Svittos Mean Girls A Review Of Girl Bullying

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  • Bullying is something most children encounter in one form or another, and this is a serious problem and one which parents need be aware. As a parent, you should be able to recognize if your child is being bullied or if she is bullying someone else. You should also know how you can help! Make sure to listen to your child, especially if she complains about bullying behaviors. If you suspect that your child is being bullied, or is bullying others, you will need to get involved. You can make a difference in your child’s life and help put a stop to bullying. As a way of helping everyone especially the parents, who still find it quite hard to manage issues like this, I found this great application which featured a safety app which gets me connected to a Safety Network or escalate my call to the nearest 911 when needed, it has other cool features that are helpful for your kids with just a press of a Panic Button. Check it here: http://www.SafeKidZone.com/
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  • Svittos Mean Girls A Review Of Girl Bullying

    1. 1. Mean Girls <ul><li>An exploration of girl bullying </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>By :Steven Vitto </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior Specialist </li></ul>
    2. 3. What Is Bullying? Bullying in its truest form is comprised of a series of repeated intentionally cruel incidents, involving the same children, in the same bully and victim roles.
    3. 4. The Bully <ul><li>Traditionally, when we have thought about the word “bully,” we generally think about a boy. </li></ul><ul><li>It is increasingly evident that girl “bullies can be just as harmful but usually operate in a subversive manner” </li></ul>
    4. 5. Girl Bullying <ul><li>Why would girls bully different than </li></ul><ul><li>boys? </li></ul><ul><li>We live in a society where girls are supposed to be “polite” and “passive.” </li></ul><ul><li>Our society conditions girls to respond to threats by either internalizing them or responding subversively. </li></ul><ul><li>As a society and culture, we have shaped the topograhy of girl bullying. </li></ul>Vitto, 2007
    5. 6. “ The scars of being bullied last a life time”
    6. 7. <ul><li>They believe the lie that it’s just a normal part of growing up </li></ul><ul><li>Only 25% of students report that teachers intervene in bullying situations while 71% of the teachers believe they always intervene </li></ul>
    7. 8. <ul><ul><li>bullying occurs once every seven minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>on average, bullying episodes are brief, approximately 37 seconds long </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the majority of bullying occurs in or close to school buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>most victims are unlikely to report bullying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>only 25% of students report that teachers intervene in bullying situations, while 71% of teachers believe they always intervene </li></ul></ul>RESEARCH ON BULLYING
    8. 9. Sometimes girls join in with the bully to avoid becoming her next target!!
    9. 10. How common is bullying? <ul><li>Nansel et al. (2001): national sample of 15,600 students in grades 6-10 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>19% bullied others ”sometimes” or more often </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>9% bullied others weekly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>17% were bullied “sometimes” or more often </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8% were bullied weekly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6% reported bullying and being bullied “sometimes” or more often </li></ul></ul>JAMA 2001;285:2094-2100
    10. 11. Victims of girl bullying often internalize their pain and may harm themselves before reporting the bully to their parents
    11. 12. Definitions <ul><li>Bullying occurs when someone with more power tries to hurt someone with less power using physical or emotional strategies over and over. Not isolated incidents. </li></ul>
    12. 14. Play vs. Bullying <ul><li>Usually friends Not friends </li></ul><ul><li>2 or more May be group vs. one </li></ul><ul><li>= power, even if Unequal power </li></ul><ul><li>adjusted </li></ul><ul><li>Smiling, friendly, Laughter, scorn </li></ul><ul><li>laughter or neutral Sad, depressed, crying </li></ul>
    13. 17. Why Care??? <ul><li>1 out of 4 kids is bullied </li></ul><ul><li>1 out of 5 admit to bullying </li></ul><ul><li>7 % of 8 th grade students miss school each month due to bullying </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 students carry guns to school. </li></ul><ul><li>80% of bully altercations end up in a fight. </li></ul><ul><li>Adult intervention 4%, peer intervention 11%, no intervention 85%. </li></ul><ul><li>Many students recover from bullying but a percentage don’t. That percentage may keep the scars for years or exhibit negative behaviors including violence. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1992 and 2008 there were OVER 400 violent deaths at schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong correlation between being a bully and having a criminal record in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Victims often have difficulty with focusing in class, high anxiety and stress (Bullyproof research project, 2005) </li></ul>
    14. 18. Bullying brings out the dark side of the human spirit
    15. 19. Bullies: Who are they <ul><li>Need power </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoy others suffering </li></ul><ul><li>Little empathy </li></ul><ul><li>Defend themselves by stating they were provoked </li></ul><ul><li>Defiant toward adults </li></ul><ul><li>Antisocial </li></ul><ul><li>Calm flat affect </li></ul><ul><li>Average students </li></ul><ul><li>Average to high self esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Excited about their own behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Small network of friends </li></ul><ul><li>Successful at hiding behavior </li></ul>
    16. 20. VICTIMS OF GIRL BULLYING OFTEN KEEP IT TO THEMSELVES
    17. 21. What causes bullying? <ul><li>Family Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Poor supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of warmth </li></ul><ul><li>Modeling of aggression at home (parent to parent, or parent to child) </li></ul><ul><li>Older siblings who bully </li></ul><ul><li>Witnessing of spousal battering </li></ul>
    18. 22. Individual Factors <ul><li>Temperament </li></ul><ul><li>Active and Impulsive </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Strength </li></ul><ul><li>Superiority Complex </li></ul>
    19. 23. School Factors <ul><li>Lack of Supervision during unstructured times </li></ul><ul><li>Denial of the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Type of intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><li>Community Building Efforts </li></ul>
    20. 25. Passive Victims <ul><li>Have lots of emotion. </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely tell because they think it will make it worse and don’t think adults can help. </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitive and cry easily. </li></ul><ul><li>Pushovers. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack social skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Are chosen last. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t invite attacks. </li></ul>
    21. 27. Bullying: Emerging Frontiers <ul><li>Bullying video game </li></ul><ul><li>Cyber bullying </li></ul><ul><li>A focus on awareness and prevention </li></ul>
    22. 28. Cyber Bullying Kowalski & Limber, 2005 <ul><li>25% of girls and 11% of boys had been cyber bullied at least once. </li></ul><ul><li>13% of girls and 9% of boys had cyber bullied someone else at least once. </li></ul><ul><li>Who did the cyber bullying? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>student at school (53%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>didn’t know (48%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>friend (37%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sibling (13%) </li></ul></ul>Annual Meeting of the Am Psych Assn 2005, August
    23. 29. CYBER BULLYING CAN BE JUST AS CRUEL AND THE OFFENDERS CAN BE ANONYMOUS
    24. 32. Bullying Myths <ul><li>Only occurs in large cities and is gang related. </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by large class sizes. </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs mostly outside of school. </li></ul><ul><li>More pervasive in upper grades. </li></ul><ul><li>Most bullies are insecure with poor self esteem. </li></ul><ul><li>Bullying is a result of poor grades. </li></ul><ul><li>Bullies are only aggressive toward peers. </li></ul><ul><li>Only boys are victims. </li></ul>
    25. 34. More Myths about Bullying <ul><li>Girls are usually bullied by girls. </li></ul><ul><li>Bullies can change by kindness or punishment. </li></ul><ul><li>Peer mediation is effective with bullying. </li></ul><ul><li>Bullying behavior disappears with age. </li></ul><ul><li>Bullies are unpopular. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers can do nothing to stop bullying. </li></ul>
    26. 37. Tell an adult whom you can trust !!!
    27. 41. What Are The Effects Of Bullying?
    28. 42. Effects For Victims <ul><li>Lots of correlational evidence that bullying is associated with depression, anxiety, health problems, poor school performance, truancy, even suicide </li></ul><ul><li>Longitudinal research also suggests long-term damage to peer relations, including intimate relationships </li></ul>
    29. 44. Effects For Bullies <ul><li>Sadly, some bullies seem to gain status and popularity in the short-term </li></ul><ul><li>Others, especially “bully-victims”, are the most unpopular children of all </li></ul><ul><li>In the long term , bullies may get locked into anti-social behaviour patterns and are much more likely to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continue to bully into adulthood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commit crimes, especially violent crimes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abuse alcohol & drugs </li></ul></ul>
    30. 46. Sugar & Spice? <ul><li>Little girls are taught that it’s much prettier to be nice </li></ul><ul><li>Result = covert forms of aggression – Relational Aggression (RA) </li></ul>
    31. 47. Relational Aggression is… <ul><li>Emotional violence and bullying behavior focused on damaging an individual’s social connections within the peer group. </li></ul><ul><li>RA is “conditional </li></ul><ul><li>friendship” </li></ul>
    32. 48. Mixed Messages <ul><li>Our culture tells girls </li></ul><ul><li>You should be sexy but not slutty </li></ul><ul><li>You should be independent but you’re no one w/o a boyfriend </li></ul><ul><li>Wiseman, Queen Bees & Wannabes </li></ul>
    33. 49. Types of RA <ul><li>Covert Aggression – indirect or hidden acts of aggression, excluding, social isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Proactive – the means for achieving a goal. For example, a girl may exclude someone to maintain her own social status </li></ul>
    34. 50. More Examples of Relational Aggression: <ul><li>Spreading Rumors </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal Insults </li></ul><ul><li>Teasing </li></ul><ul><li>Intimidation </li></ul><ul><li>Eye Rolling </li></ul><ul><li>Taunting </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulative Affection </li></ul><ul><li>Three-Way Calling </li></ul><ul><li>Cyber bullying – Girls are twice as likely to participate in cyber-bullying than are boys </li></ul>
    35. 51. The Realm of Teen Royalty from Queen Bees & Wannabes <ul><li>The Queen – charming to adults. </li></ul><ul><li> Can out-argue everyone, including adults. Her friends do exactly what she wants. </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulatively affectionate </li></ul><ul><li>No responsibility for hurting others </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks revenge </li></ul><ul><li>May be arrogant, materialistic, selfish, superficial </li></ul><ul><li>Value & self-esteem tied to what she has </li></ul><ul><li>Right and wrong = loyalty & disloyalty </li></ul>
    36. 52. <ul><li>Sidekick </li></ul><ul><li>* 2 nd to the Queen </li></ul><ul><li>*May be a victim/target </li></ul><ul><li>*Gets her power by supporting the Queen </li></ul><ul><li>*Sees the Queen as her authority figure telling her how to think, feel, act, dress… </li></ul>
    37. 53. The Gossip <ul><li>Secretive </li></ul><ul><li>Good communicator </li></ul><ul><li>Perception of being a good listener and trustworthy </li></ul><ul><li>Appears to be friends with everyone </li></ul><ul><li>Needs to feel important </li></ul><ul><li>An actress </li></ul><ul><li>Uses confidential information to improve her position </li></ul><ul><li>“ Don’t tell I told you this but…” </li></ul>
    38. 54. The Floater <ul><li>Moves freely between cliques </li></ul><ul><li>Pretty – but not too pretty </li></ul><ul><li>Nice but not too sophisticated </li></ul><ul><li>Avoids conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Higher self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Is respected </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t try to rule but has influence </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t want to exclude others </li></ul><ul><li>Not socially competitive </li></ul>
    39. 55. The Bully <ul><li>Defiant, outspoken, tough </li></ul><ul><li>Cruel to weaker people </li></ul><ul><li>Usually covert bullying – cursing at or about other girls, accidentally bumping into or hitting </li></ul><ul><li>Uses physical violence more than relational aggression </li></ul>
    40. 56. The Bystander <ul><li>Neither aggressor or target </li></ul><ul><li>Has to choose between friends </li></ul><ul><li>Peacemaker </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty saying “no” </li></ul><ul><li>May want to go unnoticed but has access to the popular group </li></ul>
    41. 57. Wannabe <ul><li>Gossiper </li></ul><ul><li>Pleaser </li></ul><ul><li>All her opinions come from the Queen </li></ul><ul><li>Won’t go against group </li></ul><ul><li>Will do almost anything to be a part of the group </li></ul><ul><li>Often gossiped about & used by the Queen </li></ul>
    42. 58. The Target <ul><li>Feels helpless & excluded like a loser or a nobody </li></ul><ul><li>Isolated </li></ul><ul><li>Appears defensive in order to shut people out & mask hurt </li></ul><ul><li>Girls within group may become a target if they question someone of perceived higher social status </li></ul>
    43. 59. <ul><li>Feels humiliated from rejection </li></ul><ul><li>Feels exposed and vulnerable </li></ul><ul><li>May try to change herself in order to fit in. </li></ul>
    44. 61. Invisible Problem Girls <ul><li>Hidden problem = lack of resources, support </li></ul><ul><li>Typically, girls’ problems don’t threaten learning environment </li></ul><ul><li>Is a ‘good’ school high excluding or low excluding? </li></ul>
    45. 62. Responses to interpersonal violence <ul><li>Bullying -> self-exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal violence can escalate </li></ul><ul><li>Girls value social networks – exclusion from group a powerful form of violence </li></ul><ul><li>Professionals under estimate academic and social impact of inter-personal violence </li></ul>
    46. 64. Health Consequences of Bullying (Fekkes et al., 2003) <ul><li>Bullied Not bullied </li></ul><ul><li>Headache 16% 6% </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep problems 42% 23% </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominal pain 17% 9% </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling tense 20% 9% </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety 28% 10% </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling unhappy 23% 5% </li></ul><ul><li>Depression scale </li></ul><ul><li>moderate indication 49% 16% </li></ul><ul><li>strong indication 16% 2% </li></ul>Pediatrics 2003;144:17-22
    47. 65. Passive Targets <ul><li>Tend to… </li></ul><ul><li>Be quiet, sensitive, cries easily </li></ul><ul><li>Be insecure, anxious </li></ul><ul><li>Be physically weaker than peers ( boys) </li></ul><ul><li>Be afraid of getting hurt </li></ul><ul><li>Be lonely and depressed </li></ul><ul><li>Yield easily to bullying </li></ul><ul><li>Lack the ability to use humor to defuse conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Associate more easily w/ adults than peers </li></ul>
    48. 66. Provocative Targets tend… <ul><li>To have difficulty reading social signals </li></ul><ul><li>To be disliked by adults, including teacher </li></ul>
    49. 67. Why Don‘t Targets Tell? <ul><li>Shame </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of retaliation </li></ul>
    50. 68. <ul><li>They don’t think anyone CAN help </li></ul><ul><li>They don’t think anyone WILL help </li></ul>
    51. 69. Identify the targets <ul><li>Watch for: </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>Apathy </li></ul><ul><li>Unexplained illness </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent visits to school nurse </li></ul><ul><li>Missing belongings </li></ul>
    52. 71. Lasting Effects on the Target <ul><li>Lower self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Higher rates of depression </li></ul>
    53. 72. Effects Bullying has on School <ul><li>Interferes with learning </li></ul><ul><li>Fear and disrespect </li></ul><ul><li>Perception of apathy </li></ul>
    54. 73. There are… <ul><li>Supporters – Don’t take an active part but support bullies </li></ul><ul><li>Passive Supporters – Like but don’t openly support the bully </li></ul><ul><li>Disengaged Onlookers – Watch but don’t take a stand </li></ul><ul><li>Possible defenders: Dislike the bullying & want to help but don’t </li></ul>
    55. 74. Effects of Bullying on Witnesses <ul><li>Afraid </li></ul><ul><li>Feel powerless </li></ul><ul><li>Guilt </li></ul><ul><li>Diminished empathy </li></ul>
    56. 75. <ul><li>Do you think the school you’re at makes much difference to where you end up in life or what kind of person you become? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Well it does. I think so. Because different schools attract different sorts of people, and they also I think help mould you into sort of beliefs and that sort of thing.” </li></ul><ul><li>(male, year 12 student, 1999) </li></ul>
    57. 76. <ul><li>Research and evidence </li></ul><ul><li>“ ... people always ask you what you want to be when you grow up, and I just have no idea...” </li></ul><ul><li>“ ...sometimes you say it because you don’t really want to go into it…” </li></ul><ul><li>[extracts from 12 to 18 Project interviews, 1994 and 1995] </li></ul>
    58. 78. Most victims do not report bullying <ul><li>Feelings of shame </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of retaliation </li></ul><ul><li>Fear that adults can not or will not protect the child in the setting where the bullying is taking place </li></ul>
    59. 79. Who are the victims? <ul><li>Tend to be quiet and shy </li></ul><ul><li>Tend to be passive </li></ul><ul><li>Lack confidence in physical abilities and strength </li></ul><ul><li>Poor or deviant social skills </li></ul><ul><li>A subgroup who are “provocative” (i.e., they can be both bully and victim) </li></ul><ul><li>Difference in appearance or ability </li></ul>
    60. 80. What are the long term consequences for the victim? <ul><li>Tend to be unhappy child </li></ul><ul><li>Often try to avoid school </li></ul><ul><li>Suffer from fear and anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Low self esteem </li></ul><ul><li>High incidence of suicidal or self-destructive behavior </li></ul>
    61. 81. Ways to Stop Bullying? <ul><li>Don’t frame reporting as tattling </li></ul><ul><li>Provide good supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Provide effective consequences for bullies </li></ul><ul><li>Provide social and interpersonal skill training </li></ul><ul><li>Provide ongoing community building </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a supportive and inclusive environment </li></ul>
    62. 82. When do you intervene? <ul><li>Is the relational aggression… </li></ul><ul><li>Severe </li></ul><ul><li>Traumatic </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing </li></ul><ul><li>Involving a power imbalance </li></ul><ul><li>If the answer to any of these is “yes” then definitely intervene </li></ul>
    63. 83. Prevention is More Effective than Intervention <ul><li>Clear limits regarding unacceptable behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage caring behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Regular classroom discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Inform parents </li></ul><ul><li>School-wide expectations </li></ul>
    64. 84. <ul><li>Older grade girls ambassadors for younger grades </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage journaling about feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Mapping – Have students draw a map of the school and identify areas that are safest and not so safe </li></ul><ul><li>Have students trace hand. On </li></ul><ul><li>each finger write the name of a </li></ul><ul><li>person they can go to for help </li></ul>
    65. 85. Staff Be a M.O.D.E.L. <ul><li>M odel appropriate behavior </li></ul><ul><li>O bserve girls </li></ul><ul><li>D on’t ignore behaviors (call them on everything – eye rolling…) </li></ul><ul><li>E mphasize difference between reporting & tattling </li></ul><ul><li>L isten empathetically </li></ul>
    66. 87. HA HA SO <ul><li>Give Targets a protective shield </li></ul><ul><li>H – Help ( Know when & how to get help) </li></ul><ul><li>A – Assert Yourself ( I-messages) </li></ul>
    67. 88. <ul><li>H – Humor (turn a difficult situation into a funny one) </li></ul><ul><li>A – Avoid (Know when to walk away) </li></ul>
    68. 89. <ul><li>S – Self Talk (positive messages) </li></ul><ul><li>O – Own It (agree with the putdown in order to make light of it; the ability to laugh at oneself) </li></ul>
    69. 90. Practice, Practice, Practice… <ul><li>In the mirror </li></ul><ul><li>I-Messages </li></ul><ul><li>Compliments </li></ul><ul><li>Positive self-talk </li></ul>
    70. 91. <ul><li>Tone Twisters </li></ul><ul><li>Bully: “Go to h_ll!” </li></ul><ul><li>Target: “Go to Disneyland!” </li></ul><ul><li>Bully: “Shut up, Moron!” </li></ul><ul><li>Target: “Have a hot fudge sundae, Gorgeous!” </li></ul>
    71. 92. Make a commitment to… <ul><li>Treat ALL people with respect, especially when the act their worst </li></ul><ul><li>Not take mean comments seriously </li></ul><ul><li>Talk only to the good part of people </li></ul><ul><li>Refuse to listen to or </li></ul><ul><li>repeat gossip </li></ul>
    72. 93. And the Witnesses??? <ul><li>There are NO innocent bystanders </li></ul>
    73. 94. Tell the bully that you don’t like what they are doing! <ul><li>“ I don’t like it when you call me that name. Please stop it!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I like you better when you’re not so mean!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Quit it, before I tell someone!” </li></ul>If this doesn’t work then…
    74. 95. Find protection in numbers You either: Go and join a group of friends! Or Ask a group of friends if they would help stop the bullying! Or Join in a group game! If this doesn’t work then…
    75. 96. If Nothing Works Ask for
    76. 97. What to do if you see someone being bullied: <ul><li>Get friends together and TALK to the bully by letting them know that bullying is not accepted at your school. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t cheer the bully or stand around and watch. Bullies usually like attention for power. </li></ul><ul><li>Let kids know that bullying is not cool at your school. </li></ul><ul><li>Find someone to help stop it. </li></ul>
    77. 98. Teach Witnesses Responsibility <ul><li>Empathy </li></ul><ul><li>Offer target support </li></ul><ul><li>Offer target a respectabl e way out </li></ul><ul><li>Leave the area – no audience </li></ul><ul><li>Report the incident </li></ul><ul><li>If safe, tell bully to STOP! KNOCK IT OFF! It’s mean and I don’t like it ! </li></ul>
    78. 99. Key Findings: Bullying in School <ul><li>Preventing or dealing with bullying: </li></ul><ul><li>Parents see their role as involving pursuit of solutions with other parties, such as teachers, school administrators and parents of the bully. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers mainly see their role in terms of their own actions rather than pursuing solutions with others </li></ul>
    79. 100. What to do if your child is a victim <ul><li>Teach your child verbal defense skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Build their confidence by encouraging them to try different activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Know who their friends are. </li></ul><ul><li>Come up with a plan for bullies before the events even happen. Don’t leave room for impulse decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Role play situations to practice the plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate with the school. </li></ul><ul><li>Teach confidence. </li></ul><ul><li>Reassure the child that people are listening to their fears and empower them to deal with bullies appropriately. </li></ul><ul><li>Think about the child “all grown up” and how you want him/her to deal with difficult people. </li></ul>
    80. 101. Teachers: Preventing Bullying Parents: What do you think a teacher's role should be in preventing or dealing with bullying? <ul><li>Top five responses: </li></ul><ul><li>Communication with children </li></ul><ul><li>Teach child methods of dealing with bully </li></ul><ul><li>Get involved in situation </li></ul><ul><li>Discipline bully </li></ul><ul><li>Teach children tolerance </li></ul>Top five items mentioned by teachers involve their own actions rather than pursuing solutions with other adults.
    81. 105. School Plan <ul><li>The most successful programs educate students. </li></ul><ul><li>The most successful programs educate parents. </li></ul><ul><li>Consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Balance power </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Change the school culture </li></ul><ul><li>Teach skills </li></ul><ul><li>Build relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher education at staff meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Yard duty training </li></ul><ul><li>Stop Bullying Now activities </li></ul><ul><li>Police liaison (Darren Taylor) for positive reinforcement </li></ul><ul><li>5. Student education at assemblies and Fridays. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Parent education nights </li></ul><ul><li>7. Conflict resolution program </li></ul><ul><li>8. Bully survey </li></ul><ul><li>9. Anti-bully contracts school wide </li></ul><ul><li>10.Buddy program </li></ul>
    82. 106. us
    83. 107. State Laws on Bullying
    84. 110. <ul><li>Education and training of adults who interface with the younger students at school and at home are another important component. </li></ul>
    85. 112. STOP BULLYING NOW!!
    86. 113. Web Sites & Resources <ul><li>www.hateboard.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.myspace.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.xanga.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.schoolscandal.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.teenangels.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.livejournal.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.transl8it.com (helps translate text messages) </li></ul><ul><li>www.webopedia.com (help navigating online terms & acronyms </li></ul><ul><li>www.urbandictionary.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.myfreeproxy.com ( allows students to bypass web blocks) </li></ul><ul><li>www.ratemyschool.com </li></ul>

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