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Governance, growth & us

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This presentation is all about public governance basics and the position of India. It also incorporates best practices in public governance from other parts of the world.

This presentation is all about public governance basics and the position of India. It also incorporates best practices in public governance from other parts of the world.

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  • 1. By Dr. Swatantra Kumar
  • 2. Why governance is such a huge issue  Rarely has the need for the effective governance been greater than now – and rarely has the ability to produce it been more constrained. – Diana Farrell, Director, McKinsey (She is the global leader and co-founder of Mckinsey center for government)
  • 3. Governments are huge  As per Mckinsey (center of governance), on an average government is 40% of GDP.  How it functions makes a huge difference
  • 4. Efficiency matters  MNREGA scheme – employment guarantee to rural people  2013-14 outlay – Rs. 33,000 Crore  Another Rs. 1000 crore will be added to that for 2014-15  As per an estimate only 15% of the money is reaching intended beneficiaries (Rs. 495 crore)  Rest 85 % (Rs. 32,505) ?????  It is 3.6% of our GDP
  • 5. International Finance Corporation and World Bank study report 2014  On ease of doing business in a country  Singapore is No. 1  US is No. 4  Georgia is No. 8  Sri Lanka is No. 85  China is No. 96  Pakistan is No. 110  Bangladesh is No. 130, and India is No. 134
  • 6. India report card
  • 7. The huge paradox  We are among the most inefficient governance systems in the world  Still we are growing at a healthy rate. Why & How?????
  • 8. Probably  We have a great deal of potential as a nation  It shows by the positive differential (GDP growth rates)  Good and efficient governance can take us a long way.
  • 9. What we need to do to move up the ladder
  • 10. Things to do  Bring Transparency  Make provisions for Accountability  Invite public Participation in governance  Have a Long term vision  Bring Execution excellence in the system
  • 11. Please refer
  • 12. Brazil  2009 – 70% of global companies responding said they viewed corruption as a major constraint to doing business in Brazil  As per a survey by federation of the industries found in 2008 alone corruption cost the country some $ 40 billion (2.3% of GDP) – equivalent to half its education budget.
  • 13. The response  Brazil’s office of comptroller General created an open access web portal with data on federal expenditures.  Initially it documented only federal money transfers to state or municipalities.
  • 14. Now  It have details of  Elected officials charges on govt. issued credit cards  Federal agency expenditure on travel  Staff salaries, office supplies, equipment, and contractor services  Tax revenues  Grants to non governmental organizations  Social welfare payments  List of companies and individuals blacklisted for committing fraud through public controls
  • 15. Recently  They have added  How states are using money allocated to them for 2014 world cup, and 2016 Olympic games.  The amount of govt. money tracked on portal is now almost $ 4.8 trillion.
  • 16. Provisions  No exceptions to any ministry  Data updated daily/monthly  32000 visits/month – 1st year  3,45,000 visits – 2012  Campaign “Right to know” on media  Public spending observatory (Created in 2008) looks for suspicious patterns.  A govt. minister had to refund $30,000 for inappropriate charging personal expenses including vacation travel.
  • 17. How it compares to RTI act  Proactive Vs. reactive  Limited coverage Vs. Comprehensive coverage  Incremental Vs. Radical
  • 18. Estonia – E-Governance
  • 19. About  Estonia is a small country  75% people on internet  90% of people have e-ID cards  One can apply for unemployment benefits  File for leave  Pay taxes (94% tax collection online)  Register new companies  Vote online (2011 – 25% votes online)
  • 20. E-ID Vs. UID  Population base is an issue.  UID to be made more powerful  It can be made e-UID  56 Crore enrolled in UID is an achievement.
  • 21. Indonesia – LAPOR (Public Participation Information System)
  • 22. How it works  Any body can send problems to the portal.  These problems are tracked and solved  AAP party started the similar initiative in N.Delhi.  Brings accountability in the system
  • 23. Georgia – One stop shop
  • 24. How it works  All problems solved at one place  250 different govt. services under one roof  Passport in 10 days ($ 59)  Passport in one hour ($ 120)  Earlier, the broker used to charge $150 for 3 day delivery of passport.
  • 25. achievement  Georgia now ranks 8th out of 183 countries in ease of starting a business and second in registering property.  Take 3 days to start a business  2006 – 52 days & 15 documents to import a container.  Today – 10 days and 4 documents
  • 26. Yes, we can do it Create More Jobs Create better infrastructure Be entrepreneurs friendly Make education more meaningful Better governance = Growth & Prosperity

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