriculture
  11. 11. Slaves Picking Cotton on a Mississippi Plantation
  12. 12. Slaves Using the Cotton Gin
  13. 13. Changes in Cotton Production 1820 1860
  14. 14. Value of Cotton Exports As % of All US Exports
  15. 15. “ Hauling the Whole Week’s Pickings” William Henry Brown, 1842
  16. 16. Slaves Working in a Sugar-Boiling House, 1823
  17. 17. The South's &quot;Peculiar Institution&quot;
  18. 18. Slave Auction Notice, 1823
  19. 19. Slave Auction: Charleston, SC-1856
  20. 20. Slave Master Brands Slave Accoutrements Slave muzzle
  21. 21. Anti-Slave Pamphlet
  22. 22. Slave tag, SC Slave Accoutrements Slave leg irons Slave shoes
  23. 23. Antebellum Southern Plantation Life
  24. 24. Slave-Owning Population (1850)
  25. 25. Slave-Owning Families (1850)
  26. 26. Slaves posing in front of their cabin on a Southern plantation.
  27. 27. Tara – Plantation Reality or Myth? Hollywood’s Version?
  28. 28. A Real Georgia Plantation
  29. 29. Scarlet and Mammie (Hollywood Again!)
  30. 30. A Real Mammie & Her Charge
  31. 31. The Southern “Belle”
  32. 32. A Slave Family
  33. 33. The Ledger of John White <ul><li>Matilda Selby, 9, $400.00 sold to Mr. Covington, St. Louis, $425.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Brooks Selby, 19, $750.00 Left at Home – Crazy </li></ul><ul><li>Fred McAfee, 22, $800.00 Sold to Pepidal, Donaldsonville, $1200.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Howard Barnett, 25, $750.00 Ranaway. Sold out of jail, $540.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Harriett Barnett, 17, $550.00 Sold to Davenport and Jones, Lafourche, $900.00 </li></ul>
  34. 34. US Laws Regarding Slavery <ul><li>U. S. Constitution : * 3/5s compromise [I.2] * fugitive slave clause [IV.2] </li></ul><ul><li>1793  Fugitive Slave Act . </li></ul><ul><li>1850  stronger Fugitive Slave Act . </li></ul>
  35. 35. Southern Slavery--> An Aberration? <ul><li>1780s : 1 st antislavery society created in Phila. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1804 : slavery eliminated from last northern state. </li></ul><ul><li>1807 : the legal termination of the slave trade, enforced by the Royal Navy. </li></ul><ul><li>1820s : newly indep. Republics of Central & So. America declared their slaves free. </li></ul><ul><li>1833 : slavery abolished throughout the British Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>1844 : slavery abolished in the Fr. colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>1861 : the serfs of Russia were emancipated. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Slavery Was Less Efficient in the U. S. than Elsewhere <ul><li>High cost of keeping slaves from escaping. </li></ul><ul><li>GOAL  raise the “exit cost.” </li></ul><ul><li>Slave patrols . </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Black Codes . </li></ul><ul><li>Cut off a toe or a foot. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Slave Resistance & Uprisings
  38. 38. Slave Resistance <ul><li>“ SAMBO” pattern of behavior used as a charade in front of whites [the innocent, laughing black man caricature – bulging eyes, thick lips, big smile, etc.]. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Slave Resistance <ul><li>Refusal to work hard. </li></ul><ul><li>Isolated acts of sabotage. </li></ul><ul><li>Escape via the Underground Railroad . </li></ul>
  40. 40. Runaway Slave Ads
  41. 41. Quilt Patterns as Secret Messages The Monkey Wrench pattern, on the left, alerted escapees to gather up tools and prepare to flee; the Drunkard Path design, on the right, warned escapees not to follow a straight route .
  42. 42. Slave Rebellions Throughout the Americas
  43. 43. Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum South 1822 Gabriel Prosser 1800
  44. 44. Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum South: Nat Turner, 1831
  45. 45. The Culture of Slavery <ul><li>Black Christianity [Baptists or Methodists]: * more emotional worship services. * negro spirituals. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Pidgin” or Gullah languages. </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear family with extended kin links, where possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of music in their lives. [esp. spirituals]. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Southern Pro-Slavery Propaganda

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