PROMOTING SYSTEM OF RICEINTENSIFICATION (SRI) TECHNOLOGY WITHSMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERSSupported by SDTT
Content Context The Project Implementation – Approach and Process Achievement Learning Plan
Livelihood zone Ethnic group CharacteristicsNorthern Hills28.47 lakh Ha.(21%)Kanwar, Oraon, Nagesia, Korwa,Saunta,Saur, Sa...
Chhattisgarh context Families belong to poor or very poor categories with lowlevels of resources, skill, understanding of...
Opportunities Enhancing the productivity of land, water and agricultureare the obvious avenues to improve livelihoods and...
The ProjectAims to: Enhance paddy productivity from the current 2-3 tonnes perhectare by 75-100% which will ensure year-r...
Coverage (2012-13) 12 districts 408 villages 13 NGOs 16660 families (InKharif SRI) 2514families in therabi under SRI-...
Kharif SRI (2012-13) 34% increase in number of villages 7549 Farmers (new) adopted the SRI technology 8975 Farmers (old...
Process followedTraining of NGOrepresentativesCampaigning/Orientation programme atvillage levelTraining of CSPsTechnical t...
Approach for Extension• Demonstration• Guided exposures with AV aids• Sensitizing women SHG members• Enable resource perso...
SRI steps followed by farmers Seed rate 5 kg/ha Seed sorting (brine) and treatment (Carbendazim) Transplantation of you...
Training details till January’13Training & Exposure Plan(Year II)Achiev.(Year II)Plan(Year III)Achiev.(Year III)Awareness ...
Achievement 16660 families 3646 Ha (0.21 Ha perfarmer) Average yield 6.54 Mt/ha(Analysis of 3712Sample),Millets-3.42MT/...
Outreach – NGO-wiseNGOs Dist Covered Familycovered(No)AreaCovered(Ha)Area perfamily Ha)AASHA SRG,SRJ 1650 474 0.28APSSS SR...
District wisecoverage6886283 15216881262164946810043711019 1073 805010002000300040005000600070008000Covered Family1599.267...
Analysis of ProductivityProd.(MT/ha)No. ofFamiliesPercentage10-12 54 1.58-10 666 17.96-8 1682 45.34-6 1273 34.32-4 37 1.00...
79.3910.0115.7792.89145.280.5991.4327.3322.28219.5526.2316.360.62Avg. plant height(cm)Avg. no ofproductive tiller/hill(no)...
What does it mean for a rural familyAv.Production(MT/ha)-SRI- 6.54;Traditional-2.1Members/family(No)Average land holding(H...
Village Family Area(Ha)2325455932303115702328408166603646Coverage2010-11 2011-12 2012-13Family / village Dropout(%)1939382...
Lessons Learnt Adoption of technology inarea saturation modemaximum with small &marginal families Pool of CSPs andCoordi...
Green Manure crop in SRI-paddy fieldbefore sowing
Seed Treatment
Seed Bed
Drainage channel preparation
Field preparation by Marker
Transplantation
Transplanted field
Weeding operation
Paddy plant having 82 tillers inSurguja
Standing crop
Mature crop
Crop cutting & data collection
Exposure program
SRI in other cropsSRI Millets SRI Brinjal
Kisan mela and District WorkshopKisan MelaDistrict Workshop
Documentation
Initiation ofcomprehensivefarm basedlivelihoodSRI with othercropsChhattisgarhSRI Manch13 PartnersSRI PaddySharing oflearni...
MGNREGA in progress
Training of NGO partners
Next action plan(1st February 2013 to 30th June 2013) Help the partners in data entry through MIS and analyse the data F...
THANKS
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Pradan chhattisgarh

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Pradan chhattisgarh

  1. 1. PROMOTING SYSTEM OF RICEINTENSIFICATION (SRI) TECHNOLOGY WITHSMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERSSupported by SDTT
  2. 2. Content Context The Project Implementation – Approach and Process Achievement Learning Plan
  3. 3. Livelihood zone Ethnic group CharacteristicsNorthern Hills28.47 lakh Ha.(21%)Kanwar, Oraon, Nagesia, Korwa,Saunta,Saur, Sawar, Baiga, Agaria, Kol,Dhanwar,Biyar, Binjhwar, Manjhwar, Bharia,Bhaina,Majhi, Khairwar, Kharia and Gond• Dependency on forest• Paddy is the only crop• Ample source of water from riversand streams• Coal belt of ChhattisgarhCentralRegion - C.G.Plains68.49 lakhHa(50%)Gond, Baiga, Kamar, Oraon, Kol,Binjhwar,Dhanwar, Kanwar, Halba, Pardhi,Bahelia,Bhunjia, Agariya, Kondh, Bhaina,Majhi, Kanwar, Manjhwar, Sonr, SaurGadaba, Sawar, Saunta• Most fertile and productive region• Developed infrastructure facilities• Crop diversification by farmers• Durg and Bhialai are the majorindustrial pocketsSouthernRegion - BastarPlateau 39.06 lakhHa. (29%)Halba, Gadaba, Pardhi, Kamar, Bhattra,Dhurwa, Muria, Maria, Bison horn,Maria,Dandami Maria Gond, RajGond,Dorla, Hill Maria, Pardhan, Mudia• Heavily forested• High run-off• Forest major source of livelihood• Poor infrastructure• Rich Iron ore deposit• Severely affected by extremistsLivelihood Zone
  4. 4. Chhattisgarh context Families belong to poor or very poor categories with lowlevels of resources, skill, understanding of markets,investment capability or risk taking ability Primarily agriculture based economy provides livelihood to 80percent of the rural population (56% marginal farmers) Infrastructure is under developed; markets are far away, wherenot many choices exist Vulnerable farming systems, monsoon dependent, lowyielding (1.59 MT/Ha for paddy)and mono cropped, only 6%of net sown area under assured irrigation 63.00 lakh hectares (44% of state) under forest cover withProtected forest cover of 43.13%. 13 lakh families (28%) engaged in MFP collection
  5. 5. Opportunities Enhancing the productivity of land, water and agricultureare the obvious avenues to improve livelihoods and reducepoverty.Need for intervention in Kharif Paddy low yields in the range of 1-2 tons per hectare small and marginal farmers could manage food grain sufficiencyof 3-6 months from own cultivation farmers in this region are unable to transplant timely due tounpredictable monsoon Challenge was at least to double the productivity- increased to5MT/ha leading to food-grain sufficiency for 9-12 months
  6. 6. The ProjectAims to: Enhance paddy productivity from the current 2-3 tonnes perhectare by 75-100% which will ensure year-round foodsufficiency for the participant families Support 12 NGOs to introduce the SRI technique to 13500families in 11 districts (13500 families in 2nd year) Duration of the Project – 3 Years Budget : 96.35 Lakh INR (for 3rd year)
  7. 7. Coverage (2012-13) 12 districts 408 villages 13 NGOs 16660 families (InKharif SRI) 2514families in therabi under SRI-paddy, wheat,mustard & millets
  8. 8. Kharif SRI (2012-13) 34% increase in number of villages 7549 Farmers (new) adopted the SRI technology 8975 Farmers (old) are the 2nd time adopter of theSRI technology 89.13% Families are adopting the technology forthe 2nd time 56.10% families adopted organic process. 86.31% families are small & marginal. 20% increase in per village saturation. 10% increase in per family coverage.
  9. 9. Process followedTraining of NGOrepresentativesCampaigning/Orientation programme atvillage levelTraining of CSPsTechnical training ofvillagers on nurseryand natural pesticides(Handi khad andJeevamruta) andtransplantationDemonstration ofusing marker, weeder,and on-field supportto farmersExposure visit to thetransplanted fieldsand standing cropsRegular reviewingand monitoringsupport atChhattishgarh SRIManchConsolidation ofexperiences-SRIadhivesanContextual to location : socio-economic status of the community, agricultural skill , existinginstitutions and PRADAN’s perspective.
  10. 10. Approach for Extension• Demonstration• Guided exposures with AV aids• Sensitizing women SHG members• Enable resource persons with technology andcommunication skills• Hands on training and support to SHG families• Emphasis to minimize dropouts & enhance area saturation• Development of POP and kits for easy delivery oftechnology and inputs• Collaboration with the Department of Agriculture• Availability of weeders
  11. 11. SRI steps followed by farmers Seed rate 5 kg/ha Seed sorting (brine) and treatment (Carbendazim) Transplantation of young seedling(8-14 days old), two leafstage. Single seedling transplantation with soil, no damage to rootsystem Square transplantation, 16 -25 seedling sq meter Thin film (<1inch) water maintained in the field Weeding at least twice using rotary weeders (Ambicaweeder) in 89.19 % of fields Increased use of compost and organic farming materials
  12. 12. Training details till January’13Training & Exposure Plan(Year II)Achiev.(Year II)Plan(Year III)Achiev.(Year III)Awareness Generation (No. ofevent)117 207 167 207Exposure to local demonstration(No. of person)1400 3247 2000 3897Training & on-field support tofarmers ( No. of farmers)5100 10545 8100 14587Training of village resource person (No. of person)170 134 270 215Organise SRI-Adhivesan(No ofevent)21 27 34 15
  13. 13. Achievement 16660 families 3646 Ha (0.21 Ha perfarmer) Average yield 6.54 Mt/ha(Analysis of 3712Sample),Millets-3.42MT/ha Highest yield is 11.20Mt/ha in paddy & 4.25MT/ha in millets 2514 families 503 ha of land (0.20Ha per family)Kharif (2012) Rabi(2012-13)
  14. 14. Outreach – NGO-wiseNGOs Dist Covered Familycovered(No)AreaCovered(Ha)Area perfamily Ha)AASHA SRG,SRJ 1650 474 0.28APSSS SRG,SRJ.BRJ 1600 404 0.25SSGVS SRG,RIG,JSH 1507 372 0.25CGVSS SRG 1,400 339 0.24GVK JSH 1,513 250 0.17CARMADAKSH BSP 1,320 363 0.20NSSS BSP,KRB 697 117 0.16ASORD RIP, KNK 1304 200 0.16SSSS KNG,BST 1012 276 0.27BSM KNK,BST,KNG 1194 279 0.23DHS BST 239 35 0.15KARMA SRG 1401 255 0.18PRADAN RIG,BST,DHT,KNK 1,823 282 0.15TOTAL 16,660 3,646 0.21
  15. 15. District wisecoverage6886283 15216881262164946810043711019 1073 805010002000300040005000600070008000Covered Family1599.267.6 36344.4 288368.453.616088220 228.8 192020040060080010001200140016001800Area covered(Ha)0.23 0.24 0.240.20.23 0.220.110.160.240.22 0.210.2400.050.10.150.20.250.3Per family coverage(Ha)
  16. 16. Analysis of ProductivityProd.(MT/ha)No. ofFamiliesPercentage10-12 54 1.58-10 666 17.96-8 1682 45.34-6 1273 34.32-4 37 1.00-2 0 0.0Total 3712 10010 -122%8-1018%6-845%4-634%2-41%0-20%Productivity Range - MT/haSample size 3712 families99% families achieve the productivitymore than 4 MT/ha
  17. 17. 79.3910.0115.7792.89145.280.5991.4327.3322.28219.5526.2316.360.62Avg. plant height(cm)Avg. no ofproductive tiller/hill(no)Avg. length of apanicle (cm)Avg. no of filledgrains in a panicle(no)Avg. test weight(gm)Avg. weight in cropcutting in (5m*5m)grid (kg)Harvest IndexComparision on yield attributes 2012-13Traditional Process SRI Process
  18. 18. What does it mean for a rural familyAv.Production(MT/ha)-SRI- 6.54;Traditional-2.1Members/family(No)Average land holding(Ha)Food sufficiency(Months)50.211050.213Impact on food sufficiencySRI practice Traditional practiceAverageRiceConsumption – 3 Kg/day
  19. 19. Village Family Area(Ha)2325455932303115702328408166603646Coverage2010-11 2011-12 2012-13Family / village Dropout(%)193938224111Coverage Trend2010-11 2011-12 2012-13111313Partner NGOs2010-11 2011-122012-135.846.466.542010-11 2011-12 2012-13Productivity(MT/ha)0.170.200.222010-11 2011-12 2012-13Area/Family(Ha)The Journey
  20. 20. Lessons Learnt Adoption of technology inarea saturation modemaximum with small &marginal families Pool of CSPs andCoordinators Use of farm implementsand organic products Linkages and recognitionfrom Govt. Chattisgarh SRI munch Quality of weeder & timelyavailability Ensuring timelytransplantation Maintaining timeline Influence the farmerstowards organic farming. Reducing the rainfall riskWhat went well Challenges faced
  21. 21. Green Manure crop in SRI-paddy fieldbefore sowing
  22. 22. Seed Treatment
  23. 23. Seed Bed
  24. 24. Drainage channel preparation
  25. 25. Field preparation by Marker
  26. 26. Transplantation
  27. 27. Transplanted field
  28. 28. Weeding operation
  29. 29. Paddy plant having 82 tillers inSurguja
  30. 30. Standing crop
  31. 31. Mature crop
  32. 32. Crop cutting & data collection
  33. 33. Exposure program
  34. 34. SRI in other cropsSRI Millets SRI Brinjal
  35. 35. Kisan mela and District WorkshopKisan MelaDistrict Workshop
  36. 36. Documentation
  37. 37. Initiation ofcomprehensivefarm basedlivelihoodSRI with othercropsChhattisgarhSRI Manch13 PartnersSRI PaddySharing oflearning, innovation, issues andchallengesPolicy advocacy, ConvergenceCross visit, mutual learningCapacity building of partner onaccounts and financeNRM based livelihood planning atfamily level- training to all partnerLinkage with MGNREGA- 4district, 7 NGOs, 60 lakh sanctionedand proposal of another 1 crore inpipeline.Livelihood training to all partnerNGOCapacity building of partner inadministration and governanceBelief,trustandconfidencePartnership
  38. 38. MGNREGA in progress
  39. 39. Training of NGO partners
  40. 40. Next action plan(1st February 2013 to 30th June 2013) Help the partners in data entry through MIS and analyse the data Facilitate the government officials to certify the best yield of farmers at block and districtlevel. Training of partners on rabi & summer crops and ensuring on field support. Organise exposures, kisan days & workshops in Gram Panchayat, Block, District and Statelevel with the involvement of different government officials. Facilitate more farmers in organic based farming approach through proper handholding.Create awareness of farmers in land husbandry along with crop husbandry. Facilitate the partners to go for intensive land and water based activities throughMGNREGA to mitigate the risk of water scarcity on several crops in year round basis. Prepare plan for next five year in family based agriculture intervention in large scale Documentation on the learning of the project and partnership approach. Increase peer learning between all partners by cross visit, exposure etc to know differentparts of development in society. Facilitate partners to go different types of HR or livelihood related training Help partners to build more strong system in accounts, administration and MIS
  41. 41. THANKS
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