One Laptop per Child and Sugar: Collaborative, Joyful and Self-empowered Learning

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The One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) project has had several beginnings. The idea has roots in the 60s. It gained momentum in the last 15 years. OLPC released the idea to the world in 2005, and its first …

The One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) project has had several beginnings. The idea has roots in the 60s. It gained momentum in the last 15 years. OLPC released the idea to the world in 2005, and its first product in 2007. A lot has changed since then. We'll look at an update on the projects, learning through robotics, assessment through learning analytics, offline mirco-clouds, HTML5 apps, Sugar on tablets and Raspberry Pi, and other new initiatives. In a world of cheap, Android-driven tablets, how does the idea of OLPC fit? What role does the Sugar learning platform continue to play inside and outside of OLPC? Help us grow the initiatives so that children of the world may continue to have a chance at collaborative, joyful, and self-empowered learning.

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  • 1. One Laptop per Child and Sugar: Collaborative, Joyful, and Self-empowered Learning Sameer Verma, Ph.D. Professor Information Systems Unless noted otherwise
  • 2. me @sameerverma
  • 3. Teach Computer Networks and Databases, Media Creation, Content Management and Delivery. Free and Open Source, Creative Commons, Licensing, Collaborative Methodologies. IT Strategy, Compliance, IT Audit, Governance, Identity Management.
  • 4. Research Diffusion and Adoption of Innovative Technologies
  • 5. Service The Commons Initiative at SF State
  • 6. OLPC San Francisco Afghanistan Armenia Haiti Honduras India Jamaica Madagascar Pakistan Philippines Senegal South Africa Uganda Tuva San Francisco
  • 7. I work directly with... Afghanistan Armenia Haiti Honduras India Jamaica Madagascar Pakistan Philippines Senegal South Africa Uganda Tuva San Francisco
  • 8. Bhagmalpur, India
  • 9. August Town, Jamaica
  • 10. Bulun Bazhy, Tuva
  • 11. OLPC
  • 12. Mission OLPC's mission is to empower the world's children through education We aim to provide each child with a rugged, low-cost, low-power, connected laptop. To this end, we have designed hardware, content and software for collaborative, joyful, and self-empowered learning. With access to this type of tool, children are engaged in their own education, and learn, share, and create together. They become connected to each other, to the world and to a brighter future.
  • 13. Worldwide 40+ countries, 30+ languages, 3 million laptops, 350+ applications
  • 14. Grounded in Education Built from the ground up, for one purpose
  • 15. Around the world...
  • 16. School Galadima, Abuja City, Nigeria See
  • 17. Samkha village located in the suburbs of northern Thailand See
  • 18. Khairat school is India's pilot site. See
  • 19. Mongolia. See
  • 20. Ethiopia See
  • 21. Afghanistan refugee camp, Pakistan
  • 22. Colombia. See
  • 23. Peru. See
  • 24. Rwanda. See
  • 25. Iraq. See
  • 26. Haiti. See
  • 27. Solomon Islands. See
  • 28. Nepal. See
  • 29. Uruguay. See
  • 30. Australia Australia. See
  • 31. West Bank, Palestine. UN Relief and Works Agency See
  • 32. Deployments worldwide ~ 3 million See Google Maps Also see:
  • 33. Seymour Papert
  • 34. 2005 Kofi Annan and Nicholas Negroponte, World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Tunis, Tunisia. Nov 16, 2005
  • 35. Mission and Principles Free and Open Source Software
  • 36. OLPC Partners
  • 37. OLPC Partners
  • 38. Memorandum of Understanding
  • 39. Research and Service
  • 40. Pilot Studies
  • 41. August Town Primary School
  • 42. Providence Basic School
  • 43. Mission House Basic School
  • 44. Moneague College
  • 45. Memorandum of Understanding
  • 46. Rural and Remote Bhagmalpur (भभागमलपपुर) village, District Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, India lat + long =
  • 47. On the Internet. First time ever. Circa 2008.
  • 48. Rural and Remote.
  • 49. Rural and Remote.
  • 50. 1300+ TED videos offline.
  • 51. Caste no bar.
  • 52. The State of Hardware XO-1 XO-1.5 XO-1.75 XO-4 x86 AMD Geode 433MHz x86 VIA 1GHz ARM Marvell Armada610 SoC 800MHz Single core ARM Marvell PXA2128 SoC 1GHz Multi-core Touch
  • 53. Hardware th 4 generation OLPC XO laptop Multi-core ARM Touchscreen Wi-Fi(n), Camera, Microphone, Sensors, Laptop/Tablet, USB, HDMI... Robust, built for a kid!
  • 54. Software, Content and Learning
  • 55. Sugar Learning Environment
  • 56. Word Processor
  • 57. Search for a Book
  • 58. Read a Book Text-to-speech can read highlighted parts of the book to the child
  • 59. Paint a Picture Done with a real paintbrush. No capacitive stylus required. Even a twig will do!
  • 60. Browse the Web
  • 61. Work with Sensors
  • 62. Simulate with Physics
  • 63. Telescope
  • 64. Magnifier
  • 65. Audio, Photo, Video
  • 66. Scratch and Lego Robots
  • 67. Abacus
  • 68. Music
  • 69. Geometry with TurtleArt
  • 70. Journal
  • 71. Desktop for Secondary Schools
  • 72. LibreOffice Productivity Suite
  • 73. GIMP graphics editor
  • 74. Languages Translate: Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Armenian, Aymara, Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Melayu, Basque, Bengali, Bengali (India), Bislama, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese (China), Chinese (Hong Kong), Chinese (Taiwan), Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dari, Dutch, Dzongkha, English, English (South African), English (US), Estonian, Filipino, Finnish, French, French (Canada), Friulian, Fula, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Igbo, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Khmer, Kinyarwanda, Korean, Kreyol, Macedonian, Malayalam, Maltese, Marathi, Marovo, Mongolian, Nauruan, Nepali, Norwegian, Norwegian Bokmål, Papiamento, Papua New Guinea Pidgin (Tok Pisin), Pashto, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (Brazil), Punjabi, Quechua, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sindhi, Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Solomon Islands Pidgin, Sotho, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Vietnamese, Walloon, Wolof, Yoruba Approx. 100+ languages
  • 75. Architecture beyond the XO Central management for orchestration, monitoring and analytics is done in the cloud. Micro-cloud appliance at school acts as a local mirror for content and management Laptop with child has some offline content. It works in school and can go home. Cloud Micro-Cloud
  • 76. Micro Cloud Appliance at the School Micro-Cloud Micro-cloud appliance at school acts as a local mirror for content and management. Several services such as backup/restore, caching, filtering, traffic management, and data metrics run seamlessly at the school. The appliance is a plug-and-play device. It can handle intermittent connectivity.
  • 77. Appliance? FitPC XO 1.75 in a briefcase! Jetway JBC372F36W-S
  • 78. Learning Management System Based on Moodle ( Runs at the micro-cloud at school and serves content even when offline.
  • 79. Digital library Based on Pathagar ( Runs at the micro-cloud at school and serves ebooks even when offline.
  • 80. Internet-in-a-Box Runs at the micro-cloud at school and serves Wikipedia, Maps, Khan Academy videos even when offline.
  • 81. Monitoring, Orchestration and Analytics
  • 82. Three levels of management Cloud (central management) Cloud Micro-Cloud At School (micro-cloud appliance) With the Child (Journal)
  • 83. Theft Deterrence
  • 84. Monitoring
  • 85. School micro-cloud orchestration Each school appliance is provisioned and managed by a central service running on Puppet Puppetlabs, Inc. - Server automation tool. - Express system configuration. - Client and server distributed model. At School Cloud
  • 86. Cloud-based Usage Analytics Dashboard (being developed at University of the West Indies, Jamaica) Cloud What happens at each school? ?
  • 87. Each child’s work is automatically stored in a Journal on her laptop
  • 88. Micro-Cloud This work is distilled into metrics at the school micro-cloud appliance
  • 89. Metrics from school appliances are synced with the cloud to generate analytics Micro-Cloud Micro-Cloud Micro-Cloud Cloud
  • 90. What happens when the Internet connection breaks or slows down? Micro-Cloud Micro-Cloud Cloud x x Micro-Cloud x
  • 91. We use “eventual consistency” (via CouchDB) to synchronize data between each school and the cloud. Micro-Cloud Micro-Cloud Micro-Cloud Cloud
  • 92. Analytics – Usage Frequency and Time of Day
  • 93. Analytics – Usage by Day of the Week
  • 94. Beyond OLPC
  • 95. Sugar on Linux Distributions ● Sweets for Ubuntu: – ● Debian: – ● Fedora: – ● Linux Mint: –
  • 96. VirtualBox
  • 97. Sugar on a Stick
  • 98. Sugar on Raspberry Pi
  • 99. Sugar on tablets ● ● Tricky! Sugar on Ubuntu Desktop (not Ubuntu Touch) for ARM running on a Nexus 7. ● X-org and GTK dependencies. ● Android?
  • 100. Sugar on the Web Works better in Chrome. GitHub:
  • 101. Apps Co-exist ● Sugar shell ● Activities in Python ● Activities in HTML5 + JavaScript + CSS
  • 102. Volunteers and Projects Find one in your neighborhood. Antarctica too!
  • 103. Imagine.