By
Dr. Swatantra Kumar
Why governance is
such a huge issue
 Rarely has the need for the
effective governance been greater
than now – and rarely ...
Governments are huge
 As per Mckinsey (center of
governance), on an average
government is 40% of GDP.
 How it functions ...
Efficiency matters
 MNREGA scheme – employment
guarantee to rural people
 2013-14 outlay – Rs. 33,000 Crore
 Another Rs...
International Finance Corporation
and World Bank study report
2014
 On ease of doing business in a country
 Singapore is...
India report card
The huge paradox
 We are among the most inefficient
governance systems in the world
 Still we are growing at a healthy r...
Probably
 We have a great deal of
potential as a nation
 It shows by the positive
differential (GDP growth
rates)
 Good...
What we
need to do to
move up the
ladder
Things to do
 Bring Transparency
 Make provisions for
Accountability
 Invite public Participation in
governance
 Have ...
Please refer
Brazil
 2009 – 70% of global companies
responding said they viewed corruption
as a major constraint to doing business
in ...
The response
 Brazil’s office of
comptroller General
created an open access
web portal with data on
federal expenditures....
Now
 It have details of
 Elected officials charges on govt. issued credit
cards
 Federal agency expenditure on travel
...
Recently
 They have added
 How states are
using money
allocated to them
for 2014 world
cup, and 2016
Olympic games.
 Th...
Provisions
 No exceptions to any ministry
 Data updated daily/monthly
 32000 visits/month – 1st year
 3,45,000 visits ...
How it compares to RTI act
 Proactive Vs. reactive
 Limited coverage Vs. Comprehensive
coverage
 Incremental Vs. Radical
Estonia –
E-Governance
About
 Estonia is a small country
 75% people on internet
 90% of people have e-ID cards
 One can apply for unemployme...
E-ID Vs. UID
 Population base is an issue.
 UID to be made more powerful
 It can be made e-UID
 56 Crore enrolled in U...
Indonesia – LAPOR (Public
Participation Information
System)
How it works
 Any body can send problems to the
portal.
 These problems are tracked and solved
 AAP party started the s...
Georgia – One stop shop
How it works
 All problems solved at one place
 250 different govt. services under one
roof
 Passport in 10 days ($ 59)...
achievement
 Georgia now ranks 8th out of 183
countries in ease of starting a business
and second in registering property...
Yes, we can do it
Create More
Jobs
Create better
infrastructure
Be
entrepreneurs
friendly
Make
education
more
meaningful
B...
Governance, growth & us
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Governance, growth & us

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This presentation is all about public governance basics and the position of India. It also incorporates best practices in public governance from other parts of the world.

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Governance, growth & us

  1. 1. By Dr. Swatantra Kumar
  2. 2. Why governance is such a huge issue  Rarely has the need for the effective governance been greater than now – and rarely has the ability to produce it been more constrained. – Diana Farrell, Director, McKinsey (She is the global leader and co-founder of Mckinsey center for government)
  3. 3. Governments are huge  As per Mckinsey (center of governance), on an average government is 40% of GDP.  How it functions makes a huge difference
  4. 4. Efficiency matters  MNREGA scheme – employment guarantee to rural people  2013-14 outlay – Rs. 33,000 Crore  Another Rs. 1000 crore will be added to that for 2014-15  As per an estimate only 15% of the money is reaching intended beneficiaries (Rs. 495 crore)  Rest 85 % (Rs. 32,505) ?????  It is 3.6% of our GDP
  5. 5. International Finance Corporation and World Bank study report 2014  On ease of doing business in a country  Singapore is No. 1  US is No. 4  Georgia is No. 8  Sri Lanka is No. 85  China is No. 96  Pakistan is No. 110  Bangladesh is No. 130, and India is No. 134
  6. 6. India report card
  7. 7. The huge paradox  We are among the most inefficient governance systems in the world  Still we are growing at a healthy rate. Why & How?????
  8. 8. Probably  We have a great deal of potential as a nation  It shows by the positive differential (GDP growth rates)  Good and efficient governance can take us a long way.
  9. 9. What we need to do to move up the ladder
  10. 10. Things to do  Bring Transparency  Make provisions for Accountability  Invite public Participation in governance  Have a Long term vision  Bring Execution excellence in the system
  11. 11. Please refer
  12. 12. Brazil  2009 – 70% of global companies responding said they viewed corruption as a major constraint to doing business in Brazil  As per a survey by federation of the industries found in 2008 alone corruption cost the country some $ 40 billion (2.3% of GDP) – equivalent to half its education budget.
  13. 13. The response  Brazil’s office of comptroller General created an open access web portal with data on federal expenditures.  Initially it documented only federal money transfers to state or municipalities.
  14. 14. Now  It have details of  Elected officials charges on govt. issued credit cards  Federal agency expenditure on travel  Staff salaries, office supplies, equipment, and contractor services  Tax revenues  Grants to non governmental organizations  Social welfare payments  List of companies and individuals blacklisted for committing fraud through public controls
  15. 15. Recently  They have added  How states are using money allocated to them for 2014 world cup, and 2016 Olympic games.  The amount of govt. money tracked on portal is now almost $ 4.8 trillion.
  16. 16. Provisions  No exceptions to any ministry  Data updated daily/monthly  32000 visits/month – 1st year  3,45,000 visits – 2012  Campaign “Right to know” on media  Public spending observatory (Created in 2008) looks for suspicious patterns.  A govt. minister had to refund $30,000 for inappropriate charging personal expenses including vacation travel.
  17. 17. How it compares to RTI act  Proactive Vs. reactive  Limited coverage Vs. Comprehensive coverage  Incremental Vs. Radical
  18. 18. Estonia – E-Governance
  19. 19. About  Estonia is a small country  75% people on internet  90% of people have e-ID cards  One can apply for unemployment benefits  File for leave  Pay taxes (94% tax collection online)  Register new companies  Vote online (2011 – 25% votes online)
  20. 20. E-ID Vs. UID  Population base is an issue.  UID to be made more powerful  It can be made e-UID  56 Crore enrolled in UID is an achievement.
  21. 21. Indonesia – LAPOR (Public Participation Information System)
  22. 22. How it works  Any body can send problems to the portal.  These problems are tracked and solved  AAP party started the similar initiative in N.Delhi.  Brings accountability in the system
  23. 23. Georgia – One stop shop
  24. 24. How it works  All problems solved at one place  250 different govt. services under one roof  Passport in 10 days ($ 59)  Passport in one hour ($ 120)  Earlier, the broker used to charge $150 for 3 day delivery of passport.
  25. 25. achievement  Georgia now ranks 8th out of 183 countries in ease of starting a business and second in registering property.  Take 3 days to start a business  2006 – 52 days & 15 documents to import a container.  Today – 10 days and 4 documents
  26. 26. Yes, we can do it Create More Jobs Create better infrastructure Be entrepreneurs friendly Make education more meaningful Better governance = Growth & Prosperity
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