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    OLPC Presentation For IEEE, Hyderabad and IIIT, Hyderabad OLPC Presentation For IEEE, Hyderabad and IIIT, Hyderabad Presentation Transcript

    • Exploring, Sharing, Reflecting, Learning One Laptop Per Child Sameer Verma, Ph.D. Presentation: Associate Professor IEEE Computer Society Information Systems Department and IIIT San Francisco State University Hyderabad, India San Francisco, CA 94132 USA Creative commons license http://creativecommons.org/
    • This presentation is made with OpenOffice.Org Impress. Its your intellectual property. Keep it open. You have a choice. Vote with your fingers. http://openoffice.org/
    • Outline Introduction Education Laptop Community
    • About myself
    • Disclaimer ● I do not work for OLPC! ● Volunteer, enthusiast, researcher, developer – Interests ● Free and Open Source Software and Content ● Internationalization/Localization ● User Interface Design ● Networks ● IT Sustainability
    • Disruptive ● OLPC: Excellent example of disruptive technology innovation – Education: learning is student-driven – Hardware: sustainable computing at its best – Software: power of Free and Open Source at work – Content: a public commons of content
    • Somebody is finally thinking of the children!
    • Education ● Its an education project, not a laptop project. – Nicholas Negroponte, Founder - OLPC ● OLPC's Goal: – To provide children around the world with new opportunities to explore, experiment and express themselves.
    • A different generation...
    • School Galadima, Abuja City, Nigeria See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Galadima
    • Samkha village located in the suburbs of northern Thailand See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Thailand/Ban_Samkha
    • Khairat school is India's pilot site. See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_India
    • Khairat school is India's pilot site. See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_India
    • Khairat school is India's pilot site. See http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_India
    • http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Ulaanbaatar
    • http://www.reactivated.net/weblog/archives/2008/10/olpc-ethiopia-updates/
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/olpc/2921143251/
    • http://www.buzzmoo.com/?p=257
    • Deployments worldwide http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Property:Number_of_manufactured_laptops
    • school...to go
    • Sugar: a different interface
    • http://laptopgiving.org/en/software-and-interface.php
    • Neighborhood Group Home Journal
    • Sugar ● Focus on activities, not applications – “Write” a letter vs. “use” Microsoft Word – Educational vs. Vocational ● Run your own Sugar environment! – Download ISO image at http://wiki.laptop.org/go/LiveCD – Burn to CD. – Boot computer with CD. No installation required!
    • Activities ● Write – A simple word processor ● Chat – XMPP based. Same as Google Talk ● Browse – Firefox-based + flash + AJAX ● Record – stills and video More activities... http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Activities
    • One forward, One right An interesting way to draw a circle in TurtleArt One step forward, wait for one second, one degree to the right, repeat 360 times The wait allows you to see the turtle draw the circle slowly http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Turtle_Art
    • the XO laptop
    • XO Board
    • Laptop ● 7.5 inch diagonal screen at 1200x900 (200 dpi) – Sunlight readable! ● Wi-Fi, USB, microphone, speakers, camera, SD card slot ● Screen rotates to tablet mode ● Water resistant keyboard ● Dust resistant design
    • More laptop ● Laptop, turned on its head – All electronics are in the upper section, except the keyboard. – Easy to replace components – Carry handle also acts as base stabilizer – Wi-Fi rabbit ears double up as latches and increase range – Any 11 to 24 volt power supply will do ● wall charger, car battery, crank/yoyo power, solar panel
    • Yo Yo Charger http://www.potenco.com/products
    • Hand Crank Charger http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Peripherals/Hand_Crank
    • Solar Panel 5 Watt/14Volt panel http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Product_News#Solar_Panels
    • Green ● Looks green, works green – Fully recyclable ● 5 year life span – Idle power consumption ● Desktop – 80 watts ● Laptop – 25 to 60 watts ● OLPC – 1 to 8 watts
    • Power ● Batteries that last 4x longer – Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) – Currently at ~ 5hrs, final goal ~10 hrs ● 0.1 watt in sunlight readable mode ● Running at full blast – Wi-Fi, full backlight, camera, microphone, speakers – 7 to 8 watts
    • Mesh Networking ● Mesh does not require central hub-like infrastructure ● Wireless mesh works even when the CPU suspends Based on an early draft of IEEE 802.11s
    • No moving parts ● No fans, no hard drive, nothing spins. – 1GB Flash + 256 MB RAM – USB storage – SD slot ● AMD Geode processor runs cool. – Does not need a fan to cool it off – No air slots or ducts
    • Linux in the box Fedora 7 and 9 based builds Sugar runs on popular Linux distros
    • FOSS: Free and Open Source ● When the project started FOSS was the only option that was flexible enough for this project ● No vendor lock-in on formats ● No royalties on redistribution ● No discrimination based on fields of endeavor ● Scalable global model for software and content
    • FOSS makes it happen
    • Languages Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Armenian, Aymara, Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Melayu, Basque, Bengali, Bengali (India), Bislama, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese (China), Chinese (Hong Kong), Chinese (Taiwan), Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dari, Dutch, Dzongkha, English, English (South African), English (US), Estonian, Filipino, Finnish, French, French (Canada), Friulian, Fula, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Igbo, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Khmer, Kinyarwanda, Korean, Kreyol, Macedonian, Malayalam, Maltese, Marathi, Marovo, Mongolian, Nauruan, Nepali, Norwegian, Norwegian Bokmål, Papiamento, Papua New Tutorial: Guinea Pidgin (Tok Pisin), Pashto, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, http://opensource.sfsu.edu/node/452 Portuguese (Brazil), Punjabi, Quechua, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sindhi, Translate: Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Solomon Islands Pidgin, Sotho, Spanish, Swahili, https://dev.laptop.org/translate/ Swedish, Tamil, Telugu, Templates, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Vietnamese, Wolof, Yoruba, pseudo L10n
    • Sugar Guidelines http://wiki.laptop.org/go/OLPC_Human_Interface_Guidelines
    • Activities, Not Applications ● There are no software applications. The laptop focuses children around quot;activities.quot; ● Activities are distinct from applications in their focus —collaboration and expression – Abiword becomes Write – Firefox/Gecko becomes Browse
    • Presence ● Everyone has the potential for being both a learner and a teacher. ● Employs a mesh network that interconnects all laptops within range. – Telepathy framework ● Telepathy-gabble for using a Jabber server across the Internet – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Telepathy_Gabble ● Telepathy-salut for p2p/mesh collaboration – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Telepathy-salut
    • Tools of Expression ● The laptop is a quot;thing to think withquot; ● Principle of quot;learning through doingquot; ● Constructivist learning – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Constructivism
    • Journaling ● The concept of the Journal, a written documentation of everyday events, ● Journal metaphor for the filesystem as our basic approach to file organization. – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Journal
    • What motivates me...
    • No XO? ● Sugar has packages for most popular distros ● Sugar Build System – jhbuild: http://sugarlabs.org/go/DevelopmentTeam/Jhbuild
    • How can you help? ● Educators – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Educators ● Translators – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Localization – http://opensource.sfsu.edu/node/452 ● Developers – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Developer ● Getting involved – http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Getting_involved_in_OLPC ● Sugar – http://sugarlabs.org
    • Contributor Program ● OLPC Contributor Program is designed to get you a XO laptop in exchange for contribution. The info you will need for applying: ● Project ● Propose Apply at: ● Other contributors http://projectdb.olpc.at/ ● Audience or impact ● Brief description ● Relevant experience & other projects ● Contact information ● # of XOs needed, and their use
    • SugarLabs ● http://sugarlabs.org/ ● An effort to take Sugar to a wider audience ● PCs ● School labs ● Laptops ● Netbooks http://flickr.com/photos/48600098314@N01/1949245574
    • Mailing lists ● Educators – http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/educators ● Software Developers – General development ●http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/devel – Sugar UI ● http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/sugar All mailing lists are at http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/
    • Community lists ● Everyone – http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/grassroots – http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/olpc-open ● OLPC India – http://lists.laptop.org/listinfo/india
    • OLPC and the community ● Why community matters – Local interest groups ● IT sector, colleges, etc. – Volunteers ● Students, Staff, Faculty and private citizens – Ownership ● Points of Focus ● Technology (Hardware, Software, Networks) ● Outreach (Community, Private citizens) ● Education (Schools, Publishers, etc.)
    • Bhagmalpur project http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Bhagmalpur ● Location: ● Village: Bhagmalpur ● District: Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh ● Railway Station: Shahganj ● Bus Stop: Banuwadeeh ● School: ● Classes: 1 to 8 class ● Children: 1087 ● Teachers: 11 ● Internet: none ● Computers: none
    • free, open, creative, meritocratic, peer- reviewed, educational, innovative you
    • free, open, creative, meritocratic, peer- reviewed, educational, innovative participate you
    • You must be the change you wish to see in the world. --mohandas k. gandhi
    • Coming soon... http://amazon.com/xo
    • Contact