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UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS
 

UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS

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    UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS Document Transcript

    • PREPARED BY- MANAN SHAH (IP 1712) PAVITRA KUMARI (IP 1312) SWAPNEEL VAIJANAPURKAR (IP 2112) UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS A CASE OF MUMBAI
    • UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS Page 1 Contents 1. ABOUT THE STUDY AREA ................................................................................................................... 2 1.1 Introduction to city:......................................................................................................................... 2 (Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Development Authority)..................................................................... 2 1.2 Institutions in Mumbai metropolitan region .................................................................................... 2 1.3 Transportation in Mumbai metropolitan region (MMR) ................................................................... 3 1.4 Laws governing the transport Organisation structure ...................................................................... 4 1.5 Organisational details for transport modes...................................................................................... 5 1.6 Fares fore different transport modes .............................................................................................. 5 1.7 Organisational structure for transport modes.................................................................................. 6 (BEST undertaking) (Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Development Authority) (Mumbai rail vikas corporation limited) .............................................................................................................................. 7 2. INTEGRATION BETWEEN MODE......................................................................................................... 8 2.1 Type of integration between modes ................................................................................................ 8 Why integration?............................................................................................................................... 8 Physical integration-.......................................................................................................................... 8 Example: 1 Physical integration ......................................................................................................... 8 Example: 2 Physical integration ......................................................................................................... 9 Operational integration-.................................................................................................................... 9 3. Future Plans: Mumbai Urban Transport Project (MUTP) ...................................................................... 10 Bibliography............................................................................................................................................ 11
    • UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS Page 2 1. ABOUT THE STUDY AREA 1.1 Introduction to city: The Mumbai Metropolitan Region includes Greater Mumbai, Thane Municipal Corporation, Kalyan Municipal Corporation, Virar-Bhayandar, Bhiwandi (standard urban area VI), New Mumbai, (administered by the City Industrial Development Corporation, CIDCO) and the rest of the MMR (under smaller municipal councils, semi-urban areas and villages).  Area: 4355 sq km  Includes Mumbai, Mumbai Suburban District and parts of two other districts  Population: 21 million with 94% urban population  Employment: 6 million  16 Urban local Bodies, 7 Municipal corporations and 9 Municipal councils. (Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Development Authority) 1.2 Institutions in Mumbai metropolitan region
    • UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS Page 3 Government Organisation Responsibilities/Functions Municipal corporations/Municipal Councils  Construction & maintenance of flyovers and bridges  Road up gradation  Removal of obstructions, projections in and upon streets Brihanmumbai Electric Supply & Transport Undertaking (BEST)  To provide safe, efficient, affordable and courteous passenger services at an economic fare Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA)  Planning & coordination of Mumbai Metropolitan region  Responsible for the Mumbai Urban Transport Project (Metro and Monorails) Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation (MSRDC)  Plan, investigate, design, construct, manage, promote and operate road Projects & area development. Invite tenders, bids, offers & contract for the above purposes City & Industrial Development Corporation of Maharashtra Ltd. (CIDCO)  Land use planning and development of Navi Mumbai region Mumbai Railway Vikas Corporation Ltd.  Management of the Mumbai suburban train services  Implementation of rail infrastructure projects in Mumbai suburban stations  Commercially develop railway land and airspace in Mumbai  Raise funds for suburban railway Development 1.3 Transportation in Mumbai metropolitan region (MMR) 1. Suburban rail, monorail, metro The Mumbai Suburban Railway, popularly known as Locals forms the backbone of the city's transport system. Mumbai's suburban rail systems carried a total of 7.42 million passengers every day in 2012. The Mumbai Suburban Railway system is operated by Indian Railways' two zonal divisions Western Railways (WR) and Central Railways (CR). WR operates the Western Line and CR operates the Central Line, Harbour Line, Trans-Harbour Line as well as the Vasai Road-Diva-Panvel line. 2. Metrorail and monorail The Mumbai Monorail and Mumbai Metro are under construction and expected to be partially operational in 2013, relieving overcrowding on the existing network. The metro will provide the much needed east to west connectivity and will carry about 6 lakh commuters per day initially at very affordable fares. The biggest advantage would be the substantial reduction in
    • UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS Page 4 travel time from the current 90 minutes to about 20 minutes along with much improved and comfortable travelling experience. 3. Bus Transport The routes operated by the BEST can be broadly classified in the following categories. 1) Feeder Routes: These routes which feed the railway stations either from the residential complexes or Business Districts. 2) East-West Connectors: These are the routes, which run East/West, where railways have no role to play and connect the Western Suburb with the Eastern suburb. 3) Trunk Routes: These routes run South-North through the city and are almost parallel to the railways. Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC) buses provide intercity transport and connect Mumbai with other major cities of Maharashtra and India. Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport (NMMT) also operates its Volvo buses in Mumbai, from Navi Mumbai to Bandra, Dindoshi and Borivali. 4. Taxi The primary role of the BEST is to supplement Suburban Rails, which is the mass carrier. It is for this reason that BEST always gives priority for feeder routes and thereafter for East-West connectors where the railways have absolutely no direct role to play. The third priority is the long distance trunk route, which is an alternative to Suburban Railways, apart from being inter-corridor link between Suburbs and City. 1.4 Laws governing the transport Organisation structure Laws & Rules Suburban Rail Companies Act, 1956 & The Railway Act,1989 Metro Metro railways (Construction of Works) Act, 1978. Metro railways (Operation and Maintenance) Act, 2002. The metro railways (amendment) bill, 2009.Mono Rail BEST Motor Vehicle Act, 1988 Taxi Motor Vehicle Act, 1988 Hire-Purchase Act, 1972
    • UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS Page 5 1.5 Organisational details for transport modes Suburban Rail Metro Mono Rail BEST Taxi Type of organisation Public Sector undertaking Special Purpose Vehicle Special Purpose Vehicle Local Government Transport Private Regulator/Planning Agency Ministry of Railways, Government Of India Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) Mumbai Municipal Corporation Motor Vehicles Dep’t. RTO & Traffic Police. Project Implementation Agency Mumbai Railway Vikas Corporation Limited (MRVCL) Mumbai Metro One Private Limited (MMOPL) –SPV formed by Reliance Energy Ltd, Veolia Transport (France) and MMRDA. Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) - - Operator Western Railways and Central Railways France SPV (5 years contract) Larsen and Toubro and Scomi Rail BEST (Transport undertaking) Private 1.6 Fares fore different transport modes MODES FARES Regular Premium Services METRORAIL 6 Rs. – up to 3 km 10 Rs – beyond 8 km MONORAIL Minimum fare : 8 Rs. Maximum fare : 20 Rs. BEST 6 Rs. – up to 3 km 20 Rs – Above 20 kms 15 Rs. – up to 2 km 105 Rs – Above 35 kms SUBURBAN RAILWAYS 4 Rs. - upto 10 km, 15 Rs. – up to 75km 40 Rs. - upto 10 km, 150 Rs. – up to 75km TAXI Min. fare 19 Rs./km Fare above min fare 12.35/km Min. fare 21 Rs/km
    • UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS Page 6 1.7 Organisational structure for transport modes 1. SUBURBAN RAIL - Mumbai rail Vikas Corporation limited (MRVCL) The departmentalization is a type of functional grouping 2. METRO AND MONO RAIL - Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) Chairmen Director projects Director R&R Director I & CD Director Finance Director Technical Part time official and non official director (IR) Part time official and non official director (GoM) Managing Director
    • UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS Page 7 The departmentalization of MMRDA is a type of functional grouping. The Mumbai metro rail and monorail project is a part of transport and communication (MMRC). The detail organisation structure of monorail and metro rail is yet to be finalised. 3. Brihanmumbai Electricity Supply and Transport (BEST) The entire operational area is divided into five Zones comprising of five depots each i.e. total 25 depots. Each Zone is headed by a Traffic Manager who in turn exercises supervision and control over 5 depots. The departmentalization of Brihanmumbai Electricity Supply and Transport is a type of functional grouping. The two basic functions of BEST i.e. electricity and transport are taken as the functional heads. The above chart gives the further functional grouping in transport wing. (BEST undertaking) (Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Development Authority) (Mumbai rail vikas corporation limited) Deputy general manager Traffic operations C.T.M Operational Wing C.T.M Administrative wing C.T.M Planning and operations Assistant general manager Traffic Operations
    • UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS Page 8 2. INTEGRATION BETWEEN MODE 2.1 Type of integration between modes Why integration? An integrated transportation strategy is needed so that multiple transport modes work together efficiently to facilitate the sustainable transportation. Physical integration- Physical integration is the type of integration in which different modes like rails, BEST buses and Para transit etc. can be switched over as per requirements & convenience at the intermediate points or at the terminals. (Mid Day) Example: 1 Physical integration In April 2012 the Ministry of Urban Development went forward and created the National Common Mobility Card (NCMC) called ‘More Mumbai’ ostensibly for buying tickets for the Metro rail services, Monorail, suburban trains, buses and even to pay auto and taxi fares along with a special provision to swipe it for parking and toll charges. National CommonMobility Card (NCMC) More Mumbai Local train (White Pass) BEST bus (green pass) Taxi (Exact Change) Mono Rail (Smart Card) Metro Rail (Metro Smart Card)
    • UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS Page 9 Example: 2 Physical integration Integration on the proposed Versova-Andheri-Ghatkoper LRT Metro with other existing and proposed public modes of transport  Influence area of each railway station will be free from presence of any other railway station, and then feeder routes should be developed so that duplication of travel by train and bus will be avoided  The battery-powered emission-free mini buses are proposed to be used, to bring the passengers from their homes to the nearest metro or suburban railway stations within the influence area of the station Institutional integration- Institutional integration is an arrangement which can be established by having a common policy among different operating agencies like railways, BEST authorities, local transport authority etc. so that they can work in unison. Currently the region’s transportation (Issues, polices, projects) is managed by different agencies in fragmented approach. There is no consistent integrated approach in providing the transport services. The proposed draft National Urban Transport Policy introduced Unified Metropolitan Transport authority (UMTA) to facilitate integrated planning & implementation. Government of Maharashtra in Home Department, by its resolution dated 12th February, 2008, established the Unified Mumbai Metropolitan Transport Authority (UMMTA). Functions of UMMTA are as follows  Comprehensive transport plan for MMR  Integration of regional and city land use plans with transport plan of MMR  Inter modal priorities and integration  Infrastructure priorities and integration  Transport studies and information systems; and  Other work assigned by Metropolitan Planning Committee (MPC) Operational integration- Operational integration is related in terms of scheduling and routing of different modes.  In Mumbai BEST Buses & City Cabs -GPS System are coming soon.  There is a proposed ITS system under UMTA. The use of GIS, GPS, Traffic information system can be developed, which give information to commuters about transport modes, their routs and schedule.
    • UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS Page 10 3. Future Plans: Mumbai Urban Transport Project (MUTP) The Mumbai Urban Transport Project (MUTP) is a project formulated by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) to bring about improvement in traffic and transport situation in Mumbai metropolitan region with the assistance of World Bank. It envisages investment in suburban railway projects, local bus transport, new roads, bridges, pedestrian subways and traffic management activities. Phase I began in 2007 and ended in 2011. The total estimated cost of the MUTP Phase I is US$720 million. Most of the money is to be spent on railway projects while less than a fourth of the money is to be spent on road projects.  Road Component: The road projects included construction the new roads and independent Traffic Management Unit (TMU) was been set up at MCGM and it was proposed to further strengthen it.  BEST's component: The amount was intended to procure new buses for replacement of overaged buses and to obtain technical assistance for "Institutional Restructuring & Management Information System Study”  Rail component: Under this, all suburban trains converted into twelve coaches, increasing carrying capacity of suburban trains by 35%. Conversion from DC to AC system, the speed of trains increased substantially. EMU Coaches of new design made of stainless steel better ventilation ensuring comfortable journey and less noise pollution. Phase II began in 2010 and is expected to be completed by 2014. The total estimated cost of the MUTP Phase II is US$300 million. It is done with the assistance of the World Bank. Majority of investments are made in maintenance and construction of suburban lines. Phase III will begin in 2015 and is expected to be completed by 2031. The total estimated cost of the MUTP Phase III is US$8.3 billion. Phase III is among the ambitious infrastructure projects as it increases connectivity to hinterland-like areas around Bhiwandi, and increases capacity on the Harbour Line. It will strengthen the Mumbai Metropolitan Region's infrastructure demands till around 2031. (Mumabi city development plan) Critique: Even after spending so much money on urban transport no due attention has been paid to for institutional integration. The MUTP just focuses on just operational and physical integration.
    • UNDERSTANDING THE CITY, TRANSPORT ORGANISATIONS AND INTEGRATIONS Page 11 Bibliography BEST undertaking. 9 April 2013. 3 September 2013 <http://www.bestundertaking.com/pdf/Traffic%20Department%20Manual.pdf>. Mid Day. www.midday.com. 23 July 2013. 2 September 2013 <http://www.mid- day.com/lifestyle/2013/jul/210713-why-cant-mumbai-have-an-integrated-transport-system.htm>. Mumabi city development plan. City development plan. Mumbai: Municipal corporation of Greater Mumbai, 2005-2025. Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Development Authority. http://www.mmrda.maharashtra.gov.in/. 3 September 2013 <http://www.mmrda.maharashtra.gov.in/web/guest/multimodal-corridor-from-virar-to- alibaug>. Mumbai rail vikas corporation limited. http://www.mrvc.indianrailways.gov.in/. 3 September 2013 <http://www.mrvc.indianrailways.gov.in/view_section.jsp?lang=0&id=0,295>.