Sdtt mumbai
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    Sdtt mumbai Sdtt mumbai Presentation Transcript

    • Overview of SDTT SRI Programand future PerspectiveRanchi, 2013ByBiswanath Sinha
    • Rice in India• Rice is staple food for more than 70 per cent ofIndia’s population• Rice is grown in 42.1 million hectares of land witha production of 88 million tonnes.• Rice occupies 26 per cent of total cropped areaand contributes 24 per cent of total AGDP• India earns Rs 7,000 crores annually from rice inforeign exchange• Rice is source of livelihoods for millions of peoplein India» (Directorate of Rice Research, 2010)
    • Background of SRI Program• Decline in labour• Increasing input cost• The per capita land availability declined sharply– 0.37 ha/0.925 acre (1951)– 0.19 ha/0.47 acres (2001)– Projected to be 0.13 ha/0.325 acres in 2051• Increasing Environmental Concerns• Decline of water source available for agriculture• Per Capita rice availability is declining• 221.7 gm/day in 1991• 206.4 gm/day in 2000• 175.3 gm/day in 2008• The potential for growth is more in rainfed areas
    • SDTT-SRI Program Piloting Phase(2007-09)• 65,543 small and marginal farmers covering18,685 acres in 2009 (kharif and rabicombined)• 105 districts or close to a sixth of the totaldistricts in the country• Eight states• Investment in first phase: 10.94 crore• Reviewed during 2008-094
    • Expansion Phase II (2009-12)• Aim: 169,000 small and marginal farmers in 12states (achieved 155,000 by Rabi 2011)• Strategies: (i) intensively engage NGOs andstate governments for SRI extension; (ii)Training of trainers and farmers; (iii) Providesupport for obtaining equipment such as conoweeder; (iv) Research and advocacy; (v)Innovation; and (vi) Exchange programme.• Reviewed by a five-member team5
    • Achievements are Three Major TypesA. Total Outreach and Household Level Impact1. National2. States / Agro-ecological ZonesB. Innovations1. Spread of SRI Principles to Other Crops2. Innovation in Tools/EquipmentC. Leveraging Funds and Mainstreaming withGovernment6
    • Program Achievements• Total Farmer Outreach and Area (2011-12):– Farmers: 155,000 (Kharif 110,000, Rabi 40,000);– Area under SRI: 38,206 Acre, other crops 17,446 acre• Grain Yield and Income– 46% increase in yield– 191% increase in income (Rs.13, 416/acre as compared to Rs.4610/acre)• Food Security– 84 days a year for a family of six (Average SRI area per farmer:0.35 acre)• Increase in Economic Output– 2011: Rs. 34 Crore– 2010: Rs. 24 Crore7
    • 0204060801001201401601802006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12NoofFarmers(000)YEAR WISE FARMERS COVERAGE
    • 1,9757,46516,08220,2493,8762,40710,07021,34523,4702,120937STATE WISE DISTRIBUTION OF FARMERS ASWBJHUKMNMHCHORBRMPUP9
    • Program Achievements (B.1)Extrapolation of SRI Principles to Other Crops:• Wheat– Uttarakhand: 2300 farmers; 40 to 80 per cent increasein grain yield– Bihar: 7500 farmers; 25 to 50 per cent yield increase• Sugarcane– Additional income under SRI method is Rs 82,112 /per acre (Bihar)• Vegetables, Pulses, and Oilseeds(Rapeseed, Soybean)Presentation to the CoB 10
    • Other Encouraging Developments• Livolink Foundation with active support from ourSRI partners has been able to mobilise Rs 3 croresfrom TRUPTI in Odisha.• PRADAN Bihar has played major role inmainstreaming SRI and generating interest atinternational level• The Guradian, Forbes India, etc• Rongmei Naga Baptist Association is mobilisingweeders from Manipur Government for our SRIpartners
    • Our Failures• Our attempts to intervene at state and policylevel has given uneven results• Research with mainstream institutions has nottaken off at the desired level• Failure to bring uniformity in extensionmechanism• Is Livolink Foundation over-burdened: Is therepossibility of 360 review/feedback
    • Future DirectionNeed feedback from all of you• Intensify the SRI extension in the focussedregions/states• Standardizing the extension mechanism• Initiating research on SRI with establishedresearch institutes (a separate event is beingproposed in June 13 only on research)• Moving from ‘food security’ to ‘family well-being’: if needed supplementing with otheractivities
    • •THANKS