Ukraine Presentation at Kansas State University
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Ukraine Presentation at Kansas State University Ukraine Presentation at Kansas State University Presentation Transcript

  • UKRAINE TODAY Svitlana Volkova Petro Mohyla Mykolayiv State University, Ukraine Fulbright Graduate Student 2008-2010 Kansas State University, USA svitlana.volkova@gmail.com
  • Borders with: Ukraine is the geographical center of Europe!  Russia  Belarus  Moldova  Poland GEOGRAPHY  Hungary  Romania  Slovakia Sea frontiers: OF  Turkey  Georgia UKRAINE  Bulgaria Washed by:  The Azove Sea  The Black Area: 233,000 sq. ml. (603,700km2 ) Sea Ukraine is the largest country wholly in Europe!
  • Vinnytsya UKRAINE IS DIVIDED Volynska Dnipropetrovsk Donetsk Zhytomyr Zakarpattya Zaporizhzhya Ivano-Frankivsk Kyiv Kyrovohrad Luhansk INTO Lviv Mykolayiv 24 REGIONS Odesa Poltava Nationality: Rivne  Noun--Ukrainian(s); adjective--Ukrainian. Sumy Ternopil Religions: Kharkiv  Ukrainian Orthodoxy, Ukrainian Greek Kherson Catholicism, Judaism, Roman Catholicism, Khmelnytsky Islam, others. Cherkassy Languages: Chernivtsi Chernihiv  Ukrainian (official), Russian, others. Crimea (autonomy)
  • HISTORY Kyiv was founded in the V century Kyiv Rus was founded in the IX century Christianity was introduced in 988 year Zaporizhian Sich (XVI-XVII) - military- political organization of the free warriors – Cossacks that introduced and enforced Democracy, Republican rule, Unitary system A brief period of independence (1918 – 1919) Ukrainian Central Rada Great Famine of 1932-33 by forcibly collecting grain and deliberately starving to death nearly ten million people. Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky (1595-1657)
  • INDEPENDENCE OF UKRAINE 01.12.1991 90% of Ukrainians voted for Independence. Ukraine willingly got rid of its 3rd in the world nuclear potential. Constitution adopted in 1996. Elections-2004 were: First President Leonid Kravchuk  peaceful and democratic, though Second President  hard-line and uncompromising Leonid Kuchma Prime Minister - Yulia Timoshenko, President – Viktor Ushenko
  •  The territory of Ukraine is mainly flat (95%). The chief physical- geographical zones are mixed deciduous leaf and conifer forests, forest-steppes and steppe.  The Carpathian Mountains (highest point: Mt. Hoverla, 2,061m) extend to the westernmost part of the country.  The Crimean Mountains (highest point: Mt. Roman-Kosh, 1,545 m) rise in the southernmost end.
  • NATURE HAS SHOWERED UKRAINE WITH UNIQUE PLACES FOR REST AND RECREATION. UKRAINE'S CLIMATE IS TEMPERATE AND SUBTROPICAL IN THE EXTREME SOUTH.
  • WINTER/SUMMER TEMPERATURES & RAINFALLS Winter temperatures -8°-12° C (17.6° F to 3° F) In the South: ~0° C (32° F) Summer temperatures 18°-25° C (64,4° F to 77° F) In the South: up to +35° C (+95° F)
  • THE UKRAINIAN CARPATHIAN MOUNTAINS There are many rivers, thick forests, beautiful meadows and mountain lakes. The largest resorts are located in Tysovets, Slavsko, Bukovel and Dragobrat.
  • RESORTS: CARPATHIAN MOUNTAINS Dragobrat skiing resort  Snow from November till May  1300 meters above sea level Other resorts  Rakhiv  Mukachevo  Svalyava  Yaremcha For rafting, follow the rivers of  Prut  Bilyi Cheremosh  Chornyi Cheremosh
  • RESORTS: CRIMEAN BEACHES Famous resorts  Yalta  Alushta  Gurzuf  Foros  Yevpatoria Two seas  Black Sea  The Sea of Azov
  • WILDLIFE  19 million hectares of natural vegetation  30 000 plant species  45 000 animal species  11 national nature parks  4 biosphere preservation areas  16 nature reserves DENDROLOGICAL PARKS:  Askania-Nova  Oleksandria  Sofiyivka
  • BLACK SEA → DEPTH – 1300-2211 M; SQUARE - 423,000 SQ. KM ASOV SEA → DEPTH – 7-15 M; SQUARE - 39,000 SQ. KM PORTS → ODESSA, ILLICHEVSK, YALTA, SEVASTOPOL, MYKOLAYIV, KERCH, FEODOSIA
  • RIVERS AND LAKES Ukraine has a wealth of rivers. More than a hundred of them are longer than 100 km.  The largest rivers: Dnieper (the third large river in the Europe), Dnister, Southern Buh, Donets, Pruth, Danube.  Rivers play an important role in water supply, and are used as sources of energy.  Navigable rivers are important for transport. There are over 3,000 lakes. The largest freshwater lakes: Yalpuh (220 sq. km) and Svytiazke in Polissia (27 sq. km).
  • POPULATION OF UKRAINE IS 46. 3 MILLION PEOPLE. 0.8, 1% 0.6, 0.5, 1% 0.4, 0% 1.9, 2% 1% 1.3, 1% Ukrainians - 72% Russians - 22% Jews - 1.3% Russians - Belarussians - 0.8% 22, 22% Moldovians - 0.6% Ukrainians - 72, 72% Poles - 0.5% Bulgarians - 0.5% Tatarians - 0.4% Others - 1.9% Regarding the quantity of population Ukraine takes the 5-th place in Europe (after Germany, Italy, Great Britain and France) and 21 place in the world. It possesses 7.3% of population of Europe and 1% of population of the Earth. Diaspora - strongest in the USA and Canada.  10 ml. ethnic Ukrainians live on the territories of the former Soviet Union.  5 ml. ethnic Ukrainians live in other foreign countries.
  • UKRAINIANS – Hospitable, Optimistic, Joyous, Purposeful, Hard-working http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5KJwupu2nYM&feature=related Vasyl Virastyuk Serhiy Bubka Volodymyr Klitschko VitaliyKlitschko World’s Strongest Man 2004, Triple World Sportsman of the Professional boxer Professional boxer, World’s Strongest Man 2007, Year, 6-time world champion, WBC & WBA Intercontinental current IBF, WBO& IBO reiterated champion in the world European Champion, Olympic Champion, European &WBO heavyweight Champion strongman competitions Champion, the “Vaulting Czar” World Champion Volodymur Hryshko Ruslana Lezhechko Yana Klochkova Andriy Shevchenko Ukrainian singer, a tenor of world fame, The winner on the International Title-winner of the two The best soccer player in the soloist of Metropolitan-Opera, NY Contest “Eurovision 2004” recent Olympic Games Europe of 2004
  • THE CAPITAL OF UKRAINE – KYIV (POPULATION 2.8 MILLION)
  • UKRAINE’S URBAN AND COUNTRYSIDE PANORAMAS
  • CITIES WITH A POPULATION OF OVER 1 MILLION Dnipropetrovsk Donetsk
  • CITIES WITH A POPULATION OF OVER 1 MILLION Odesa Kharkiv
  • Lviv is truly Europe's hidden pearl. Poltava – Monument to Galushka
  • Uman City Sophia's Park The Pochaiv Monastery Ternopil Region Svyatogorsk, Donetsk Region
  • Zaporizhzhya City Hall Sumy Mukachevo City Hall, Zakarpatya Chernigiv
  • Khmelnytsky Region Kamjanets-Podilsky Ancient Castles
  • NATIONAL SYMBOLS Ukraine is a unitarian state with single citizenship. Ukraine is the republic and has: • its own constitution • higher and local bodies of state The National power: emblem of Ukraine is a golden Tryzub • the President on a blue shield. • the Verkhovna Rada • local Radas • regional administrations The state symbols of Ukraine are National flag, National anthem and National emblem. •The National Flag is a rectangular cloth with two equal horizontal stripes, the upper colored blue and the lower golden yellow.
  • UKRAINIAN ANTHEM ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION OF THE ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF THE UKRAINE'S ANTHEM: UKRAINE'S ANTHEM: Shche ne vmerla Ukrayiny ni slava, ni volya, Ukraine has not perished, neither her glory, nor freedom, Shche nam, brattia ukrajintsi, usmikhnet'sia dolia. Upon us, fellow--Ukrainians, fate shall smile once more. Z-hynut' nashi vorizhen'ky, yak rosa na sontsi, Our enemies will vanish, like dew in the morning sun, Zapanuyem i my, brattia, u svoyiy storontsi. And we too shall rule, brothers, in a free land of our own. Dushu y tilo my polozhym za nashu svobodu We'll lay down our souls and bodies to attain our freedom, I pokazhem, shcho my, brattia, kozats'koho rodu. And we'll show that we, brothers, are of the Cossack nation. Stanem brattia, v biy kryvavy, vid Sianu do Dony We'll stand together for freedom, from the Sian to the Don, V ridnim kraiu panuvaty ne damo ni komy. We will not allow others to rule in our motherland. Chorne more shche vsmikhnetsia, did Dnipro zradiie, The Black Sea will smile and grandfather Dnipro will rejoice, Shche na nashiy Ukrayini dolen'ka naspiie. For in our own Ukraine fortune shall flourish again. Dushu y tilo my polozhym za nashu svobodu We'll lay down our souls and bodies to attain our freedom, I pokazhem, shcho my, brattia, kozats'koho rodu. And we'll show that we, brothers, are of the Cossack nation. A zavziatta pratsia shchyra svoho shche dokazhe, Our persistence and our sincere toils will be rewarded, Shche sia voli v Ukrayini pisn' huchna rozliazhe. And freedom's song will resound throughout all of Ukraine. Za Karpaty vidibiet'tsia z-homonyt' stepamy, Echoing off the Carpathians, and rumbling across the steppes, Ukrayiny slava stane pomizh narodamy. Ukraine's fame and glory will be known among all nations.
  • CONSTITUTION - 1996  The Verkhovna Rada adopted the Constitution on June 28, 1996.  The Constitution establishes the country's political system, assures rights, freedoms and duties of citizens and is the basis for its laws.  Citizens have equal Constitutional rights and freedoms and are equal before the law. There are no privileges or The Ukrainian Constitution restrictions based upon: guarantees:  religion  The rights for life, work, rest, education  face  Social security, housing,  gender  Personal and dwelling inviolability  color of skin  Non-interference in private, family life  political and other beliefs  ethnic and social origin  Free choice of residence  ownership  Health protection, medical care/insurance  position  Legal assistance  place of residence  The safe and healthy environment  language
  • THREE BRANCHES OF STATE POWER Legislative Executive Judicial Verkhovna Rada The President Constitutional Court Cabinet of Ministers Superior Justice Council Courts of General Jurisdiction
  • LEGISLATIVE POWER - VERKHOVNA RADA Speaker  Mixed majority-proportional elections 2 Vice-Speakers  Total of 450 deputies  225 from majority-based districts  225 based on political parties lists  4% barrier for political parties Secretariat  226 votes to pass the law  300 votes to change the Constitution  300 votes to force the vetoed law  Elections 2006  Proportional system only Committees  3% barrier for political parties
  • EXECUTIVE POWER  Verkhovna Rada consents with 226 votes President  Prime Minister proposes Ministers Prime-minister  President approves Ministers  Prime Minister reports to the parliament Ministers and Ministries  Cabinet of Ministers:  Issues decrees and regulations State Committees  Proposes and executes state budget
  • JUDICIAL POWER Constitutional Court  Interprets the Constitution of Ukraine  Validates the laws against the Constitution  the Supreme Court of Ukraine Courts of General Jurisdiction  highest specialized courts  the Cassation Court of Ukraine  the Appellate Court of Ukraine  local courts  Proposes judges for appointment/dismissal Superior Justice Council  Controls the formation of corps of judges  Examines cases involving unjust judging
  • TRANSPORTATION FOR BUSINESS 4 of 10 European transport corridors run through Ukraine Dense network of:  273 700 km of highways  22 510 km of railways  4 500 km of water ways  42 900 km of pipelines  250 000 km of air routes
  • NATURAL RESOURCES  25% of the world black topsoil  5% of the world mineral resources  largest in the world mineral wax & brimstone  greatest in Europe graphite deposits ECONOMICS STRUCTURE The monetary unit Industry Agriculture Construction Services of the present-day Ukraine is 31% HRYIVNYA 53% 13% 3% % of GDP
  • ECONOMICS AND PRODUCTION Ukraine used to be  the first in Europe in iron ore extraction,  the second - in coal mining and  the third - in producing electric energy.  The country has great capacities to produce its own rockets, planes and sea vessels (ships)
  • AGRICULTURE The Ukrainian chernozems are famous for their productivity and they are the biggest treasure of the Ukrainian land. 25% of the world’s black rich soils are in Ukraine. Ukraine has about 30 thousand hectars of land after cultivation. Grain production used to be almost 1 ton per person. Ukraine used to produce 100 kg of sugar per person (France - 65, Germany - 60, USA - 25). Annual meat production used to amount to 70 kg per person (USA - 120, Hungary - 160, Germany - 95, Poland - 75).
  • MULTI-LEVEL EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM Doctor of Science Scientific levels Candidate of Science (Ph.D.) Master of Science Basic Higher Education Specialist Bachelor First Higher Education Level Junior Specialist Obligatory Education Level Secondary School (Elementary, Middle, High)
  • National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv
  • National University of “Kyiv Mohyla Academy”
  • Petro Mohyla Mykolayiv State University in consortium with “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”
  • PROMINENT UKRAINIAN SCIENTISTS Associated with the Academy are the names of many outstanding scientists, among them:  physicist and mathematician M.Boholiubov,  biologist M.Kashchenko,  archaeologist and ethnographer M.Biliashivsky. World-reputed schools appeared headed by:  D.Hrave (algebra),  M.Krylov (mathematical physics),  Y.Paton (electric welding and bridge construction),  L.Pysarzhevsky (chemistry),  O.Dynnyk (mechanics) and many others. Hlushkov Vernadsky Amosov (1923 – 1982) (1863 - 1945) (1913 - 2002)
  • Yuriy Kondratyuk G. Charpak, Physicist Inventor, space-scientist Nobel Prize Laureate Mykhailo Ostrogradsky Igor Sikorsky, Aircraft Designer Mathematician Helicopter’s Inventor
  • KYIV, THE CAPITAL Also known as  Center of Slavic culture  Mother of all Rus cities  Majestic  City of Gardens Founded over 1.5 ml. years ago Looks both ancient & young Come to see  UNESCO World Heritage sites  Millennia-old monasteries  Medieval fortifications
  • LEGEND ABOUT KYIV  There is an old legend which tells of three brothers who found Kyiv (also known as Kiev) at the end of the fifth century.  The brothers Kiy, Khoriv, and Shchek, along with their sister, Lybid, decided to name this newly founded land "Kyiv," after their elder brother.
  • SIGHTS OF KYIV There are a lot of historical and cultural places, public libraries and state museums:  Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra  St. Sophia’s Cathedral  The Golden Gate  The monuments to T. Shevchenko, the great poet of Ukraine, to Bogdan Khmelnitsky and Prince Volodymyr Ukrainian books are exported to 100 countries.
  • HRESCHATIK - KYIV MAIN STREET
  • ST. SOPHIA’S CATHEDRAL MICHAILOVSKIY GOLD-DOMED MONASTERY
  • ANDRIIVSKA CHURCH THE GOLDEN GATE
  • THE USPENSKYI CATHEDRAL ST. PANTELEIMON’S CATHEDRAL
  • PUPPET THEATRE IN MARIINSKIY PARK DOMES OF THE 11TH-CENTURY MONASTERY OF MIHAYLOVSKIY CATHEDRAL CAVES, KYIV, UKRAINE
  • The Kyiv Philharmonic concert hall, a THE KYIV PHILHARMONIC 19th century church with a fine organ, and the opera have a scheduled program of concerts, including concerts by the Odessa Philharmonic Orchestra. CONCERT HALL THE PRINCESS (KNJAGYNJA) OLGA MONUMENT
  • THE RAILWAY STATION AND THE INDEPENDENCE SQUARE IN KYIV
  • CONCERT HALL UKRAINE THE BANKOVA STREET
  • UKRAINIAN NATIONAL HOLIDAYS  January 1  New Year  January 7  Orthodox Christmas  March 8  Women's Day  April – May  Easter Sunday  May 1-2  A day off for the workers  May 9  Victory Day  May – June  Trinity  June 28  Constitution Day  August 24  Independence Day
  • UKRAINIAN COSTUMES UKRAINIAN AND TRADITIONS EMBROIDERED RUSHNYK PISANKA – ATTRIBUTE OF THE EASTER THE MONUMENT TO PISANKA KOLOMYJA
  • MAGNIFICENT UKRAINIAN CUSTOMS Andrij’s Holiday - Cossacks Amusements Ask Marriage Tradition if yes  embroidered rushnyk Ivana Kupala - fortune(-)telling, jumping If no  pumpkin through the fire Seeking the fern’s flower – for fortune!!!
  • UKRAINIAN CHRISTMAS  Kolyadki – Traditional Songs  Vertep – Dress-up People  12 traditional dishes on the table
  • SOME OF THE MOST COMMON WORDS AND PHRASES IN UKRAINIAN Hello - (Вітаю) - (vi-TA-yu) Days of the week Goodbye - До побачення - (do po-BA-chennia) Monday - Понеділок - (pone-DI-lok) Please - Будь ласкa - (bud' LAS-ka) Tuesday - Вівторок - (viv-TO-rok) You're -welcome -Прошу (PRO-shu) Wednesday - Cepeдa - (sere-DA) Thank you - Дякую - (DIA-kuyu) Thursday - Четвер - (chet-VER) Excuse me - Вибачте - (VY-bachte) Friday - П'ятниця -(PYAT-nytsia) Yes - TaK - (tak) Saturday – Cyбoтa - (su-BO-ta) No - Hi - (ni) Sunday -Неділя -(ne-DI-lia) Enjoy your meal - Смачного - (Smach-NO-ho) Numbers Cheers! - Будьмо - (BUD'-mo) 1- один (o-DYN) One beer, please! - Одне пиво, будь ласка - 2- двa (dva) (od-NE PY-vo bud' LAS-ka) 3- три (try) 4- чотири (cho-TY-ry) 5- п'ять (pyat') 6- шість (shist') 7- cім (sim) 8- вісім (VI-sim) 9- дев'ять (DE-vyat) 10- десять (DE-syat) 100- CTO (Sto) 1000- тисяча (TY-sya-cha) Famous Ukrainian meal - Borsch
  • MYKOLAYIV  The Museum of Regional Studies  The Art Museum,  The Museum of Shipbuilding,  The Theatre of Russian Drama,  The Ukrainian Music Theatre,  The Puppet Theatre and many historical monuments.
  • THE MAIN PROSPECT IN MYKOLAYIV THE BRIDGE THROUGH PIVDENNYI BUG RIVER THE RIVER PIVDENNYI BUG LANDSCAPES THE ONE OF THE CHURCH IN MYKOLAYIV MYKOLAYIV LANDSCAPES
  • UKRAINE AWAITS FOR YOU! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cSva_HCBN6k&feature=related