Microchip's PIC Micro Controller

1,341
-1

Published on

Microchip's PIC Micro Controller - Presentation Covers- Embedded system,Application, Harvard and Von Newman Architecture, PIC Microcontroller Instruction Set, PIC assembly language programming, PIC Basic circuit design and its programming etc.

Published in: Technology, Business
3 Comments
22 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,341
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
25
Comments
3
Likes
22
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Microchip's PIC Micro Controller

  1. 1. Microchip®® PIC Microcontrollers By Midhu S.V. Unnithan
  2. 2. Embedded Systems What is Embedded System? Embedded System is a combination of software and hardware designed to perform a specific task. E.g. Washing Machine Traffic Signal Microwave Oven etc…
  3. 3. Application Areas Of Embedded System • Electronics Applications and Consumer Devices. • Industrial Automation and Process Control. • Access Control Systems. • Security Systems. • Robotics. • Communications Applications. • Automotive and Avionics Systems. • Military and Aerospace Applications. • Bio Medical Applications etc….
  4. 4. Processing Parts Of Embedded System 1: Microprocessor (μp) • Microprocessor is the Central Processing Unit. • Microprocessor is, just simply, the processor . • To make it to work it will need lots of external parts called peripherals. I.e. Microprocessor don’t have inbuilt peripherals. • Micro processor needs many external circuits to make it work. So Microprocessor based system is called System On Board (SOB )
  5. 5. Processing Parts Of Embedded System cont… 2: Microcontroller (μc ) • Microcontroller is the processing part in which all the essential peripherals are integrated in a single chip • Microcontroller = Microprocessor + Peripherals • It can process as well as control. • It includes all the necessary parts in one IC. So microcontroller based system is called System On Chip (SOC)
  6. 6. Microcontroller Manufactures
  7. 7. Microchip’s PIC • The name PIC referred to "Peripheral Interface Controller" • PIC is a family of Harvard Architecture microcontrollers made by Microchip Technology. Microchip Technology is an American manufacturer of microcontroller, memory and analog semiconductors. The company was founded in 1987. For more details log on to www.microchip.com • PICs are popular with developers and hobbyists alike.
  8. 8. Why PIC • All the Peripherals are Integrated in a Single Chip • Wide Range Available • Cost Effective • Easily Available • High Speed • High Performance RISC CPU • Instruction Set Simplicity • Wide Operating Voltage Range: 2.5 – 6 V • Programmable Code Protection Mode • Power Saving Sleep Mode
  9. 9. Device Structure - PIC • Core The essential part of the system. • Peripherals Peripherals are the features that add a differentiation from microprocessors. This is the interfacing units to external world. • Special features Major purpose of special features are ► Decrease system cost. ► Increase system reliability. ► Increase design flexibility.
  10. 10. The PIC Family • Based on Instruction Word Length PIC can be classified into three. Instruction Word Length = OPCODE+OPERAND • Base Line (12 bit with 33 Instructions) • Mid Range (14 bit with 35 Instructions) • High End (16 bit with 58 / 77 Instructions)
  11. 11. Architectures … 1:Von Neumann Architecture CPUCPU Program Memory & Data Memory • Used in: 80X86, 8051 etc… • Only one bus between CPU and memory. • Data memory and Program memory share the same bus and the same memory, and so must have the same bit width. • Time of execution high. 8
  12. 12. Architectures … 2:Harvard Architecture PICs use the Harvard Architecture CPU 12 14 16 Data Memory 8 Program Memory Used mostly in RISC CPUs. Separate program bus and data bus: can be different widths. Instructions can execute in a single cycle. Time of execution is low.
  13. 13. Name the PIC • Microchips Microcontroller name always Starts with PIC • Then a Number which denotes the Type/Range of that PIC • 12 : Base Line (12 bit Instruction Word) • 16 : Mid Range (14 bit Instruction Word) • 17/18 : High End (16 bit Instruction Word) • Next is an Alphabet which denotes How We Can Program the PIC • CR : PROM (OTP) • C : PROM / EPROM • F : FLASH • Last is another Number varies from PIC to PIC which denotes the internal memory, pin numbers, peripherals etc … • 73 : 28 pin IC, 8 bit ADC, 4K PM etc… • 873 : 28 pin IC, 10 bit ADC, 4K PM etc… • 877 : 40pin IC, 10 bit ADC , 8K PM etc… • 877 A : 40pin IC, 10 bit ADC , 8K PM, New Batch IC etc…
  14. 14. Name Yourself …….You can  • PIC16F73 :  • PIC16F873A :  • PIC16F877 :  • PIC16F877A : 
  15. 15. Instruction Set - PIC • Only 35 instructions. • RISC instruction architecture. • In PIC, Accumulator is named as Working Register (w). This is the base register of all operations. • All operations are possible only through ‘w’ • Register to register transfer is not possible. • The instruction set is highly orthogonal and is grouped into three basic categories: • Byte oriented instructions (18 nos). • Bit oriented instructions (4 nos). • Literal and control instructions (13 nos).
  16. 16. Instruction Set - PIC 1. Byte oriented instructions: (18 nos) • CLRW - Clear working register. • CLRF - Clear file register • MOVFW - Move the contents of file register to working register. • MOVWF - Move the contents of working register to file register. • ADDWF - Add the contents of file register to working register. • SUBWF - Subtract working register from the file register. • ANDWF - Bit wise multiplication of working register with the file register. • IORWF - Bit wise adding of working register with the file register. • XORWF - Exclusive OR the contents of working register with the file reg: • RLF - Rotate left with carry. • RRF - Rotate right with carry. • DECF - Decrement the file registers contents. • DECFSZ - Decrement the contents of file register and skip the next instruction if zero. • INCF - Increment the file registers contents. • INCFSZ - Increment the contents of file register and skip the next instruction if zero. • COMF - 1’s complement. • SWAPF - Interchange the nibbles. • NOP - No operation.
  17. 17. Instruction Set - PIC 2. Bit Oriented instructions: (4 nos) • BCF - Bit clear flag. • BSF - Bit set flag. • BTFSC - Bit test file register and skip if clear. • BTFSS - Bit test file register and skip if set.
  18. 18. Instruction Set - PIC 3. Literal and control instructions: (13 nos) • MOVLW - Direct loading of working register. • ADDLW - Direct adding of working register with a constant value. • SUBLW - Direct subtraction of working register with a constant value. • ANDLW - Bit wise multiplication of working register with a constant value. • IORLW - Bit wise addition of working register with a constant value. • XORLW - Exclusive OR of working register with a constant value. • CALL XX - Call subroutine XX. • RETURN - Back to main program from the subroutine. • GOTO XX - Go to xx. • RETFIE - Return from interrupts. • RETLW - Return with literal value. • CLRWDT - Clear watchdog timer. • SLEEP - Low power consumption mode.
  19. 19. Program Format LIST P=PIC16F73 ;Listing the microcontroller #INCLUDE“P16F73.INC” ;INC file CBLOCK 0X20 ;GPR address starts from 0X20 • • ;GPR Initialization • ENDC ORG 0 ;Reset Vector • • program • • • END ;Program End
  20. 20. Our First Program …  • Add the contents of two registers (R1 & R2) and store the result in R3 LIST P=PIC16F73 #INCLUDE“P16F73.INC” CBLOCK 0X20 R1 R2 R3 END C ORG 0 MOVLW 0X02 MOVWF R1 MOVLW 0X03 MOVWF R2 ADDWF R1,0 MOVWF R3 END
  21. 21. Do it yourself … • Subtract the contents of M1 from M2 and store the result in Y1 • Multiply the contents of X1 with X2 and store the result in X3.
  22. 22. Its time to relax ….. Have a break… 
  23. 23. MPLAB IDE …An Introduction • MPLAB IDE is a software program that runs on a PC, to develop applications for Microchip microcontrollers. It is called an Integrated Development Environment, or IDE, because it provides a single integrated “environment” to develop code for PIC microcontrollers. • You can download this software free of cost from Microchip’s website. (www.microchip.com)
  24. 24. Most Commonly Used SFR s … • STATUS • OPTION_REG • PORTA,B,C…. & TRIS A,B,C… • ADCON0,ADCON1,ADRES • TXSTA,RCSTA,TXREG,RCREG,SPBRG • INTCON etc………..
  25. 25. That’s all with the software…. Lets have some Circuit Thoughts
  26. 26. Pinout Diagram – 28 pin
  27. 27. Pinout Diagram – 40 pin
  28. 28. Basic Circuit Requirements of PIC 1: Power Supply VDD = 5V VSS = GND
  29. 29. Basic Circuit Requirements of PIC 2: Connect Oscillator (XTAL 4 or 20 MHz) to CLKI and CLKO pins Also connect two 22/33 pf capacitors with the crystal as shown below for crystal stabilization.
  30. 30. Basic Circuit Requirements of PIC 3: Pull up MCLR pin with a 10k resistance to avoid master reset.
  31. 31. Here is your PIC basic circuit
  32. 32. SOFTWARE is ready….  HARDWARE is ready….  Its Time To Know How To Fuse The Program in PIC
  33. 33. Programmers… • Parallel Programmers • Serial Programmers • USB Programmers
  34. 34. How To Program The PIC
  35. 35. Brief Project Lifecycle • Requirement Study • Initial Planning • Prototype development  May again go to Requirement study • Final Project Planning  Deadlines, Team/Recourses, Methods, Budget • Development  Hardware and Software • Testing and Debugging  May again go to Development • Documentation • Project Delivery
  36. 36. Feedbacks and Suggestions Please…..
  37. 37. We can't solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them. So Think Different (Albert Einstein) I wish you all a very successful future….Take care svmidhu@gmail.com

×