Dr Mohamed Reda Presentation on Egypt


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Dr Mohamed Reda Presentation on Egypt

  1. 1. Protecting BordersAn Ally’s prospective<br />Dr.Mohamed Reda<br />mreda@alliedsoft.net<br />
  2. 2. Modern EgyptInformation Technology<br />..ces government 2011Bisquit_Egypt_v11 (2).wmv<br />
  3. 3. Egyptian ICT industry in numbers<br />
  4. 4. Economist last issue 12/2010<br />
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  7. 7. Target revenue<br />CAGR<br />R&D<br />$145m<br />33%<br />BPO<br />$260m<br />45%<br />Technical Support<br />$200m<br />27%<br />ITO<br />$480m<br />33%<br />ICT Export Targets<br />1,085<br />145<br />260<br />200<br />250<br />480<br />35<br />40<br />61<br />115<br />2010<br />2005<br />Target Revenues: US$ 1.1 Billion<br />Source: AT Kearney<br />
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  9. 9. Alexandria Bombing<br />“Although 2011 started tragically, I feel it will be a year of eagerly anticipated change, where Egyptians will stand against sectarianism and unite as one,” Father RafaeilSarwat of the Mar-Mina church told Ahram Online. The Coptic priest was commenting on the now widespread call by Muslim intellectuals and activists upon Egyptian Muslims at large to flock to Coptic churches across the country to attend Coptic Christmas Eve mass, to show solidarity with the nation's Coptic minority, but also to serve as "human shields" against possible attacks by Islamist militants<br />
  10. 10. 10<br />203<br />Egypt is safer than most of its peers, with no deadly terrorist attacks in over 2 years<br />Safety and security in Egypt<br /><ul><li>No terrorist attacks have occurred the past 2 years
  11. 11. Terrorist attacks in 2004-2006 concentrated mainly on tourist areas on the Sinai Peninsula
  12. 12. Before 2004, no terrorist attacks involving foreigners occurred in almost 6 years
  13. 13. There are no reports of business discontinuity of any multinational operating in Egypt due to terrorist attacks</li></ul>Morocco<br />Egypt<br />US<br />UK<br />France<br />784<br />Philippines<br />3,062<br />Afghanistan<br />3,731<br />India<br />Incidents of terrorism from January 2005 to June 2008<br />Source: Worldwide Incidents Tracking System (WITS), US Department of State<br />
  14. 14. 11<br />4.8<br />GDP<br />US$ billion<br />BPO services can contribute over 10% of overall GDP growth between 2007-2017<br />Exports of <br />goods and <br />services<br />5.5%<br />5.3%<br />45%<br />7.1%<br />5.5%<br />45%<br />BPO services can contribute over 23% of export growth between 2007-2017<br />BPO services can create 1.5 million jobs<br />US$ billion<br />BPO LIKELY TO HAVE A MAJOR IMPACT ON THE EGYPTIAN ECONOMY AND CREATE 1.5 MILLION JOBS BY 2017<br />Contribution of offshore BPO industries<br />CAGR (2007-2017)<br />100%=1701<br />100%=2102<br />100% =125<br />4%<br />BPO<br />1%<br />2007<br />2012E<br />2017E<br />CAGR (2007-2017)<br />100%=34<br />100%=473<br />100%=683<br />88%<br />96%<br />99%<br />12%<br />4%<br />1%<br />2007<br />2012E<br />2017E<br />1.550<br />Additional employment (direct and indirect)<br />‘000 people<br />2002-2007<br />2007-2012E<br />2017<br />1 Assuming 6.0% growth in GDP<br /> 2 Assuming 5.0% growth in GDP <br />3 Assuming exports grow at GDP growth rates + BPO industry contribution<br /> Source: World Bank report, The Economist ; Mckinsey analysis <br />
  15. 15. Basic Security agencies in Egypt<br />General Intelligence Services<br />National Security Investigation<br />Military Intelligence Service<br />National Security Agency<br />
  16. 16. Defeating the bad guys<br />The use of converted shekhNagehIbrahim“Fatwa” to be spread around and on the WEB<br />Empower intellectual religious source of education AL AZHAR<br />The use of intellectuals to build group discussions in the internet and in special clubs and social network<br />
  17. 17. Nageh Ibrahim<br />Aug 2, 2010 ... Dr. Nageh Ibrahim, the ideological theorist of the Islamic Group in Egypt and a member of its Shura Council, said the revisions have been ...www.al-shorfa.com/cocoon/meii/xhtml/en_GB/.../feature-01<br />
  18. 18. Recent Developments in the Area of Cyber Security in Egypt <br />Ministry of Communication and Information Technology<br />
  19. 19. Legislative Developments <br />Egypt issued a number of relevant regulations to build and develop the legal and regulatory infrastructure for ICT industry in Egypt. <br />The Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Law in 2002 (Law no. 82/2002). <br />The Telecommunications Act issued in 2003 (Law no. 10/2003). <br />The e-signature law issued in 2004 (Law no. 15/2004). <br />A draft CyberSecurity law has been prepared by a working group of legal and technical of experts formed by a ministerial decree from the Minister of Communications and Information Technology. The draft law is expected to be forwarded to the legislative bodies in the near future. <br />In addition, Egypt has strengthened its legal framework for combating child pornography and child exploitation on-line by adopting a special article on that topic in its comprehensive Child Act (Law no. 126/2008). <br />
  20. 20. Infrastructure Developments <br />Public Key Infrastructure (PKI): Egypt has adopted a strict hierarchal architecture for implementing PKI, the technology required to perform qualified e-signature in Egypt. Currently, several governmental and private entities, including leading private banks and Egypt Post, are establishing PKI-enabled infrastructure. PKI is also becoming central to the efforts of protecting the digital identity for individuals and for organizations, thus enabling advanced e-business, e-government and e-commerce activities. <br />Root (Certificate Authority) CA: Egypt has started establishing a Root CA trust center, which is up and running since September 2009. This trust center is established according to the latest international security specifications. The Root CA trust centre is going to be the very heart of the national PKI efforts, and will be central for digital identity management efforts. In addition, three companies have been licensed to issue electronic signatures certificates and are currently linked to and operating under the umbrella of the Root CA. <br />Gov-CA: The Ministry of Finance has established a governmental entity responsible for issuing governmental electronic signatures certificates to ensure the full protection and confidentiality for their transactions, in cooperation with the Ministry of State for Administrative development. <br />
  21. 21. Operational Framework for Cyber Security <br />A national Computer Emergency Response Team (EG-CERT) has been established within the Egyptian Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (NTRA) on April 2009. EG-CERT currently has 16 full-time professionals and operates on a 24/7 basis. <br />EG-CERT provides support in protecting national critical information infrastructure, especially in the ICT sector and in the financial sector. <br />EG-CERT has provided expertise in investigating several incidents, including the well-known PHISH PHRY case (uncovered in Oct 2009) that involved a phishing ring of 100 individuals from Egypt and the USA. <br />The NTRA sponsors a comprehensive national program for training cyber security professionals. During the past 18 months, the program provided internationally recognized certification for over 170 professionals from 38 organizations from the ICT sector, the banking/financial sector, and the academic sector. <br />
  22. 22. International Cooperation <br />EG-CERT has signed cooperation agreements with the US-CERT, the South Korean Information Security Agency (KISA), and Cyber Security Malaysia. It is currently applying for membership in the Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST). <br />Egypt has participated in the ITU’s High Level Experts Group on Cyber Security (HLEG) that forwarded its recommendations to the Secretary General of the ITU late in 2008. Currently, Egypt chairs the ITU’s Council Working Group for Child Online Protection. <br />Egypt is an observer of the OECD’s Committee for Information, Computer and Communications Policy (ICCP), including the working party on Information <br />MCIT 4 Jan 2011 <br />Security and Privacy (WPISP). We also participated in the OECD ministerial meeting held in South Korea (June 2008). <br />Egypt is a member of the International Multilateral Partnership Against Cyber-Threats (IMPACT), that was initiated by Malaysia in 2008. IMPACT has effectively become the physical home of the ITU’s Global Security Agenda GCA. <br />
  23. 23. Developing Partnerships between American and Egyptian IT Firms:Building Business in the Middle East and Africa<br />ITEC and NVTC<br />
  24. 24. 21<br />Information Technology Export Community, ITEC<br />ITEC core consists of 34 members/companies. <br />ITEC is serving 3726 Egyptian companies. ITEC focus on IT export and international business collaboration.<br />ITEC core members have over<br />LE 6.2 BN business volume , of which 50% is in international markets.<br />Total employment of core members around 15,000 IT professionals.<br />
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  27. 27. Thank you.Dr.Mohamed Redamreda@alliedsoft.net<br />