Foot Care 8

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Foot Care 8

  1. 1. DIABETIC FOOTCARE MITHRA ROLL NO-44
  2. 2. SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Persistent pain </li></ul><ul><li>Redness </li></ul><ul><li>Swelling </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of hair </li></ul><ul><li>Hard shiny skin </li></ul><ul><li>Localised warmth </li></ul><ul><li>Break in the skin </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Drainage of pus or bloody discharge </li></ul><ul><li>Limp or difficulty walking </li></ul><ul><li>Fever </li></ul><ul><li>Numbness </li></ul>
  4. 4. DIABETIC NEUROPATHY <ul><li>Damage of nerves in the legs and feet –loss of sensation. </li></ul><ul><li>Foot ulcers occur because of nerve damage. </li></ul>
  5. 5. PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE <ul><li>Diabetes affects the blood vessels and alters the flow of blood. </li></ul><ul><li>Unhealed injury increase the risk of ulcer and gangrene . </li></ul>
  6. 6. FOOT ULCER <ul><li>It is a break in the skin or a deep sore, which can become infected. </li></ul><ul><li>It result from minor scrapes, cuts that heal slowly, or from the rubbing of shoes . </li></ul>
  7. 7. ATHLETE’S FOOT <ul><li>Cause redness,itching, crackin. </li></ul>PLANTAR WARTS <ul><li>Caused by virus affecting outer layer of skin. </li></ul>
  8. 8. BLISTERS <ul><li>Caused by wearing improperly fitting shoes. </li></ul><ul><li>CORNS </li></ul><ul><li>Build up of hard skin over bony area </li></ul>
  9. 9. FUNGAL NAIL INFECTION <ul><li>Nails become discolored thick and brittle. </li></ul><ul><li>BUNIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Big toe angles towards the second toe. </li></ul>
  10. 10. PREVENTION <ul><li>Keep the blood glucose level within the range recommended by doctor. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid smoking. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Maintain the blood flow to the feet. </li></ul><ul><li>Put the feet up when sitting. </li></ul><ul><li>Wiggle the toes and move the ankles several times a day </li></ul><ul><li>Don't cross the legs for long periods of time </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Check the feet every day for sores, blisters, redness, calluses, or other problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Wash the feet with warm water and keep it moist by applying lotion. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Gently smooth corns and calluses with an emery board or pumice stone . </li></ul><ul><li>Check and trim the toe nails once a week. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>inspection of the skin </li></ul><ul><li>check for pulses and temperature of the feet </li></ul><ul><li>an assessment of sensation to the foot . </li></ul>
  15. 15. WHEN TO SEEK MEDICAL CARE <ul><li>Changes in skin color </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in skin temperature in the foot or ankle </li></ul><ul><li>Dry cracks in the skin, especially around the heal. </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual and/or persistent foot pain in the legs. </li></ul><ul><li>Open sores on the feet that are slow to or are draining. </li></ul><ul><li>Ingrown or toenail infected with fungus. </li></ul><ul><li>Corns or calluses . </li></ul>
  16. 16. EXAMINATION AND TESTS <ul><li>History and physical examination </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory Tests </li></ul><ul><li>X-ray </li></ul><ul><li>Doppler </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation </li></ul>
  17. 17. TREATMENT <ul><li>Self Care at home </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Antibiotics </li></ul><ul><li>Surgical debridement of wound </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of circulation by surgery or therapy. </li></ul><ul><li>Referral to Orthopaedic surgeon </li></ul><ul><li>Follow up </li></ul>

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