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Thematic sanitation

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Presentation on recommendations to address challenges in rural sanitation. Presentation made in Delhi on December 14, 2010 as a part of civil society consultations on the approach paper to the 12th …

Presentation on recommendations to address challenges in rural sanitation. Presentation made in Delhi on December 14, 2010 as a part of civil society consultations on the approach paper to the 12th Five Year Plan. Facilitated by Arghyam and WaterAid. More details visit www.arghyam.org


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  • 1. Thematic Group: Sanitation Civil Society Consultation on rural drinking water and sanitation for the Approach Paper to Planning Commission’s 12th Five Year Plan New Delhi, Dec 13-14, 2010 Facilitated by Arghyam & WaterAid Presentation on recommendations to address challenges in rural sanitation. Presentation made inDelhi on December 14, 2010 as a part of civil society consultations on the approach paper to the 12th Five Year Plan. Facilitated by Arghyam and WaterAid. More details visit www.arghyam.org
  • 2. Regional presentations: Key recommendations• Behaviour change (through community mobilisation & participation)• Revision of TSC guidelines
  • 3. Earlier plans• Behaviour change (through community mobilisation & participation) – Earlier plans debated; 11th plan said “ focus on behaviour change”; TSC guidelines mentions IEC; allocations were made – Success is limited
  • 4. Earlier plans (TSC)• TSC guidelines – IEC money is there. Some places money not used properly; some places inadequate; Not people centred, but govt driven; – TSC is demand driven (mostly on paper) – After more than 10 years we are far from reaching the objectives
  • 5. Reasons for failure• Problem in strategy, implementation.• Absence of state level IEC strategies (IEC not prioritised by state); There are no area specific plans for IEC and enabling infrastructure (who & what)• Not effective- as it is centralised; lack of community involvement (no participatory plans); not based on inter personal communication• Improper allocation and utilisation at the ground level ; No funds at GP for IEC• No follow up & monitoring• No dedicated person for sanitation at the village level to coordinate unlike NRHM etc
  • 6. What needs to be done?Action point 1• Swatchata Bandu (she/he) at the VILLAGE level under the GP. • A committee of ex president, sarpanch school teacher and SHGS to select the bandhu • Funds from TSC; salary to be linked with incentive • Salary + incentives (1 installation (Rs 50) - Midnapur model
  • 7. Specific steps• Action point 2• Participatory Village level IEC plan based on local needs – Should be a part of Village sanitation plan (Covering all aspects-IEC, toilets, SLWM, SSHE, Hygiene and sustainability) – Specific and comprehensive State sanitation plan to be bottom up
  • 8. Specific steps• Village IEC Plan – Elements: to address Demand generation & Usage & other elements of SWM, LWM. • What: Baseline, need assessment leading to Inter personal (multiple strategies ) area specific – Addressing needs of different focus groups (children, women, PWD, people, etc)
  • 9. Roles, Responsibilities– Who will do • Village: Swatcha bandu • GP level: Panchayat (Responsible for village sanitation and related software and hardware activities) ; 1.5 million women GP women members. Use them as instrument for change – Schools and ICDS: Teachers , AWW (SSA) etc to be part of SSHE and IEC – NRHM – SHGs • Block: BRC (set up or need to be strengthened) • District: DPS/DWSC (set up or need to be strengthened) • State: CCDU (set up or need to revamped less bureaucratic and strengthened with professionals) • National: DDWS (Funds); National resource centre (independent and outside govt) • CBOs to support
  • 10. Time– Time: NEED TO ALLOCATE ENOUGH TIME FOR THE PROCESS • Demand creation: (varies from regions: 3 months to 2 years) – [central (9 volunteers; 360 hh) – RKM 1 year (continuous); – Gram Vikas (2years) • Usage: average 2 years – Social monitoring (Village youth groups, school children) , hygiene observation visits – PRI’s involvement Influencing factors • Local conditions • Infrastructure • The partnerships (NGOs, CSO, GPs, Villagers, youth clubs, schools etc) – RKM maximum one year – LEAF 6 months – Gramalaya 2 years
  • 11. Financing• Financing – IEC: • TSC funding (100%) • Clear measurable indicators (demand generation, usage, etc ) to be identified; Need for a baseline • Dedicated fund from promotion of sanitation and hygiene messaging ( TV, radio etc); • Rs 10,000-Rs 25,000 per year per village (1000 HH) as IEC fund – Initial Capacity building – Social audits at all three levels – Hardware: • Incentives: at least 50 % cost Govt (depending on costs); – 50 % after construction and 50% after usage
  • 12. challenges• Expected failures – Pre mature roll out will lead to problems – Like water security plans, people will start making incomplete sanitation plans; IEC plans may be traditional – Dealing with earlier beneficiaries of TSC – Funds may be tied• Checks – Need capacity and handholding on IEC and sanitation plans (at least 1 years- participation model (GOVT instutions, KRCs, NGOs etc ) – Participatory baseline and plan; identify need based strategy – Strong social monitoring – Supply side to complement the demand generated (RSM) – Timely funds (area specific; population based;)
  • 13. Non negotiable principles– Linking usage of toilet with access to govt schemes (NREGA etc) (for hh)– Participatory Village sanitation plan with IEC component ( for GP)– Swatchata Bandu (at village level)– Participatory State Sanitation plans (for States)– Social audit and community monitoring (at GP, block and district levels)