0
Exploring, Sharing, Reflecting, Learning

   One         Laptop                Per           Child




    Sameer Verma, P...
This presentation is made with
  OpenOffice.Org Impress.




  Its your intellectual property. Keep it open.

            ...
Outline



Introduction   Education   Laptop   Community
About myself
Disclaimer
●   I do not work for OLPC!
●   Volunteer, enthusiast, researcher,
    developer
    –   Interests
         ●  ...
Disruptive
●   OLPC: Excellent example of disruptive
    technology innovation
    –   Education: learning is student-driv...
Somebody is finally
  thinking of the
     children!
Education
●   Its an education project, not a laptop
    project.
    –   Nicholas Negroponte, Founder - OLPC
●   OLPC's G...
A different generation...
School Galadima, Abuja City, Nigeria
See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Galadima
Samkha village located in the suburbs of northern Thailand
See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Thailand/Ban_Samkha
Khairat school is India's pilot site.
See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_India
Khairat school is India's pilot site.
See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_India
Khairat school is India's pilot site.
See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_India
http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Ulaanbaatar
http://www.reactivated.net/weblog/archives/2008/10/olpc-ethiopia-updates/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/olpc/2921143251/
http://www.buzzmoo.com/?p=257
Deployments worldwide




http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Property:Number_of_manufactured_laptops
school...to go
Sugar: a different interface
http://laptopgiving.org/en/software-and-interface.php
Neighborhood   Group   Home   Journal
Sugar
●   Focus on activities, not applications
    –   “Write” a letter vs. “use” Microsoft Word
    –   Educational vs. ...
Activities
●   Write
     –   A simple word processor
●   Chat
     –   XMPP based. Same as Google Talk
●   Browse
     – ...
One forward, One right



                                    An interesting way to
                                   dra...
the XO laptop
XO Board
Laptop
●   7.5 inch diagonal screen at 1200x900
    (200 dpi)
    –   Sunlight readable!
●   Wi-Fi, USB, microphone, speak...
More laptop
●   Laptop, turned on its head
    –   All electronics are in the upper section,
        except the keyboard.
...
Yo Yo Charger




http://www.potenco.com/products
Hand Crank Charger




      http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Peripherals/Hand_Crank
Solar Panel

                                             5 Watt/14Volt panel




http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Product_News#S...
Green
●   Looks green, works
    green
    –   Fully recyclable
         ●   5 year life span
    –   Idle power
        c...
Power
●   Batteries that last 4x longer
    –   Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4)
    –   Currently at ~ 5hrs, final goal ~...
Mesh Networking
●   Mesh does not require central hub-like
    infrastructure
●   Wireless mesh works even when the CPU
  ...
No moving parts
●   No fans, no hard drive, nothing spins.
    –   1GB Flash + 256 MB RAM
    –   USB storage
    –   SD s...
Linux in the box




     Fedora 7 and 9 based builds

  Sugar runs on popular Linux distros
FOSS: Free and Open Source
●   When the project started FOSS was the
    only option that was flexible enough for
    this...
FOSS makes it happen
Languages

                                      Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Armenian,
                                   ...
Sugar Guidelines




http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Human_Interface_Guidelines
Activities, Not Applications
●   There are no software applications. The
    laptop focuses children around
    quot;activ...
Presence
●   Everyone has the potential for being both
    a learner and a teacher.
●   Employs a mesh network that
    in...
Tools of Expression
●   The laptop is a quot;thing to think withquot;
●   Principle of quot;learning through doingquot;
● ...
Journaling
●   The concept of the Journal, a written
    documentation of everyday events,
●   Journal metaphor for the fi...
What motivates me...
No XO?
●   Sugar has packages for most popular
    distros
●   Sugar Build System
    –   jhbuild:
        http://sugarlab...
How can you help?
●   Educators
    –   http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Educators
●   Translators
    –   http://wiki.laptop.org...
Contributor Program
●   OLPC Contributor Program is designed to
    get you a XO laptop in exchange for
    contribution. ...
SugarLabs
●   http://sugarlabs.org/
●   An effort to take Sugar to a wider
    audience
●   PCs
●   School labs
●   Laptop...
Mailing lists
●   Educators
    –   http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/educators
●   Software Developers
    –   General dev...
Community lists
●   Everyone
    –   http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/grassroots
    –   http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/...
OLPC and the community
●   Why community matters
    –   Local interest groups
         ●   IT sector, colleges, etc.
    ...
Bhagmalpur project
                   http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Bhagmalpur
●   Location:
       ●   Village: Bhagmalpur
  ...
free, open, creative, meritocratic, peer-
   reviewed, educational, innovative




                 you
free, open, creative, meritocratic, peer-
   reviewed, educational, innovative




            participate


             ...
You must be the change you wish to see in the world.
                             --mohandas k. gandhi
Coming soon...




 http://amazon.com/xo
Contact
OLPC Presentation For IEEE, Hyderabad and IIIT, Hyderabad
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  1. 1. Exploring, Sharing, Reflecting, Learning One Laptop Per Child Sameer Verma, Ph.D. Presentation: Associate Professor IEEE Computer Society Information Systems Department and IIIT San Francisco State University Hyderabad, India San Francisco, CA 94132 USA Creative commons license http://creativecommons.org/
  2. 2. This presentation is made with OpenOffice.Org Impress. Its your intellectual property. Keep it open. You have a choice. Vote with your fingers. http://openoffice.org/
  3. 3. Outline Introduction Education Laptop Community
  4. 4. About myself
  5. 5. Disclaimer ● I do not work for OLPC! ● Volunteer, enthusiast, researcher, developer – Interests ● Free and Open Source Software and Content ● Internationalization/Localization ● User Interface Design ● Networks ● IT Sustainability
  6. 6. Disruptive ● OLPC: Excellent example of disruptive technology innovation – Education: learning is student-driven – Hardware: sustainable computing at its best – Software: power of Free and Open Source at work – Content: a public commons of content
  7. 7. Somebody is finally thinking of the children!
  8. 8. Education ● Its an education project, not a laptop project. – Nicholas Negroponte, Founder - OLPC ● OLPC's Goal: – To provide children around the world with new opportunities to explore, experiment and express themselves.
  9. 9. A different generation...
  10. 10. School Galadima, Abuja City, Nigeria See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Galadima
  11. 11. Samkha village located in the suburbs of northern Thailand See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Thailand/Ban_Samkha
  12. 12. Khairat school is India's pilot site. See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_India
  13. 13. Khairat school is India's pilot site. See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_India
  14. 14. Khairat school is India's pilot site. See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_India
  15. 15. http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Ulaanbaatar
  16. 16. http://www.reactivated.net/weblog/archives/2008/10/olpc-ethiopia-updates/
  17. 17. http://www.flickr.com/photos/olpc/2921143251/
  18. 18. http://www.buzzmoo.com/?p=257
  19. 19. Deployments worldwide http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Property:Number_of_manufactured_laptops
  20. 20. school...to go
  21. 21. Sugar: a different interface
  22. 22. http://laptopgiving.org/en/software-and-interface.php
  23. 23. Neighborhood Group Home Journal
  24. 24. Sugar ● Focus on activities, not applications – “Write” a letter vs. “use” Microsoft Word – Educational vs. Vocational ● Run your own Sugar environment! – Download ISO image at http://wiki.laptop.org/go/LiveCD – Burn to CD. – Boot computer with CD. No installation required!
  25. 25. Activities ● Write – A simple word processor ● Chat – XMPP based. Same as Google Talk ● Browse – Firefox-based + flash + AJAX ● Record – stills and video More activities... http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Activities
  26. 26. One forward, One right An interesting way to draw a circle in TurtleArt One step forward, wait for one second, one degree to the right, repeat 360 times The wait allows you to see the turtle draw the circle slowly http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Turtle_Art
  27. 27. the XO laptop
  28. 28. XO Board
  29. 29. Laptop ● 7.5 inch diagonal screen at 1200x900 (200 dpi) – Sunlight readable! ● Wi-Fi, USB, microphone, speakers, camera, SD card slot ● Screen rotates to tablet mode ● Water resistant keyboard ● Dust resistant design
  30. 30. More laptop ● Laptop, turned on its head – All electronics are in the upper section, except the keyboard. – Easy to replace components – Carry handle also acts as base stabilizer – Wi-Fi rabbit ears double up as latches and increase range – Any 11 to 24 volt power supply will do ● wall charger, car battery, crank/yoyo power, solar panel
  31. 31. Yo Yo Charger http://www.potenco.com/products
  32. 32. Hand Crank Charger http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Peripherals/Hand_Crank
  33. 33. Solar Panel 5 Watt/14Volt panel http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Product_News#Solar_Panels
  34. 34. Green ● Looks green, works green – Fully recyclable ● 5 year life span – Idle power consumption ● Desktop – 80 watts ● Laptop – 25 to 60 watts ● OLPC – 1 to 8 watts
  35. 35. Power ● Batteries that last 4x longer – Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) – Currently at ~ 5hrs, final goal ~10 hrs ● 0.1 watt in sunlight readable mode ● Running at full blast – Wi-Fi, full backlight, camera, microphone, speakers – 7 to 8 watts
  36. 36. Mesh Networking ● Mesh does not require central hub-like infrastructure ● Wireless mesh works even when the CPU suspends Based on an early draft of IEEE 802.11s
  37. 37. No moving parts ● No fans, no hard drive, nothing spins. – 1GB Flash + 256 MB RAM – USB storage – SD slot ● AMD Geode processor runs cool. – Does not need a fan to cool it off – No air slots or ducts
  38. 38. Linux in the box Fedora 7 and 9 based builds Sugar runs on popular Linux distros
  39. 39. FOSS: Free and Open Source ● When the project started FOSS was the only option that was flexible enough for this project ● No vendor lock-in on formats ● No royalties on redistribution ● No discrimination based on fields of endeavor ● Scalable global model for software and content
  40. 40. FOSS makes it happen
  41. 41. Languages Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Armenian, Aymara, Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Melayu, Basque, Bengali, Bengali (India), Bislama, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese (China), Chinese (Hong Kong), Chinese (Taiwan), Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dari, Dutch, Dzongkha, English, English (South African), English (US), Estonian, Filipino, Finnish, French, French (Canada), Friulian, Fula, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Igbo, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Khmer, Kinyarwanda, Korean, Kreyol, Macedonian, Malayalam, Maltese, Marathi, Marovo, Mongolian, Nauruan, Nepali, Norwegian, Norwegian Bokmål, Papiamento, Papua New Tutorial: Guinea Pidgin (Tok Pisin), Pashto, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, http://opensource.sfsu.edu/node/452 Portuguese (Brazil), Punjabi, Quechua, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sindhi, Translate: Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Solomon Islands Pidgin, Sotho, Spanish, Swahili, https://dev.laptop.org/translate/ Swedish, Tamil, Telugu, Templates, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Vietnamese, Wolof, Yoruba, pseudo L10n
  42. 42. Sugar Guidelines http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Human_Interface_Guidelines
  43. 43. Activities, Not Applications ● There are no software applications. The laptop focuses children around quot;activities.quot; ● Activities are distinct from applications in their focus —collaboration and expression – Abiword becomes Write – Firefox/Gecko becomes Browse
  44. 44. Presence ● Everyone has the potential for being both a learner and a teacher. ● Employs a mesh network that interconnects all laptops within range. – Telepathy framework ● Telepathy-gabble for using a Jabber server across the Internet – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Telepathy_Gabble ● Telepathy-salut for p2p/mesh collaboration – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Telepathy-salut
  45. 45. Tools of Expression ● The laptop is a quot;thing to think withquot; ● Principle of quot;learning through doingquot; ● Constructivist learning – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Constructivism
  46. 46. Journaling ● The concept of the Journal, a written documentation of everyday events, ● Journal metaphor for the filesystem as our basic approach to file organization. – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Journal
  47. 47. What motivates me...
  48. 48. No XO? ● Sugar has packages for most popular distros ● Sugar Build System – jhbuild: http://sugarlabs.org/go/DevelopmentTeam/Jhbuild
  49. 49. How can you help? ● Educators – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Educators ● Translators – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Localization – http://opensource.sfsu.edu/node/452 ● Developers – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Developer ● Getting involved – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Getting_involved_in_OLPC ● Sugar – http://sugarlabs.org
  50. 50. Contributor Program ● OLPC Contributor Program is designed to get you a XO laptop in exchange for contribution. The info you will need for applying: ● Project ● Propose Apply at: ● Other contributors http://projectdb.olpc.at/ ● Audience or impact ● Brief description ● Relevant experience & other projects ● Contact information ● # of XOs needed, and their use
  51. 51. SugarLabs ● http://sugarlabs.org/ ● An effort to take Sugar to a wider audience ● PCs ● School labs ● Laptops ● Netbooks http://flickr.com/photos/48600098314@N01/1949245574
  52. 52. Mailing lists ● Educators – http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/educators ● Software Developers – General development ●http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/devel – Sugar UI ● http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/sugar All mailing lists are at http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/
  53. 53. Community lists ● Everyone – http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/grassroots – http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/olpc-open ● OLPC India – http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/india
  54. 54. OLPC and the community ● Why community matters – Local interest groups ● IT sector, colleges, etc. – Volunteers ● Students, Staff, Faculty and private citizens – Ownership ● Points of Focus ● Technology (Hardware, Software, Networks) ● Outreach (Community, Private citizens) ● Education (Schools, Publishers, etc.)
  55. 55. Bhagmalpur project http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Bhagmalpur ● Location: ● Village: Bhagmalpur ● District: Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh ● Railway Station: Shahganj ● Bus Stop: Banuwadeeh ● School: ● Classes: 1 to 8 class ● Children: 1087 ● Teachers: 11 ● Internet: none ● Computers: none
  56. 56. free, open, creative, meritocratic, peer- reviewed, educational, innovative you
  57. 57. free, open, creative, meritocratic, peer- reviewed, educational, innovative participate you
  58. 58. You must be the change you wish to see in the world. --mohandas k. gandhi
  59. 59. Coming soon... http://amazon.com/xo
  60. 60. Contact
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