Livolink foundaion


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Livolink foundaion

  1. 1. Experience of DBIImplementation in IndiaLivolink Foundation, Bhubaneswar
  2. 2. Background•A diversion based irrigation system is one which diverts aportion of water from a natural stream/water course/riverand uses it with or without intermediate storage for thepurpose of irrigating crops and for other human ends.• SDTT has been implementing a programme on DBI since2009 to promote the development of small scale irrigationthrough diversion of water from streams.•The DBI Secretariat set up in Bhubaneswar and housed inLivolink Foundation, besides providing support to theNGOs is also functioning as an extended arm of the Trust inprogramme managementDiversion based irrigationsystems have been in voguefor possibly decades inregions that haveappropriate features & areknown by different namesin different parts of thecountry: Kul in HimachalPradesh, Tar Bandh inMahakoshal, Phad inMaharashtra, Dongs innorth Assam, Zebo inNagaland, Khadins inRajasthan, Pukhar inJhalawar areas of MadhyaPradesh andRajasthan, Ahar Pyne inKaimur plateau andadjacent areas of Jharkhandand South Bihar
  3. 3. DBI SystemsType of DBIStructure State PartnersAhar-Pyne Bihar, JharkhadPRADAN, SGVK, Satyapath, LSS,IGSCheck dam with ChannelWorkJharkhand, Assam, Meghalaya,Tripura, Manipur AFPRO, RNBADiversion Weir withEarthen Canal Maharashtra Yuba MitraDong AssamGramya Vikash Mancha,Grameen SaharaGonchi Andhra Pradesh CWSPhad Maharstra Dilasa, Mittra, Yuwa mittra, ARTTanka Rajasthan Baif, GMKSpipe basedgravity fed IrrigationOdisha, Assam, West Bengal,RasajthanAll Odisha partners, JagmoriyaSevabrata, GMKS
  4. 4. TANKA/ KUND/ KUNDIIn the desert and arid areas of Rajasthan & Gujarat people build uniqueunderground structures of various shapes and sizes to collect rain waterfor drinking purposes. These structures called Tankas, Kund or Kundisare constructed in a variety of places like court yards, in front of housesand temples, in open agricultural fields, barren lands etc.
  5. 5. GONCHIGonchi is a diversion-based irrigation system developed by the local people and isin practice in parts of Andhra Pradesh for over three centuries. It involves sharingsurface water diverted by gravity from natural streams and rivers. At the head ofthese channels, farmers prepared large pits (locally called talipiri) on stream /river bed from which the oozed water will be diverted to the channel by gravityflow.
  6. 6. Ahar PyneAhar pye system is an indigenous irrigation technology of South Bihar. An Aharis a rectangular embankment type water harvesting structure, i.e. a catchmentbasin embankment on three sides & fourth side being the natural gradient ofland itself and pyne are the irrigation channels
  7. 7. DongThese are traditional irrigation system of plains of Assam.
  8. 8. Pipe based Gravity Flow System•Irrigation system using Pipe costs around 4 to 5lakhs per scheme and irrigates around 40 to 60 acre• Average cost using pipe: Rs. 10,000/acres includingagriculture support• Additional income through Rabi & Kharif inmedium & upland.• AVERAGE COST IN DBI PROGRAM : Rs 4000/ acre• Any MI scheme costs Rs. 65,000/acre • Provides irrigation to poor, who canmanage it• Nearly zero maintenance cost helpspoor adopt it• Helps poor attain food sufficiencyand enhance cash income• Barefoot engineers can be promotedfor replication• Easy to implement and shortexecution period• Small streams are tapped• 24 hrs water supply fulfills domesticneeds reducing women drudgery
  9. 9. OutreachThe programme is being implemented by 36 NGO partners & 38 Co-partnersacross 98 blocks of 47 districts of 13 states to grants support Rs 3,806 lakhStateNo. ofOrganizationNo. ofdistrictsAndhra Pradesh 2 1Assam 4 5Bihar 4 2Chhatisgarh 1 1Jharkhand 5 2Madhya Pradesh 1 1Maharashtra 11 5Manipur 14 6Meghalaya 2 1Odisha 30 17Rajasthan 4 2Tripura 2 1West Bengal 3 313 states 74 47
  10. 10. 2 44 15 1111423042 3No of Organization1 5 212156117213No of districts AndhraPradeshAssamBiharChhatisgarhJharkhandMadhyaPradeshMaharashtraManipurMeghalayaOdishaRajasthanTripura
  11. 11. AchievementParticular Village Families Irrigation potential(Acres)Proposed 1,050 1,00,981 93,891Achieved 6,34 67,398 70,495
  12. 12. 19.7616.42241.84Castewise Family coverage (in Percentage)SCSTOBCGen (mostlyMuslims) &Others
  13. 13. AchievementStateNo ofOrganizationNo ofdistrictsAmountsanctionedNo offamiliesAreabeforeDBIAreaafter DBIAndhra Pradesh 2 1 42.47 1583 4813 5693Assam 4 5 554.48 48829 22825 33079Bihar 4 2 150 3714 4147 7730Jharkhand 5 2 80 2627 814 3036Maharashtra 11 5 656.35 1293 2530 5514Manipur 14 6 107.21 1044 5063 6295Odisha 30 17 1500 4829 943 6048Rajasthan 4 2 274.6 555 72 1276West Bengal 3 3 485 2000 630 190013 states 74 47 3806.14 67398 37146 70495
  14. 14. Irrigation Potential DevelopedAgricultural seasons Command area before DBI Command area after DBIKharif 24,775 40,007Rabi 10,604 26,436Summer 1,767 4,052Total 37,146 70,49501000020000300004000050000600007000080000Kharif Rabi Summer Total38%60%56%47%Command areabefore DBICommand areaafter DBI
  15. 15. Cost of Irrigation potential generation(state-wise)100007465290300040006210167718400600002000400060008000100001200014000160001800020000Cost per Acre
  16. 16. Cost of Irrigation potential generation(structure-wise)540070002000350074662101000024000050001000015000200002500030000Ahar-Pyne Check damwithChannelWorkDiversionWeir withEarthenCanalDong Gonchi Phad pipe basedgravity fedIrrigationTankaCost per acre
  17. 17. Provision for Drinking water• Water supply for domestic use at HH level• Ensuring drinking water supply natural/low costfiltration system• Addressing the issue of women drudgery• Promoting homestead kitchen garden by providingwater at door step
  18. 18. Innovation in DBI: Hydraulic Ram PumpsystemA hydraulic ram pump is a device, which uses theenergy of falling water to lift a lesser amount ofwater to a higher elevation than the source.• Low cost• No fuel needed• Runs 24 hours per day• Low maintenance
  19. 19. Line Diagram of Hydraulic Ram Project
  20. 20. Line Diagram of Hydraulic Ram Project
  21. 21. • Minimum Drive Head required 1.5m• It lifts 10 to 20% of the flowing water 10 times the original head• Discharge per day depends on Drive Head, Delivery Head and EfficiencyOf Pump and No. of Pumps.• Q (Discharge) = H (drive) X Q (wr) X ŋ (pump)-----------------------------------------H (delivery)Where,• Q (Discharge) =Discharge of a pump at delivery point in lps or lpm• H (drive) = Drive Head to run the Hydraulic Ram Pump in mt.• Q (wr)= Water Requirement to run a pump( 1.5 to 2lps or 90 to 120lpm)• ŋ (pump)= Efficiency of the pump (50 to 70%)• H (delivery)= Delivery Head in m
  22. 22. THANK YOU