Prehistoric Art
• First skeleton remains of the common  ancestor of Homo sapiens from about 400,000  years ago found in Africa• Oldest hum...
Some of the oldesthuman artifactsincludes shellsthought to make anecklace and incisedochre with geometricpattern (BlombosC...
Blombos Cave, South Africa
Many of the oldest artifacts are identifiableas tools for cutting, chopping, and piercing
Oldest known figurative sculpture is the Venusof Hohle Fels Cave in Germany (35,000 YA)
• Early pottery to  hold food and  water• Pottery fragments  from Xianrendong  Cave, Jiangxi  Province, China  (about 22,0...
• Functional items  become decorative  and designed for  use and beauty• Spear thrower  carved from  reindeer antler (La  ...
• Cave artists painted  the big mammals  around them• Bears, bison, and  reindeer in France  (Chauvet, 37,000  YA)
• Elephants, boar and  horses in India  (Bhimbetka, 30,000  YA)
• Antelope in Algeria  (Tassili  n’Ajjer, 10,000 YA)
• Giraffes, tigers,  zebras in Namibia  (6,000 YA)
Do we have an obsession with the   animals around us today?
Jeff Koons, Puppy, 1997
Louis Bourgeois, Maman, 1979
Cave artists also painted abstract and geometric patterns(El Castillo, Spain, 40,000 YA)
Was there a code to their visual language? (ElCastillo, Spain, 40,000 YA)
• A common theme  across continents:  artists traced their  hands• Cueva de los  Manos, Argentina  (13,000 - 9,000 YA)
It’s not a habit that disappeared.
It’s not a habit that disappeared.
How did the cave artists work?
• They used rocks  and minerals  around them for  different colors• These colors found  by Chuck Kritzon  near his Califor...
• They made brushes  from  sticks, bone, rock, f  ur, and hair• Used incised rocks  to “erase” or make  highlights in stone
• They used reeds as  blow guns for the  first kind of spray  painting
• Cave artists erected  scaffolding to paint  images that were  difficult to get to• Some of the  paintings are in  tight ...
• Prehistoric artists  paid attention to  composition and  responded to their  site• Drew animals in  twisted perspective ...
• The cave artists  used repetition to  capture movement• Edward  Muybridge, The  Attitudes of  Animals in  Motion, 1881
Horses, Chauvet Cave, France
What happened to the prehistoric artists?• End of ice age + Neolithic revolution around  12,000 YA• Development of agricul...
Prehistoric art
Prehistoric art
Prehistoric art
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Prehistoric art

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An overview of human artifacts produced by prehistoric people during the stone age.

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Prehistoric art

  1. 1. Prehistoric Art
  2. 2. • First skeleton remains of the common ancestor of Homo sapiens from about 400,000 years ago found in Africa• Oldest human remains from Omo Kibish, Ethiopia from about 195,000 YA• By 20,000 BC, humans were on every continent except Antarctica
  3. 3. Some of the oldesthuman artifactsincludes shellsthought to make anecklace and incisedochre with geometricpattern (BlombosCave, SouthAfrica, 75,000 YA)
  4. 4. Blombos Cave, South Africa
  5. 5. Many of the oldest artifacts are identifiableas tools for cutting, chopping, and piercing
  6. 6. Oldest known figurative sculpture is the Venusof Hohle Fels Cave in Germany (35,000 YA)
  7. 7. • Early pottery to hold food and water• Pottery fragments from Xianrendong Cave, Jiangxi Province, China (about 22,000 YA)
  8. 8. • Functional items become decorative and designed for use and beauty• Spear thrower carved from reindeer antler (La Madeleine, France, 14,000 YA)
  9. 9. • Cave artists painted the big mammals around them• Bears, bison, and reindeer in France (Chauvet, 37,000 YA)
  10. 10. • Elephants, boar and horses in India (Bhimbetka, 30,000 YA)
  11. 11. • Antelope in Algeria (Tassili n’Ajjer, 10,000 YA)
  12. 12. • Giraffes, tigers, zebras in Namibia (6,000 YA)
  13. 13. Do we have an obsession with the animals around us today?
  14. 14. Jeff Koons, Puppy, 1997
  15. 15. Louis Bourgeois, Maman, 1979
  16. 16. Cave artists also painted abstract and geometric patterns(El Castillo, Spain, 40,000 YA)
  17. 17. Was there a code to their visual language? (ElCastillo, Spain, 40,000 YA)
  18. 18. • A common theme across continents: artists traced their hands• Cueva de los Manos, Argentina (13,000 - 9,000 YA)
  19. 19. It’s not a habit that disappeared.
  20. 20. It’s not a habit that disappeared.
  21. 21. How did the cave artists work?
  22. 22. • They used rocks and minerals around them for different colors• These colors found by Chuck Kritzon near his California home http://www.primiti veways.com/paint_ a_mammoth.html]
  23. 23. • They made brushes from sticks, bone, rock, f ur, and hair• Used incised rocks to “erase” or make highlights in stone
  24. 24. • They used reeds as blow guns for the first kind of spray painting
  25. 25. • Cave artists erected scaffolding to paint images that were difficult to get to• Some of the paintings are in tight spaces over 10 feet high
  26. 26. • Prehistoric artists paid attention to composition and responded to their site• Drew animals in twisted perspective with bodies in profile and heads frontal• (Lascaux, 28,000 - 10,000 YA)
  27. 27. • The cave artists used repetition to capture movement• Edward Muybridge, The Attitudes of Animals in Motion, 1881
  28. 28. Horses, Chauvet Cave, France
  29. 29. What happened to the prehistoric artists?• End of ice age + Neolithic revolution around 12,000 YA• Development of agriculture: goats, sheep, pigs, cattle• Domesticated farming• Developing permanent settlements
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