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Food security<br />Alkesh kumar mishra<br />2011mb 69<br />Data taken from kurukshetra magazine (a journal on rural development)<br />
According to the economic survey 2007-08 foodgrains production grew at the annual rate of 2.5% 1950-51 and 2006-07 slightly higher than 2.1 % population growth rate .
Per capita annual consumption of cereal declined from apeak of about 171 kg in 1990-91 to 159 kg in 2005-06 ,indicating a decline of 13% in this period.
The consumption of pulses decline from from 15.33 kg to 12.05 kg per capita per year during the same period.
The area under foodgrain has declined by 6 million hectares between 1990-91 and 2005-06 .
As per the world estimates 34% Indian people live on less than us$1 a day (extreme poor) and 80% live on ales than us$2 a day(moderate poor) .so most of the people are not able to afford the right kind of ood which they require for gaining nutrition.
The IFPRI report on hunger published in 2009 ranks india at 65 out of 84 countries , slightly abov Bangladesh and velow other south asian countries.
NATIONAL FAMILY HEALTH SURVEY III SAYS THAT nutritional status of rural and urban children in terms of weight for height has deteriorated over the period.
National advisory council prepared a draft of national security bill(nfsb) to provide legal guarantee to subsudized food grains to atleaset 75% of country population (90% rural and 50% urban). The household are classified into two categories :
priority hosehold (46% rural and 28% urban household )
general household (39% rural and 12% urban household in phase 1 and 44% rural and 22% urban household in final phase ).
The primary household would be entitled to have 35 kg foodgrains per month at re1 /kg for millets ,rs 2/kg for wheat and rs3/kg for rice.
The general household would have a monthly entitlement of 20 kg at aprice not exceeding 50 % of the current msp.
The NAC estimates the requirement of 57.36 million tones and 65.39 million tones of food grains
India produces over 162 millin tones of fruits and vegetables , the cold storage facilities exist only for 12% of total produce this results in enormous loss due to waistage .
UP ,WEST BENGAL , PUNJAB together constitute about 71% of cold storage capacity of the country while their shares in total production of fruits .vegetablles is 12.83% and 36.06% while the southern states AP ,KARNATKA , TAMIL NADU constitute 31.66% ,in total fruit producing and 14.26% in vegetable production. Have only 5.31 % share in total cold storage facility of the country, while Gujarat and Maharashtra comprises of 28.42 % in fruit production possess only 7 % of total storage capacity.
About 55% of the consumers of the country draw their livelihood directly from agricultureas cultivators and agricultural labour.
Due to inadequate poor harvest infrastructure about 10% of the food grain produce (20 million) go on waste every year.
According to food minisrty’s annual report 2007-08 ,fci has space to store grains to the extent of 217.41 lakh tons (129.48 lakh tons owned and 87.33 lakh tones hired) while central warehousing corporation has space to store 193.42 lakh tons owned by it.
Policy steps that may help in the process of reining food inflation .
J &k Produces 76% of apple which constitute of about 17.95 lakh tons of production .
Maharashtra constitute around 58% of oranges production and 11.98 lakh tonns of production.<br /> <br />Area ,production ,yield and irrigation coverage under foodgrains in indiaYearArea(million hectare)Production(million tonns)Yield((kg/hectare)% coverage under irrigation1952-53102..959.2058018.11962-63117.8480.1568019.81972-73119.2897.0381325.41982-83125.10129.52103530.81992-93123.15179.48145737.42002-03113.86174.77153542.82003-04123.45213.19172742.22004-05120.86198.36165244.22005-06121.60207.60171545.52006-07123.71217.28175646.32007-08124.07230.78186046.82008-09122.83234.471909Na2009-10121.37218.201798Na<br />Source:WPI estimates of government of india , ministry of commerce & industry.<br /> <br />