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Thou Shalt not Print: Why Software Freedom Matters
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Thou Shalt not Print: Why Software Freedom Matters


Seminar, Dr. Lila Rao-Graham's CB MIS class, UWI, Mona campus, Jamaica

Seminar, Dr. Lila Rao-Graham's CB MIS class, UWI, Mona campus, Jamaica

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  • 1. thou shalt not print Why Software Freedom Matters Sameer Verma, Ph.D. Professor Information Systems Department San Francisco State University San Francisco, California [email_address] Seminar in Dr. Lila Rao-Graham's MIS course Mona School of Business, University of the West Indies, Jamaica -- forbidden fruit , book of Jobs
  • 2. The iPad cannot print
    • May 2010. The iPad cannot print
    • 3. Cannot print or will not print?
    • 4. Who gets to decide?
  • 5. A clever hack!
  • 6. Defective by design
    • Planned obsolescence
    • 7.
  • 8. Once upon a time...
  • 9. GNU Project
    • GNU = GNU's not Unix
      • recursive acronym
    • Started by Richard M. Stallman in 1985
  • 10. Free Software Foundation The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization based in Boston, MA, USA. We rely on support from individuals like you to carry out our worldwide mission to preserve, protect and promote the freedom to use, study, copy, modify, and redistribute computer software, and to defend the rights of all free software users.
  • 11. GNU General Public License
    • V1 - 1989
    • 12. V2 - 1991
    • 13. V3 – 2007
    • 14. Most widely used FOSS License
    • 15. FSF is the keeper of GPL
  • 16. What does “Free” mean?
    • Free as in Freedom or Free as in Beer?
    • 17. Free implies “zero cost”
    • 18. Free implies “liberty”
  • 19. Stallman's Four Freedoms
    • Freedom 0: The freedom to run the program, for any purpose.
    • 20. Freedom 1: The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs.
    • 21. Freedom 2: The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor.
    • 22. Freedom 3: The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits.
  • 23. Open Source Initiative
    • Created in 1998 to counter the confusion around the term “free”.“Free” is not business friendly.
    • 24. Open Source – simply put, the source code is open.
    • 25. First meeting
      • Eric Raymond, Bruce Perens, Larry Augustin, Jon “maddog” Hall, Christine Peterson, Todd Anderson, Sam Ockman, Michael Tiemann.
      • 26. Christine Peterson suggested “open source”.
  • 27. The Open Source Definition 1. Free Redistribution 2. Source Code 3. Derived Works 4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code 5. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups 6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor 7. Distribution of License 8. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product 9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software 10. License Must Be Technology-Neutral
  • 28. GPL Family - reciprocation
    • GNU General Public License or GPL
    • 29. Lesser GPL, sometimes also referred to as Library GPL
    • 30. GNU Free Documentation License or GFDL
  • 31. BSD family - academic
    • Sourced from AT&T Unix
    • 32. Heavily modified by UC Berkeley. Therefore called Berkeley Software Distribution.
      • See history at
    • Gave rise to many Unices, including Solaris, MacOSX, OpenBSD, FreeBSD, NetBSD etc.
    • 33. Have their own licenses.
  • 34. So, which is it?
    • Free/Libr é Open Source Software (FLOSS)
    • 35. Free Software (FS)
    • 36. Open Source Software (OSS)
    • 37. Free and Open Source Software (FOSS)
    • 38. Varies by geography
    • 39. Used interchangeably
    • 40. What really matters is the license!
  • 41. Licenses
    • Complete list of FSF licenses
    • Complete list of OSI Licenses
  • 42. Creative Commons
    • Creative Commons is analogous to FOSS except that they create licenses for content and not code.
    • Listen to this (a capella):
    • Then listen to this (nicely remixed under a CC license):
    • Creativity grows and flows when allowed to mingle.
  • 43. FOSS: Use anywhere OS Platform Object code Source code
  • 49. Who uses FOSS
    • Google, HP, Intel, Oracle, IBM, Amazon, Facebook, Twitter, Wikipedia, Internet Archive...and yes, Apple and Microsoft as well!
  • 50. Who uses FOSS
    • UWI Mona...
  • 51. Who uses FOSS Providence Basic School, Kingston, Jamaica August Town Primary School, August Town, Jamaica
  • 52. Who uses FOSS
    • ...and Lidia in the jungles of Peru.
  • 53. Learn more
  • 54. Explore
  • 55. Questions? Ask away!
  • 56. Made with the free stuff