Most of the population of Honduras, Costa Rica and Guatemala live in valleys , where coffee and beans are grown.
Biodiversity Central America has 7% of the world’s biodiversity , which is the diversity, or variety, of plants and animals and other living things in a particular area or region. Amphibians Birds Mammals Reptiles Vascular plants Belize 46 544 147 140 2894 Costa Rica 183 838 232 258 12119 El Salvador 30 434 137 106 2911 Guatemala 133 684 193 236 8681 Honduras 101 699 201 213 5680 Nicaragua 61 632 181 178 7590 Panama 182 904 241 242 9915
Population/Area Comparison with South Carolina S.C. Belize Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Nicaragua Panama Area 32,020 22,966 51,100 21,040 10,8890 112,090 130,373 78,200 Population 4, 625,384 307,000 4,579,000 6,163,000 14, 027,000 7,466,000 5,743,000 3,454,000 Capital Columbia Belmopan San Jose San Salvador Guatemala City Tegucigalpa Managua Panama City Language English English Spanish Spanish Spanish Spanish Spanish Spanish
Bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the north east, the Caribbean to the east, and Honduras and El Salvador to the southeast.
The country is mountainous with small desert and sand dune patches and hilly valleys .
There are two mountain chains that enter Guatemala from west to east, dividing the country into three major regions: the highlands , where the mountains are located; the Pacific coast , south of the mountains; and the Petén region , north of the mountains.
All major cities are located in the highlands and Pacific coast regions.
The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.
Situated on the isthmus connecting North and South America, it is bordered by Costa Rica to the northwest, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south .
The dominant feature of the country's landform is the central spine of mountains and hills that forms the continental divide .
The Panama Canal is an important waterway that cuts through the isthmus of Panama. The canal is human made and was completed in 1914. The canal eliminated the long trip around Cape Horn, the southernmost tip of South America.
El Nino is a variation in the ocean and atmospheric temperatures in the Pacific Ocean. When the ocean temperature increases it causes ocean currents to reverse direction and can impact the weather in Latin America in many different ways.