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Run up to Indian General Elections 2009

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This presentation was done before the Lok Sabha 2009 elections.

This presentation was done before the Lok Sabha 2009 elections.

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  • Slide 1: You might have guessed the topic for today’s presentation. It’s the general election 2009. We call it Ballot Bout 2009, presented by group 6. Time: 30 sec
  • Total time: 40 sec Parliament of India consists of Head of State – The President The House of the people - Lok Sabha The Council of States – Rajya Sabha Lok Sabha consists of 545 Members (including 2 Anglo Indian – Selected Candidates by president) Remaining 543 elected by people on a five-year term Rajya Sabha consists of consists of 245 members with a six years term…with every 1/3rd retiring every year 233 elected by state legislatures 12 members are nominated by president to represent literature, Science, art and social services Election commission: Is one of the 4 pillars of the Constitution Primarily consists of Chief Election Commissioner 2 Elections Commissioners Current Persons in charge Chief Election Commissioner – Mr. N. Gopalaswami 2 Elections Commissioners – Mr. Navin Chawla / Mr. S.Y. Quraishi
  • Total time: 2 min
  • Total time: 3 min We have criminals in politics We have people being opportunistics Promise but don’t deliver Point we are driving here is , all these are true still because of basic fabric, we are the best. Our form of rule is the best and unique Despite all these you just saw, we are still the best democracy in the world. We have so many parties which is creating problem for establishing stable Govt but look at the +ves, but this also makes sense for a diverse country like ours. We have representatives from all walks of life. In the first weeks of 1967, the Times of London dispatched a reporter to cover the Indian elections. Travelling around the country, he saw - or thought he saw - a mood of apathy and helplessness. Some Indians he talked to had expressed a "readiness for the rejection of parliamentary democracy". The journalist himself was dismayed by the conflict and the corruption. He could spy "the already fraying fabric of the nation itself", with the states "already beginning to act like sub-nations". He concluded that "the great experiment of developing India within a democratic framework has failed". Indians would thus soon vote in "the fourth - and surely last - general election". Unfounded fears That was not the first such gloomy prediction about India, nor would it be the last. A supporter of Congress party with the party poster containing Sonia Gandhi's picture More than 700 million Indians are eligible to vote Through the 1970s and 1980s, as the country lurched from one crisis to another, fears were expressed that it might break up into many parts, or come under military rule. Only after India celebrated its 50th anniversary in 1997 did these prophecies of doom finally go away. The country was still marked by extremes of wealth and poverty, and by myriad social conflicts. But no one doubted any more that it would survive as a single entity. And all agreed that it was and must remain an electoral democracy.
  • Time: 2 min Present some facts about 2009: Talk about delimitation increased seats Then talk about prediction: We are going to put the parties under microscope and make some intelligent guesses Elections 2009: What’s Different from 2004? January 19th, 2009 · 7 Comments Even as Obama takes oath to become the 44th president of the US, India is gearing up for its own election season. Sometime in April-May, hundreds of millions will vote in the general elections for the 15th Lok Sabha. It would have been hard to imagine five years ago that the Congress would have been able to stay in power with a cobbled coalition for the full term, but they did — even as they switched partners from the Left to the Samajwadi Party towards the end. So, as we look ahead to the elections this year, what has changed since 2004? Here are some of my thoughts: 2009 will probably see a more fragmented verdict than 2004, making the task of government formation harder. In 2004, the Congress got 150 seats, the BJP 130, the Left 60, and about 200 went to various other parties. In 2009, I think the Congress-BJP combo will probably again find it difficult tocross the 300 mark. One big factor is the rise of the Bahujan Samajwadi Party in central India. For the Congress to come back to power, they will need to at least get 150 seats and then work on putting together a coalition. I think the bar for the BJP is much higher — it needs to win 200 seats on its own. Like last time, pre-poll alliances will make a difference. There is a distinct possibility this time of a non-Congress, non-BJP government at the centre, with Mayawati hoping to do a Deve Gowda. If the BSP wins 60-80 seats, she will get support from the Left, and then it can all be up for grabs to get to the 270-mark. The economy is on a down trend, as against the uptrend of 2004. The last year has posed many challenges, and the present government has not handled them well. There is a heightened civic consciousness among citizens, which has grown in the past couple years. I think we will see higher voting percentages this time around. It is not clear who will benefit from this. This engagement is especially higher among the Youth. Getting voters out on the big day will matter since one can expect some smaller parties and dissidents to also contest and split the vote, thus reducing victory margins and putting more seats in play. Both the national parties have a Prnce-in-waiting (Rahul Gandhi for the Congress, and Narendra Modi for the BJP). If either of the Congress or BJP comes to power, expect a mid-term power transfer. On the tech front, I think mobile marketing will play an important role, given that 300+ million Indian voters have a mobile in their hands. Finally, there are the “Learnings of Obama” — I am sure all parties have studied what Obama did in the past 2 years in the US. But one has to be careful innot overplaying the Obama card. India’s election process is different. So, one has to also know what will not work in India. I think the Congress (as Incumbent) will benefit from playing the same game, while the BJP needs to focus on “Disruptive Innovations” as the Challenger. All in all, it will be a fascinating 4 months - with the elections, and the negotiations to form a government. What do you think will happen in the elections? If you were strategising for any of the political parties, what would you do?
  • Total time: 1 min First talk about India as a whole. Which party is strong where.
  • Total time: 2 min Now lets take it region-wise: North
  • Total time: 2 min
  • Total time: 2 min
  • Total time: 2 min
  • Total time: 1 min People in northeast hope polls will help peace and development March 17th, 2009 - 10:59 pm ICT by ANI - By L.C.K Singh/Peter Alex Todd Imphal/Guwahati, March 17 (ANI): The upcoming parliamentary elections in the country have increased hopes in the northeast part of the country that a fresh stress would be given to further peace and development process would be promoted further after Lok Sabha polls. The general elections commence on April 16 and will last till May 13. The counting of votes will be held on May 16. The 15th Lok Sabha is to be convened before June 2, 2009. In Manipur and Assam the people are looking forward with enthusiasm about exercising their franchise as they seek peace, prosperity and development of the region. An end to ceaseless militant activities and a wish to see economic prosperity all the chief aspirations of the people in Manipur as they gear up for elections. I want the new government to focus on industry as Manipur does not have any industry. Youth from here are going outside and their skills are not being utilized here. So if there are industries here they can work in Manipur, said Joyson, a local resident in Manipur. I want the new government to work for the security of the people in the state. They should work to contain militancy in the state, said L. Tombisana Devi, another resident. In Assam, which is due to go for polls between April 16 and 23, the people want their leaders to work for peace and development and act tough on insurgent groups that have not allowed permanent peace to return to the state. We want peace and progress in the country especially in Assam. We want a peaceful atmosphere. There are many disturbances caused by infiltration and militant activities. We want peace and development, said Gitika Talukdar, an Assamese. We hope that there be a stable government and the law and order situation will improve,” said Dipak Sharma, another local resident of Assam. Militancy and violence have disrupted life and hit economic growth of the region. Delhi, March 3 (Agencies): With the Election Commission officially blowing the poll bugle on Monday, the North-East, which accounts for 24 seats in the Lok Sabha, is geared up to go to the general elections. Barring Assam and Manipur, the rest of the five states will have single-phase polling. Of the 14 seats in Assam, three constituencies Karimganj, Silchar and Autonomous District will go to the polls in the first phase on April 16, while the electorate in the remaining 11 seats will exercise their franchise on April 23 the second phase. The other states that will go to the first phase of polling are Meghalaya, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland. Polling will be held in two seats of Tripura seats on April 23. Manipur, which has two seats, also goes to the polls in two phases. While the tribal dominated Outer Manipur (ST) seat will have voting in the first phase on April 16, the Inner Manipur will go to the polls on April 22. The date for Inner Manipur election was advanced by a day as the state observes April 23 as Khongjom Day in memory of those who sacrificed their lives during the 1891 Anglo-Manipur War, which is also known as the state's last war of independence. The BJP and AGP have signed a poll pact for the upcoming parliamentary elections in the state. But the two parties are yet to thrash out their differences over the prestigious Guwahati constituency. Asked if the delay in settlement of the seat would send a wrong signal to the electorate, Deka said, "We will resolve all differences on March 7. I don't think the issue of Guwahati seat will come in the way of the understanding between us and the BJP." A senior Congress leader, who did not want to be quoted, also expressed reservation on the timing. "As the matter is delicate, we need to discuss first with the chief minister," he said, adding that the party had blown the poll bugle much earlier. On the other hand, the four party alliance of anti-Congress and anti-BJP parties said constituents of the formation were still intact even as CPM and AUDF decided to field their own candidates. NCP leader Akhay Rajkhowa, who will be contest from Guwahati, said even if one out of two "differing" parties (CPM and AUDF) stayed out of the alliance, "The number of constituents will remain four with Rabi Ram Narzary's BPPF joining the bloc." NCP and CPI are the two other constituents of the alliance. Barring Assam, the Lok Sabha elections in the region usually evoke a lot of enthusiasm as the rest of the states account for only 10 seats. While Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh have two seats each, Nagaland and Mizoram have a member each in the Lok Sabha. But the picture had changed since the 1990s when the country started entering into an era of coalition politics. These states, despite their small size, started getting "some semblance of importance" in the national political arena. Whenever there is a trust vote in Lok Sabha, MPs, particularly those belonging to smaller regional parties, are most sought after by those in power in New Delhi. In the trust vote on Indo-US nuclear deal, Nagaland's MP belonging to the Nagaland People's Front (NPF) and Mizoram's lone MP from Mizo National Front (MNF) had played a crucial role.   Assam parties angry over poll during Bihu   Guwahati, March 3 (Agencies): Major political parties in Assam are angry with the schedule of the two-phased parliamentary election announced for the state as it coincides with Bohag Bihu, the Assamese New Year, and will appeal to the Election Commission (EC) later Tuesday to review the poll dates. Chief Election Commissioner N. Gopalaswami Monday announced the schedule for Lok Sabha elections in the country with the two-phased polls in Assam scheduled for April 16 and April 23. "The two dates are simply not acceptable to us as it is the time for Bohag Bihu festivities in Assam. We shall formally appeal the EC for a review of the dates," Chandra Mohan Patowary, president of Assam's main opposition Asom Gana Parishad (AGP), told IANS. The Asom United Democratic Front (AUDF), another major opposition party in Assam, too opposed the poll dates. "We are equally unhappy over the poll schedule as it would greatly inconvenience the people of Assam due to the Bihu," said Hafiz Rashid Choudhury, working president of the AUDF. The Bohag Bihu on April 14 is the biggest festival in Assam with the festivities continuing for about a week. "During our meetings with the EC in February, we categorically suggested that poll dates in Assam should be either before or well after the Bihu. We don't know why the EC did not take into account the sentiments of the people of Assam," the AUDF leader said. The AGP is trying to mobilise a consensus on the poll schedule with other political parties and jointly appeal to the EC for a change in the dates. "I am sure on this issue for a review of the election schedule all political parties cutting across party lines would support us. Let all the parties jointly appeal the EC," the AGP president said. Three parliamentary constituencies go to the polls April 16, while voting in the remaining 11 seats are scheduled for April 23 in the second phase. The ruling Congress party is equally upset about the schedule, although it has not made its stand public.   Poll security: Meghalaya seeks Assam's help   Shillong, March 3 (PTI): Meghalaya will seek Assam's cooperation for smooth conduct of Lok Sabha elections in the inter-State border areas following some disruptions during polling in the bordering Umroi assembly seat last week due to the Army's counter-insurgency operations. State Chief Electoral Officer Prashant Naik said Meghalaya and Assam should have better coordination for smooth conduct of LS elections, particularly in the inter-State border areas. "Meghalaya would write to Assam on the issue," he said. Polling was disturbed 'partially' in at least four villages in the Assam-Meghalaya border during the Umroi by-polls on February 26 due to the counter insurgency operations by the Army there. "The matter was immediately sorted out and people were able to vote, albeit after some delay," the CEO said, adding that deployment of security personnel in sensitive areas would be decided after the announcement of candidates. Polls for the Shillong and Tura Parliamentary seats of Meghalaya would be held on April 16. A total of 12,77,012 are eligible to exercise their franchise for the two reserved (ST) LS seats. The election expenditure in the State would come to around Rs 13 crore, he said.   Left Front announces candidates in Tripura   Agartala , March 3 (PTI): The two sitting MPs of ruling Left Front in Tripura - Khagen Das and Bajuban Reang will contest from West Tripura and East Tripura(ST) seats respectively in the coming parliamentary elections. CPI-M state party secretary Bijan Dhar told a press conference here today that the decision on the candidates was taken in the just concluded meeting of the Left Front.The leaders of the other constituents of the front were also present in the press conference. CPI-M, he said, shared Chief Minister Manik Sarkar view that the general election in the state, slated on April 23 should be deferred. Sarkar had told the assembly earlier in the day that the government would take up with the Election Commission the deferment of the election in Tripura in view of some important examinations and the' Garia puja', a 7-day tribal festival beginning from April 21. However, he did not mention the preferred date for holding polls in the state.      MNF may boycott LS polls over EVM issue Aizawl, March 3 (PTI): The opposition Mizo National Front (MNF) might boycott the April 16 Lok Sabha elections in Mizoram if electronic voting machines were used by the Election Commission, MNF sources said on Tuesday. MNF Secretary R Vanlalruata said that the former Chief Minister and party president Zoramthanga had earlier made a statement that the Front would boycott the general elections if EVMs, ‘which are liable to be tampered and manipulated’, are used in the polls. "The final decision on the issue would be made on Tuesday at the party executive committee meeting," Vanlalruata said. The issue of forming a common front with other political parties like the Mizoram People's Conference (MPC) led by the former Chief Minister Brig T Sailo and the Zoram Nationalist Party (ZNP) led by Lalduhoma would also be deliberated at the meeting. Meanwhile, Chief Minister and PCC chief Lal Thanhawla on Tuesday left for Delhi to hold a meeting with the Planning Commission to fix the state's plan outlay for the 2009-2010. Sources said that Lal Thanh
  • Total time: 2 min Coalition is the way forward. Congress is facing problem with its allies. Minority stake. Bihar – 3 seats BJP-BJD split after 2almost 11 yrs of partnership, problem was seen with BJP-Shiv Sena in Maharashtra But still no party is in position to go alone ------------------------------------------------------ This will cover the current affairs
  • Total time: 8 min Nice question. Can anyone predict this? No. But it is a fun topic to explore nevertheless. Right now, there are three major groupings for the 2009 Lok Sabha Elections: They are the UPA (United Progressive Alliance), NDA (National Democratic Alliance) and the so-called Third Front. Major parties in the UPA include the Indian National Congress, Lalu Prasad Yadav’s Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD, SHarad Pawar’s Nationalist Congress Party, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK), Jharkhand Mukti Morcha and Lok Janshakti Party (LJP). In the NDA, the main party are the Bhartiya Janata Party, Shiv Sena, Janata Dal (United), Akali Dal, and Indian National Lok Dal (INLD). The Third Front (that’s not an official name yet) has a number of small parties such as the Telegu Desam party (TDP), janata Dal Secular (JD-S), Revutionary Socialist Party RSP - all propped up by the Communist party of India ( Marxist) or CPI-M and the Communist Party of India, CPI. Yes, they are part of the Third Front too. So who has a chance to emerge winner after the 2009 Elections? To tell it like it is, it could be anyone. The NDA or the UPA may emerge the front-runner with a majority, or just a front-runner who is not an outright winner and who needs the support of other parties from either the other formation, or from independent parties like the Bahujan Samaj Party and the Samajwadi party. Scenario 1 UPA emerges clear winner in Lok Sabha elections The national media seems to think there is a good chance for this, but media often gets carried away by the general mood in Delhi, and by the latest state election results. In the recent state elections, Congress did better than many expected, and in this line of thought, they would continue the winning streak alongwith other partners in the UPA, and will be able to scrape through with a simple majority. Scenario 2 NDA Emerges clear winner This is also possible, if the recent state elections are an aberration, and BJP really hasn’t been as badly damaged as many seem to think. Overall, the party seems to be opposing the UPA for opposition’s sake, and often is caught between different ideas on the image of the party it should project. There are those who would like to proejct a hard Hindutva, then the soft-Hindutva proponents and then the ones who don’t care either way as long as they can win. Some think Advani is a winner, some think the party would get a clean sweep only if Narendra Modi was the PM candidate. But in the event of NDA emerging winner with a simple majority in the Lok Sabha elections, very little scope for confusion afterwards. Scenario 3 Third Front emerges winner Unlikely. Very. The Communist Parties are set to lose a large number of seats in their strongholds in West Bengal and Kerala, and the others do not have enough seats to become winners by themselves. Scenario 4 UPA or NDA wins more seats; but no majority Ah. All hell breaks loose. Now, everything is fair game. Assume it is the UPA which has won more seats than other formations. But no simple majority, and no one wants to come to power as a minority government. If UPA looks like a winner, the Samajwadi Party would throw their lot in with the UPA - after extracting assurances of their pound of flesh, of course. UPA-and SP would come to some kind of compromise for sure. The BSP is also another candidate. If Mayavati thinks that the BSP has no chance at all, she would decide to support the UPA too, either from outside, or by joining the UPA. The winner of more seats definitely has the advantage here. In case that does not happen, there is a good chance that some parties from the Third Front would break away and join the winning camp. Of course, if the NDA has also won seats pretty close in numbers to the UPA, they would also try to wean away parties from the Third Front and even the UPA. And then there is BJD waiting outside to figure out who to support. If it is NDA who wins more seats, they will have the advantage. The more extra seats than the UPA, the merrier. Third Front parties would extract something like the CMP out of the NDA to make sure their secular credentials are not compromised, and then plump for it. Scenario 5 No clear winner If neithe rthe NDA or the UPA emerge likely winner with substantially more seats than the other, and the Third Front performs well, this is the horror scenario. At this point, if Mayavati has enough seats, expect her to make a claim for the Prime Minister’s seat. But any of the smaller parties could make a claim too. And there is no shortage of candidates in the Third Front. It is unlikely that the major parties in the UPA or NDA would support the Third Front - their non-performance would damage their reputation and almostly certainly ruin their chances in the inevitable re-election. But the smaller parties in either NDA or UPA would have no such qualms. But if this happens, then there is a good chance of a totally unexpected Prime Minister ruling the country. Scenarios 1 to 4 are more likely, of course. If the NDA is the clear winner, the PM would obviously be LK Advani. But he is old. If he becomes the PM, there is a good chance that he might be indisposed anytime, and then there would be a mad scramble for the post of PM among the second-rung leaders in the BJP. Expect Narendra Modi would be a serious candidate then. Voting the Advani and the NDA might actually be voting for Narendra Modi. If you have a problem with him, watch it! In the same manner, voting for the UPA would be voting for Manmohan Singh, or Rahul Gandhi. There is a major movement within the Congress which wants the Gandhi scion as the leader of the party, and expect those noises to get louder if the UPA emerges a clear winner. Manmohan Singh too is ageing, and as he himself would know, is hardly a popular leader. While Pranab Mukherjee or Chindambaram are super-efficient ministers, we are talking about the Congress where only loyalty and family matters. All in all, anything could happen, guys. Remember this though - we are soon going to see a Rahul Gandhi vs Narendra Modi battle. Congress would be a single unit under Rahul Gandhi for sure - it comes naturally to them. But Narendra Modi has enough enemies within and without to make life difficult for him. That is another battle sure to commence a few years from now - and the winner may decide the future course of the country!
  • Total time: 1 min Falling into gutter pic: Not very long ago, NDA led government was shouting “India Shining” and after elections we know what happened. Now, we find the party in power shouting “Jai Ho”… Lets wait & watch what happens. Fishing pic: we know what it means. Register for vote: But whatever be it, we must stand and be counted. We must Vote. Thanks!
  • Transcript

    • 1. Group 6 PGPM508_06 Sachin Deshmukh PGPM508_17 K.A.Arun PGPM508_22 Anindya Kundu PGPM508_29 Parachuru Balaji Naidu PGPM508_41 Swapnil Saurav Arobinda S Tripathy Satish Sawant PGPM508_53 PGPM508_57
    • 2. Indian Electoral System Prime Minister and council of Ministers Elected by state legislature “ House of the People” “ Council of states” Lok Sabha Rajya Sabha Election Commission
    • 3. SWOT Analysis CPM / CPI / TDP / JD(S) / NC / AIADMK / BSP
      • Strength:
      • Its legend
      • Broad appeal
      • PM Candidate known
      • Weakness:
      • Weak in some states
      • Coalition Problems
      • Opportunities:
      • Problems in NDA
      • Third party motives
      • Threats:
      • Ppl may go for change
      • Not so powerful allies
      • Strength:
      • No family controlled
      • Gaining Popularity
      • PM Candidate known
      • Weakness:
      • No presence in few states
      • Coalition Problems
      • Opportunities:
      • Anti-incumbency
      • Current security situation
      • Threats:
      • Allies don’t trust
      • RSS links
      • Strength:
      • Regional presence
      • Weakness:
      • No clarity on PM candidate- too many
      • Poor National outlook
      • Opportunities:
      • UPA & BJP popularity on decline
      • Threats:
      • Allies – no common agenda of coming together
      UPA NDA Third parties
    • 4. We are the Best! Still we are the best!!!
    • 5.
      • Oldest & Biggest democracies
      • Presidential form/ 2party – PM & Council of ministers/ multi-party
      • Bloody battles, etc Vs 3000 old history
      • New parties are coming up and old parties losing influence.
      • Local Governance – Panchayat system
      • Vibrant & Voice of people is heard
      • Arnold/Jindal Vs Sonia Gandhi- Immature politics
      • Considering our vast diversity in culture and people and very few nationally accepted leaders, we have the best from of democracy.
      USA vs India We are different but have obligation towards global community
    • 6. 2009- Tit bits
      • Delimitation of Constituencies
      • Electoral rolls updated: +43million (714m)
      • Photo Identity: 522 / 543
      • 8,28,804 polling Station (Election ‘04 – 6,87,402)
      • 13,68,430 EVMs to be used
      Technology Crossing all ethical boundaries? Be different? Many orgs working - Voter turn out - Sectarian vs. Development
    • 7. How India voted in 2004
    • 8. 2009: Advantage NDA
      • Important Developments:
      • BJP + INLD,
      • Internal security is high on agenda
      Imp Leaders: 1. Akhay Rajkhowa (ASSAM-NCP)
    • 9. 2009: NDA versus Third Party
      • Important Developments:
      • Fallout betwenn Cong & RJD; NDA & BJD
      • Cong & TMC tie up
      • Poll issue- Roti, Kapada & Makan
      • Imp Leaders:
      • Laloo, RamVilas, Shatrughan, Rudy
      • Mamta, Maya
    • 10. 2009: Advantage UPA
      • Important Developments:
      • Lankan Tamil Issues
      • Internal Security Concerns
      • Price Rise
      • Imp Leaders:
      • P. Chidambaram – INC
      • HD Deva Gowda – JD(S)
      • Anbumani Ramadoss – PMK
    • 11. 2009: BJP Sweep
      • Important Developments:
      • Rajasthan: BJP lost the assembly election
      • Internal security
      Imp Leaders: 1. LK Advani, Sharad Pawar
    • 12.
      • Important Developments:
      • BJP + AGP
      • Peace & Prosperity is high on agenda
      Imp Leaders: 1. Akhay Rajkhowa (ASSAM-NCP)
    • 13. Future
    • 14. Who will be the winner? It is a nice Question… But its fun to explore nevertheless… Scenario 1 UPA emerges clear winner in Lok Sabha elections Scenario 3 Third Front emerges winner Scenario 2 NDA Emerges clear winner Scenario 4 UPA or NDA wins more seats; but no majority Scenario 5 No clear winner Scenario 1 UPA emerges clear winner in Lok Sabha elections Scenario 2 NDA Emerges clear winner Scenario 3 Third Front emerges winner Scenario 3 Third Front emerges winner Scenario 4 UPA or NDA wins more seats; but no majority Do You Really Mean this? Y N
    • 15. Thank You! Don’t Be Just a spectator, Play it!!! Mark You Calendar: April 16, April 22, April 23, April 30, May 7 and May 13
    • 16. Group 6 Surprise Quiz
      • 1. Which is the largest Lok Sabha Constituency in India by
        • Area
        • Population
      2. Which article in Indian Constitution establishes the functions and controls of Election commission 3. Mention the other 3 Pillars of Indian constitution apart from Election Commission 6. When was India’s 1 st General Elections held 4. Which act prescribes the procedure for eligibility of the voter / Delimitation of constitution / Electoral methods 5. What is our Parliament is called ? 7. For how much years, a Lok Sabha can be extended under the proclamation of emergency
      • Ladakh
      • Outer Delhi
      Article 324
      • Supreme Court
      • UPSC
      • Comptroller & Auditor General of India
      Representation of People’s Act 1950 Sansad Bhavan 1951 1 Year (Any no. of times)
    • 17. Group 6 Surprise Quiz 1. Which state has the maximum no of Lok Sabha Constituency 2. Who is the current i) Chief Election Commissioner ii) 2 Election Commissioners 3. Which companies designed and manufactures EVM 6. What is the no. of reserved seats for STs & SCs in Lok Sabha 4. What is the maximum no. of votes that can be registered in a EVM 5. Which firm produces the indelible ink. 7. What is the limit for a candidate’s expenses for election Uttar Pradesh , 80
      • Mr, N. Gopalaswami
      • Mr. Navin Chawla / Mr. S S Quraishi
      • Bharat Electronics Ltd, Bangalore
      • Electronics Corporation of India Ltd, Hyderabad
      3840 Mysore Paints & Varnish Limited 84 for STs / 47 for SCs Rs. 25 Lakhs