Upsetting the Information Pyramid
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Upsetting the Information Pyramid



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Upsetting the Information Pyramid Upsetting the Information Pyramid Presentation Transcript

  • Sameer Verma, Ph.D. Professor Information Systems Department San Francisco State University San Francisco, CA 94132 USA [email_address] Seminar, CB MIS Program University of the West Indies, Jamaica Creative commons license One Laptop per Child: Upsetting the Information Pyramid hello! Unless noted otherwise
  • Classic MIS Pyramid
  • The Internet
  • Can information flow like water?
  • Power battery
  • A water “battery”
  • Can we build information batteries?
  • ~ 70% unconnected
  • Viva La Revolución Can we spark a paradigm shift by providing equitable access to information all over the world?
  • Somebody is finally thinking of the children! To create educational opportunities for the world's poorest children by providing each child with a rugged, low-cost, low-power, connected laptop with content and software designed for collaborative, joyful, self-empowered learning. — OLPC Mission Statement,  It's an education project, not a laptop project. — Nicholas Negroponte  
  • Multiple hats... Disclaimer: I do not work for OLPC. I am only a volunteer!
  • in the beginning...
  • Must. Have. Laptop. (July 2007)
  • Give 1 Get 1 – Nov 2007
  • Next thing I know... De facto founder of OLPC San Francisco
  • Then I run into this guy... Click here to learn more...
  • Next thing I know... De facto founder of OLPC Jamaica!
  • A tremendous “Thank you!” to the UWI community for making this happen. Providence Basic School, Kingston, Jamaica August Town Primary School, August Town, Jamaica
  • OLPC
  • Mission OLPC's mission is to empower the world's poorest children through education We aim to provide each child with a rugged, low-cost, low-power, connected laptop. To this end, we have designed hardware, content and software for collaborative, joyful, and self-empowered learning. With access to this type of tool, children are engaged in their own education, and learn, share, and create together. They become connected to each other, to the world and to a brighter future.
  • Worldwide 40+ countries, 30+ languages, 2.2+ million laptops, 350+ applications
  • Where no computers have gone before...
  • School Galadima, Abuja City, Nigeria See
  • Samkha village located in the suburbs of northern Thailand See
  • Khairat school is India's pilot site. See
  • Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Ethopia
  • Ghana
  • Cameroon
  • Afghanistan refugee camp, Pakistan
  • Colombia
  • Peru
  • Rwanda
  • Iraq
  • Haiti
  • Solomon Islands
  • Nepal
  • Uruguay: Every primary school child has an XO.
  • postage stamps too!
  • 2.2 million XO laptops and counting See Google Maps Deployments worldwide Also see:
  • A glimpse... Deployments
  • India
  • Resident artist!
  • Khairat school is India's first pilot site. See
  • Khairat school is India's pilot site. See
  • Khairat Photos
  • Bhagmalpur project
    • Location:
        • Village: Bhagmalpur
        • District: Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh
        • Railway Station: Shahganj
        • Bus Stop: Banuwadeeh
    • School:
        • Classes: 1 to 8 class
        • Children: 1087
        • Teachers: 11
        • Internet: none
        • Computers: none
  • What's a laptop?
  • Under a tree...
  • Bhagmalpur photos Bhagmalpur School Bhagmalpur Village
  • Jamaica
  • Maroantsetra, Madagascar
  • Kandahar, Afghanistan
  • Keur Sadaro, Senegal
  • OLPC Headquarters 1 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Little green machines...
  • Cost Electricity Networks Content Languages Pedagogy Age Security Theft Appropriateness ... The challenges
  • Cost US $140 at the factory My Lenovo Thinkpad cost me > US $2500
  • Electricity Non-traditional sources...
  • Yo Yo Charger
  • Hand Crank Charger
  • Pedal power OLPC Afghanistan
  • Solar Panel
  • Moo power...
  • Networks Offline Moodle Rise of the Sneakernets WWWOFFLE
  • Content Open content standards (SCORM, IMS-CP) Creative Commons Offline Wikipedia 1.6 million books from the Internet Archive
  • Language Diversity
    • India: 28 states and 7 union territories
      • The Constitution of India recognizes 22 languages
    1. Assamese 2. Bengali 3. Bodo 4. Dogri 5. Gujarati 6. Hindi 7. Kannada 8. Kashmiri 9. Konkani 10. Maithili 11. Malayalam 12. Manipuri 13. Marathi 14. Nepali 15. Oriya 16. Punjabi 17. Sanskrit 18. Santhali 19. Sindhi 20. Tamil 21. Telugu 22. Urdu
  • Languages Afrikaans, Albanian, Amharic, Arabic, Arabic (Syrian Arab Republic), Armenian, Aymara, Basque, Bengali, Bengali (India), Bislama, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese (China), Chinese (Hong Kong), Chinese (Taiwan), Crioulo, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dari, Dutch, Dzongkha, English, English (South Africa), English (US), English (United Kingdom), Estonian, Filipino, Finnish, French, French (Canada), Friulian, Fula, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Gujarati, Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Igbo, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Khmer, Kinyarwanda, Korean, Kosraean (Kusaiean), Macedonian, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Marathi, Marovo, Mongolian, Moorish, Nauruan, Nepali, Norwegian, Norwegian Bokmal, Papiamento, Papua New Guinea Pidgin (Tok Pisin), Pashto, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (Brazil), Punjabi, Quechua, Romanian, Russian, Samoan, Serbian, Sindhi, Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Solomon Islands Pidgin, Sotho, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Tongan, Turkish, Tuvaluan, Tzotzil, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Vietnamese, Walloon, Wolof, Yoruba Tutorial: Translate: 100+ languages
  • Pedagogy Constructivism, Constructionism. Same difference? See for more.
  • FOSS: Free and Open Source
    • When the project started FOSS was the only option that was flexible enough for this project
    • No vendor lock-in on formats
    • No royalties on redistribution
    • No discrimination based on fields of endeavor
    • Scalable global model for software and content
    • Encourages a shared resources approach
    • Software methodologies lead to collaborative content creation.
  • Tools of Expression
    • The laptop is a "thing to think with"
    • Principle of "learning through doing"
    • Constructivist learning
      • Seymour Papert (constructionism)
      • Lego Mindstroms
  • go
  • Educational device or trojan horse? Surprise! Its a REAL computer. It can do REAL computer things!
  • Laptop can also be a:
    • Phone (Voice over IP)
    • Healthcare monitor (O 2 , pulse sensors)
    • Micro-finance platform
      • Record yield, income, loans, payments, etc.
    • Anthropological documentation platform
      • Family tree
      • Photos, birth/death records.
  • OLPC XO Speaker Rotate screen Keyboard Mouse pad Microphone Antenna Camera Gamepad Power Battery USB
  • water “battery” information “battery”
  • XS: OLPC School Server The Internet in a Box
  • School environment Manage content Manage access Manage assessment
  • School Server
  • Mailing lists
    • Educators
    • Software Developers
      • General development
      • Sugar UI
    All mailing lists are at
  • Community lists
    • Everyone
    • OLPC San Francisco
  • Slides made with the “free stuff”