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Printing in 3D

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Euro Foo 2004 talk on 3D printing, very basic introduction.

Euro Foo 2004 talk on 3D printing, very basic introduction.

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  • 1. Printing in 3D Euro Foo ‘04 Arthur, James & Simon
  • 2. quot;Where a calculator on the ENIAC is equipped with 18,000 vacuum tubes and weighs 30 tons, computers in the future may have only 1,000 vacuum tubes and perhaps weigh 1.5 tons.” - Popular Mechanics, 1949. 2
  • 3. Awareness 3
  • 4. What are 3D printers? 4
  • 5. What are 3D printers?  Machines that produce physical objects from digital data. 4
  • 6. What are 3D printers?  Machines that produce physical objects from digital data. 3D printer (Solidimension concept modeller) 4
  • 7. What are 3D printers?  Machines that produce physical objects from digital data. 3D printer Physical objects (Solidimension concept modeller) 4
  • 8. Science Fiction?
  • 9. Science Fiction? It is very real and the technology is used today.
  • 10. Where is it used? 6
  • 11. Where is it used?  Everywhere from making shoes 6
  • 12. Where is it used?  Everywhere from making shoes  And building tank parts 6
  • 13. Where is it used?  Everywhere from making shoes  And building tank parts  To medical applications X- Print 6 Ray
  • 14. How do they work? 7
  • 15. How do they work?  Many different technologies (see “Rapid Prototyping and Tooling”, A. Maier) 7
  • 16. How do they work?  Many different technologies (see “Rapid Prototyping and Tooling”, A. Maier)  Develop solid objects and electronics by building in layers. 7
  • 17. How do they work?  Many different technologies (see “Rapid Prototyping and Tooling”, A. Maier)  Develop solid objects and electronics by building in layers.  Most interesting use “inkjet” technology. 7
  • 18. How do they work?  Many different technologies (see “Rapid Prototyping and Tooling”, A. Maier)  Develop solid objects and electronics by building in layers.  Most interesting use “inkjet” technology. 7
  • 19. How do they work?  Many different technologies (see “Rapid Prototyping and Tooling”, A. Maier)  Develop solid objects and electronics by building in layers.  Most interesting use “inkjet” technology. 7
  • 20. How do they work?  Many different technologies (see “Rapid Prototyping and Tooling”, A. Maier)  Develop solid objects and electronics by building in layers.  Most interesting use “inkjet” technology. 7
  • 21. How do they work?  Many different technologies (see “Rapid Prototyping and Tooling”, A. Maier)  Develop solid objects and electronics by building in layers.  Most interesting use “inkjet” technology. 7
  • 22. How do they work?  Many different technologies (see “Rapid Prototyping and Tooling”, A. Maier)  Develop solid objects and electronics by building in layers.  Most interesting use “inkjet” technology. 7
  • 23. How do they work?  Many different technologies (see “Rapid Prototyping and Tooling”, A. Maier)  Develop solid objects and electronics by building in layers.  Most interesting use “inkjet” technology. 7
  • 24. How do they work?  Many different technologies (see “Rapid Prototyping and Tooling”, A. Maier)  Develop solid objects and electronics by building in layers.  Most interesting use “inkjet” technology. 7
  • 25. How big are the machines? 8
  • 26. How big are the machines?  Used to be 8
  • 27. How big are the machines?  But Used to be technology changes 8
  • 28. How big are the machines?  But to be Used gets  And technology smaller changes 8
  • 29. How big are the machines?  But to be Used gets  And2004, a  In technology smaller desktop changes version is expected to be released. 8
  • 30. How big are the machines?  But to be Used gets  And2004, a  In technology smaller desktop changes version is expected to be released. Cost $19,000 8
  • 31. State of the industry Rapid Prototyping Rapid Manufacturing (RP) (RM) concept models Finished products 1987 1990 2003 2004 9
  • 32. Why should we be aware? 10
  • 33. Why should we be aware?  Machines which can build other machines impact the traditional manufacturing model (e.g. nanotechnology) 10
  • 34. Why should we be aware?  Machines which can build other machines impact the traditional manufacturing model (e.g. nanotechnology)  3D printing is such a disruptive technology. 10
  • 35. Why should we be aware?  Machines which can build other machines impact the traditional manufacturing model (e.g. nanotechnology)  3D printing is such a disruptive technology.  There are future implications - Printers which Print Printers, Open source design etc. 10
  • 36. Summary 11
  • 37. Summary  This technology: 11
  • 38. Summary  This technology:  Is very real 11
  • 39. Summary  This technology:  Is very real  Prints customised objects and electronics. 11
  • 40. Summary  This technology:  Is very real  Prints customised objects and electronics.  High value $700,000,000 $525,000,000 Services ($257M) $350,000,000 Hardware ($176M) $175,000,000 Consumables ($94M) $0 11
  • 41. Interest 12
  • 42. 3D printing Markets 13
  • 43. 3D printing Markets Commercial Prototyping 13
  • 44. 3D printing Markets Commercial Rapid Prototyping Manufacturing 13
  • 45. 3D printing Markets Commercial Rapid Prototyping Manufacturing Consumer 3D Printing 13
  • 46. Commercial Prototyping 14
  • 47. Commercial Prototyping  Concept models. 14
  • 48. Commercial Prototyping  Concept models.  ZCorp has a 32% market share. (Wohler, Rapid Prototyping 2004) 14
  • 49. Commercial Prototyping  Concept models.  ZCorp has a 32% market share. (Wohler, Rapid Prototyping 2004)  Currently use HP printer heads. 14
  • 50. Rapid Manufacturing 15
  • 51. Rapid Manufacturing  Finished goods. 15
  • 52. Rapid Manufacturing  Finished goods.  Cost effective for short product runs (less than 6,000 - Loughborough University) 15
  • 53. Rapid Manufacturing  Finished goods.  Cost effective for short product runs (less than 6,000 - Loughborough University)  “Print” in metals, plastics and polymers. NB patents for inkjet printing electronic circuits. 15
  • 54. Rapid Manufacturing  Finished goods.  Cost effective for short product runs (less than 6,000 - Loughborough University)  “Print” in metals, plastics and polymers. NB patents for inkjet printing electronic circuits.  Allows for mass customisation. 15
  • 55. Science Fiction?
  • 56. Science Fiction? In Sweden they already “print” hearing aids customised to the individual patient.
  • 57. Consumer 3D printing 17
  • 58. Consumer 3D printing  “Printing” physical objects at home. 17
  • 59. Consumer 3D printing  “Printing” physical objects at home.  Instant delivery & customisation. 17
  • 60. Why? 18
  • 61. Why?  Consumers benefits are customisation, cost and delivery. 18
  • 62. Why? Design  Consumers benefits Tools & Machinery are customisation, Factory Space cost and delivery. Production Raw Materials & RM Stock Labour Overhead Warehouse Distribution Shipping Overhead 18
  • 63. Why? Design  Consumers benefits Tools & Machinery are customisation, Factory Space cost and delivery. Production Raw Materials & & RM Stock Raw Materials RM Stock Labour Overhead Warehouse Distribution Shipping Overhead 18
  • 64. Why? Design  Consumers benefits Tools & Machinery are customisation, Factory Space cost and delivery. Production Raw Materials & & RM Stock Raw Materials RM Stock Labour Overhead Warehouse Distribution Shipping Overhead 18
  • 65. Why? Design  Consumers benefits Tools & Machinery are customisation, Factory Space cost and delivery. Production Raw Materials & & RM Stock Raw Materials RM Stock Labour Printers Overhead Warehouse Distribution Shipping Overhead 18
  • 66. Why? Design Design consumable  Consumers benefits Tools & Machinery are customisation, Factory Space cost and delivery. Production Raw Materials & & RM Stock Raw Materials RM Stock Labour Printers Overhead Warehouse Distribution Shipping Overhead 18
  • 67. Why? Design Design consumable  Consumers benefits Tools & Machinery are customisation, Factory Space cost and delivery. Production Raw Materials & & RM Stock Raw Materials RM Stock Labour Printers Material consumable Overhead Warehouse Distribution Shipping Overhead 18
  • 68. Why? Design Design consumable  Consumers benefits Tools & Machinery are customisation, Factory Space cost and delivery. Production Raw Materials & & RM Stock Raw Materials RM Stock Labour Printers Material consumable Overhead Warehouse Distribution Shipping Overhead  For manufacturers, the threat is that capital cost barriers for new competitors are removed. 18
  • 69. How big is this? 19
  • 70. How big is this?  Home Products is a $1 trillion market. (extrapolated from a $350 billion US Market, US Economic overview 2003) 19
  • 71. How big is this?  Home Products is a $1 trillion market. (extrapolated from a $350 billion US Market, US Economic overview 2003)  Unexploited Henry C. Co, Technology and Operations Management, CSU. 19
  • 72. Summary 20
  • 73. Summary Rapid Commercial Manufacturin Prototyping  Three new markets g Consumer 3D Printing 20
  • 74. Summary Rapid Commercial Manufacturin Prototyping  Three new markets g Consumer 3D Printing  Uses well known technology 20
  • 75. Summary Rapid Commercial Manufacturin Prototyping  Three new markets g Consumer 3D Printing  Uses well known technology  Relatively unexploited. 20
  • 76. Market Trends 21
  • 77. Trends. 22
  • 78. Trends.  Hardware & consumables is worth $270M p.a. and expected to grow to $330M per year by 2006. 22
  • 79. Trends.  Hardware & consumables is worth $270M p.a. and expected to grow to $330M per year by 2006. $500,000,000 $375,000,000 Add-on services est. Add-on services $250,000,000 Hardware est. Hardware Consumables est. Consumables $125,000,000 $0 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 22
  • 80. Machine sales 23
  • 81. Machine sales  The underlying volume of RP machines sold shows a high growth level 23
  • 82. Machine sales  The underlying volume of RP machines sold shows a high growth level 2000 1500 3D Machines Estimated 1000 3D Machines sold 500 0 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 23
  • 83. Patent Growth 24
  • 84. Patent Growth  Gives an idea of the future interest in a market. 24
  • 85. Patent Growth  Gives an idea of the future interest in a market. 400 +21% 300 Growth in RP patents 200 issued. +231 new 100 RP patents in 2003 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 24
  • 86. Thank you 25
  • 87. Also available in colour. 26