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Sameer Verma, Ph.D. Professor Information Systems Department San Francisco State University San Francisco, CA 94132 USA [e...
Classic MIS Pyramid http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_systems_%28discipline%29
The Internet
Can information flow like water? http://ltse.env.duke.edu/files/ltse/images/India%20Persian%20wheel%20irrigation%20Ganges%...
Power battery http://www.flickr.com/photos/jommev/393200096/
A water “battery” http://www.flickr.com/photos/easyecoblog/4304158871/
Can we build information batteries?
~ 70% unconnected http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm
Viva La Revolución Can we spark a paradigm shift by providing equitable access to information all over the world?
Somebody is finally thinking of the children! To create educational opportunities for the world's poorest children by prov...
Multiple hats... Disclaimer: I  do not  work for OLPC.  I am only a volunteer!
in the beginning...
Must. Have. Laptop. (July 2007)
Give 1 Get 1 – Nov 2007
Next thing I know... De facto  founder of OLPC San Francisco http://olpcsf.org
Then I run into this guy... Click here to learn more...
Next thing I know... De facto  founder of OLPC Jamaica! http://olpcjamaica.org.jm
A tremendous “Thank you!” to the UWI community for making this happen.  http://olpcjamaica.org.jm   Providence Basic Schoo...
OLPC
Mission OLPC's mission is to empower the world's poorest children through education We aim to provide each child with a ru...
Worldwide 40+ countries, 30+ languages,  2.2+ million laptops, 350+ applications
Where no computers have gone before...
School Galadima, Abuja City, Nigeria  See  http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Galadima
Samkha village located in the suburbs of northern Thailand See  http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Thailand/Ban_Samkha
Khairat school is India's pilot site. See  http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_India
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Ulaanbaatar
Ethopia http://www.reactivated.net/weblog/archives/2008/10/olpc-ethiopia-updates/
Ghana http://www.flickr.com/photos/olpc/2921143251/
Cameroon http://www.flickr.com/photos/olpc/3110907018/in/set-72157611290673682/
Afghanistan refugee camp, Pakistan  http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Pakistan/Atlas_School
Colombia http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Colombia
Peru http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Peru
Rwanda http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Rwanda
Iraq http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Iraq
Haiti http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Haiti
Solomon Islands http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Solomon_Islands
Nepal  http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Nepal
Uruguay: Every primary school child has an XO. http://olpc-ceibal.blogspot.com/
postage stamps too!
2.2 million XO laptops and counting  See Google Maps   Deployments worldwide Also see:  http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Property...
A glimpse... Deployments
India http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Khairat_school
Resident artist!
Khairat school is India's first pilot site. See  http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_India
Khairat school is India's pilot site. See  http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_India
Khairat Photos http://www.zooomr.com/photos/sameerverma/sets/40064/
Bhagmalpur project <ul><li>Location: </li><ul><ul><li>Village: Bhagmalpur
District: Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh
Railway Station: Shahganj
Bus Stop: Banuwadeeh </li></ul></ul><li>School:  </li><ul><ul><li>Classes: 1 to 8 class
Children: 1087
Teachers: 11
Internet: none
Computers: none </li></ul></ul></ul>http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Bhagmalpur
What's a laptop?
Under a tree...
Bhagmalpur photos Bhagmalpur School http://www.zooomr.com/photos/sameerverma/sets/40063/   Bhagmalpur Village http://www.z...
Jamaica http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Jamaica
 
 
 
 
 
Maroantsetra, Madagascar http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Madagascar/Maroantsetra
 
Kandahar, Afghanistan
 
Keur Sadaro, Senegal http://www.extrasleepy.com/keursadaro.html
OLPC Headquarters  1 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Little green machines...
Cost Electricity Networks Content Languages Pedagogy Age Security Theft Appropriateness ... The challenges
Cost US $140 at the factory My Lenovo Thinkpad cost me > US $2500
Electricity Non-traditional sources...
Yo Yo Charger http://www.potenco.com/products
Hand Crank Charger http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Peripherals/Hand_Crank
Pedal power OLPC Afghanistan  http://www.olpc.af/images/HPM/dscf1324.jpg
Solar Panel http://www.flickr.com/photos/ahlness/2850027972/sizes/o/in/set-72157603501402908/
Moo power... http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Cow_Power
Networks Offline Moodle Rise of the Sneakernets WWWOFFLE
Content Open content standards (SCORM, IMS-CP) Creative Commons Offline Wikipedia 1.6 million books from the Internet Arch...
Language Diversity <ul><li>India: 28 states and 7 union territories </li><ul><li>The Constitution of India recognizes 22 l...
Languages Afrikaans, Albanian, Amharic, Arabic, Arabic (Syrian Arab Republic), Armenian, Aymara, Basque, Bengali, Bengali ...
Pedagogy Constructivism, Constructionism. Same difference? See  http://www.sugarlabs.org/  for more.
FOSS: Free and Open Source <ul><li>When the project started FOSS was the only option that was flexible enough for this pro...
No vendor lock-in on formats
No royalties on redistribution
No discrimination based on fields of endeavor
Scalable global model for software and content
Encourages a shared resources approach
Software methodologies lead to collaborative content creation.  </li></ul>
Tools of Expression <ul><li>The laptop is a &quot;thing to think with&quot;
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Upsetting the Information Pyramid

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Transcript of "Upsetting the Information Pyramid"

  1. 1. Sameer Verma, Ph.D. Professor Information Systems Department San Francisco State University San Francisco, CA 94132 USA [email_address] http://verma.sfsu.edu Seminar, CB MIS Program University of the West Indies, Jamaica Creative commons license http://creativecommons.org/ One Laptop per Child: Upsetting the Information Pyramid hello! Unless noted otherwise
  2. 2. Classic MIS Pyramid http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_systems_%28discipline%29
  3. 3. The Internet
  4. 4. Can information flow like water? http://ltse.env.duke.edu/files/ltse/images/India%20Persian%20wheel%20irrigation%20Ganges%20Plain.jpg
  5. 5. Power battery http://www.flickr.com/photos/jommev/393200096/
  6. 6. A water “battery” http://www.flickr.com/photos/easyecoblog/4304158871/
  7. 7. Can we build information batteries?
  8. 8. ~ 70% unconnected http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm
  9. 9. Viva La Revolución Can we spark a paradigm shift by providing equitable access to information all over the world?
  10. 10. Somebody is finally thinking of the children! To create educational opportunities for the world's poorest children by providing each child with a rugged, low-cost, low-power, connected laptop with content and software designed for collaborative, joyful, self-empowered learning. — OLPC Mission Statement,  It's an education project, not a laptop project. — Nicholas Negroponte  
  11. 11. Multiple hats... Disclaimer: I do not work for OLPC. I am only a volunteer!
  12. 12. in the beginning...
  13. 13. Must. Have. Laptop. (July 2007)
  14. 14. Give 1 Get 1 – Nov 2007
  15. 15. Next thing I know... De facto founder of OLPC San Francisco http://olpcsf.org
  16. 16. Then I run into this guy... Click here to learn more...
  17. 17. Next thing I know... De facto founder of OLPC Jamaica! http://olpcjamaica.org.jm
  18. 18. A tremendous “Thank you!” to the UWI community for making this happen. http://olpcjamaica.org.jm Providence Basic School, Kingston, Jamaica August Town Primary School, August Town, Jamaica
  19. 19. OLPC
  20. 20. Mission OLPC's mission is to empower the world's poorest children through education We aim to provide each child with a rugged, low-cost, low-power, connected laptop. To this end, we have designed hardware, content and software for collaborative, joyful, and self-empowered learning. With access to this type of tool, children are engaged in their own education, and learn, share, and create together. They become connected to each other, to the world and to a brighter future.
  21. 21. Worldwide 40+ countries, 30+ languages, 2.2+ million laptops, 350+ applications
  22. 22. Where no computers have gone before...
  23. 23. School Galadima, Abuja City, Nigeria See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Galadima
  24. 24. Samkha village located in the suburbs of northern Thailand See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Thailand/Ban_Samkha
  25. 25. Khairat school is India's pilot site. See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_India
  26. 26. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Ulaanbaatar
  27. 27. Ethopia http://www.reactivated.net/weblog/archives/2008/10/olpc-ethiopia-updates/
  28. 28. Ghana http://www.flickr.com/photos/olpc/2921143251/
  29. 29. Cameroon http://www.flickr.com/photos/olpc/3110907018/in/set-72157611290673682/
  30. 30. Afghanistan refugee camp, Pakistan http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Pakistan/Atlas_School
  31. 31. Colombia http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Colombia
  32. 32. Peru http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Peru
  33. 33. Rwanda http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Rwanda
  34. 34. Iraq http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Iraq
  35. 35. Haiti http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Haiti
  36. 36. Solomon Islands http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Solomon_Islands
  37. 37. Nepal http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Nepal
  38. 38. Uruguay: Every primary school child has an XO. http://olpc-ceibal.blogspot.com/
  39. 39. postage stamps too!
  40. 40. 2.2 million XO laptops and counting See Google Maps Deployments worldwide Also see: http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Property:Number_of_manufactured_laptops
  41. 41. A glimpse... Deployments
  42. 42. India http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Khairat_school
  43. 43. Resident artist!
  44. 44. Khairat school is India's first pilot site. See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_India
  45. 45. Khairat school is India's pilot site. See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_India
  46. 46. Khairat Photos http://www.zooomr.com/photos/sameerverma/sets/40064/
  47. 47. Bhagmalpur project <ul><li>Location: </li><ul><ul><li>Village: Bhagmalpur
  48. 48. District: Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh
  49. 49. Railway Station: Shahganj
  50. 50. Bus Stop: Banuwadeeh </li></ul></ul><li>School: </li><ul><ul><li>Classes: 1 to 8 class
  51. 51. Children: 1087
  52. 52. Teachers: 11
  53. 53. Internet: none
  54. 54. Computers: none </li></ul></ul></ul>http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Bhagmalpur
  55. 55. What's a laptop?
  56. 56. Under a tree...
  57. 57. Bhagmalpur photos Bhagmalpur School http://www.zooomr.com/photos/sameerverma/sets/40063/ Bhagmalpur Village http://www.zooomr.com/photos/sameerverma/sets/40075/
  58. 58. Jamaica http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Jamaica
  59. 64. Maroantsetra, Madagascar http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Madagascar/Maroantsetra
  60. 66. Kandahar, Afghanistan
  61. 68. Keur Sadaro, Senegal http://www.extrasleepy.com/keursadaro.html
  62. 69. OLPC Headquarters 1 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  63. 70. Little green machines...
  64. 71. Cost Electricity Networks Content Languages Pedagogy Age Security Theft Appropriateness ... The challenges
  65. 72. Cost US $140 at the factory My Lenovo Thinkpad cost me > US $2500
  66. 73. Electricity Non-traditional sources...
  67. 74. Yo Yo Charger http://www.potenco.com/products
  68. 75. Hand Crank Charger http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Peripherals/Hand_Crank
  69. 76. Pedal power OLPC Afghanistan http://www.olpc.af/images/HPM/dscf1324.jpg
  70. 77. Solar Panel http://www.flickr.com/photos/ahlness/2850027972/sizes/o/in/set-72157603501402908/
  71. 78. Moo power... http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Cow_Power
  72. 79. Networks Offline Moodle Rise of the Sneakernets WWWOFFLE
  73. 80. Content Open content standards (SCORM, IMS-CP) Creative Commons Offline Wikipedia 1.6 million books from the Internet Archive
  74. 81. Language Diversity <ul><li>India: 28 states and 7 union territories </li><ul><li>The Constitution of India recognizes 22 languages </li></ul></ul>1. Assamese 2. Bengali 3. Bodo 4. Dogri 5. Gujarati 6. Hindi 7. Kannada 8. Kashmiri 9. Konkani 10. Maithili 11. Malayalam 12. Manipuri 13. Marathi 14. Nepali 15. Oriya 16. Punjabi 17. Sanskrit 18. Santhali 19. Sindhi 20. Tamil 21. Telugu 22. Urdu
  75. 82. Languages Afrikaans, Albanian, Amharic, Arabic, Arabic (Syrian Arab Republic), Armenian, Aymara, Basque, Bengali, Bengali (India), Bislama, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese (China), Chinese (Hong Kong), Chinese (Taiwan), Crioulo, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dari, Dutch, Dzongkha, English, English (South Africa), English (US), English (United Kingdom), Estonian, Filipino, Finnish, French, French (Canada), Friulian, Fula, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Gujarati, Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Igbo, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Khmer, Kinyarwanda, Korean, Kosraean (Kusaiean), Macedonian, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Marathi, Marovo, Mongolian, Moorish, Nauruan, Nepali, Norwegian, Norwegian Bokmal, Papiamento, Papua New Guinea Pidgin (Tok Pisin), Pashto, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (Brazil), Punjabi, Quechua, Romanian, Russian, Samoan, Serbian, Sindhi, Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Solomon Islands Pidgin, Sotho, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Tongan, Turkish, Tuvaluan, Tzotzil, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Vietnamese, Walloon, Wolof, Yoruba Tutorial: http://opensource.sfsu.edu/node/452 Translate: http://translate.sugarlabs.org/ 100+ languages
  76. 83. Pedagogy Constructivism, Constructionism. Same difference? See http://www.sugarlabs.org/ for more.
  77. 84. FOSS: Free and Open Source <ul><li>When the project started FOSS was the only option that was flexible enough for this project
  78. 85. No vendor lock-in on formats
  79. 86. No royalties on redistribution
  80. 87. No discrimination based on fields of endeavor
  81. 88. Scalable global model for software and content
  82. 89. Encourages a shared resources approach
  83. 90. Software methodologies lead to collaborative content creation. </li></ul>
  84. 91. Tools of Expression <ul><li>The laptop is a &quot;thing to think with&quot;
  85. 92. Principle of &quot;learning through doing&quot;
  86. 93. Constructivist learning </li><ul><li>http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Constructivism
  87. 94. Seymour Papert (constructionism)
  88. 95. Lego Mindstroms </li></ul></ul>http://www.gizmowatch.com/entry/lego-mindstorms-nxt-robot-tailored-to-solve-sudoku-puzzles/
  89. 96. school...to go
  90. 97. Educational device or trojan horse? Surprise! Its a REAL computer. It can do REAL computer things!
  91. 98. Laptop can also be a: <ul><li>Phone (Voice over IP)
  92. 99. Healthcare monitor (O 2 , pulse sensors)
  93. 100. Micro-finance platform </li><ul><li>Record yield, income, loans, payments, etc. </li></ul><li>Anthropological documentation platform </li><ul><li>Family tree
  94. 101. Photos, birth/death records. </li></ul></ul>http://blog.laptop.org/2009/04/08/low-cost-heart-rate-monitor/
  95. 102. OLPC XO Speaker Rotate screen Keyboard Mouse pad Microphone Antenna Camera Gamepad Power Battery USB
  96. 103. water “battery” information “battery”
  97. 104. XS: OLPC School Server The Internet in a Box
  98. 105. School environment Manage content Manage access Manage assessment
  99. 106. School Server
  100. 107. http://olpcmap.net
  101. 108. Mailing lists <ul><li>Educators </li><ul><li>http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/educators </li></ul><li>Software Developers </li><ul><li>General development </li><ul><li>http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/devel </li></ul><li>Sugar UI </li><ul><li>http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/sugar </li></ul></ul></ul>All mailing lists are at http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/
  102. 109. Community lists <ul><li>Everyone </li><ul><li>http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/grassroots
  103. 110. http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/olpc-open </li></ul><li>OLPC San Francisco </li><ul><li>http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/olpc-sf </li></ul></ul>
  104. 112. Slides made with the “free stuff” http://libreoffice.org
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