Experience of Promoting SRIMethod of Crop cultivation inAssamSeven Sisters Development Assistance (SeSTA)February 27, 2013SRI Partners’ Meet, Ranchi
Need of SRI initiative in Assam• In North Eastern States (7 States), Paddy is the main cereal crop& staple food.• Despite the huge demand of Paddy the yields of paddy in theregion is 1.9 MT/Ha.• Low productivity coupled with eroded sandy soil in river banksof Brahmaputra as well as flood creates huge disturbances inpoor communities, people are stressed to do unskilled labourworks to earn square meal.• The land acquisition per farmer is as low as 0.2 Ha to 0.5 Ha forsmall farmers.• Paddy intervention in Assam is critical considering flood(Varietyconsideration), prolonged monsoon, pest &diseases, inadequacy of updated in formations with farmer.• Huge scope of demonstrating quality yields through exposingfarmers to SRI principles.
A brief on SRI initiative in AssamObjective:To expand the SRI program in Assam through partnershipapproach with the objective of enhancing food grain securityof small and marginal farmers in Assam by improving yield ofpaddy through-• Reach to 12500 small & marginal farmers under thisprogramme.• Demonstration of upgraded technologies, differentimplements for better management of SRI.• Capacity building of community as well as differentorganizations.• Sensitization of different stake holders for popularizing SRI inNorth East.
SRI expansion strategy by SeSTAI. Understanding of the context , area/ farmer/ technology.II. Quality demonstration to build in confidence within theOrganization and across the relevant stakeholders.III. Community mobilization through using different InformationCommunication Tools.IV. Capacity building of Target Community, Staff, related NGOs,relevant stakeholders.V. SRI with standard package of practices.VI. Regular support to community & extension workers.VII. 10 % data sampling and analysis as well sharing at community tospread the outcomes for easy adoption in coming years by otherfarmers.VIII. Organizing workshops, field days tosensitize allstakeholders(Farmer, staff, NGOs, District Administration, Banksetc)
YEAR WISE AREA COVERAGE OF SRI EXTENSIONYear Number ofDistrictsNumber ofBlockNumber ofVillageNumber of NGO2010-11 2 4 100 22011-12 7 11 143 52012-13 8 13 215 2
SRI productivity analysis for Rabi season, 2012
SRI productivity analysis for Kharif season, 2012
Analysis of crop cutting data- Kharif’12• Avg. yield in Kharif ,2012: 4.9 MT/Ha.• Highest yield in Kharif, 2012: 9.2 MT/Ha• Average no. of tiller per hill: 25• Highest no. of tiller per hill : 71• Avg. length of panicle: 22 .3 cm• Highest length of panicle: 35 cm• Avg. number of grains in a panicle: 224• Highest number of grains in a panicle: 362• Avg. additional food grain per family: 0.25 MT
SRI-method of Maize cultivationMajor principle follow-• Used improved variety of maize seed with seed treatment• Single seed sowing with equal distance (i.e. plan to plantdistance is 1 ft and row to row distance is 2 ft)• Application of balanced fertilizer doses• Mechanical weeding by using dry-land weeder in 15 daysinterval• Proper water management by providing 2-3 times irrigation tothe maize plot through irrigation channels
Result of SRI method of maizecultivation in Rabi season• Piloted with 98 farmers in one district, nowexpended to nearly 200 farmers• Avg. productivity: 13.2 MT/Ha.• Maximum productivity recorded: 16.8 MT/Ha• Minimum productivity recorded : 12.0 MT/Ha• Avg. net profit from 1 Ha: Rs.79,025/- and• Maximum profit from 1 Ha: Rs. 1,54,312/-.
Achievements• Yield enhancements in paddy, maize with8685 families.• Standard extension system developed.• With 3 years of experience SeSTA worked outa model of SRI promotion. (Audio visual aids inlocal language, grooming pool of CRP, trainingmodules emerged)• Able to draw attention of differentstakeholders.(VCDC, Panchayats, DRDA, ATMA,NGOs, ASRLM)
Major Learning From SRI Program• Yields of SRI paddy & Maize is providing a base toexpand.• Reduction in farmer investment & enhanced yield(2times higher) through SRI paddy & maize.• Community participation is vital for expansion.• Enhanced food security is a safety net to most ofvulnerable community.• Focused effort on SRI brining in momentum withinorganization & in community also.• Comprehensive efforts required for agriculturesector development.• The efforts of government is still inadequate tomeet the needs of small farmers.
Challenges faced• Riots in BTAD area creates lot of disturbancesin work.• Flood is a major challenge for farmers in Kharifseason.• Providing quality time with partner NGOs.• In partnership apart from technology a lot ofthings need to address fundflow, accounts, processes of implementation.