II Msc Physics,
““ A Civilian program with focus on
with application of Space Technology
for socio economic development of the country””
(Father of Indian space program)
Indian Space Research Organisation
is the primary body for space research
was established on August 15,1969.
Since from Aryabatta(1975) to Chandrayan
1(2008), ISRO travelled along with a vast space
Here I am going to present the “Recent space
achievements of India” merely
ORGANISATIONAL CHART OF DEPARTMENT OF
SPACE ( INDIA )
ISRO has established two major space
First one is INSAT (Indian National Satellite
System) series for communication
, television broad casting and
Then Indian Remote Sensing Satellites
(IRS) system for resources monitoring and
AVAILABLE SATELLITE LAUNCHERS
ISRO has successfully developed a complete
array of launch vehicles launchers like:
SLV-3( Satellite Launch Vehicle)
ASLV(Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle)
PSLV(Polar Satellite Launch vehicle)
GSLV(Geo –Synchronous Satellite Launch
MAJOR SPACE MISSIONS OF 2010:
April 15: GSLV-D3 launched GSAT-4.
July 12: PSLV-C15 launched five satellites :
NLS-6.1,6.2( Nano satellites)
STUDSAT(A Pico satellite)
November 27: HYLAS(Highly Adaptable Satellite)
Dec 25: GSLV-F06 Launched GSAT-5P
GSLV-D3 : APRIL 15,2010
GSLV-D3 was the sixth flight of ISRO’s Geosynchronous
Satellite Launch Vehicle(GSLV).
GSLV launched 2220kg GSAT-4, a experimental advanced
technology communication satellite.
GSLV-D3 was the maiden flight of GSLV in which Indigenous
cryogenic upper stage was used.
GSLV-D3 was launched from the second launch pad (SLP) at
Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota on April 15,2010.
Flight testing of Indigenous cryogenic stage was
Hence this GSLV-D3 mission was failed.
JULY 12, 2010: PSLV-C15:
PSLV-C15 is the seventeenth flight of ISRO’s versatile
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle(PLSV).
In this flight PSLV placed 694kg CARTOSTAT-2B in
630 km Polar Synchronous Orbit (SSO) and also
launched 3 other foreign satellites namely ALSAT-
2A, NLS 6.1 and NLS 6.2.
CARTOSAT-2B is the seventeenth satellite in the
Indian Remote Sensing Satellite Series(IRS).
CARTOSAT-2B carried a Pan Chromatic Camera which
would send the scene specific spot imagery will be
useful for Cartographic and other applications.
ALSAT-2A is a small satellite weighing 116 kg from
Algeria for Remote Sensing Purpose
NLS 6.1 weighing 6.5 kg, Canada for testing
Various Satellite technologies.
NLS 6.2 weighing 1 kg , Switzerland for testing
Various Satellite Technologies.
STUDSAT is a first Pico Satellite , by a Consortium
from Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, weighing
less than 1 kg, gives telemetry data to earth station.
IMAGES OF PSLV C15, STUDSTAT AND
NOVEMBER 27, 2010:HYLAS
An advanced communication satellite HYLAS (Highly
Adaptable Satellite) built by ISRO on a commercial basis
in partnership with EADS- Astrium of Europe.
Was successfully launched on November 27, 2010 by
the European Ariane-5 V198 launch vehicle.
The satellite is designed to deliver high-speed
broadband services through its spot beams over
DEC 25, 2010:GSLV F06:
GSLV-F06 was the seventh mission of
Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV)
aimed to inject a 2310 kg communication
satellite, GSAT-5P, into a Geosynchronous Transfer
GSAT-5P was the fifth satellite launched in the
GSAT series. It was an exclusive communication
satellite to further augment the communication
services currently provided by the Indian National
Satellite (INSAT) .
MAJOR SPACE MISSIONS OF 2011:
PSLV-C16 successfully launched Three Satellites -
RESOURCESAT-2,YOUTHSAT, X-SAT from
Sriharikota (April 20, 2011).
Successful launch of GSAT-8 by Ariane-5 VA-202.
(May 21, 2011).
PSLV-C17 successfully launched GSAT-12 from
Sriharikota (July 15, 2011).
PSLV-C18 successfully launched Megha-
Tropiques, Jugnu, SRMSat andVesselSat-1 from
Sriharikota (October 12, 2011).
APRIL 20, 2011: PSLV-C16
PSLV-C16, is the eighteenth flight of ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch
PSLV-C16 placed three satellites with a total payload mass of 1404
kg - RESOURCESAT-2 weighing 1206 kg, the Indo-Russian
YOUTHSAT weighing 92 kg and Singapore's X-SAT weighing 106
kg into an 822 km polar Sun Synchronous Orbit (SSO)
PSLV-C16 is launched from the First Launch Pad (FLP) at Satish
Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota.
RESOURCESAT-2 is the eighteenth Remote Sensing satellite built
by ISRO. RESOURCESAT-2 is intended to provide data with
enhanced multispectral and spatial coverage as well.
Youthsat is a mini satellite and the second in the
Indian Mini Satellite (IMS) series. Youthsat mission
intends to investigate the relationship between solar
variability and thermosphere-Ionosphere changes.
X-SAT is a Mini Satellite with a multispectral
camera weighing 106 kg. X-SAT mission mainly
intends to demonstrate technologies related to
satellite based remote sensing and onboard image
IMAGE OF RESOURESAT-2,YOUTHSAT,X-SAT
INTEGRATED WITH PSLV-C16:
MAY 21,2011: GSAT-8.
GSAT-8, India’s advanced communication
satellite, is a high power communication satellite
being inducted in the INSAT system, Weighing
about 3100 Kg is Launched by Ariane-5 VA-202
from French Guiana.
IMAGE OF GSAT-8:
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C17), in its
nineteenth flight, launched India's communication
satellite GSAT-12 from the Second Launch Pad of
Satish Dhawan Space
Centre, SHAR, Sriharikota, India.
GSAT-12, the latest communication satellite built by
ISRO, weighing about 1410 kg, will augment the
capacity in the INSAT system for various
communication services like Tele-
education, Telemedicine and for Village Resource
OCTOBER 12, 2011: PSLV-C18:
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its twentieth flight (PSLV-
C18)launched Megha-Tropiques satellite along with three auxiliary
payloads with a total payload mass of 1047 kg from the first launch
pad of Satish Dhawan Space Centre.
Megha-Tropiques is an Indo-French Joint Satellite Mission for
studying the water cycle and energy exchanges in the tropics.
Nano satellite Jugnu weighing 3 kg is designed and developed by
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur under the guidance of ISRO to
Evaluate GPS receiver for its use in satellite navigation etc.,
The Nanosatellite SRMSat weighing 10.9 kg is developed by the
students and faculty of SRM University attempts to address the
problem of Global warming and pollution levels in the atmosphere by
monitoring Carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapour (H2O).
VesselSat-1 weighing 28.7 kg is a microsatellite developed and built
by LuxSpace of Luxembourg.
IMAGES OF PSLV-C18, MEGHA-
MAJOR SPACE MISSIONS OF 2012:
PSLV-C19 successfully launched RISAT-1 from
Sriharikota (April 26, 2012).
ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-
C21 successfully launched SPOT
6 and PROITERES from Sriharikota (September
Successful launched GSAT-10 by Ariane-5 VA-209
from Kourou French Guiana (September 29, 2012)
APRIL 26, 2012:PSLV-C19:
The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its 21st flight
(PSLV-C19), launches India’s first Radar Imaging
Satellite – RISAT-1.
RISAT-1 is a state of the art Microwave Remote
Sensing Satellite ,which enables imaging of the
surface features during both day and night under all
SEPTEMBER 9, 2012: PSLV-C21:
India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its twenty-
second flight (PSLV-C21) will launch the French
earth observation satellite SPOT 6 along with a
micro-satellite from Japan.
IMAGE OF PSLV-C21:
SEPTEMBER 29, 2012: GSAT 10:
GSAT-10, India’s advanced communication
satellite, is a high power satellite being inducted
into the INSAT system. Weighing 3400 kg at lift-off.
Which provides the accuracy of the positioning
information obtained from the GPS satellites is
improved by a network of ground based receivers
and made available to the users in the country
through geo-stationary satellites.
IMAGE OF GSAT-10:
MAJOR SPACE MISSIONS OF 2013:
PSLV - C20 successfully launched SARAL from Sriharikota
(Feb 25, 2013).
PSLV - C22 successfully launched IRNSS-1A from Sriharikota
(Jul 01, 2013).
Successful launch of INSAT-3D by Ariane-5 VA-214 from
Kourou French Guiana (July 26, 2013).
Successful launch of GSAT-7 by Ariane-5 VA-215 from
Kourou French Guiana (August 30, 2013).
PSLV - C25 successfully launched Mars Orbiter Mission
Spacecraft from Sriharikota (Nov 05, 2013).
FEB 25, 2013: PSLV C20:
India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle in its twenty
third flight (PSLV - C20), launched the Indo-French
satellite SARAL along with six commercial payloads
from Canada, Austria, Denmark and UK into a 785
km polar sun synchronous orbit from Sriharikota.
The Satellite with ARGOS and ALTIKA (SARAL) is a
joint Indo-French satellite mission for
oceanographic studies. SARAL will perform
altimetric measurements designed to study ocean
circulation and sea surface elevation.
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its twenty fourth
flight (PSLV-C22), will launch India’s first dedicated
navigational satellite IRNSS-1A, launched from
IRNSS-1A is the first satellite in the Indian Regional
Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). It is one of
the seven satellites constituting the IRNSS space
INSAT-3D is an advanced weather satellite of India
configured with improved Imaging System and
INSAT-3D is designed for enhanced meteorological
observations, monitoring of land and ocean
surfaces, generating vertical profile of the
atmosphere in terms of temperature and humidity
for weather forecasting and disaster warning.
AUGUST 30,2013: GSAT-7
GSAT-7 is an advanced communication satellite
built by ISRO to provide wide range of service
spectrum from low bit rate voice to high bit rate data
IMAGE OF GSAT-7:
NOVEMBER 5 .2013: MARS ORBITER MISSION
PSLV-C25, twenty fifth flight of PSLV will launch
Mars Orbiter Mission Spacecraft from the First
Launch Pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre
The challenging PSLV-C25 mission is optimised for
the launch of Mars Orbiter Mission spacecraft into a
highly elliptical Earth orbit with a perigee (nearest
point to Earth) of 250 km and an apogee (farthest
point to Earth) of 23,500 km with an inclination of
19.2 degree with respect to the equator.
MARS ORBITER MISSION SPACE CRAFT:
Mars Orbiter Mission is India's first interplanetary mission
to planet Mars with an orbiter craft designed to orbit Mars
in an elliptical orbit.
The Mission is primarily technological mission considering
the critical mission operations and stringent requirements
on propulsion and other bus systems of spacecraft. It has
been configured to carry out observation of physical
features of mars and carry out limited study of Martian
atmosphere with following five payloads:
Mars Colour Camera (MCC)
Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (TIS)
Methane Sensor for Mars (MSM)
Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser (MENCA)
Lyman Alpha Photometer (LAP)
JAN 5, 2014:GSLV-D5:
GSLV-D5 is the eighth flight of India's
Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV).
It is also the fourth developmental flight of GSLV.
GSLV-D5 vehicle is configured with its first and
second stages similar to the ones flown during
earlier GSLV missions. The third stage is the
Indigenous Cryogenic Stage.
GSLV-D5 was launched from the Second Launch
Pad (SLP) at Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR,
Sriharikota on January 05, 2014.
GSAT-14 is the twenty third geostationary
communication satellite of India built by ISRO.
The main objectives of GSAT-14 mission are:
To augment the In-orbit capacity of Extended C and
To provide a platform for new experiments.