Personality is defined as the Dynamic Behaviour
mode of thinking that determines the individual
adjustment in the environment.
“The Unique Adjustment of Individual
Nature Of Personality-
1.Personality is both internal and external ,It is generally
not changed But changed due to social ,Psychological and
2.Personality is enduring in nature and depends on needs
3.It may be changed like after some incidents might be
4.Personality defines individual differences.
Determinants of Personality
Which means an individual sense the external events
Heredity- Like Physical structure, Muscle Composition and
Brain-The Human Brain Influencing the Personality.
Physical Features-The Tall ,Short, Ugly Fair also related to
the personality of an individual in an organization
Cultural factors-Cultural factors also related to
Competition,Cooperation,Aggression,Indepedences in an
Organization. Respect to Superior comes from the
Cultural factors .
Family and Social Factors
1.Socialization Process-It the stages where he born and
works ,Like from childhood with mom and dad ,After that
frirends,Group and finally working groups and colleagues
who are change the personality.
2.Identification process- Where an individual follow
another person as a model might be copy his /her
Character as an Ideal.
The demands of different situations may call for the
different aspects of personality.Lifes good or bad
experiences, sorrows and other things a part of bad or
good effort on Personality.
• Sheldon's Physiognomy Theory
• Carl Jung's Extrovert and Introvert
• Intra-Psychic Theory
• Traits Theory
• Social Learning Theory
• Johns Big 5 Theory
• Myers-Briggs Indicator
• Carl Rogers Self Theory
• Holands Personality Types
• Self Concept
Sheldon's Physiognomy Theory
He find out some relation between Physique and their
Temperament. He identifies three body types in
1.Endomorph-They are generally fleshy and bulky and
they are very friendly and slow to react .
2.Mesomorph-Here they are Athletic they are risk
taker in organization take challenges, Aggressive
3.Ectomorph-They are thin generally and Shy and By
Brain Brilliant .
Carl Jung's Extrovert and Introvert Theory
1.Trouble in remembering faces and names.
2.Work contentedly alone.
3.Some Problems in communicating
4.They Don’t Need Interruptions.
5.Work for a long long time with one project
6.Simply hates instructions.
1. Like Variety and Actions.
2. Tend to work faster and dislike complicated
3. Like to have people around.
4. Communicate freely.
5. They don not mind interruptions.
According Carl Jung ,there are four dimensions.
1.Sensing –Thinking-Rational Decision making and
2.Sensing-Feeling-They share the risk with others and
then see what happened and then they take actions.
3.Intituing-Thinking-Dream a lot for making decision.
4.Intituing-Feezing-Consider others views for decision
Intra Psychic Theory
This theory developed by Freudian which means the Human
mind is mostly influenced by unseen forces than seen
• Preconscious (ID) -Associated with Only Thoughts the
behaviour is Childish and never satisfied
• Conscious (Ego)-This means mind which is related to
Feelings,Belief,Thoughts.Realted to Logical part
• Un Conscious Mind(Super Ego)-Which is learned from
self-examinations.Value,Norms and ETC
A. This Model is useful in Team Building and Helping in hiring of employees.
B. Proving Ideas to dealing with Problem
C. Balance the Judgments of Organization Behaviour
D. Source to conflict resolutions
Sensitivity/Institution-They collect the data by sensing types
organization structure and intuitive people collect the non systematically.
Thinking/Felling-Thinking People Rely with Logical methods (Explicit)
where the feeling (Tactical)peoples are rely with how others choice his style.
Judging/Perceiving-Judging means some peoples are like to take control
on judgment and Perceiving's are flexible in Nature
• Although the test is commonly used in workplaces, few
psychologists use the test
• This is because it is lacking in validity, reliability and
scientific research evidence
• Also, there is also concern that people without a
background in psychology can attend a short course to
be certified to use the MBTI- therefore it can be misused
• It is only based on a limited view of Jung’s theory which
is not widely regarded more contemporary psychologists
JOHN BIG FIVE MODEL
Dimensions of Big Five Model is
• Extroversion- Talkative and assertive
• Agreeableness- Trusting and Cooperative.
• Conscientiousness-Responsible and dependable.
• Emotional Stability- Calm,Nervious,Enthusiastic.
• Openness to Experience-Artistic ,Sensitive and
Social Learning Theory
This Theory based on the Situation of understanding of an individual. Where the
individual do in that situation
Competencies- Intelligence Ability, Social Skills, Other abilities.
Cognitive Strategy-Collecting information for organization meaningful unit.
Outcome expectation-Expectation from others on his behaviour.
Subject Value Outcome-Two Individual but one personality(Like Promotion)
Self-Regulatory-Self Guiding Personality
Holland’s personality types
• All people fit into one or more of 6 personality
– Realistic (R), investigative (I), artistic (A), social (S),
enterprising (E) and conventional (C)
• Sometimes referred to as the RIASEC theory
Realistic (R) characteristics
• shy, conforming, honest, straightforward, practical, self-
reliant, persistent and thrifty
• good at and prefers hands-on activities such as using tools
• is not good at and prefers to avoid activities involving
interactions with others, like teaching and helping or healing
• has good skills in working with tools, mechanical or electrical
drawings, machines, or plants and animals
• often has athletic abilities is attracted to careers such as
mechanic, carpenter, electrician, air traffic controller, cook,
surveyor and gardener
Investigative (I) characteristics
• intellectual, analytical, curious, critical, precise,
methodical, cautious and modest
• good at and prefers learning by reading, studying or
investigation, and solving maths or science
• not good at and prefers to avoid activities involving
leading, selling, or persuading people
• attracted to careers such as mathematician,
biologist, veterinarian, surgeon, laboratory
assistant, engineer, computer programmer and
Artistic (A) characteristics
• imaginative, intuitive, original, impulsive,
independent, open, disorderly, unconventional,
emotional and expressive
• good at and prefers to do creative activities such as
art, drama, crafts, dance, music, or creative writing
• is not good at and prefers to avoid highly ordered or
repetitive, routine-type activities such as clerical
• is attracted to careers such as musician, composer,
photographer, dancer, journalist, writer, architect,
actor, stage director and interior designer
Social (S) characteristics
• helpful, cooperative, friendly, idealistic, empathetic,
generous, persuasive, responsible and tactful
• concern for social problems and good interpersonal
• good at and prefers to do things to help people such
as teaching, providing information and giving first
• not good at and prefers to avoid using machines
and tools to achieve a goal
• attracted to careers such as nursing, teaching,
speech therapy, occupational therapy, welfare
work, religious work, police officer, personnel
manager and specialist areas of psychology that
Enterprising (E) characteristics
• tends to be domineering, argumentative, energetic, self-
confident, sociable, pleasure-seeking, energetic,
exhibitionistic and optimistic
• good at and prefers to lead and persuade people, and to sell
ideas and things
• not good at and prefers to avoid activities that require
complicated scientific and systematic thinking
• attracted to careers such as management, lawyer,
salesperson, politician, travel agent, town planner, television
production, financial planner and sports promoter
Conforming (C) characteristics
• conforming, conscientious, inflexible, obedient,
persistent, practical, calm and self controlled
• good at and prefers to work with numbers, written
records, or business machines in a set, planned and
• not good at and prefers to avoid ambiguous,
unstructured activities that do not have clear
• attracted to careers such as accountant, book
keeper, postal officer, bank teller, administrative
officer, payroll clerk, building inspector, secretary,
radio despatcher, switch board operator, checkout
operator and website editor
Traits Theory Based on the three following assumptions and traits are like
lazy,Aggressive,Ambitious and etc.
1.Traits are common to individual but vary in absolute amounts.
2.Traits are relatively stable.
3.Ones traits can deduced by measuring his behaviour.
The Main two Part of this theory is
1.Allport- It is nothing but common traits and their measurements
.Here six dimensions of Allport.
It is Surface traits and source Traits
Shaping of Personality
Neo- Freudian's Theory
Infancy(Birth-1 Yr)- Trust &Affection and Gratification
Early Childhood(1-3)-Autonomy & Child is still depend on Parents.
Play Age(4-5)-Testing, Imagination etc.
Young Adulthood(20-24)-Intimacy of a person
Middle Adulthood(25-65)-Pride, Pleasure
Shaping of Personality
Freud’s Stages of Personality Development
The Oral Stage-(0-1)-When you are a child and eating,drinking and biting
Anal Stage-(1-3 Yrs)-Taking Orders,Listining to father and mother.
Phallic Stage (3-4 Yrs)-Psychological development.
Latency (4-6 Yrs)-Curocity for the Outside World