Best of Zimbabwe 1International Group Publisher Sven BoermeesterSADC Group Publisher Thapelo LetsholoManaging Editor Rebecca Eb Sales and Marketing Robert Mutsindiri, Lizzie Nyamweda, Ranga MidziProduction & Project Management GVPedia Communications, Gia BischofbergerCreative Direction Shout Factory - Peter BatistichDigital Manager Liam DobellContent Manager Agnes Sikhethile ZabaPrinting Creda CommunicationsDisclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information in The ‘Bestof Zimbabwe’ Vol.1. Neither ‘Best of Zimbabwe’, nor GVPedia Communications cc assume anyresponsibility for errors or omissions. The editor reserves the right to amend and alter copy and visualmaterial as deemed necessary. All rights reserved: No part of this publication shall be reproduced,copied, transmitted, adapted or modified in any form or by any means. This publication shall not bestored in whole or in part in any form in any retrieval system.Contact details: PO Box 391, Paulshof, 2056Tel: +27 11 705 2097 | Fax: +27 86 586 1999Email: email@example.com | www.GVPedia.comGlobal Village Partnerships info@GVPedia.comEmail: firstname.lastname@example.org | email@example.comTel: +263 772 724 190 | +263 772 376 090Zimbabwe’s true light isbreaking through“Best of Zimbabwe carries the story of Zimbabwe’s achievements and successes by celebratingthe glorious land and her colourful people – capturing the good news and progressive strides toshare on a world stage.”There is a thread of optimism which is unwinding itself among these pages of the Best of Zimbabweinaugural edition. It is our hope that this optimism becomes grounded in reality for Zimbabweanbusiness and industry as the efforts of the nation begin to bear fruit in this dawning of a newZimbabwean spring. We have filled this book with the stories emanating from this positivity. Thetime for Zimbabwe is coming. Best of Zimbabwe serves not only as a promotion of the country toher loyal people, but also to the rest of the world.There is a great sense of pride amongst Zimbabweans - whether they still live in their beautifulcountry or not. Our hope is to capture this patriotism accurately in the pages that follow.Zimbabwe is a land that is blessed with boundless resources – abundance in minerals, wildlife,and natural beauty. The spirit of entrepreneurship seems to have grabbed hold of Zimbabwe, withher citizens actively seeking to better themselves in new and enterprising ways.Best of Zimbabwe is a celebration of the country, her people, and its many assets. We celebratethe talented individuals in various sectors of Zimbabwean life – and hope to shed light on areasnot readily brought to the global public.Zimbabwe has a rich multicultural diversity and heritage. The people of Zimbabwe are spiritedand always ready to welcome visitors to share in their delights. This has ensured that tourism hasbecome a stalwart of the economy.Our sincere thanks go to the participants showcased here. Representing the “Best of” in theirrespective sectors – they are what makes Zimbabwe the great country it is, and will continue tosee her reach her true potential.This yearly publication is part of the “Global Village Partnerships” publication model that nowextends across 45 countries. To complement the readership of our print model we are also presenton www.GVPedia.com and the www.ProudlyAfrican.info portal where millions of internationalreaders have access to a virtual copy of Best of Zimbabwe. The newest addition to this is theVIPedia app where the books can be downloaded for e-Reading.Our vision is that Best of Zimbabwe will inspire hope and success for the country – ultimatelygenerating more stories for us to continue sharing.Thapelo Letsholo Sven Boermeester Gia Bischofberger Robert Mutsindiri andLizzie Nyamweda - Bestof Zimbabwe PublishingPartnersGVPedia.comSuccess, Sustainability and Culture
Best of Zimbabwe2Foreword by Hon Engineer Walter Mzembi,Minister of Tourism and Hospitality IndustryWelcome to Zimbabwe, our “World of Wonders”, a land so rich in cultural and natural diversity.The country’s geography is strikingly varied,from semi-desert low lying areas to lushhighlands, strewn with spectacular forestsand lakes, and the most amazing range ofpristine wildlife, including the “Big Five”(Lion, Elephant, Buffalo, Rhinoceros and theLeopard).Welcome to the Inaugural Editionof “Best of Zimbabwe”. This ‘BrandZimbabwe’ initiative comes at a time whenZimbabwe has been jointly awarded,together with neighbour, Zambia, the right tohost the 20thsession of the United NationsWorld Tourism Organization (UNWTO)General Assembly in August 2013. Thisgrand event will be hosted in the resort areaof the Victoria Falls, a World Heritage siteshared between the two countries.From a Zimbabwean perspective, thiswill be a legacy event, re-affirming andcelebrating Brand Zimbabwe: our People,our Arts, Culture, and Heritage, andthe massive potential of our Tourism. Itwill be an opportunity to boldly applaudour balanced system of Governancethat has guaranteed national peace andsecurity since independence, as well as anopportunity to refine our Investment, Tradeand Immigration regimes. The event willalso offer us a platform from which to flauntour potential for Exports to the rest of theworld.Our People are clearly our greatestasset; highly industrious, diverse in cultureand sub-cultures, but all strongly unified bythe deeply humanistic philosophy of unhu/ubuntu. Our high literacy rate, which at90%, is one of the highest in the world,is a reflection of our admirable nationalpersonality. Though history has placed ahuge section of our population in foreignlands, their dignity and industriousness hascontinued to make them a distinct group intheir different host countries.The “Best of Zimbabwe” seeks torefresh our memories of Zimbabwe’s long-standing high-value qualities, as well as ofour recorded history, which dates back tothe 15thcentury. Rich in Arts, Culture andHeritage, the country’s contemporary historyculminated in the people’s armed strugglethat emancipated the nation from colonialbondage.Since Independence in 1980 the countryhas produced internationally renownedartists in various genres; personalities likeOliver Mtukudzi have excelled in music,
Best of Zimbabwe 3Dominic Benhura in stone sculpture andCharles Mungoshi in Literature.On the physical side our endowmentsinclude no less than five UNESCO WorldHeritage Sites: the Great ZimbabweMonuments, Khami Ruins, Mana PoolsNational Park, Matopo National Park andthe Victoria Falls National Park. Mostoutstanding is our Jerusarema-Mbendedance, a UNESCO intangible humanendowment heritage.In a continent, and indeed world, someof whose parts have stubbornly remainedunstable, through various forms of terrorism,internecine wars and other socio-politicalmalaise, Zimbabwe’s Governance systemhas helped ensure that the country andthe region remains an oasis of peace andsecurity. This is so even in the face of thatsystem’s own short-comings, real andimagined.The planned UNWTO General Assemblywill give the country an unparalleledopportunity to refine its Investment, Tradeand Immigration regimes, as the world’sgaze is fixed on it, before, during, and afterthe event. Our starting point, as we preparefor this world ministerial summit, is the factthat the current global economic meltdown,led by the recession characterisingthe industrialised west, combined withthe massive natural resources still tobe exploited on the continent, presentZimbabwe and Africa almost unlimitedopportunities attract investment, increasetrade and attract immigration.Provided Africa evolves the right socialand economic policies as we progressinto the second millennium, its countries,including our beloved Zimbabwe, should seeits Exports to the world grow exponentially,even ahead of the current leading Chineseglobal exports! The fact is Zimbabwe andAfrica are greatly endowed with a morediverse range of natural resources than Asia!Lastly, but not by any means leastimportant to Zimbabwe, is the fact thatit is Tourism that offers the most readilyavailable and most appropriate tool togrow the national economy in the shortestpossible time.The sector has great capacity tostreamline the generality of the populationinto the national economy, whilst itstrengthens people’s own national resolveand pride across all sections of society,including the henceforth less privilegedgroups like the women and the youth. Thisfact has not been lost to us, the sector’scurrent leaders; hence our rapid internationalre-engagement drive which has led to theforthcoming hosting of the world’s mostimportant tourism event in 2013, the 20thSession of the UNWTO General Assemblyset for the Victoria Falls in August 2013!Zimbabwe is the current Presidentof the Africa Travel Association (ATA),the largest continental body promotingAmerican travel into Africa and travelamongst African countries. Accordingto World Travel and Tourism Council(WTTC) figures, Zimbabwe has thesecond fastest growing tourism economy(by GDP contribution), second only toChina. Within Zimbabwe itself the sectoris now second only to mining in terms ofcontribution to the Zimbabwean economy.Best of Zimbabwe caps it all as a sourceof information on why you should visitZimbabwe. GOD BLESS ZIMBABWE,GOD BLESS AFRICA.
Best of Zimbabwe4Proudly AfricanBoosting Trade, Development and Culturalrelations across Africa.20 African states. We invite all leaders inbusiness and government across Africa toshowcase and integrate their visions andactivities so as to promote inter-Africa trade,investment and technology transfer fromaround the globe.We also invite all Africa’s media, tradeexhibitions, conferences and businesschambers to use the platform to gainmutually beneficial exposure. Fully unlockingAfrica’s promise requires greater continent-wide economic integration and inter-trade;such as in Europe, where integration hasenabled the continent to become theworld’s single biggest market. Integrationand inter-trade is not only urgent, but also www.ProudlyAfrican.infoProudly African is an initiative of GlobalVillage Africa which is a marketing andbusiness platform geared towardsshowcasing and harmonising Africa’sdevelopment, trade and cultural diversity to aglobal audience.This is where the BEST OF AFRICAin business, government and non-profitorganisations unite, promoting their visionand best practice in order to find the rightcustomers, partnerships and joint ventures- in order to grow alongside the continent’sindisputable economic potential.The initiative has an unstoppablemagnetic presence with its ever growingcountry and sectoral window already in overThapelo Letsholo, Global Village Africaindispensable to unlock economies of scaleand propel Africa’s competitiveness in theglobal economy, thus aligning the continentwith the global flows of trade and finance asan equal partner.Africa’s massive economic potentialstill lies largely untapped - but not for muchlonger. The world is coming and so is thedream of a more united Africa. We need tomake sure we maximise on the growth for thebenefit of all of Africa and its people.
The BEST OFAFRICABranding a Continent,a Nation, a City and its PeopleWe brand and build the image of the world’s most excitingeconomic regions to affect a change in the perception of acontinent, a nation, a city and its people by the rest of theworld.Global Village Africa is Africa’s premier platform forshowcasing and networking governments, leadingcompanies and entrepreneurs in business, tourism andlifestyle. The ‘Best of series’ books crisply profile leadingcompanies and innovators, as leaders within their genre.We celebrate the success of countries, individuals andcompanies with ‘the good news’ editorial and pictorialimagery in the highest quality print format available.All books now availablefor download on youriPad with the newVIPedia app.
Best of Zimbabwe8Dining, Nightlife and EntertainmentChapter382Arts, Culture and Heritage96Chapter4Mall Destinations and RetailChapter5104Luxury Lifestyles116Chapter6Training and EducationChapter7124Corporate Profiles136Chapter8Travel and TourismTHE NEW SPIRIT OF AFRICAPIONEER IN AFRICAN AVIATIONChapter144Hotels and Lodges66Chapter2ChapterS
Best of Zimbabwe 9Media, Marketing, Conferencing and ExhibitionsChapter11182Motoring, Transport and Logistics194Chapter12Construction and EngineeringChapter13210Mining and Minerals220Chapter14Entrepreneurship and Sustainable DevelopmentChapter15228Setting Up In Zimbabwe240Chapter16Finance and InvestmentChapter9142Technology and Communications158Chapter10
Best of Zimbabwe10Zimbabwe at a glanceZimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa and lies on a high plateau of grasslandslocated between two rivers, the majestic Zambezi River in the north and Limpopo to the south –with a shield of mountains in the east.Along the Zambian border lies thespectacular Victoria Falls and the awe-inspiring expansive life-source of LakeKariba. Zimbabwe offers the epitomeof adventure travel with its uniqueexperiences. The abundance of thecountry’s natural beauty and heritage,rivals many on the continent.Part of Zimbabwe’s wonder isits warm and friendly people andunique culture. But the most uniquething about Zimbabwe is that eventhrough many years of political andsocial strife, it remains a proud nationwith endless potential and dormantdiscoveries. In uncovering some of thelesser known treasures of this greatcountry, her true opportunities can beexplored. Zimbabwe truly is a “World ofWonders”.Full Name: Republic of ZimbabweCapital: HarareMotto: “Unity, Freedom, Work”National Anthem: “Simudzai MurezaWeZimbabwe” (Shona), “Kalibusiswe IlizweleZimbabwe” (Sindebele), “Blessed be theland of Zimbabwe”President: Robert MugabePrime Minister: Morgan TsvangiraiArea: 390,757 km2Provinces: Bulawayo (city), Harare (city),Manicaland, Mashonaland Central,Mashonaland East, Mashonaland West,
Best of Zimbabwe 11Masvingo, Matabeleland North,Matabeleland South, MidlandsPopulation: 12,521,000Main Languages spoken: English, Shona,SindebeleMain Religions: Christianity, Hindu andMuslim minorities, indigenous beliefsMain Exports: Platinum, Cotton, Tobacco,Gold, Ferro-alloysNatural Resources: Gold, Platinum,Diamonds, Chrome, CoalMonetary Unit: USD and ZAR are the mainunits in use; however, Pula, GBP and Euroare accepted
Best of Zimbabwe12HistoryZimbabwe is an ancient and mysteriousland, with Iron-Age settlements presentingevidence of early life. The Great ZimbabweRuins in the southeast are somewhat ofan enigma as some believed they were theremains of the biblical city of Ophir – the siteof King Solomon’s mines. However, no goldwas subsequently found in the area. Theexpansive history of Zimbabwe shows it is aland that has long been desired – which is nosurprise.Remains of Stone Age settlements foundin Zimbabwe date back 500,000 years. Thefirst Bantu-speaking people reached the areabetween the 5th and 10th centuries AD, anddrove the San inhabitants into the Kalahari.In 1830, the second migration of Bantu-speakers began, as they fled the Zulu chiefShaka. The Ndebele carved out a pastoralkingdom in the southern part of Zimbabwe.Subsequently, along with missionaries, manyBritish and Afrikaner hunters, traders, andprospectors began to inhabit Zimbabwe.In 1889, Cecil Rhodes formed the BritishSouth Africa Company which colonisedand promoted trade in the region. Rhodesiacontinued to be governed by the companyuntil 1923.There were armed uprisingsby the Ndebele and Shona in the 1890s,in response to the influx of Europeansettlers, but peace was restored in 1897. A1922 referendum saw Rhodesia’s 34,000Europeans choose to become a self-governing British colony rather than join theUnion of South Africa. The British Crownannexed Southern Rhodesia in 1923. TheCentral African Federation of Rhodesia wasformed in 1953 after the colony united withNyasaland (Malawi) and Northern Rhodesia(Zambia). It was dissolved in 1963 andSouthern Rhodesia once again becamea stand alone colony. During this time,the black African nationalist movementsintensified.Independence from Britain was declared in1965 by the conservative white RhodesianFront government, led by Ian Smith.Sanctions from the United Kingdom andthe United Nations were placed during the1960s and 1970s, the full impact of whichwas lessened with help from ApartheidSouth Africa. Guerrilla groups formed inZambia and Mozambique and launchedmultiple attacks on Rhodesian securityforces. For nearly a decade, periodic warfaredisplaced millions and caused the deaths ofthousands.In March 1978, Smith reached anaccord with three African leaders, led byBishop Abel Muzorewa, who offered to leavethe white population comfortably entrenchedin exchange for the establishment of abiracial democracy. On 1 June 1979,Muzerowa, the UANC head, became PrimeMinister and the country’s name waschanged to Zimbabwe Rhodesia. In 1980, the white minority consentedto hold multiracial elections which weresupervised by the British. The Shona-basedZANU (Zimbabwe African Union) party underthe leadership of Robert Mugabe won alandslide victory – making Robert Mugabethe Prime Minister.Opposition to what was perceived as aShona takeover immediately erupted aroundMatabeleland. The first Entumbane uprisingresulted in clashes between Nkomo andMugabe supporters. This was followed byanother uprising in February 1981 whichspread unrest throughout Zimbabwe. Thisonly ended after Nkomo and Mugabereached a unity agreement in 1988 thatmerged their respective parties, creatingZANU-PF (Zimbabwe African Union-PatrioticFront).Government and politicsIn September 2008, the current Governmentof National Unity was formed between three
Best of Zimbabwe 13principals: President Robert Mugabe as theHead of State and Commander in Chief ofthe Armed Forces, Morgan Tsvangirai asthe Prime Minister; and Professor ArthurMutambara as the Deputy Prime Minister.The country is recovering from a decadeof economic decline which witnessedhyperinflation from 2008-2009 which roseabove 200-million percent at the peak ofeconomic instability. However the adoptionof a multi-currency system in 2009 hasbrought down inflation to single digit year-on-year inflation and brought much neededstability.Zimbabwe is a parliamentary republicwith a semi-presidential system. Thismaintains the President as the head ofstate and the Prime Minister is the headof government. The governmentexercises executive power while bothgovernment and parliament hold legislativepower. This power sharing agreement cameafter the 2008 national elections which sawMorgan Tsvangirai of the Movement forDemocratic Change (MDC) fulfil the positionof Prime Minister with Robert Mugabe ofZANU-PF keep his position as President.http://www.zimfa.gov.zwCapital - HarareHarare is a beautiful, light-filled city high onthe country’s central plateau. The epitomeof a modern African city, it has modernbuildings with wide streets lined withflowering trees, parks and gardens. The city’scultural and historical buildings have beengreatly appreciated and many old buildingshave been beautifully preserved.Also well preserved in Harare’s NationalGallery is the country’s art heritage whichhas a valuable and interesting nationalcollection. There is a permanent display ofShona soft-stone carvings as well as hostingtravelling international exhibitions. TheNational Archives have preserved a pricelesscollection of Rhodesiana and Africanadiaries, notebooks and reports. Among theseare original works of some of Africa’s greatmissionaries and explorers.Also in Harare are the Zimbabwe Museumof Human Science and the Harare CityLibrary, both at the Civic Centre. The NationalBotanic Garden is 68 hectares and has over900 species of wild trees and shrubs from allover Zimbabwe. The Mukuvisi Woodlands is277 hectares of preserved natural woodlandalong the banks of the small Mukuvisistream. A variety of birds and animals canbe found, such as giraffe, zebra, impala,wildebeest, bushbuck, steenbuck, reedbuckand eland.The open market at Mbare offers atraditional African shopping experiencewith a colourful array of baskets, food,clothing and other trinkets. In thesouth-west corner of Harare rises agranite ‘Kopje’ or hill. The Kopje offersspectacular views of the entire capital.Harare has a temperate climate anda friendly atmosphere. Its populationis estimated at over 2-million, mostlyin central Harare, but some 500,000 insurrounding areas.CitiesGweruGweru, in the Midlands province, isthe third largest city in Zimbabwe andoffers abundance in both tourism andbusiness.Prime Minister: Morgan TsvangiraiPresident: Robert Mugabe
Best of Zimbabwe14Industries include Zimbabwe Alloys, achrome smelting plant, and Bata ShoeCompany (established in 1939), which areboth leading employers in Gweru. Gweruis in one of Zimbabwe’s best cattle rearingareas: the surrounding agricultural activityrevolves around the cattle industry (both beefand dairy). Flowers are also grown in the areafor export, and Zimbabwe’s largest distiller,Afdis, has extensive vineyards in Gweru forwine production. Chromite ore is mined fromrich deposits along the Great Dyke to theeast of Gweru.MasvingoMasvingo is situated in the south-easternsection of Zimbabwe. Masvingo town is thecapital of Masvingo Province and is located292km south of Harare.Great Zimbabwe is found in Masvingoprovince, and is a wonder of architecture andZimbabwean history – as well as a nationalmonument from which the country takesits name. Masvingo is the oldest colonialsettlement in Zimbabwe which grew fromthe encampment established in 1890 by thePioneer Column. It is said the country’s firstcricket match was played in Masvingo.MutareMutare is the fourth largest city in Zimbabweand the capital of the Manicaland Province.Mutare was founded as a fort in 1897 whengold was discovered in the PenhalongaValley and was formally called Umtali. TheMutare River flows through the area and waswhere gold panning began in Zimbabwe.
Best of Zimbabwe 15BulawayoThe second largest city in Zimbabwe with a population of more than amillion people, “The City of Kings” is a multicultural city surroundedby rich ranching lands and was once the industrial hub of Zimbabwebecause of its strategic positioning to Botswana, South Africa andZambia. The city has the potential to grow to that status again in thecoming years. It is the closest substantial city to Hwange National Park,Matopo National Park and Victoria Falls.LandIn the southern region of Africa, Zimbabwe is bordered by Mozambiqueto the east, South Africa to the south, Zambia to the north, a slight tipof Namibia to the north-west, and Botswana to the south-west.Zimbabwe lies on a high plateau and its terrain consists primarilyof grasslands bordered by mountains in the east. The north-easternborder of the country is marked by the mighty Zambezi River.Zimbabwe lies almost entirely over 300 metres above sea level. Itsprincipal feature is the broad ridge of the Highveld running 400 milesfrom southwest to northeast across the entire country, from Plumtreenear the Botswana frontier to the Inyanga Mountains borderingMozambique. This ridge, comprising about 25% of the country, isabout 50 miles wide and ranges in altitude from 1,200 to 1,500 metresuntil it eventually rises to 2,592 metres at Mount Nyangani in theeastern highlands - the highest point in Zimbabwe.ClimateAlthough located in the tropics, temperate conditions prevail all yearas the climate is moderated by altitude and the inland position of thecountry. The hot and dry season is from August to October, and therainy season is from November to March. The best months to visitZimbabwe are April to May and August to September. Night-timetemperatures in winter can fall below freezing on occasion.
Best of Zimbabwe16The PeopleCultureThe three official languages include English,Shona, and Ndebele. There are other minoritygroups scattered within the developingcountry notably the Nambya, Kalanga, Tonga,Venda and Suthu. Zimbabwe is a pluralsociety and Zimbabweans living in urbanareas have a westernised lifestyle, while in thecountry areas many African traditions havebeen preserved.LanguagesShonaShona is a Bantu language native to theShona people of Zimbabwe and southernZambia. Its roots possibly extend back to theGreat Bantu expansion. Shona also refers topeople who speak one of the Shona dialects,namely Zezuru, Karanga, Manyika, Ndau andKorekore. Shona is a principal language ofZimbabwe along with Ndebele and the officiallanguage, English. The total number of Shonaspeakers in Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Zambiaand Botswana is at least 20,000,000 or more.Shona is a written language, standardisedin the early 1900s and fixed in the 1950s.Solomon Mutswairo’s “Feso” was the firstnovel in Shona, published in 1957. Shona istaught as a subject in Zimbabwean schools.Modern Shona is based on the dialect spokenby the Karanga people of Masvingo Province,and Zezuru people of central and northernZimbabwe. Shona DialectsThere are many dialect differences in Shona,but a standardised dialect is recognised.The Ndau language spoken in Mozambiqueand Zimbabwe has partial intelligibility withShona and its speakers are considered tobe ethnically Shona. Ndau literacy has beenintroduced into primary schools. The Manyikalanguage spoken in eastern Zimbabwe, nearMutare, also is also closely related to Shona. NdebeleNdebele is related to the Nguni language ofZulu spoken in South Africa emanating fromwhen Mzilikazi and his people separated fromthe Zulu’s. Some of them stayed in the regionof modern Pretoria in South Africa, nowknown as the South Ndebele. The major partof the Ndebele went northward into present-day Zimbabwe. Therefore their language isNguni without the Sotho-Tswana elementsseen in the South Ndebele.ReligionAs estimated in the 2010-2011 demographicsurvey, Zimbabwe’s religious identity is madeup of:• Christianity: 85%, about 10,200,000(Apostolic 33%, Pentecostal 17%,Protestant 16%, Roman Catholic 10%,Other 8%)
Best of Zimbabwe 17• African traditional religions: 3%, about320,000• Islam and Other religions: less than 1%,about 80,000• Non-religious: 12%, about 1,400,000The government does not require registrationof religious groups. Estimates vary abouthow much of the population is syncretic(mixing Christian beliefs with indigenousbeliefs). Some Christians have multiplememberships.The major Christian communities andmovements in Zimbabwe are:• African Indigenous Church• Anglican Church• Baptist Church• Evangelical Church• Lutheran Church• Methodist Church• Orthodox Church• Pentecostal and African Initiated Church• Reformed Church• Roman Catholic Churchhttp://relzim.orgMyths and legendsNyaminyami - The Tonga River GodNyaminyami The Tonga River God is said tohave the body of a snake and the head of afish. His size is disputed as he is said to havenever shown himself full length. The peopleof the Zambezi valley were protected byNyaminyami as their ancestral spirit, who fedthem from his own meat in times of hunger.The people pledged their allegiance to himby performing ceremonial dances. For manyyears Nyaminyami and his wife stayed safelyin Kariba.Mount NyanganiMount Nyangani, the highest mountain inZimbabwe, is known for its ability to makepeople and children vanish. Scores of peopleare reported to have disappeared withouttrace. Locals believe the mountain has theability to initiate the disappearance of thosewho speak against it or its people.The SunbirdsTwo golden sunbirds were found among theruins of Zimbabwe over a century ago byone of the first explorers, thought to havebeen in the remains of a sun-temple of theancient Bantu religion of the Shona. Shonamyth says that the sunbirds belonged tothe goddess Dzivaguru - the goddess of theearth, darkness of night, rain clouds, pools,and streams.Dzivaguru, whose name means Great Sun,ruled heaven and earth in the oldest form ofBantu religion. There are many myths in whichthe first man and woman on earth lived indarkness because the sun had not yet beendiscovered. The first man caught the sunbirdsin his trap, and as a result day broke.
Best of Zimbabwe18ArtZimbabweans are renowned in southernAfrica for their artistic skill. Art hasbecome an important form of expressionin Zimbabwe, as the culture has longexplored the depths of their skill and theways that their natural resources can beutilised to achieve this expression. Thereare many avenues for artists to explore inZimbabwe and this has seen an explosionof Zimbabwean art in the region. Thesphere of influence has been broadenedeven more as a result of the large expatcommunity.Zimbabwean art encompasses a largevariety of fields, cultures and people. Stoneand wood carvings are prolific amongShona artists. Although this was not partof Shona tradition, the movement wasgenerated through experimentation withthe form over 35 years ago. The Shonabelieve that the carving process frees ashape from within the stone, and that thepieces come to their owners through fatewhich connects them with others all overthe world. These pieces are mostly carvedout of the beautifully coloured and relativelypliable soapstone.Popular sculptures in soapstone include“Ukama” which depict families, couplesand dancers. Other commonly used stonesand minerals include serpentine, red jasper,malachite, and verdite. Verdite is a semiprecious stone over 3500-million yearsold which was crafted into jewellery byancient craftsmen and has been used ina powdered form for fertility for hundredsof years. Verdite is rare and its beautifulpatterns and shades vary from goldenbrown to emerald-green. It is found onlyin southern Africa and the high-qualitystone of Zimbabwe is gaining internationalattention, especially among art collectors.The skill required in its craft is immense dueto its hard form.Many of the ironwood carvings foundin Zimbabwe are of African wildlife as wellas traditional heads. The carvings are handcarved and imbued with African mystery.Different woods are used such as olive,
Best of Zimbabwe 19mukwa, fresh teak and pod mahogany.“Mufunko” or “Tsvimbo” walking sticksform a large part of Zimbabwean woodcraft. These sticks feature human andanimal forms and are often used in tribaldances symbolising war or hunting.Wooden sticks are often significant asprotectors against evil spirits, depending ontheir design. In this way, Zimbabwean artoften links very closely to traditional beliefsand practices.There is far more to art in Zimbabwe thanAfrican curios for tourists. Every pieceaimed at the mainstream market has beencrafted with care by hand and aims to tella story. This movement has successfullychanged the way people view art. Behindthis, is the National Gallery of Zimbabwe,which has become a centre for nationalculture, injecting various influences intomainstream life - through stone, metaland wooden sculptures, paintings,drawings, print works and installations. TheGallery circulates exhibitions throughoutZimbabwe and is a focal distribution pointfor art in Zimbabwe. The Gallery provideseducation through the National GalleryVisual Arts Studios (NGVAS) and also holdseducational workshops, films and lectureswithin the Gallery as a way of promotingand educating the public about visual arts.http://www.nationalgallery.co.zwMusicZimbabwean music is infused with folk and pop styles, characterised by theraindrop-like sounds of the well-known mbirainstrument or “thumb piano”. Popular genresinclude native Chimurenga and importedrumba, soukous and rock and roll.Sungura is Zimbabwe’s most popularmusic genre. It became popular in theearly 1980s through pioneer EphraimJoe and his band Sungura Boys. Oliver“Tuku” Mtukudzi is one of Zimbabwe’sbest-known musicians and a genre referredto as Tuku Music has been formed aroundhis influential style.Jit refers to pop music driven byelectric guitar. The Bhundu Boys are thebest-known performers of jit internationally.African Rumba or “Soukos”, althoughhailing from the Democratic Republic ofCongo, has enjoyed increased popularity inZimbabwe and has generated a number ofZimbabwean rumba musicians.Gospel, jazz and Ndebele pop are otherprolific genres enjoyed in Zimbabwe, withmany local genre spin-offs being createdfrom Bulawayo. A new genre developingamong the youth in Zimbabwe is urbangrooves.Lyrics in Zimbabwe focus onencouragement, social upliftment, andpromoting good values.EconomyZimbabwe’s economy is carried byagriculture with over three quarters of thepopulation deriving their livelihood fromagriculture related activities. About 13% ofthe GDP and 25% of the labour force comesfrom agriculture.Commercial crops include corn,sugarcane, wheat, seed cotton, tobacco,sorghum, and soybeans. The remaining landis made up of small farms raising subsistencecrops, including corn, millet, peanuts,cassava, potatoes, dry beans, bananas, andoranges. Diversification of crops saw theintroduction of coffee and tea.Principal livestock include cattle, goats,and sheep - half of the cattle are held intraditional pastoralism.Zimbabwe also has abundant mineralreserves of gold, nickel, asbestos, coal,copper, chrome, iron ore, silver, and tin.Manufacturing includes crude steel, pig iron,
Best of Zimbabwe20cement, electrical and other machinery,cotton textiles, clothing, footwear, chemicals,plastics and rubber products.Zimbabwe abounds in trade andinvestment opportunities which continue toincrease. These opportunities are in bothproductive activities and services. Thelast few years have seen particular growthin horticulture and tourism. Zimbabwe’smain exports are agricultural commodities,minerals and low value-added goods. ExportProcessing Zones offer endless opportunitiesto process these commodities for export.AgricultureAgriculture plays a pivotal role indetermining the wellbeing of Zimbabwe.The government has noted theimportance of agriculture and has put inplace numerous extension services andtraining programmes aimed at impartingtechnical skills and good farmingmethods and practices to farmers. Thishas included a number of irrigationprojects and construction of dams.Agriculture produces $13.4-billionin products annually, contributing about40% of the country’s foreign exchangeearnings. Agricultural exports mainlyconsist of tobacco, and smaller amountsof burley and oriental. Other major exportsinclude sugar, tea, coffee, cotton, fruitand vegetables, fresh cut flowers, seeds,maize, small grains and oilseeds. Smallerexports include animals and birds, beefand dairy products, wildlife and poultrymeat, as well as exotic livestock meat andproducts. MiningAccording to the Ministry of Finance, themining sector is the highest contributorto both the GDP and exports with figuresof 16.9% and 47% respectively. Platinum(47%), Gold (28%) and diamonds (20%)are the biggest contributors to exportproceeds.Zimbabwe is endowed with mineralwealth, which has been successfullyexploited for the economic developmentof the country. Over 40 different mineralsare known to exist and most of these havebeen exploited at one time or another.Currently the sector employs on average55,000 people formally per annum.Nickel, cobalt, iron ore, ferro-chromeand chrome ore resources are locatedthroughout Zimbabwe, with the later beingfound on the major geological featureknown as the Great Dyke. Zimbabwe alsohas deposits of antimony, arsenic andtungsten. The Mutare Greenstone belt isknown to host lead-zinc resources. ThePlatinum Group Metals sector has growntremendously through development ofMimosa Mine in the south and NgeziPlatinum Mine in the central Zimbabwe.There are opportunities for knownminerals such as lithium, graphite,and asbestos; while the high volumesof limestone are central to localindustrialisation for domestic industriessuch as cement, fertiliser, iron and steel,paints and other industrial fillers.The distinctive Zimbabwe Black Granite issought after worldwide. Other Zimbabweanminerals include Kyanite, corundum,
Best of Zimbabwe 21tatanite, magnesite, pyrites, clays, slates,and phosphate.There is great confidence in the futureof Zimbabwe’s diamond industry whichhas been added to by recent discoveries ofdiamondiferous kimberlites after years ofexploration activity.Coal has been the dominant energymineral for Zimbabwe due to vast reservesin the northwest and southeast of thecountry. A recent discovery of coal-bedmethane in the northwest provides analternative energy source.http://www.zimtrade.co.zwEnergyThe Energy sector in Zimbabwe presentsimmense investment opportunities inpower development, petroleum supply,and renewable energy sub-sectors. Coalreserves equate to 26-billion tonnes whichmeans 8,000 years of power generationat the current consumption of 3-milliontonnes per annum. There is currently onlyone power utility in Zimbabwe, ZimbabweElectricity Supply Authority (ZESA),leaving opportunity for direct investmentin the sector or joint venture participation.Zimbabwe’s System Development Plan(SDP) has shown its resources requiredfor the development of power generationplants are adequate for internal and exportmarkets.Government’s priority projects includethe expansion of Kariba South PowerStation, the Gokwe North Power StationProject, the Batoka Gorge Hydro PowerProject, the development of petroleumrefining and distribution, renewable energyand energy conservation (Coal BedMethane, Bio-fuels, solar energy), and asmall Hydropower Development.http://www.energy.gov.zwInfrastructurePower SupplyZimbabwe’s power consumption iscurrently growing at a rate of 6%.The Zimbabwe Electricity SupplyAuthority (ZESA) undertakes thegeneral transmission, distributionand supply of electricity. Power isgenerally available for the conduct ofbusiness and for purposes of leisure.Expansion of generation capacity iscurrently underway with the transitoryshortages being mitigated throughpower imports from the SouthernAfrica Power Pool. Post and TelecommunicationsZimbabwe has three cellular phonenetworks - one government andtwo privately owned. All theseservice providers offer nationaland international roaming services.Currently the subscriber base standsat above 5,000,000 with room forexpansion. ZimPost provides postalservices and TelOne provides fixedtelecommunications services. Internetservices are also readily availablecountrywide.Road NetworkThere are 18,400km of State roadsin Zimbabwe of which 6,000km aretwo lane bituminous surfaced road,1,700km are single lane bituminoussurfaced road, while 10,705km aregravel and earth roads. In additionthere are 97,834km which fall underthe administration of Rural and Urbanlocal Authorities, District DevelopmentFund, and National Parks & WildlifeManagement Authority.
Best of Zimbabwe22AirportsThere are currently eight operational airportsin Zimbabwe: Harare, J. M. Nkomo, andVictoria Falls (international airports); Kariba,Hwange, Buffalo Range, Masvingo, andCharles Prince (domestic airports).Rail NetworkThe National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ) isa statutory corporation operating 3,000km of1,067m-gauge railway network that connectsMozambique, Zambia, Botswana and SouthAfrica. There is a domestic rail link betweenHarare - Mutare, Harare - Bulawayo, Chiredzi- Bulawayo, and Bulawayo - Victoria Falls.Public TransportIntra-city and inter-city public transportare readily available in major urban areas.Registered metered taxis are also availableand can be found at taxi ranks, hotels,restaurants, airports and other designated taxizones.Labour ForceThe majority of the Zimbabwean labour forceis educated to at least four years of secondaryeducation. Labour rates are very competitivein comparison to the rest of the world.HealthWith the exception of children less thanone year of age, all visitors coming toZimbabwe from infected areas are requestedto possess vaccination certificates againstcholera and yellow fever. There are soundmedical facilities manned by professionals todispense with such medical issues.SecurityZimbabwe is a secure and peacefuldestination. Generally, Zimbabweans areknown for their hospitality and friendlinessto visitors. Peace and order is provided bythe Police officers who are helpful and easilyidentifiable by their uniform.Entry FormalitiesAll movement into and out of the country isfacilitated by the Department of ImmigrationControl. The Department is also responsiblefor the issuance of work / study permits andvisas. Visitors to the country should alwaysverify visa requirements with the Departmentof immigration or Zimbabwe Foreign Offices.DrivingInternational driving permits and drivinglicences issued in all SADC countries arevalid in Zimbabwe. Visitors from othercountries not covered by this agreement areable to drive for a period of 90 days usingdriving permits or licences issued in theirhome countries. Renewals after expiry ofthis period are obtained from the Ministry ofTransport and Communications. Driving in
Best of Zimbabwe 23Zimbabwe is on the left. Give way to trafficapproaching from the right at uncontrolledintersections. General speed limit is 120km/hr on open roads and between 60km and80km on other roads.http://www.zimbabwetourism.netInvestingZimbabwe has vast investment opportunitiesthat are supported by valuable factorendowments and infrastructural services.Tourism has great potential to become thelargest industry in terms of foreign currencygeneration in the country.Why invest in Zimbabwe?• Zimbabwe is a safe and secure tourismand investment destination;• The tourism sector is poised to grow asthe leading key economic sector;• Unparalleled stimulus incentives fortourism development;• Underinvestment in various facets oftourism present opportunities for seriousinvestors;• Growing demand for investment by bothlocal and foreign investors is evidence ofthe untapped potential.http://www.zia.co.zwTourismSince Zimbabwe attained its independencein 1980, tourism has been one of thecountry’s fastest growing economic sectors.Between 1980 and 1990 tourism enjoyedan annual average growth rate of 9.2%in tourist arrivals and 8.6% in tourismreceipts. After the introduction of economicreforms, the annual average growth ratefor tourist arrivals was 18.8% and tourismreceipts grew by 20.3% during 1990 to1999. Today Zimbabwe receives over twomillion tourists every year. Since 2000 theindustry faced challenges emanating fromnegative publicity from the Land Reformprogramme. However, the negative effectshave been lessened by several governmentprogrammes through the ZimbabweTourism Authority (ZTA) in promoting thedestination.Zimbabwe is an African paradiseof blending unique attractions, notablyincluding one of the Seven Wonders of theWorld - the majestic “Victoria Falls”. Thisenchanting wonder of millions of gallons ofwater plunging over a 1,7km-wide cliff intoa narrow gorge makes Zimbabwe one of theworld’s most exotic holiday destinations. The drama and the beauty ofZimbabwe’s landscape are matched by arich, infinitely varied wildlife. The best wayto enjoy the magnificence of the country’sgreat outdoors is to explore the numerousadventure sports available - from white-water rafting and hunting, to botany andbirding, as well as the exciting culturalscene. Zimbabwe is a land of discoveries.In the southeast is the ancient cityof Great Zimbabwe. It is the largest andmost significant monument south of theSahara, and in Africa it is second in sizeand importance to the Egyptian pyramids.The towering “stone houses” tell a greathistory of the society of 2000 Shona people
Best of Zimbabwe24that prospered between the 12th and15th centuries. The majesty of the ruins isoverwhelming.The Eastern Highlands of Zimbabweare also referred to as “the garden ofEden”. The scenery offers peace andrejuvenation. Lake Kariba, the largestwater mass in the region, supportsforty different species of fish as well ascrocodiles and hippos. Kariba also offersan abundance of fishing, water skiing andsailing.The Matopo Hills in Bulawayoare granite outcrops which form adramatic landscape. Zimbabwe hasnumerous national parks to be enjoyed- most notably are the Hwange andGonarezhou parks, which have countlessspecies of wildlife including the ‘big five’.Zimbabwe offers varyingaccommodation facilities to suit allvisitors - from wild adventure camping toformal hotel establishments. Zimbabwe isaccessible and internationally connected.The tourism industry is very proudof the excellent safety and security oftourist establishments in Zimbabwe. Thehospitality of the Zimbabwean peoplecreates a unique home-away-from-homeexperience.The tourism sector contributesgreatly to foreign currency generation inthe country. In 2004 the Reserve Bankof Zimbabwe recorded a generation ofUS$193,700million from the tourismindustry.http://www.zimbabwetourism.netZimbabwe hosted the Africa TravelAssociation (ATA) 37thAnnual WorldCongress in Victoria Falls 2012More than 500 delegates fromgovernment, business, and the non-profitsectors gathered at ATA’s hallmark event inAfrica in May 2012. The theme was “AfricaTourism: Partnering for the Future”. TheATA Executive Director, Edward Bergman,said that it had been a great success andthat there were “significant outcomes thatwill have a positive impact on the tourismindustry in Zimbabwe and across Africa.”The Congress was hosted by theZimbabwe Tourism Authority (ZTA) underthe auspices of the Honorable Minister ofTourism and Hospitality Industry, WalterMzembi, who was also elected as the newPresident of the association at the ATAboard meeting on the final day.Ambassador of the USA to Zimbabwe,Charles A. Ray, conveyed that “Zimbabweis open for business” and that theeconomy is growing, and trade andinvestment links between the UnitedStates and Zimbabwe are improving. Hejustified this by adding that Zimbabwe hasthe highest literacy rate in sub-SaharanAfrica and that Zimbabweans are hard-working, organised, proactive, and makethe most of opportunities. In conclusion,many were in agreement that there existsa gap between the perceived risk inZimbabwe and the real risk. This presenteda perfect opportunity to showcase“Destination Zimbabwe”.http://www.africatravelassociation.org
Best of Zimbabwe 25National Museums:• Mutare Museum re-opened• Zimbabwe Museum of Human Sciences• Railway Museum, Bulawayo• National Gallery of Zimbabwe• Zimbabwe Military Museum• National History Museum• Gweru Museum• BaTonga Museum• National Mining MuseumNational Monuments:• Birchenough Bridge• Tonga Heritage• Cecil John Rhodes’ Gravehttp://www.nmmz.co.zwNational Parks• The Chimanimani Mountains• Chizarira• Gonarezhou• Hwange• Kazuma• Mana Pools• Matusadona• The Matobo and Matobo Hills• Nyanga - The Eastern Highlands• Victoria Falls and Lower ZambeziRecreational Parks• Chinhoyi Caves - Chirorodziva• Lake Chivero Recreational Park• Darwendale• Kyle• Osborne Dam• Ngezi• Sebakwe• Lake Kariba• Cunningham• Motobo Dam• UmzingwaneBotanic Gardens• Bunga Forest Botanical Reserve• Ewanrigg Botanical Garden• Haroni/ Rusitu• Vumba garden and reserveSafari areas• Tuli• Matetsi• Chete• ChirisaSanctuaries• Mushandike• Tshabalala• ElandInterest sites• The Great Dyke• Great Zimbabwe – Dzimba Dzemab• The Bvumba Mountains• Vumba Botanical Gardens andReserve• The Save Valley ConservancyLakes and rivers• Mutorashanga Quarry (Ethel Mine)• Lake Mutirikwe• The Pungwe Falls• Mtarazi FallsWorld Heritage SitesCultural:• Great Zimbabwe NationalMonument (1986)• Khami Ruins National Monument (1986)• Matobo Hills (2003)Natural:• Mana Pools National Park, Sapi andChewore Safari Areas (1984)• Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls (1989)http://www.zimparks.org
Best of Zimbabwe26Future Visions ZimbabweMajestic Zimbabwe is emerging fromthe mists with vast opportunity in tow.Agriculture, mining, manufacturing, andof course tourism, have been at the helmof resuscitating the southern Africancountry’s economy. The outcomes ofwhich are eagerly anticipated as the worldwatches it succeed.Zimbabwe has an estimatedpopulation of 12-million in the country,with another estimated 3-million in theDiaspora. A national census is expectedto be held in 2012.The staple diet of Zimbabweans ismaize and it therefore forms a largeindustry. Zimbabwe has recorded one ofthe most plausible declines in the HIV/AIDS prevalence rate in the sub-Saharanregion, pegged at 14 percent. The nationof peace loving people has a literacy ratewell above 90 percent and takes pride in aresilient hard working people.Zimbabwe’s resources include vastmineral wealth and an abundance ofwildlife, including the big five of elephant,rhino, leopard, lion, and buffalo.
Best of Zimbabwe 27AgricultureAgriculture has been a major contributorto Zimbabwe’s GDP, recording a steadygrowth since the adoption of the multicurrency system three years ago.Tobacco, cotton, maize and sugar havebeen projected to experience steadygrowth in 2012. Small holder farmersnow constitute the bulk of the country’sfarming population. The production ofthe golden leaf has surged with well over40,000 registered farmers of the cashcrop. However power shortages, liquidityconstraints and climate change haveworked negatively towards recuperationof the Zimbabwean economy’s backbone.Global decline in prices of cotton has alsohad a negative impact on the productionof the crop as most contracted small-scale farmers no longer view it as a viablefarming activity. Maize production isprojected to experience 24 percent growth;however this remains hinged on timelydistribution of inputs and an increase inlines of credit available to cash-strappedsmall-scale farmers.
Best of Zimbabwe28MiningThe mineral rich country has been on asteady recovery path after a decade-longeconomic meltdown buoyed by a number ofsetbacks. There are vast investment avenueswithin the mining sector, although manyinternational players have adopted a wait-and-see policy due to risks associated withon-going indigenisation and empowermentregulations.Zimbabwe has enormous diamondreserves, and is presently the seventh largestproducer of the mineral globally, with Chinaand India being the biggest consumers ofthe product. The land-locked country hasa potential to churn out 25 percent of theworld’s diamond demand. The industryhas experienced a steady surge in theproduction of platinum and gold, with bothmetals experiencing double-digit growthin production. Platinum is already set tobecome the biggest foreign currency earnerahead of diamonds. The investments inplatinum mining continue to grow. Othernotable mining products anticipated toexperience a burst in production include coaland chrome.Manufacturing sectorZimbabwe’s manufacturing sector took anosedive during the turn of the 21stcentury.Capacity utilisation is presently hovering
Best of Zimbabwe 29around 45 percent, with the rebound ofagriculture and mining predicted to have adomino effect on the sector. The medium-term plan set for the duration of 2011-2015will further boost recovery efforts as policymakers continuously make strides toimprove the situation in Zimbabwe.However shortage of credit lines andenergy remain stringent in a countrytangled in huge debts to suppliers andmoney lenders. This has resulted inindustry experiencing power cuts whilstrecapitalisation of many firms remains inlimbo. Nevertheless, a green fuel initiativehas taken root with production of blendedfuel in the eastern highlands region of thecountry. The biofuel project has also hada spill-over effect on the production ofsugarcane and is anticipated to reduceZimbabwe’s dependence on imports andexpected to promote job creation.TourismThe sector has resurfaced from thedoldrums following an aggressivemarketing campaign by the ZimbabweTourism Authority (ZTA) and the tourismportfolio. The leisure industry is expected tocontribute 15 percent to the GDP by 2015.In 2013, the country (which has one of theSeven Wonders of the World) will jointlyhost the United Nations World TourismOrganisation (UNWTO) annual generalmeeting with Zambia.The improved image of the countrycompounded by a prevailing peacefulenvironment has catapulted Internationaltourist visits to its resorts. According toZTA, tourism has great potential to becomethe largest industry in terms of foreigncurrency generation in Zimbabwe with thecountry enjoying a broad tourism productbase that avails immense investmentpotential for both locals and foreigners.Local tourism is also on a steadyrecovery path as locals now have moredisposable income buoyed by thestabilising economy. The improved positiveimage has also lured visitors from the westcountries whose foreign relations hadsoured with Zimbabwe, whilst tourists andinvestors from the east hinged on the look-east policy have catalysed the return to avibrant sector.
Best of Zimbabwe30Nigel M K ChanakiraMr Chanakira founded Kingdom Securities in 1994 with his business partners. His rise toprominence in Zimbabwean financial circles cumulated in a reverse-takeover of The DiscountCompany of Zimbabwe on the Zimbabwe stock Exchange in 1999.He subsequently led his team to start andacquire stakes in various banks and financialservices companies in Malawi, Botswana,Zambia and South Africa before he mergedKingdom with two other ZSE listed companiesto create one of Zimbabwe’s largestconglomerates in 2007.The partnership collapsed in 2009 andMr Chanakira successfully de-mergedKingdom from the Kingdom Meikles AfricaLtd and subsequently formed a new bankingpartnership thereby creating AfrAsia KingdomHoldings Limited headquartered in Mauritius.Through the Kingdom group, he has won17 local and international business awardswhich include his business being twice votedthe Top Company on the Zimbabwe StockExchange (ZSE) (2001 and 2007) and BestTurnaround ZSE company (2006) when heserved as CEO. Notably, Mr Chanakira won the2007 Director of the Year Award promotedby the Institute of Directors of Zimbabwe.The World Economic Forum recognised MrChanakira as a Young Global Leader in 2001and subsequently he has been a moderator ofsessions and a panellist with global leaders atworld conferences. Success Motivation Inc.(Waco, USA) has twice had Mr Chanakira astheir World Client of the year (in 2001 and2008).Mr Chanakira is a director of a number offamily investment companies outside of theKingdom group. He is currently the ExecutiveChairman of Success Motivation Institute(Africa) operating from Harare and involvedin facilitating, motivating and mentoring thesuccess of organisation leaders, managementteams and individuals in several Africancountries.Mr Nigel Chanakira holds a BSc (Hons)Economics and MSc (Hon) Economics fromthe University of Zimbabwe. He also holds aDiploma in Banking and was a prize student.He has attended numerous Zimbabwean andinternational banking, business, executivedevelopment and leadership courses withinstitutions that include Oxford and HarvardUniversities and the Pacific and HaggaiInstitutes in the United States of America.www.nigelchanakira.comZimbabweIcons
Best of Zimbabwe 31Virginia PhiriZimbabwean author, Virginia Phiri, was born in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe in 1954. She is anaccountant by profession and is also an African Orchid expert – most notably Zimbabweanvarieties. She began writing in 1990. Her short stories and articles have been published inseveral anthologies since 1995. social issues such as health, education,economics, poverty and crime, all woventogether. As a follow up to “Desperate”,“Highway Queen” delves deeper into theHIV/Aids pandemic with further researchand topical issues.The prolific author is currentlyworking on a book project titled“Black Angels”, which deals witheveryday superstition and religion.She writes fiction, non-fiction andart criticism in English, Shona andNdebele. Her focus is writing for people,especially women.Because of her Accounting and Literarybackground she sits on several Boards.She is an active member of variousorganisations, such as the ZimbabweWomen’s Writers, the Zimbabwe-GermanSociety, the Zimbabwe Book Fair Trustand Phamberi Trust. She was the actingvirginiaphiri.blogspot.comwww.orchidshow.co.zawww.nai.uu.sewww.zbc.co.zwdirector of the Zimbabwe InternationalBook Fair between 2002 and 2003. As amember of the Zimbabwe Women’s Writersshe co-authored three primary schoolreaders in the series “There is Room atthe Top” which was commissioned byUNICEF. This was her first break through innon-fiction. She has also worked with theFederation for Women and Media whichties in with her reporting work.Along with others from the ZimbabweWomen’s Writers, she went to join theZimbabwe Academic and Non-FictionAuthors’ Association when it was formedin 1996, which she has also chaired. Shedappled in historical writing with her partin the book “Women of Resilience” as wellas another book with Zimbabwe WomenWriters on women in prisons.She was writer in residency at LeChateau de Lavigny, Switzerland insummer 2006 and Villa Waldberta inGermany in summer 2008.Her interest in orchids started in1993 when she became a member of theZimbabwe Orchid Society. She has co-authored articles in several orchid journalsand is a Life Member of Die OrchideeGerman Orchid Society.She now lives and works in Harare.Although renowned as a writer, Virginiastarted her own accountancy firm in March2000. Her works include co-authoringZimbabwe Women anthologies in bothfiction and non-fiction and in variousOrchid Journals. Her first solo book,“Desperate,” was published in 2002followed by “Destiny” in 2006. Her thirdbook, “Highway Queen”, was published in2010.“Desperate” is a collection of storiesabout prostitutes. It is a subject closeto her heart as she was housed andprotected by a group of prostitutes in themid-1970s when she was in danger as aresult of her activism during the SecondChimurenga.“Destiny” is about people on thefringes of society, such as hermaphrodites.“Highway Queen” tackles complex global
Best of Zimbabwe32Dominic BenhuraDominic Benhura is regarded as being at the forefront of Zimbabwe sculpture,evident through his one-man exhibitions in Zimbabwe, Australia, Belgium,Holland, Germany and America.His subject matter is extensive, coveringplants, trees, reptiles, animals and humanexperience. Benhura is renowned for anexceptional ability to portray human feelingthrough form rather than facial expression.He continues leading the way throughexperimentation and innovation and hascreated numerous notable works includingEuphorbia Tree, Our H.I.V. Friend, Swing MeMama, The Dance of the Rainbirds, and LazySunday.Benhura was born in 1968 in the smalltown of Murewa, 100 kilometres northeast from Harare. After his father diedbefore his birth, Benhura was raised by hismother. He excelled at the local primaryschool and at the age of ten, was sentto school in Harare where he lived withhis uncle. There his cousin, the mastersculptor Tapfuma Gutsa, introduced himto art and sculpture. Benhura began toassist his cousin and soon began creatinghis own works. Benhura sold his first pieceto architects at the age of 12. Many earlyformative years were spent at ChapunguSculpture Park.His bold work captures both physicaland emotional balance and movement. Hismain inspiration comes from nature, familyand his children. Benhura often harmoniouslycombines materials such as steel, wire andstone – which he selects for its luminosityand colour and carves and grinds forreconstruction. He has become worldrenowned for his striking plant and humanforms in this medium.Since the early 1990s, Benhura hasmaintained a rigorous exhibition schedulein Europe, Asia and America whichestablished and maintained internationalpricing standards for his highly sought-after sculpture. Benhura has exhibited inSweden, England (Yorkshire, Kew Gardens,Art Space), Scotland, Spain, the USA(Colorado, Santa Fe, Los Angeles, Atlanta),Germany (Dusseldorf, Sparkasse Wuppertal,Gauengaloch, Dortmund, Berlin, Hamburg,Hanover), Finland, Holland, Belgium,Denmark, Singapore, Australia, South Africa,and a permanent exhibition in ChapunguSculpture Park in Harare Zimbabwe.His notable achievements include:• Award of Distinction - Annual Mobil OilZimbabwe Competition 1997;• Judging the Women’s AnnualCompetition 1999;ZimbabweIcons
Best of Zimbabwe 33www.zimsculpt.comwww.african-millennium.comwww.natartszim.org• Representative of Zimbabwe at theStandard Bank National Arts Festival –South Africa;• Judging the Annual Mobil Oil Sponsoredcompetition for the National Gallery ofZimbabwe;• Workshops at Kirstenbosch BotanicalGardens - South Africa.He now works out of his studio in Greendale,Harare and is passing down his knowledgeand skill to many international artists andlocal apprentices.
Best of Zimbabwe34Oliver “Tuku” MtukudziInfluential Zimbabwean music legend Oliver “Tuku” Mtukudzi was born22 September, 1952 in Highfield, Harare as the oldest of seven children.ZimbabweIconswww.tukumusik.comwww.facebook.com/pages/Oliver-Mtukudzi-Fan-Page/He has won numerous National Arts MeritAwards (NAMAs) as an Outstanding Musicianand Personality. Mtukudzi has an HonoraryDegree from the University of Zimbabweand an Honorary Fine Arts Degree from theWomen’s University in Africa. He is a CulturalAmbassador for the Zimbabwe TourismAssociation and was titled Zimbabwe’sfirst UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador forEastern and Southern Africa in 2011. TheGovernment of Italy honoured Mtukudzi withthe prestigious Cavaliere of the Order ofMerit Award – equivalent to a Knighthood inEngland.Mtukudzi has also been involved in anumber of films, starting with the lead inJit in 1990. He starred in Neria in 1993 andmade the award-winning soundtrack. Heproduced the movie Sarawoga in 2009and also made the soundtrack. He hascontributed music to over 20 AIDS-relateddocumentaries screened worldwide.Mtukudzi is Zimbabwe’s biggestentertainer and creative mind of the lastthree decades. His compelling rhythms andeasy-on-the-ear melodies are matched withpolitically and socially relevant themes. Heis still committed to Zimbabwe’s live musicscene. His band, The Black Spirits, regularlyplay to audiences across his homeland.He has five children and twograndchildren. His late son Sam Mtukudziwas a successful musician. Oliver Mtukudzienjoys swimming in his guitar-shapedswimming pool.Mtukudzi joined the band “Wagon Wheels”in 1977. Their single, Dzandimomotera, wentgold. Mtukudzi’s first solo album under hisband “The Black Spirits” followed and wasalso a major success.Mtukudzi’s songwriting focuses on dailystruggles. He is known for his deep huskyvoice and lyrical talent. His recognisablevoice earned him a devoted followingacross Africa and the world. Mtukudzi hasperformed for large audiences on severaltours in the UK, US and Canada.From Zimbabwe’s KoreKore tribewith Nzou Samanyanga as his totem,Mtukudzi sings in Shona as wellas Ndebele and English. His innovativedistinctive musical style is created by afusion of elements of different musicaltraditions. Fans have dubbed this style as“Tuku Music”, which is now a notable genrein its own right.From 1978 to 2011, Mtukudzi releasedmultiple albums every year barring 2009,which is a total of 49 albums.
Best of Zimbabwe 35Sam LevyProminent Zimbabwean business mogul Sam Levy died at the age of 82 on the 5thof June 2012.Levy was a self-made businessman who built up his empire from scratch. He was also a proudZimbabwean, husband, father of four, and grandfather of seven. Born in Kwekwe Zimbabwe on9thOctober, 1929, Levy attended Prince Edward School.Levy was a visionary and sought to becomea pioneer in Zimbabwe business from earlyon. He has been described as a hard-working and principled man. As one ofthe biggest land developers in Zimbabwe,Levy owned the multi-billion-dollar SamLevy’s Village in Borrowdale, among otherbusiness empires in the country.In the 1960s, he was the founderand chairman of large supermarketgroup, Macey’s Stores Limited, andearned the nickname “Cut-price king”.He also owned a fruit farm in Nyangaand a farm near Lake Chivero, wherehe bred Beefmaster Cattle.In 1973, Levy bought Duly’s AngwaStreet property from London CountyProperties for $1,5-million, which wasreportedly the biggest property deal atthe time. Now called Ximex Mall, theproperty was redesigned to includea Macey’s discount store, butchery,bakery and other departments.In 1975, Levy stood in theSalisbury council elections and waselected councillor for Ward 8.He also introduced a new Americancattle breed to Africa for the firsttime. He once represented Zimbabwe(then Rhodesia) in three clay pigeonshooting internationals, winning withnational colours. In 1980, Levy won allthe top prizes in the National Carcasscompetition during the four agriculturalshows held at the time.Levy was a principled man whowas tough but fair. He had a verystrong sense of right and wrong andwas given the name “kanuchi” whichis the Shona word for a bee – workinghard for sweet success, but with asting.Despite his achievements in life,status and respect, he remainedhumble and treated all people equally.Levy was renowned for his vast insightand understanding. His logic andpracticality were key drivers in hisbusiness success. His positive attitudeand confidence made him one ofZimbabwe’s greatest business leaders.Not only was he a committedbusinessman, he was also very familyoriented. He always made time for hisfamily, friends, and loved ones. Hewas an honourable man who stuck tohis word, drawing on his impressivememory. His wisdom was evident inhis vast life and business experience,giving him the ability to solveproblems. His tenacity for life andbusiness was constantly reiterated inhis motto “don’t leave for tomorrowwhat you can do today”.In his travels, he always looked forideas and products to bring back toZimbabwe. He was passionate aboutZimbabwe and this passion droveeverything he did and inspired him inhis successes. Despite the challengesand the changing environments - hepersevered and invested more. Henever gave up on the country or itspeople. He created a legacy in thename of Zimbabwe. Sam Levy’slegacy lives on in Zimbabwe throughthe many lives he has affected.
Best of Zimbabwe36Pastor Bonnie DeuschleShe is a living legend not just in Zimbabwe but the world over. A tireless, energetic anddedicated pioneer, Pastor Bonnie Deuschle displays a fierce devotion to fulfilling God’spurpose in her life and the lives of others. Yet, if you were to ask her how or why shedoes it all, she would say, “It’s not about me. It’s up to me.”Her early musical heritage includes “FredWaring and the Pennsylvanians”, nationaldrum and bugle corps experience, “OralRoberts World Action Singers” and StudioWork in Los Angeles. However, she leftbehind her blossoming singing careerand her celebrity status as a former MissTulsa in the US, when she met and marriedPastor Tom Deuschle. As he was based inZimbabwe, she moved halfway around theworld to Africa, to serve God alongside herhusband.Over three decades later, BonnieDeuschle is: wife, mother of five,grandmother, co-founder of CelebrationMinistries International (CMI), pastor,musician, gospel artist, songwriter,restaurateur, author, educator, healthand wellness advocate and innovativepioneer. She cannot be contained withinthe boundaries of any normal label. Herlife’s work defies limitations. Responsiblefor an orphanage, overseeing a school,ZimbabweIconsspearheading a community centre, launchinga restaurant and so much more, she alsoco-laboured with her husband for 14 yearsto build a leading community and churchcentre within the region. However, with somany outstanding achievements she isknown best for her capacity to relate to theeveryday man. Coming from a divorcedhome, abandoned by her father who latercommitted suicide, surviving a debilitatinglung disease, persevering through economichardships and experiencing culturalmisunderstandings, she has overcomenumerous obstacles and endured more trialsthan many people would ever face.Rarely are church leaders recognisedfor changing lives past the four walls of thechurch. Yet, her fifteen album history andespecially the song, “Don’t Give Up”, havebeen celebrated by many Zimbabweans fortheir messages of hope and encouragementfor over 32 years.As she has continued to record inZimbabwe, new audiences have emergedthroughout surrounding countries respondingto the same message of God’s faithfulness.Out of this movement, the CelebrationChoir was birthed. In 2006, their increasinginfluence established on Bonnie’s platformas an artist and mentor, had reachedregional significance with hit song “Tambira”,eventually leading to a world tour promotingher eighth album—“Change the World”. Thiswas hardly surprising as Bonnie’s customis to include all of her children in everythingshe does; clearly seen in the album “Thisis Our Story” which featured all five of herchildren singing, performing, writing andrecording. In 2010, along with secondeldest son, Jonathan, she co-produced andwrote “Singing with the Angels”. Receivinglocal acclaim in early 2011, the album waspromoted on tour throughout Zimbabwe,Kenya and Zambia.In 2012, she boldly ventured to Italy with22 “Celebrated Children” violinists from theCelebration Ministries Children’s Shelter,where they performed in 16 locations, all ofthem travelling in an airplane for the first timein their lives. Although Bonnie is now beingrecognised for her work with this children’sorchestra, few people know about her otherministry to the destitute, elderly people,street children and the homeless. In her earlydays in Zimbabwe she often sang, ministeredto and clothed displaced Mozambicanrefugees in resettlement camps.
Best of Zimbabwe 37It is no wonder, then, that she was chosenas one of the top ten most influentialwomen in the country along with VicePresident of Zimbabwe, Joyce Mujuru. Shewas also named one of only five recipientshonoured as ‘Pioneers of Gospel Music’ inZimbabwe, Africa.Internationally, her music has beenmaking waves from the beginning of hercareer as a facilitator, artist and songwriter.To date she has led praise and worshipseminars in South Africa, Zambia, Australia,UK, Holland, Ukraine, Malaysia, Dubai andmany cities in America, Mauritius, Nigeria,Kenya and Zimbabwe. In 1986, ReinhardBonnke asked Bonnie to co-ordinatethe worship for his Fire Conference inHarare. Four years later she ministered atHarmony ’90, an international concert inJohannesburg, South Africa, attended bymore than 50,000 people.In 1993, Bonnie was invited to sing atthe inauguration tea for the ‘Sally MugabeFoundation’ (named after the late wife ofPresident Robert Mugabe). She sang thesong she had written for the ‘ZimbabweNational Anthem’ competition and receiveda standing ovation. In 1997, Bonnie wasprivileged to minister in song to 52 headsof state at the Organisation of African Unity(OAU) Summit.Meanwhile, on the home-front, shecreated, wrote, directed, produced, andperformed a massive Christmas musicalpageant, “Christmas Foretold” with over350 cast and crew. From 1992 to 1995,the show grew in acclaim, airing onnational television and documented as thepresident’s favourite Christmas production.This musical is now being produced atthe Celebration Centre for the first time inseventeen years.Bonnie has shared the stage with notableChristian artists such as Donnie McClurkin,Alvin Slaughter, Richard Roberts and manymore. She has also performed and recordedwith Zimbabwean superstar, Oliver Mtukudzi,the song “With You, With Me.” Ron Kenoly’salbum “Majesty”, produced by IntegrityMusic, included her song, “I Bow My Knee”.Cam Floria and the Continentals recordedhalf a dozen of her songs as did a Praise andWorship company in Australia. Most recently,her song, “Kingdom Procession”, was usedas a cover for the recently premiered ArthurBlessit biography motion picture. Her book,“The Great Connection” has been translatedinto French and received all over the world.Quoted in a recent magazine article,she described her musical pursuits: “Mypassion for music was birthed when I wasvery young. I am told I sang harmony before Icould talk, and whistled before I could walk.”However, she was later told by her musicteacher in junior school that she would neveramount to anything as a singer. In spite ofthe pain of those words, she perseveredand went on to receive many awards for hervocal and piano achievements.“I can say that there is only one thingthat I can take credit for – I have never givenup. Everything I have ever done has beenmet with incredible resistance, criticism andpersecution. All that’s been accomplished inmy life has been given by God, sown in faith,watered with nights of tears and cultivatedby years of prayers. My life’s message is:Don’t Give Up!”Summing up the contributions ofthis icon is best left to these words byinternational minister, Bishop VaughnMcLaughlin, “Because you have written somany songs, we have made a mistake ofcalling you a songwriter. However, the Lordrevealed to me you are not a songwriter butyour life is a song… you are a song.”
Best of Zimbabwe38Stephen MuzhingiComrades Marathon ChampionZimbabweIconsStephen Muzhingi, born in October 1975,is a Zimbabwean professional athletespecialising in Ultra Marathon and Marathonrunning. He previously ran a hair salon in hishome-city, Harare.He is a Triple Champion of ComradesMarathon in 2009, 2010, 2011. He wonthe 2009 Comrades Marathon with a timeof 05:23 – the second fastest time ever.In 2011, he became the first man in 23years to win the Comrades Marathon threesuccessive times – one of only three peopleto have done so.The Zimbabwean won the 2009 and2010 back-to-back down runs and 2011’sup run and is still supremely confident ofa fourth victory in 2013 in the 89km UltraMarathon that starts at 5.30am in Durbanand officially ends 12 hours later at 5.30pmin Pietermaritzburg. He states that 2013 ishis year.Muzhingi has completed eight ComradesMarathons With five Top 10 places (Gold) –known as The Ultimate Human race.The night before the start of the 2012Comrades Marathon dealt a major blow toStephen. A personal family crisis arose andhe was not able to sleep at all due to hisconcern and worry. Due to the lack of rest hewas not able to perform at his best, and at apoint a consideration was given to withdrawfrom the race before it even started.But as he has commitments to hissponsors and to the race as Defendingchampion it was decided that he would runthe race.This is testament to the man and hisCharacter and what sets him apart from therest and makes him a champion. It is simplyamazing that he was able to finish the race,let alone in sixth position.Two Oceans MarathonMuzhingi won the 2012 Two Oceans UltraMarathon, held annually in Cape Town,South Africa. He was confident of a betterperformance than 2011 when he finishedfifth in the scenic 56km race in CapeTown. His goal was simply to try andimprove on his time – which he says, ishis goal for every event. He completed therace in 03:08. Some believed that the wincost him a victory at the 2012 ComradesMarathon.He boasts four Gold Medals for the TwoOceans Marathon and has won many racesat 42.2km and 50km.Muzhingi’s wife is Erina and they have ayoung son, Methane, as well as a new baby.
Best of Zimbabwe 39Peter NdlovuZimbabwe’s football legend.Town in 2000, he moved to SheffieldUnited in February 2001.Out of his 106 appearances forBirmingham City between 1997 and 2001,Ndlovu scored 23 goals. He then playedfor Sheffield United in 135 appearancesbetween 2001 and 2004 with 25 goalsbefore joining the South African Premiership.From 2004 to 2008 he had 81 appearancesfor Mamelodi Sundowns with 20 goals andthen joined Thanda Royal Zulu for the 2008to 2009 seasons.On the pitch he was known for his swiftand fearless tackle, dribbling ability, coolmaturity, precision and good balance. Hisdazzling ability was mesmerising, earninghim the nickname ‘The Flying Elephant’ withthe British Press and saw him likened toGeorge Best by commentators. Off the pitchhe was easily liked with a playful spirit.In total, Ndlovu scored more than90 goals (many memorable) during his12 seasons and 338 appearances in theEnglish football league.As captain, he led his nation toqualification for their first African Cup ofNations in 2004 in Tunisia and scored threebrilliant goals in the tournament. He alsocontributed to their second appearance atthe 2006 tournament in Egypt.Ndlovu is regarded as the best playerfor the Zimbabwe national team along withNorman Mapeza and former Liverpoolgoalkeeper Bruce Grobbelaar.Ndlovu came back to Zimbabwe fromSouth Africa in 2010 and currently livesin Harare. He played for Zimbabwe’s firstdivision side Highfield United and thenloaned to Zimbabwe’s premier team sideBlack Mambas.Now retired after an illustrious footballcareer with 100 international games, Ndlovuhas left a multitude of career memorieshome and abroad. He is the current longestserving African player in the UK and holdsthe longest career with national team theWarriors as their highest goal scorer.His 15 years and 32 goals with theWarriors included eight in World CupQualifiers, three in African Nations CupFinals, and 16 in African Cup of NationsQualifiers. He is considered by some to bethe most skilled African striker.In 1997 Peter got married to SouthAfrican singer Sharon Dee but they divorcedin 2003 after his long stint in England. Theyhave two children.Zimbabwean football is synonymous withthe name Peter Ndlovu. Ndlovu was bornto Abigail Mary Nyoni on 25 February 1973in Bulawayo, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe).Ndlovu is the seventh of eleven siblings. Hisbrothers, Adam and Madinda, also becameinternational players. They played on thestreets of Makokoba, Bulawayo, where theygrew up.He attended Lotshe Primary Schooland then Mzilikazi High School where heexplored his early football skills. In 1989,together with his childhood friend BenjaminNkhonjera who is another Highlanders andWarriors great, Ndlovu guided Mzilikazi HighSchool into winning a nationwide Coca-Cola Cup. Peter came into internationalrecognition as an Under-23 player at the AllAfrica games in Egypt.The striker was first spotted by JohnSillet, then Manager of Coventry City, beforehe was officially signed by Terry Butcherwith the club after leaving his Zimbabweanhome club, Highlanders in July 1991 at theage of 18.He quickly warmed the hearts of fansafter scoring away at Arsenal and then thewinning goal against Aston Villa four monthsafter his signing. His time at CoventryCity from 1991 to 1997 stands out in hiscareer with 176 appearances and 39 goals.Here his flare became recognisable with asignature piece resulting in a goal againstNorwich City, earning him the Match ofthe Day ‘Goal of the month’ honours forSeptember.Ndlovu scored some memorable goalsfor the Sky Blues (Coventry City) duringthe 1994/1995 period - becoming the firstaway player to secure a hat-trick at Anfieldfor 30 years. The Sky Blues reportedlyturned down a then-massive £4-million offerfrom Arsenal for Ndlovu at the end of the1994 season. Peter Ndlovu is well placed atthe top of the Coventry City goal-scorers’table and would unquestionably feature on alist of the clubs greatest ever goals.He was affectionately known as‘Nuddy’ by Coventry City fans and as ‘The‘Bulawayo Bullet’ by the media.Ndlovu signed with Trevor Francisat Birmingham City in July 1997, for a feeof £1.6-million. His traditional style helpedpropel the Blues to two successive playoffappearances in Nationwide Division One.After spending time on loan for Huddersfield
Best of Zimbabwe40Kirsty CoventryZimbabwe’s Olympic Queen of the Waters.Zimbabwean swimmer and world recordholder, Kirsty Leigh Coventry, was born on16 September 1983 in Harare, Zimbabwe.Coventry attended Dominican Convent HighSchool in Harare. In 2000, at the age of 16,she qualified for the Sydney Olympics andbecame the first Zimbabwean swimmer toreach the semifinals at the Olympics.Coventry received a full swimmingscholarship to Auburn University in Alabama,USA and swam competitively for them. Shewas: Team Captain of the Auburn UniversitySwim Team, 2004/05; a Member of theAuburn University Three-Time NationalChampionship Team 2002, 2003, 2004; aMember of the Auburn University Three-TimeSouth Eastern Conference ChampionshipTeam 2003, 2004, 2005; the NCAA FemaleSwimmer of the year 2005; the SEC FemaleSwimmer of the year, 2004, 2005; theNational Honda Award Winner for Swimming2005; and won seven NCAA Titles and 14SEC Titles (2001-2005). She spent five yearsthere completing her Degree in Hospitalitywith a Minor in Business.Coventry swam for her country in the2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece,winning three Olympic medals: gold, silver,and bronze.In the 2008 Summer Olympics inBeijing she won four medals: gold and threesilver. She subsequently won the heartsof Zimbabweans and became a nationaltreasure. Coventry was awarded US$100,000by President Mugabe for her success at the2008 Olympics and she gave a portion of themoney to charity.In 2008, Coventry broke her first worldrecord in the 200m backstroke at theMissouri Grand Prix by beating the secondoldest swimming record with a time of2:06:39. She is the third woman in historyto break the 1:00 minute barrier in the 100mbackstroke, and the second to break the59-second barrier.Career highlights:• World Champion and world record holder,200m Backstroke, World Championships2009, Rome, Italy;• Olympic Gold and Three Silver medals,Olympic Games, Beijing, China, 2008;• World Record Holder in the 200mBackstroke 2008/2009/2010;• World Record Holder in the 100mBackstroke 2008-2009;• Four-Time World Short CourseZimbabweIcons
Best of Zimbabwe 41www.kirstycoventry.orgChampion, Manchester, England, 2008;• Short Course World Record Holderin the 200m Individual Medley, 200mBackstroke and 400m Individual Medley,2008;• Two-Time Silver Medallist, WorldChampionships, Melbourne, Australia,2007;• Seven-Time Gold Medallist, All AfricanGames, Algeria, 2007;• Two-Time World Champion andTwo-Time Silver Medallist, WorldChampionships, Montreal, Canada, 2005;• Overall Female Swimmer of the meet,World Championships, Montreal, Canada,2005;• Olympic Gold, Silver and BronzeMedallist, Olympic Games, Athens,Greece, 2004;• Proclaimed Honorary Citizen of Athens,Greece, By Mayor Dora Bakoyannis2004;• Gold Medallist, Common Wealth Games,Manchester, England, 2002;• Zimbabwe Sportsperson of the year2002, 2004, 2005;• Zimbabwe Sportswomen of the year2002, 2004, 2005;• African swimmer of the year 2004, 2005,2007, 2008, 2009.Kirsty Coventry has just received an Awardas Swimming World Magazine’s FemaleAfrican Swimmer Of The Year 2012.After her College career, she moved with hercoach to Austin Texas where she has trainedfor the last three years. She has decided tomove to Johannesburg to be closer to homewhere she can have a bigger positive impacton young athletes wanting to follow theirOlympic Dreams.
Best of Zimbabwe42Cricket in ZimbabweUp until 1999, Zimbabwe was predominantly a football loving country, which wasperfectly understandable given the fact that in the early nineties, the dream team(as they were then known) were a real force to be reckoned with.watch something other than their belovedfootball.But the 1999 Cricket World Cupwhich was held in England, showed thefirst signs of a football crazy countryslowly beginning to explore new sportingavenues, thanks to the introduction ofsatellite television which was becomingeasier to obtain. Zimbabwe had their bestWorld Cup to date as they dispatchedKenya and then had wins over India as wellas tournament favourites, South Africa.Beating South Africa – who alwaysreferred to Zimbabwe as their little brothers– allowed Zimbabwe, who was captainedby Alistair Campbell and coached by DavidHoughton who was arguably Zimbabwe’sbest coach, to qualify for the next roundwhich was known as the super sixes.This comprised of the top three countriesfrom their respective groups playing eachother.Although Zimbabwe were unable to winanother game in the tournament, playerssuch as the Flower brothers Andy andGrant, Heath Streak, Neil Johnson andHenry Olonga, captured the minds andimaginations of thousands of previouslydisadvantaged children; so much so thatwhen driving through the high density areas,clusters of children could be seen playingcricket and trying to emulate their heroes.What made it even more special, wasthe fact that the children weren’t all tryingto be Henry Olonga; instead, many of theenthusiastic youngsters were striving tofollow in the footsteps of the likes of AndyFlower, Heath Streak, as well as the bigchicken farmer Eddo Brandes.On the field of play, Zimbabwe achievedsuccess and a certain amount of recognitionfrom other test playing nations a great dealearlier than the 1999 World Cup.In fact, Zimbabwe made a spectacularWorld Cup debut back in 1983 when theybeat Australia by 13 runs and then recordeda nine run win over England in Australia.The country’s consistently goodperformances at first-class level finallyconvinced the international cricket councilto seriously consider granting Zimbabwefull-test status; and when a vote was putforward, seven of the eight test playingnations agreed that Zimbabwe was readyto be enrolled into cricket’s test family.Although Zimbabwe’s first test againsta full-strength Indian team ended in a draw,there were many positives to take awayfrom a match which most people believedwould have been over in three days.Captain David Houghton led from thefront with a responsibly manufacturedinnings of 121, while there were alsocontributions by Grant Flower who madea painstaking but invaluable 82, AndyFlower also chipped in with a solid 59 asZimbabwe posted a more than impressivetotal of 456.Other sports enjoy a much lesser following- and cricket in particular was mainlyplayed and watched by the minority whitepopulation.In a way, this may also be due to thefact that the lesser sports such as crickethardly got any airtime on local televisionor radio. This meant that many peoplewere somewhat sceptical and possiblya little afraid to venture out and try to
Best of Zimbabwe 43Zimbabwe’s first test victory came threeyears later when they beat Pakistan by anincredible innings and 65 runs, thanks to amonumental effort by the Flower brothers -whose fourth wicket partnership of 269, stillto this day, remains the highest partnershipbetween two brothers in test cricket.Although most people would rememberthat particular test as Zimbabwe’s maidentest win, others will also remember it as thedebut of the country’s first black player.The 18-year-old fast bowler HenryOlonga made Zimbabwean history when hebecame the first black player to represent thecountry in a test match. He also contributedin Pakistan’s first innings when he got theearly breakthrough.The 1996/97 season was a memorableseason for Zimbabwe as they causedanother upset when they beat England in athree match one day international series.It was especially the third and final gamethat will always be remembered, thanksto big Eddo Brandes who ripped throughEngland’s top five batsmen, taking a careerbest 5/28 from his 10 overs, which alsoincluded a hat-trick.When the West Indies toured Zimbabweback in July 2001, most cricket lovers wouldhave been looking forward to witnessing thebatting sensation Brian Lara. Lara was one ofthe world’s most flamboyant and captivatingleft-handed batsmen who many youngcricketers looked up to.But Lara sadly had to return homeafter an injury in a one day warm upmatch against Zimbabwe country districtsand many fans would have been bitterlydisappointed by Lara’s early and untimelydeparture, so to speak.But what nobody counted on, was a youngright-handed batsman by the name ofHamilton Masakadza who entered not onlyZimbabwe’s cricketing history books, butbriefly held the record of being the youngestbatsman to get a century on test debut.Zimbabwe were badly outplayed in thefirst test against the West Indies and aftera poor performance in the first innings ofthe second and final test, it appeared thatanother heavy defeat was on the cards.Zimbabwe had a substantial first inningsdeficit with key player Andy Flower, who atthe time was the world’s number one rankedtest batsman, missing due to a broken finger.Few gave Zimbabwe any hope of lasting outthe final two days.But Hamilton Masakadza rewrote thehistory books when he made a match-saving117 which, alongside good contributionsfrom Andy Blignaut, Heath Streak and AlistairCampbell, ensured that Zimbabwe would notlose the test match.Very few people understood the truesignificance of Masakadza’s century. Yes,he had achieved a wonderful record that willlive on in the minds of all cricket lovers formany years to come; but Masakadza moreimportantly proved to thousands of childrenliving in the high-density suburbs that cricketcould be played by everybody.Not only could it be played by everybody,but he also proved to these awe-inspiredchildren that through hard work, self beliefand dedication, it was possible to competeagainst the world’s very best.The likes of Hamilton Masakadza,Tatenda Taibu, Henry Olonga and manymore, opened the door for a number ofyoung black players to come up through theranks and to make their presence known atall levels of cricket.Zimbabwe may no longer be the teamthey used to be, but they have a great dealto be proud of.www.zimcricket.org
Best of Zimbabwe44Chapter 1Travel and TourismTHE NEW SPIRIT OF AFRICAPIONEER IN AFRICAN AVIATION
Best of Zimbabwe46Ministry of Tourism and HospitalityIndustry ZimbabweDeveloping Zimbabwe into a world-class tourism destination.MissionTo facilitate the delivery of high-quality,sustainable tourism products and servicesthat contribute to the economic developmentof Zimbabwe.The Ministry of Tourism and HospitalityIndustry was created in 2009 after thecountry’s leadership realised the importanceof tourism for the development of thecountry’s economy.The creation of a stand-alone Ministryof Tourism and Hospitality Industry is amanifestation of the country’s leadership toensure a synergistic relationship betweengovernment and the private sector.The Permanent Secretary, supportedby management staff in the directorates ofDomestic Tourism, International Tourism,Research and Development, and Finance,Administration and Human Resources, leadsthe Ministry.Victoria Falls - One of the mostspectacular natural wonders of the worldWithout doubt, the Victoria Falls constitutesone of the most spectacular natural wondersof the world - where one can gaze at themighty Zambezi flowing, broad and placid,to a basalt lip 1700m wide before taking aplunge into the frothy chasm of the gorgebelow. This is the world’s largest sheet offalling water, yet although fame has spreadfar and wide the site has been tastefullypreserved. There is far more to do at theVictoria Falls than to marvel at the Fallsthemselves. Upstream, the Zambezi playshost to the famous ‘sundowner’ cruises towatch the local wildlife.Below the Falls is quite a differentexperience. For the courageous, the rapidsdownstream offer some of the most thrillingwhite-water rafting anywhere in the world.Several companies now offer one-day andtwo-day trips, while the more adventurouscan take a week-long journey all the way tothe mouth of Lake Kariba.There is also a spectacular excursion tobe made on foot. The Rainforest on the lipof the chasm opposite the Falls is a uniqueswathe of dense tropical vegetation whichthrives on the spray thrown up throughoutthe year. A well-kept path takes tourists ona walk through the forest, with occasionaldiversions to viewing points for the Fallsthemselves.To absorb all these experiences can takemany days, and Victoria Falls is not short ofexcellent hotel facilities. The Victoria FallsHotel, built in 1904, is still one of the mostromantic in the country - an opulent buildingin the grandest of colonial styles occupying aprime view of the site.Many of the hotels offer a choice ofevening sustenance: a splendid buffet
Best of Zimbabwe 47under the stars, with the sound of the Fallsrumbling in the distance, or a sumptuousdinner in their restaurants. After supper,there’s a fabulous display of traditionaldancing to be seen.But people do not come to the VictoriaFalls for holidays alone. There are alsosuperb conference facilities, offeringdelegates a remarkable experience of Africato complement the business of the day.Kariba - Africa’s best kept secretKariba is no less entrancing for being anartificial lake. Sandwiched between Zambiato the north and Zimbabwe to the south, itwas created when the flow of the mightyZambezi River was harnessed at KaribaDam to generate hydroelectricity for bothcountries. The construction of the dam andthe power station beneath it remains one ofthe most spectacular feats of engineering