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Introduction of microfinance
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Introduction of microfinance

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  • Rural Finance Presentation
  • Transcript

    • 1.
      • WHAT IS MICRO FINANCE ?
      • Micro Finance is the supply of loans, savings, and other basic financial service to the poor . -> CGAP
      • To most, micro finance means providing very poor families with very small loans (micro credit) to help them engage in productive activities or grow their tiny businesses. -> Financial Gateway
    • 2. ABOUT MICRO FINANCE
      • The modern micro finance movement dates back to the 1970s when experimental programs in Bangladesh, Brazil, and a few other countries began to extend tiny loans to groups of poor women to invest in micro enterprises
      • By lending to groups of women where every member of the group guaranteed the repayment of all members, these micro credit programs challenged the prevailing conventional wisdom and proved that poor people without collateral could be "credit worthy". When offered the opportunity, they would repay loans with interest, at extraordinary rates of repayment.
    • 3. MICRO FINANCE IN INDIA
      • Evolution of Micro finance in India
      • Micro finance has been in practice for ages ( though informally).
      • Legal framework for establishing the co-operative movement set up in 1904.
      • Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 provided for the establishment of the Agricultural Credit Department.
      • Nationalization of banks in 1969
      • Regional Rural Banks created in 1975.
      • established as an apex agency for rural finance in 1982.
      • Passing of Mutually Aided Co-op. Act in AP in 1995.
    • 4. FEATURES OF INDIAN MF
      • About 60 % of the MFIs are registered as societies.
      • About 20 % are Trusts
      • About 65 % of the MFIs follow the operating model of SHGs.
      • Large concentration in South India
      • 600 MFI initiatives have a cumulative outreach of 1.25 crore poor households
      • NABARD’s bank linkage program has cumulatively reached a total of 9.4 lakh SHGs with about 1.4 crore households.
    • 5. /16 Justification and definition of microfinance FINANCE MICRO
      • Micro-entrepreneurs
      • Self-employed
      • Low income populations
      • Excluded populations
      • Business & educational loans
      • Savings
      • Micro-insurances
      • Remittances
      • Micro-entrepreneur training
      • Coaching & workshops on health, hygiene, etc.
    • 6. /16
      • 10,000 MFIs manage a global portfolio of US$30 Billions
      • In a range from 150 US$ to 7,000 US$, the average loan size is US$ 450
      • 150 Mio micro-credit active clients
      • 300 Mio micro-saving active clients
      • 50 Mio micro-insurance active clients
      Sources : CGAP, BIT, Microcredit Summit, PlaNet Finance Microfinance in the world today
    • 7. /16
      • Development of MF in industrialized countries (e.g. Israel, France, USA) thanks to the adaptation of the tools and methodologies
      • Commercialization of the stakeholders
      • Use of new technologies as a new development tool
      New trends
    • 8. Characteristics of Leading Programs
      • Definitions
      • Why
      • Key Features
      • Building Blocks
      • Innovations
      • Indian Scenario
      • Challenges
      • Resources
      • Road map
      Source: WWB : Building Domestic Financial Systems that Work for the Majority
      • Low interest rates
      • Low repayments
      • Low “know your customer”
      • Minimal loan amounts
      • Low, sporadic, and shallow outreach relative to demand
      • Interest rates that cover costs, enable profits
      • Excellent portfolio quality
      • Understand household economies, economic activities of the poor
      • Financial products and processes that respond to poor households, enterprises
      • High outreach, impact
      Compliance Culture Sustainable Microfinance
    • 9. Characteristics of Leading Programs
      • Definitions
      • Why
      • Key Features
      • Building Blocks
      • Innovations
      • Indian Scenario
      • Challenges
      • Resources
      • Road map
      Source: WWB : Building Domestic Financial Systems that Work for the Majority What The Poor Want
      • Asset Building, Risk
      • Mitigating Products
      • Voluntary savings
      • Health and life insurance
      • Variety of Products
      • Housing loans
      • Education loans
      • Life cycle products
      • Business development services
      Group Individual Loans
      • Flexible Loans
      • Small initial loan sizes
      • Larger loans over time
      • Longer terms
      No Traditional Collateral
      • Service
      • Rapid, convenient access
      • Respect, connection
      Source: WWB research
    • 10. Indian Scenario
      • Definitions
      • Why
      • Key Features
      • Building Blocks
      • Innovations
      • Indian Scenario
      • Challenges
      • Resources
      • Road map
      Source: Doug Johnson, The Geographic Distribution Of Microfinance Services In India 2007 Evolution of Microfinance in India Microfinance has been in practice for ages ( though informally). Legal framework for establishing the co-operative movement set up. Reserve Bank of India Act provided for the establishment of the Agricultural Credit Department. Nationalisation of banks . Regional Rural Banks created. NABARD established as an apex agency for rural finance . Passing of Mutually Aided Co-op. Act in AP in 1995. 1904 1934 1969 1975 1982 1995 1976 Grameen Bank, Yunus
    • 11. Indian Scenario
      • Definitions
      • Why
      • Key Features
      • Building Blocks
      • Innovations
      • Indian Scenario
      • Challenges
      • Resources
      • Road map
      Source: Doug Johnson, The Geographic Distribution Of Microfinance Services In India 2007

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