Best of tanzania


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Best of Tanzania
Promoting Trade, Development, Tourism and Cultural Relations across the world

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Best of tanzania

  1. 1. Proudly AfricanBoosting inter-trade & culturalrelations across the
  2. 2. International Group Publisher Sven BoermeesterSADC Group Publisher Thapelo LetsholoBest of Series Publisher Gia BischofbergerBest of Tanzania Publishing Partner Carlos IdeiasManaging Editor Rebecca EbSales and Marketing Carlos Ideias, Clara Comberti,Pedro FigueiredoProduction GVPedia Communications ccCreative Direction iMedi8 CreativeWebmaster Liam DobellContent Manager Agnes Sikhethile ZabaPrinting Creda CommunicationsContact details:P.O. Box 391, Paulshof, 2056Tel: +27 11 705 2097 | Fax: +27 86 586 1999Email: | www.GVPedia.comGlobal Village Partnerships info@GVPedia.comwww.ProudlyAfrican.infoDisclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the informationin The ‘Best of Tanzania Vol.1. Neither ‘Best of Tanzania Vol. 1’, nor GVPediaCommunications cc assume any responsibility for errors or omissions. The editorreserves the right to amend and alter copy and visual material as deemed necessary.All rights reserved: No part of this publication shall be reproduced, copied,transmitted, adapted or modified in any form or by any means. This publication shallnot be stored in whole or in part in any form in any retrieval system.The Majestic Tanzania“Best of Tanzania successfully promotes and showcases Tanzaniaas a bountiful land of many opportunities, endless beauty, majesticbeasts, rich natural heritage and culture and diverse landscapes. Inthese pages we exhibit the very best of Tanzanian business, industryand tourism through an impressive display of images”.Designed with the inspiration of the Tanzanite stone, this is a visual celebration of Tanzania’sachievements and successes. Not only does Best of Tanzania capture the history of the land and itsgrowth journey, but it offers a glimpse of the country’s future through its Vision. The bright colours ofthe landscape seem to be telling of an equally bright future. We hope to capture some of this colourthrough a showcase of the pride of the nation.The timeless pages of history of ‘Best of Tanzania’ will forever form a tangible reminder and visualcelebration of the melting pot of the country and its most premium offerings. Tanzania’s landscapeleaves all who witness it spellbound. A small part of this magic is captured here to share with the world– looking beyond the awe of the Serengeti, Mount Kilimanjaro, and Zanzibar.Tanzania’s relative isolation from global markets helped it survive the effects of the global economicdownturn, presenting an environment conducive to opportunities. Mercy Tembon, World Bank ActingCountry Director for Tanzania, Uganda and Burundi, said that if Tanzania continues to commit to humancapital investments and business development facilitation, it can reach its growth target. This stabilityhas seen the World Bank forecast Tanzania’s 2011/12 growth at six percent. This success of Tanzaniancompanies and individuals is worthy of celebration.Our sincere thanks must go to the participants showcased in our very first edition; representing the“Best of” in their respective fields. We profile these individuals, companies and organisations with muchpride and celebrate their success – which in turn helps us to promote Tanzania throughout Africa andthe world.This yearly publication is part of the “Global Village Partnerships” publishing model that now extendsacross 45 countries. To complement the readership of our print model we are also present on and the portal where millions of international readers haveaccess to a virtual copy of ‘Best of Tanzania’. The newest addition to this is the VIPedia app where thebooks can be downloaded for e-Reading.‘‘Best of Tanzania’’ will document Tanzanian achievements and all that Tanzanians have to be proudof. We will showcase these on the world stage, relying on the fact that Tanzania will see immensegrowth in the years to come.We thank you and trust that you will enjoy and treasure this gem – ‘‘Best of Tanzania’’.Thapelo Letsholo Sven Boermeester Gia BischofbergerTanzania Team (L-R):Carlos, Clara and PedroProudly AfricanBoosting inter-trade & culturalrelations across the continentwww.ProudlyAfrican.infoBest of Tanzania | 1
  3. 3. President Jakaya KikwetePresident Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete is thefourth President of the United Republicof Tanzania, first sworn in to office on 21December 2005 after winning 61 percentof the vote in the general election. Nowin his second term, he also served as theChairperson of the African Union from 31January 2008 to 2 February 2009.Kikwete attended Msoga Primary Schoolfrom 1958 to 1961, followed by LugobaMiddle School from 1962 to 1965. Thisfollowed with his O-level education atKibaha Secondary School from 1966 to1969. His advanced level education wascompleted at Tanga Secondary Schoolfollowed by a degree in Economics at theUniversity of Dar es Salaam from 1972 to1975.Kikwete’s grandfather Mrisho Kikwete was alocal chief and his father became a DistrictCommissioner in colonial Tanganyika,Regional Administrative Secretary, and thenan Ombudsman in post-colonial Tanganyikaand the United Republic of Tanzania. Helearnt much of his leadership skills fromthese two hugely influential men in hislife. During school, Kikwete was naturallyelected for leadership, which effortlessly ledto TANU and CCM party youth movementsafter school.He became active in student politics andwas elected Vice President of the Dar esSalaam University Students Organisationand de-facto President of the studentgovernment at the Main Campus in1973/74. In this capacity, he was at theforefront of activism in liberation andanti-apartheid politics. He representedAfrican University students at internationalconferences, such as the InternationalYouth Population Conference in Bucharest,Romania in 1974.After graduating, Kikwete joined the rulingparty. Kikwete served in the Tanzanianmilitary, becoming the Chief PoliticalInstructor of the Tanzania People’s DefenceForces in 1984. He also rose through armyranks to become a political instructor in themilitary academy and retired as a LieutenantColonel in 1992. He has been in the cabinetsince 1988 and was previously Ministerof Finance and Minister of Energy andMinerals.Kikwete was a foreign minister between1995 and 2005. His tenure as chairman ofthe African Union was seen as successful,as in 2007 he played a significant rolein finding a solution to the post-electionchaos in neighbouring Kenya. In his role asPresident, Kikwete has continued with theefforts of his predecessor to make Tanzaniaa free-market economy. He has also beenseen to pay delicate respect to the socialistpolicies of Tanzanian founder Julius Nyerere,whilst still keeping a grip on Chama ChaMapinduzi (CCM), the ruling party.Kikwete pledged to implement a numberof ambitious economic projects, prioritisescientific research and development,augment tourism and actively fight poverty.The recent significant offshore gas findingsby Norway’s Statoil, U.S. group ExxonMobiland Britain’s BG Group and its partner OphirEnergy in June, brings Tanzanian reservesTanzanian politician and President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, was born on 7 October 1950 inMsoga, Bagamoyo District in mainland Tanzania (then Tanganyika).2 | Best of Tanzania
  4. 4. up to 28.9-trillion cubic feet with expectedearnings of up to USD3-billion per year,according to the World Bank.In order to protect future earnings, Kikweteannounced government’s plans to set up asovereign wealth fund. He described this asa way of putting excess reserves to betteruse, while learning from those who alreadyhave such funds in place. Kikwete is usingthese models to show how to better managerevenues of gas findings, and by setting upTanzania’s own fund, similar benefits for thecountry can be ensured. Kikwete’s intentionis to see that natural gas revenues are usedto speed up development.Since 1954, 61 wells have been drilled foroil. Although no oil has been struck out ofthose, natural gas was found in 22 wells.Gas exploration has escalated since thefirst gas discovery in 2010 in the southernparts of Tanzania along the Indian OceanCoastline. Exploration drilling is set tocontinue into the second half of 2012through to 2013, so Kikwete believes theremay be more gas discoveries to come.Kikwete hopes that cheap access to gaswould encourage the construction offertiliser plants and boost power generation.His target of generating 3,500MW ofelectricity by 2015 largely depends onnatural gas. As a result, he is working ona new national gas policy, gas utilisationmaster plan and legislation to regulate thefast-growing industry. This is sure to beone of his most significant impacts for hiscountry during his presidency.President Kikwete is a keen sportsmanafter having played competitive basketballat school and was a patron of the TanzaniaBasketball Federation. He is also a strongsupporter of Young Africans, one of thecountry’s top football clubs. He has eightchildren with wife Salma Kikwete.www.jkikwete.comPresident Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete meeting withthe World Trade Center, Cape TownPresident Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete receives acopy of the Best of South AfricaBest of Tanzania | 3
  5. 5. Hotels, Lodges and ResortsDining and NightlifeDécor, Design and InteriorsTravel, Tours and LeisureTanzanite and JewelleryTraining and EducationChapter142Chapter380Chapter598Chapter270Chapter486Chapter6106CHAPTERS4 | Best of Tanzania
  6. 6. Medical HealthcareInsurance and InvestmentMining and MineralsBankingEnergy, Oil and GasChapter7116Chapter9142Chapter11166Chapter8128Chapter10156Best of Tanzania | 5
  7. 7. Industry and ManufacturingSecurity SystemsTransport and LogisticsElectrical, Engineering and ConstructionBuilding, Architecture and Real EstateCourier ServicesChapter12180Chapter14202Chapter16220Chapter13186Chapter15210Chapter17230CHAPTERS6 | Best of Tanzania
  8. 8. Automotive and MotoringTechnology and CommunicationsCorporate Profiles and EntrepreneurshipFood and BeveragesPrint, Media and MarketingChapter18236Chapter20254Chapter22290Chapter19246Chapter21278Best of Tanzania | 7
  9. 9. Tanzania at a glanceTanzania is the largest country in East Africa and its vast land surface varies from rollingplains to dramatic mountains, and from immense lakes to a crisp turquoise ocean gently8 | Best of Tanzania
  10. 10. Major attractions include Africa’s highestmountain and the highest freestandingmountain on earth – the snow cappedMount Kilimanjaro, the Great Lakes andthe forested shores of the worlds longest,second-deepest and cleanest freshwaterlake – Lake Tanganyika, Ngorongoro crater,the Great Migration at Serengeti NationalPark, and the picturesque islands of Pembaand Zanzibar. Tanzania is truly a land ofastonishing natural beauty, vibrant andancient culture, and a heritage spanning tothe beginning of time.Tanzania is also a beacon of stability ina turbulent world – notably through thetolerance of her people.Full Name: United Republic of TanzaniaCapital: DodomaLargest City: Dar es SalaamMotto: “Uhuru na Umoja” (Swahili)“Freedom and Unity”NationalAnthem:“Mungu ibariki Afrika” (Swahili)“God Bless Africa”President: Jakaya Kikwete (2005)Prime Minister: Mizengo Pinda (2008)Area: 342,100 sq mi (886,039 sq km),364,898 sq mi (945,087 sq km)Provinces: Tanzania is divided into 26 regions(mkoa), 21 on the mainland andfive in Zanzibar (three on Unguja,two on Pemba)Population: 41,892,895 (2% growth rate,2010)Main Languagespoken:Swahili and EnglishMain Religions: Christianity, Islam, and IndigenousbeliefsMain exports: Coffee (largest), tea, cotton,cashews, sisal, cloves, pyrethrum,gasNaturalResources:Minerals (gold, diamonds, coal,iron, uranium, nickel, chrome,tin, platinum, coltan, niobium,tanzanite (endemic), natural gas,and tourismMonetary unit: Tanzanian ShillingHISTORYTanzania’s land is known to be one ofthe oldest inhabited places in the worldevidenced by the fossil findings from overtwo-million years ago unearthed in theOlduvai Gorge. One of the region’s mostimportant Archaeological sites is Engarukain the Great Rift Valley, with ruins whichmap out an ancient system of irrigation andcultivation. It was thought to have beenpopulated by hunter-gatherer communitieslapping white sandy beaches. Tanzania’s unique beauty and natural variety make it anexciting wildlife and safari destination – and one of Africa’s premier tourist destinations.Best of Tanzania | 9
  11. 11. 10 | Best of Tanzaniasuch as the Cushitic and Khoisan people.Bantu-speaking people arrived from WestAfrica 2000 years ago and up until the 18thcentury, Nilotic pastoralists immigrated tothe area.The region became known for its steelproduction, beginning with the Haya people2000 years ago. Since the first century AD,merchants from the Persian Gulf and Indiavisited what was then called Tanganyika– as well as the Zanzibar islands. Islamhas been practiced on the “Swahili Coast”since between eighth and ninth century AD.Zanzibar today refers to Zanzibar Island,or “Unguja” and the neighbouring islandof Pemba. Zanzibar fell under Portuguesedomination in the 16th and early 17thcenturies.The coastal strip was then claimed byOman Sultan Seyyid Said who subsequentlymoved his capital to Zanzibar City in 1840.As a result, Zanzibar City became the centreof the Arab slave-trade and between 65and 90% of locals were enslaved. One ofthe most famous traders was Tippu Tip,who amassed substantial wealth and statusthroughout Eastern Africa in the late 1800s.His nickname came from the sound of hisguns rattling wherever he went.German East Africa and British MandateImperial Germany conquered the regionsof Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi in thelate 19th century. During World War One,an invasion attempt by the British wasthwarted. After the war, the League ofNations Charter designated Tanganyika as aBritish Mandate. British rule ended in 1961with the transition to independence.Formation of TanzaniaThe Tanganyika African National Union(TANU) was formed by Julius Nyerere in1954, in pursuit of national sovereignty forTanganyika. Nyerere subsequently becamethe first Prime Minister after independence.The Zanzibar Revolution of 1963 overthrewthe Arab dynasty. On 26 April 1964, themainland of Tanganyika merged withthe island nation of Zanzibar to becomeTanzania – the name being a portmanteauof Tanganyika and Zanzibar. This unionstill allows the Zanzibar governmentconsiderable local autonomy.In 1967, Nyerere turned leftist throughthe Arusha Declaration’s commitmentto socialism, pan-Africanism andnationalisation.
  12. 12. The economy of the 1970s suffered amajor slump which saw the introductionof Chinese investment into the region.One of the great projects of this time wasthe TAZARA railway from Dar es Salaamto Zambia’s copper belt – eliminatingTanzania’s dependence on Rhodesia(Zimbabwe) and South Africa.Nyerere merged TANU with the Zanzibarruling party, the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP)of Zanzibar to form the CCM (Chama chaMapinduzi-CCM Revolutionary Party), on5 February 1977.Tanzania declared war on the Soviet-backedUganda in 1979 after Idi Amin invadednorthern Tanzania in an attempt to annexKagera. Tanzania followed the expulsion ofUgandan forces with an invasion of Uganda– enlisting the help of Ugandan exiles. IdiAmin was forced out of the capital Kampalaon 11 April 1979, signalling the end of theUganda-Tanzania War.In October 1985, Nyerere handed overpower to Ali Hassan Mwinyi.The country’s first multi-party election washeld on 23 November 1995, which sawBenjamin William Mkapa sworn in as thenew president of Tanzania. In December2005, Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete was electedthe fourth president for a five-year term.Kikwete was re-elected in 2010 with the nextelections scheduled for 2015.Best of Tanzania | 11
  13. 13. 12 | Best of TanzaniaTIMELINERift Valleyinhabited by Australopithecus, Homo andeven other hominid genera, as evidencedby fossils at Olduvai Gorge.East Africa populated byKhoisan hunter-gatherers seen in rockart in central Tanzania. Periodic contactmade between Ancient Egypt and theEast African coast is established in2500 BC.Tanzanian interiorpopulated by Iron Age Bantu-speakers.Phoenicians explore the coast in 600 BC,trading with Rhapta port – probably thePangani or Rufiji estuaries in modern-dayTanzania.Trade betweenthe Swahili Coast and Persian Gulfestablished by the 9th century AD, whenEast Africa’s earliest known Islamicbuildings were built.Kiswahili (simplifiedBantu language with Arabic elements),spreads along most of the coast betweenSomalia and Mozambique – trade routetransporting Zimbabwean gold.Persian navaltechnology improvements push maritimetrade further south, establishing centralSwahili city-state, Kilwa Kisiwani insouthern Tanzania – a gold-readingemporium visited regularly by Arabic andAsian merchant ships.The Portuguese capture Kilwa,Mombasa and several other coastal ports.Gold trade collapses and the economystagnates.Sultan Said of Oman makesZanzibar his East African base, due
  14. 14. to its access to the caravan route toLake Tanganyika. Several Omani cloveplantations established.Said and Omanis control all localtrade, dominated by export of slaves fromthe interior – some 40,000 were sold fromZanzibar yearly.Ngoni exiles from Zululand (SouthAfrica) attack resident tribes in southernTanzania with Zulu military tactics. Localchiefs use similar tactics to forge largerkingdoms – extracting taxes and gunsfrom Arab slave traders. In 1848, Germanmissionary Johan Rebmann is the firstEuropean to see Kilimanjaro, and isridiculed for his report of a snow cap onthe Equator.Scottish missionary DavidLivingstone stumbles across LakeNyasa-Malawi and strongly criticised thewidespread slave-trade. Richard Burtonand John Speke are the first Europeans tosee Lake Tanganyika.Livingstone spends the last sixyears of his life wandering between thegreat lakes. Livingstone’s funeral catalysesthe anti-slaving lobby, and SultanBarghash of Zanzibar outlaws the slave-trade in exchange for British protection.A church is built over Zanzibar’s slavemarket.The Scramble for Africa seesBritain and Germany negotiate a territorialpartition identical to the modern borderbetween Kenya and Tanzania. In 1888,the German East Africa Company placesagencies at most coastal settlementsnorth of Dar es Salaam. In September, asugar plantation owner, Abushiri ibn Salimal-Harthi, leads an uprising and Germanagents are killed or driven away. In April1889, German troops capture Abushiri andhang him in Pangani.The German colony populationdecreases due to a cattle plagueepidemic, an outbreak of smallpox,destructive locust plagues, and famine.The Hehe successfully ambush a Germanbattalion in 1891. Hehe chief Mkwawashoots himself when facing Germancapture in 1898.The southeast rises againstGerman rule in the Maji-Maji Rebellion.The rebellion is quashed and Germansinduce a famine leading to 250,000deaths. Public outcry in Germany seesnew administration create an incentive-based scheme for African farmers, leadingto a threefold increase in exports leadingup to World War One.The Allies capture German EastAfrica. The League of Nations mandatesthe Ruanda-Urundi District (now Rwandaand Burundi) to Belgium and the restof the colony, re-named Tanganyika, toBritain.Tanganyika has no directinvolvement in World War II, but benefitseconomically as rocketing internationalfood prices lead trade revenue to increasesixfold between 1939 and 1949.100,000 indigenous Tanganyikanswho fought for European democracy inWorld War II call for independence afterreturning to racist and non-democraticpolicies. In 1954, 34-year-old graduateof Edinburgh University Julius Nyererebecomes president of TANU, advocatingpeaceful transition to self-government.Tanganyika is granted fullindependence under Nyerere on 9December 1961 in a bloodless transition.Zanzibar is granted full independence inDecember 1963. A month later, the Arabgovernment of Zanzibar is toppled in abloody coup. In April 1964, Tanganyikaand Zanzibar merge to become the UnitedRepublic of Tanzania. TANU will latermerge with the Zanzibari ASP to form theCCM, which still rules Tanzania.A staunch socialist,Nyerere embarks on a policy ofvillagisation, encouraging rural formationof Ujamaa villages and collectivefarms. By the end of 1975, 65% of ruralTanzanians lived in Ujamaa villages. Wateror food supplies were mostly inadequate,and the policy was abandoned as a costlyexperiment.Nyerere pulled out of anOAU conference in Idi Amin’s Uganda in1975. Following Amin’s annexation of partof northwest Tanzania, Nyerere invadedUganda in 1979 and toppled Amin.Tanzanian economy sufferedafter drought, Ujamaa, rising fuelprices, lack of foreign aid, corruption instate-run institutions, and the war withUganda. Nyerere retired in 1985 andwas succeeded by Ali Hassan Mwinyi,who abandoned socialism and adopteda three-year Economic Recovery Plan inalliance with the IMF. Tanzania has sinceachieved a real-term average annualgrowth rate of around 4%.The first multi-partyelection took place in October 1995, withBenjamin Mpaka receiving the majority ofaround 75%. Mpaka was succeeded byJakaya Kikwete in 2005.Best of Tanzania | 13
  15. 15. 14 | Best of TanzaniaTanzania is unique in African politics aseven though the mainland has undergonea series of political transitions – fromcolonial dependency to independence, fromsocialist state to free-market economy, fromsocialism to democracy – there has neverbeen resultant sustained civil or ethnicunrest. This is something Tanzania takespride in and uses this stability to continuebuilding a sturdy economy on.The Republic of Tanzania truly is united as itnow enjoys the benefits of a democracy anda free-market economy. The CCM (Chamacha Mapinduzi-CCM Revolutionary Party)has been in power since it was formedbetween the governments of Zanzibar andTanganyika in 1977. The development ofthe organisation has been one of matureprogression, as it came to terms with itsearly socialist errors and reformed in thebest way possible.The Government of the United Republic ofTanzania is a unitary republic consisting ofthe Union Government and the ZanzibarRevolutionary Government.Since independence in 1961 withoutfail, Tanzania has held Presidential andParliamentary Elections every five-yearperiod. H.E. Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete wasfirst sworn into office after results from theGeneral Elections of 14 December, 2005,becoming the fourth President of Tanzaniaon 21 December, 2005 for a five-year term ofoffice. Since 1985, Tanzania has followed atwo-term limit for the Presidency.President Kikwete’s campaign slogan was“New Vigour, New Zeal, and New Speed:Promoting Better Life for all Tanzanians”,inspiring the majority of Tanzanians. Allformer Presidents, Vice Presidents, andPrime Ministers live in Tanzania and areaccorded respect. On 25 June, 2006President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete waselected Chairman of the ruling political party
  16. 16. (CCM) by its General Congress and re-elected as President for his second term on31 October 2010.Public AdministrationAll state authority in the United Republic isexercised and controlled by the Governmentof the United Republic of Tanzania and theRevolutionary Government of Zanzibar. EachCentral Government has three organs: TheExecutive; Judiciary; and The Legislature,that have powers over the conduct of publicaffairs. In addition, Local GovernmentAuthorities assist each central government.The Government of Tanzania has authorityover all Union Matters in the United Republicand over all other matters concerningmainland Tanzania. The RevolutionaryGovernment of Zanzibar has authority inZanzibar over all matters excluding UnionMatters.The President is the Head of State, the Headof Government, and the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. The Executiveof the United Republic comprises thePresident, the Vice-President, President ofZanzibar, the Prime Minister and the CabinetMinisters.JudiciaryThe Judiciary in Tanzania consists of threeorgans: the Court of Appeal of the UnitedRepublic of Tanzania, the High Courts forMainland Tanzania and Zanzibar, the JudicialService Commission for Tanzania Mainland –Magistrates Courts and Primary Courts.The Tanzania legal system is based oncommon law. The Tanzania Law ReformCommission is responsible for the review ofthe country’s laws.Dodoma is the national capital of Tanzaniaas well as the capital of the Dodoma UrbanDistrict. Meaning “It has sunk”, Dodoma hasa growing population of around 350,000.Plans were made to move the capitalto Dodoma from Dar es Salaam in 1973as Dodoma was chosen as being moreaccessibly positioned in the centre of thecountry. Tanzania’s National Assemblymoved there in February 1996, but manygovernment offices remain in Dar es Salaam– which remains the commercial capital.Dar es Salaam is the commercial capitaland major sea port for the mainland, alsoserving neighbouring land-locked countriesMalawi, Zambia, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda,and Eastern DRC. Dar es Salaam Port’sgeographical advantage, presents itself asthe gateway into East and Central Africa,significantly adding to Tanzania’s reputationas a logical investment destination.Formerly known as Mzizima, Dar es Salaamis Tanzania’s largest and wealthiest city. Itis also an important economic centre in theregion. Apart from the city, Dar es Salaamis an administrative province of Tanzaniawith three local government districts. Dar esSalaam lost its official capital city status in1974, but it remains the centre of permanentgovernment bureaucracy and serves as thecapital for the surrounding region.Best of Tanzania | 15
  17. 17. 16 | Best of TanzaniaZANZIBARZanzibar is an archipelago made up ofZanzibar Island, Pemba Islands, andseveral islets. It is about 25 miles fromthe Tanzanian coast in the Indian Ocean,and 6° south of the equator. The biggestisland, Zanzibar Island or ‘Unguja’ locally,is 60 miles long and 20 miles wide. Mostnotable on Zanzibar Island, apart from itsmagnificent beaches and coral reefs, is thehistoric Stone Town – the only functioningancient town in East Africa. Attractions inStone Town include the sultan’s palace, theHouse of Wonders, the Portuguese fort andgardens, the merchants’ houses, and theTurkish baths.Also known as the ‘spice island’, legendsabound on Zanzibar and its legacy is knownall over the world. As the highlight of thisIndian Ocean coastline which is studdedwith pristine beaches and intriguing ruinedcities, Zanzibar is steeped in centuriesof maritime trade with Asia and the Arabkingdom. The abundance of sea-life presentaround the numerous coral reefs and islandsprovide an arresting offshore adventurewith sightings of whales, dolphins, turtles,sharks, giant coconut crabs, and a multitudeof brightly coloured reef fish.EconomyThe main economic activities for localsrevolve around fishing and agriculture. Alarge portion of the world’s cloves oncecame out of Zanzibar, which are still a mainexport along with coconut products andspices. Tourism is growing to become theprimary foreign exchange earner, with anincreasing number of visitors every year.
  18. 18. HistoryZanzibar’s earliest visitors were Arab tradersin the 8th century – trading ivory, slavesand spices for centuries. Zanzibar’s oldestbuilding is a mosque at Kizimkazi built in1107. The Assyrians, Sumerians, Egyptians,Phoenicians, Indians, Chinese, Persians,Portuguese, Omani Arabs, Dutch andEnglish all landed in Zanzibar at some stage.The Persians and Omani Arabs settled andruled, influencing Zanzibar’s Islamic majorityof today. The Persians intermarried with thelocal Africans, giving rise to a distinctivecoastal community and the Swahili languageformed by a mixture of Arabic.GovernmentZanzibar is an island state within the UnitedRepublic of Tanzania, and has its ownsemi-autonomous government made upof a Revolutionary Council and House ofRepresentatives. The present governmentis led by the island’s President, AmaniKarume. The government body responsiblefor tourism promotion is the ZanzibarCommission for Tourism.Best of Tanzania | 17
  19. 19. 18 | Best of TanzaniaTerrainTanzania’s spectacular landscape includesthree main physiographic regions: theislands and the coastal plains; the inlandsaucer-shaped plateau; and the highlandsin the north and south. The Great Rift Valleyruns from north-east of Africa throughcentral Tanzania, creating another notablelandmark of scenic splendour.ClimateTanzania’s tropical climate is a result ofits location directly south of the equator.Temperatures in the highlands rangebetween 10°C in the cold season and 20°Cduring the hot seasons. The remainder ofTanzania is rarely cooler than 20°C. Thehottest season is between November andFebruary (25–31°C) and the coolest is Mayto August (15–20°C).Major rainfalls happen from Decemberto April (in southern, western and centralTanzania), October to December, and Marchto May (in northern Tanzania). The long rainsof March to May are known as ‘Masika’, andthe short rains of October to December areknown as ‘Vuli’.THE PEOPLEThe Tanzanian culture is especiallysignificant in Africa, even though there are120 different distinct tribes, this diversity hasseldom led to modern conflict. Tribes rangefrom the iconic Maasai pastoralists of theRift Valley, to the Hadza hunter-gatherersof the Lake Eyasi basin, to the industriousChagga agriculturists of the Kilimanjarofootslopes. The most populous tribes arethe Sukuma, Haya, Chagga, Nyamwezi,Makonde, Hehe and Gogo, each comprisingless than 10% of the total population.The varieties of tribes offer a myriad ofinterchanging folklore, traditional post-harvest festivals (“ngoma”), dance, anddress. The most well-known dance is that ofthe Maasai, as they leap simultaneously tothe rhythmic chant of their deep voices.Maasai warrior men dress in light drapedcloth accompanied by traditional weapons.The cloth used is commonly red, addingan imposing air to their already impressivetall stature. Maasai women are renownedfor their jewellery which they layer aroundtheir necks, arms, legs, and ears in anarrangement of colourful beads and metalornaments.As a result of the numerous tribes present inTanzania, there are 128 different languagesspoken. In an attempt to achieve unityafter independence, Swahili was made thenational language through introduction intoPrimary schools. English is the other officiallanguage and is a stipulation in Secondaryand Tertiary, so as to avoid having totranslate textbooks.
  20. 20. Most languages in Tanzania unfortunatelycannot receive equal linguistic rights whichplace them in jeopardy of extinction.Notable Swahili writers include ShaabanRobert, Edwin Semzaba, and EuphraseKezilahabi.Although no official government statisticson religion are available, it is estimated byreligious leaders and sociologists that thenumber of Tanzanians who practice Islamand Christianity is relatively equal in sizewith a share of 60 to 80% of the population.The remainder consist of other religions,including indigenous beliefs and thosewithout religion.ArtThe popular Tingatinga style of using enamelpaints on canvas is evident in unique Africanpaintings. These paintings usually colourfullydepict animals and flowers. Tingatinga wasstarted by Edward Saidi Tingatinga, whowas born in south Tanzania and lived in Dares Salaam. He died in 1972 and since then,the style has been widely adopted acrossTanzania and the world. One of Africa’s mostfamous artists is Tanzanian-born, GeorgeLilanga.MusicNumerous reputable musicians create musicin varying genres, ranging from the modernR&B, pop, and dance music, to the moretraditional Zouk and Taarab.ECONOMYUnder the presidency of Kikwete, theGovernment of Tanzania is pursuing soundand consistent macro-economic policies,keeping inflation low. These policies arebeing built on the sturdy foundations leftby his predecessor as well as increasingimplementation more efficiently.Focus is on the promotion of private sectordevelopment and creating new sectors withgood economic potential. In turn it is hopedthat this will spur investment, create jobs,and expand exports.Key to this is the promotion of sustainableshared economic growth. Governmentis committed to the pursuit of positiveinvestment and growth policies as wellas promoting public-private sectorpartnerships. This partnership is to behoused under the umbrella of the TanzaniaNational Business Council (TNBC). ThePublic Expenditure Review (PER) isdesigned to promote greater participation inpolicy discussions.Tanzania is an ideal investment destinationdue to its national unity and socialcohesiveness solidified through its nationalconsultative process. As a result, Tanzaniaenjoys peace, security and stability. Addedto this are its vast natural resources,geographical advantage, large domesticmarket and labour force. This climate iswelcoming to Foreign Direct Investment,tourists, joint ventures, and public-privatepartnerships.The reforms being undertaken affecteconomic sectors such as reforms inforeign exchange, investment and tradepolicy, agriculture, finance, and the publicsector.Agriculture is the foundation of theTanzanian economy and accounts forhalf of the national income. It is a sourceof food and creates employment for 80%of Tanzanians. Smallholder farmersdominate the agricultural industry inTanzania, relying on rain-fed agriculture,while the agricultural workforce is largelymade up of women.Agriculture is dominated by food cropproduction with 85% of the annual 5.1-million hectares cultivated. Governmentrecognises the role the agricultural sectorcan play in economic growth and povertyreduction. The key to stabilising this sectoris with irrigation. This in turn will increasefood security for the country. Higher valuecrops such as vegetables and flowers couldthen become a focus for the agriculturaleconomy.The macro-economic reforms will continueimpacting significantly on Agriculture, mostnotably through outside influence frominfrastructure, finance, land ownership, andgood governance.Best of Tanzania | 19
  21. 21. 20 | Best of TanzaniaThe mining sector adds 2.3% to the GDP.Development Vision 2025 projects this tobe 10% in the next 13 years. Mining is aleading part of foreign exchange earningsgeneration – of non-traditional exports. Theemployment opportunities in the miningsector have great potential.Tanzania’s mineral capacity is largelyuntapped, with potential to recover largequantities of gold, base metals, diamonds,ferrous minerals and a wide variety ofgemstones. Tanzania is known for itsunique and alluring gem, the tanzanite –which is found nowhere else in the world.Gold and diamonds have always been atthe centre of the country’s mineralproduction.Tanzania produces coal, uranium, soda,kaolin, tin, gypsum, phosphate, anddimension stones at appealing rates.Gold was discovered in recent years ingreenstone belts located in the east andsouth of Lake Victoria and southern andsouth-western rock formations. Base metalswere found in a large belt running acrossthe country. Gemstones are found largely ineastern and western belts running from theKenya border in the north, to Mozambique inthe south.The Mineral Policy of Tanzania focuses onprivate sector-led mineral developmentwith government regulation, promotion, andfacilitation.Trade and InvestmentTanzania’s manufacturing sector activities areconcentrated on simple consumer productssuch as foods, beverages, tobacco, textiles,furniture, and wood products. Regardlessof its relatively small size, the manufacturingsector is still significant to the country’seconomy as it is a reliable source of revenue,making up over half of annual governmentrevenue collection.Manufacturing’s contribution to overallGDP has averaged 8% and is the thirdmost crucial to Tanzania’s economy afteragriculture and tourism.Therefore, with this in mind, a number ofmeasures were taken to increase both thecompetitiveness of the local industries andtheir ability to penetrate the export markets.In the early 1990s, measures were taken toincrease competitiveness of local industriesand their entry in export markets. Onesuch measure was a program designed toprivatise public-owned enterprises. Thisresulted in use of capacities rising from 20%to 50%.The industrial development of Tanzaniahas been explained in the ‘SustainableIndustrial Development Policy – SIDP’. SIDPpromotes a market-led economy and thatTanzania’s industry sector can have successwith increased private sector participationin the decision making and implementationpractices.Williamson Diamond Mine
  22. 22. Tanzania’s government will continueproviding a welcome, attractive, stable, andencouraging environment for investors.Petroleum, hydropower and coal are themajor sources of commercial energy inTanzania. Biomass energy, comprising ofwood and charcoal, accounts for 93% ofthe total energy consumption. Petroleum isimported and is mostly consumed by thetransport sector. Tanzania has its own naturalgas reserves, which is likely to replace oil.Tanzania’s electricity is generated mainlyfrom hydropower. As this is vulnerable tothe effects of drought, some thermal powerstations have been built. In order to boost theelectricity supply, the national grid may beconnected to Zambia and Uganda.TransportTanzania’s transport sector contributeseffectively to social and economicdevelopment. Growth in performance isdue to investment in road rehabilitation,telecommunications expansion,modernisation of port services, and marine,rail, and air transport improvement.TOURISMNational ParksThe abundance of wildlife in Tanzania isthe defining factor in its reputation as acompelling safari destination. The world’slargest game reserve is the Selous in theBest of Tanzania | 21
  23. 23. 22 | Best of Tanzaniasouth of Tanzania. Also in Tanzania isAfrica’s most famous park – the Serengeti,with all its glory of sweeping plains. TheNgorongoro Crater could be considered asAfrica’s most dramatic park. Gombe Streamand Mahale Mountains in the more remotewest are home to chimpanzees. The coastalbelt in the east is abundant in its diversity ofendemic birds, monkeys, chameleons andflowering plants, most notably in the EasternArc Mountains.Tanzania is home to the world famousNational Parks and Game Reserves of:Ngorongoro Crater, Selous Game Reserve,Gombe Stream, Tarangire, Lake Manyara,Mikumi, Arusha, Ruaha, Saadani, UdzungwaMountains, and Mkomazi Game Reserve.Other Game Reserves include: Amani,Kigosi, Lukwika-Lumesule, Maswa, MonduliMountains, Msangesi and Ugala.Otherwise known as the “Greatest showon earth”, the extraordinary annualGreat Migration of herbivores across theSerengeti-Mara ecosystem of Tanzania andKenya is truly a magnificent spectacle ofwildlife in unprecedented volumes. Over2-million herbivores make this annualjourney in search of grazing pastures andfollowing the rain. This epic journey seesabout 200,000 zebra, 500,000 Thomson’sgazelle and over 1.5-million wildebeest or“Gnus” battling elements and predators, andhaving to cross two major rivers in their trek.
  24. 24. The Serengeti is the greatest place to viewthis spectacle of nature.Mount KilimanjaroKilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africaand the highest freestanding mountain inthe world. It’s impressive and imposing airis partly due to the spectacular contrastof its snowy peak to the expanse of plainsemanating from its base. Kilimanjaro is oftenshrouded in a wreath of cloud – giving it amysterious feel. The mystery of Kilimanjarois also in its name – possible meaningsinclude Mountain of Light, Mountain ofGreatness, or Mountain of Caravans.This summit of Africa rises to a height of5,895 metres from the coastal shrubland.As the most accessible of the world’s highsummits, Kilimanjaro – and its year-roundcap of snow – is a magnet for tourists andclimbers. The crater rim can be reachedwithout excessive climbing equipment andclothing. Reaching the summit – UhuruPoint – or Gillman’s Point on the edgeof the crater, earns climbers their officialcertificates, as well as life-changingmemories of their great accomplishment.Ascending the mountain is a uniqueexperience as it takes climbers from thetropics to an arctic-like landscape – and thevarious climes in between. The footslopesbelow the national park boundary of the2,700m contour transform into lush forestwhich is home to elephant, leopard, buffalo,Best of Tanzania | 23
  25. 25. 24 | Best of Tanzaniaand the rare Abbott’s duiker. Further above,is the moorland area of giant heatherinterspersed with the alien-like giantlobelias. At 4000m before reaching the roofof the continent and its ice and snow, is analpine desert which is home to only resistantlichen and moss.Lakes and riversTanzania has enough water resources,including surface and underground, tomeet most of its present needs. About 7%of total land surface is covered by threefresh water lakes bordering Tanzania – LakeVictoria (second largest fresh water lakein the world), Lake Tanganyika (second-deepest lake in the world), and Lake Nyasa(otherwise known as Lake Malawi). InlandLakes include Rukwa, Eyasi and Manyara.Tanzania’s major rivers are Pangani, Wami,Ruvu, Rufiji, Mbwemkuru and Ruvuma, withpeak outflow occurring from March to May.Underground water is also an importantsource of water for both urban and ruralsettlement areas.Tanzania Tourist Board’s Top 10 places1. Ngorongoro Crater2. Serengeti National Park3. Zanzibar and Pemba4. Tarangire National Park5. Lake Manyara National Park6. Mt. Kilimanjaro7. Selous Game Reserve8. Ruaha National Park9. Mafia Island10. Mt. MeruFactsstsouth of the equator and is bordered by
  26. 26. Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda,Burundi and the Democratic Republicof the Congo to the west, and Zambia,Malawi and Mozambique to the south.2, Tanzaniais one of the largest countries in sub-Saharan Africa, covering an area greaterthan Kenya and Uganda combined – andmore than four times the size of Britain.million. The population of Dar es Salaamis estimated at 2.5 million – more thanthe next 10 largest towns combined. Indescending order, these are Mwanza,Zanzibar Town, Morogoro, Mbeya, Tanga,Moshi, Dodoma, Arusha, Tabora, andIringa.Tanzanian economy but the country is alsothe third-largest gold producer in Africa(after South Africa and Ghana) – and theonly known source of the tanzanite gem.Tourism has increased tenfold since 1990,generating nearly USD1-billion in annualforeign revenue.collapsed volcano, while Ol Doinyo Lengaiin the north is thought to be the mostactive volcano on mainland Africa.official conservation status, supporting anestimated 20% of Africa’s large mammalbiomass.www.tanzania.euwww.zanzibar.netwww.tanzaniaparks.comwww.tanzaniatouristboard.comwww.tanzaniainvest.comBest of Tanzania | 25
  27. 27. Tanzania Trade DevelopmentAuthority (TanTrade)Tanzania Trade Development Authority(TanTrade) was established by Act No. 4 of2009 with the overall objective of Developingand Promoting Trade both in domesticand foreign markets. Her establishmentfollowed a repeal of the Act of ParliamentNo. 15 of 1973 that created the Board ofInternal Trade (BIT) which was responsiblefor Domestic Market Development andthe Act of Parliament No.5 of 1978 thatestablished the Board of External Trade(BET) that was responsible for ForeignMarket Development. The mandates of thetwo defunct institutions are now vested onTanTrade which builds on the knowledgeand vast experiences accumulated fromthe past. To cope with major changes in theeconomic spheres, TanTrade has developeda clear and coherent strategic direction toensure that the development and promotionof trade both in the local and internationalmarkets is achieved.TanTrade is committed to become a world-class focal point centrally positioned tosupport national economic excellencethrough trade development and promotion.Service offered by TanTradeTanTrade undertakes various researchstudies in order to determine marketcharacteristics, market potentials,customer needs and obtain any otherinformation for use by the businesscommunity. Research findings help inaddressing challenges and harnessingopportunities domestically, regionally andinternationally.ServicesTanTrade aims to introduce brand identifyand the slogan of Tanzanian products andservices in order to promote Tanzanianproduced items locally and internationally.Once the process is launched, TanTradewill encourage the business communityto participate in the branding initiativesfor proper identification of Tanzanianproducts and services in the internationalmarkets.TanTrade conducts Capacity BuildingProgrammes to the Business Community.Special attention is paid to SMEs toenhance their capacity through training,consultancy, mentoring, and coaching,role modelling and benchmarkingservices to enhance their ability toproduce and trade both locally andinternationally.4) Advisory Services on BusinessCompetitivenessTanTrade offers advisory services to theBusiness Community on the managementof their business with a view to assistingbusinesses to develop and expandprofitably. This also goes hand in handwith inculcating and promoting the exportculture into a large section of small,medium and large enterprises.TanTrade collaborates with SectorAssociations and other stakeholders inidentifying and advising the businesscommunity on ways of overcomingbottlenecks in the value chain andpromotes value addition. It also workswith technical institutions to developoptimal product portfolio, including newproduct development, product lifecyclemanagement; and creates the newproduct development roadmap. Emphasisis placed on producing quantities andqualities which will make Tanzanian goodsand services become competitive in thedomestic and foreign markets.26 | Best of Tanzania
  28. 28. 6) Promotion of Tanzania’s Goods andServicesTanTrade endeavours to foster bettermarket penetration for Tanzania’s goodsand services at domestic, regionaland international markets, throughplanning, coordination, organisation andmanagement of international Trade Fairs,staging Dar es Salaam International TradeFair (DITF), specialised sector exhibitions,expositions and participating in servicingincoming and outgoing businessmissions.TanTrade is mandated to ensure qualityand standard of exhibition industry byregulating the trade fairs, exhibitions,expositions, solos etc. organised byvarious companies or Institutions in thecountry.8) Trade Policy and FacilitationTanTrade advises the Government onmatters relating to the formulation,development, supervision andimplementation of trade policies andstrategies. It also advises the Governmenton the integration of multilateral, regionaland bilateral trade rules. TanTrade workswith other Trade Support Institutions tostreamline trade procedures to minimisecosts.9) Trade Information ServiceTanTrade collects, processes, stores anddisseminates trade information such asworld market prices, product or serviceinquiries and other trade statistics tothe business community and otherstakeholders. TanTrade houses theWTO Reference Centre for the businesscommunity.TanTrade understands that it is part ofthe community and therefore values heractive participation and contribution tocommunity initiatives.TanTrade observes professional ethics andstandards in developing and deliveringservices to her clients.TanTrade cultivates teamwork spirit whereevery individual will share expertise andexperience.TanTrade upholds the principle of integrity,good governance and accountability;and does not encourage corruption anddiscrimination of any kind in her servicedelivery.Plot No. 436, Block A, Kilwa RoadMwl. J. K. Nyerere Trade Fair Groundwww.tantrade.or.tzBest of Tanzania | 27
  29. 29. Future Visions Tanzania – Vision 2025The United Republic of Tanzania is locatedin Eastern Africa between longitude 29°and 41° east, latitude 1° and 12° south. TheUnited Republic of Tanzania was formed outof the union of two sovereign states, namelyTanganyika and Zanzibar. Tanganyikabecame a sovereign state on 9 December,1961 and became a Republic the followingyear. Zanzibar became independent on10 December, 1963 and the People’sRepublic of Zanzibar was established afterthe revolution of 12 January, 1964. Thetwo sovereign republics formed the UnitedRepublic of Tanzania on 26 April, 1964.However, the Government of the UnitedRepublic of Tanzania is a unitary republicconsisting of the Union Government and theZanzibar Revolutionary Government.Tanzania is the biggest (land area) amongthe East African countries (i.e. Kenya,Uganda and Tanzania). Tanzania has aspectacular landscape of mainly threephysiographic regions, namely: the Islandsand the coastal plains to the east; the inlandsaucer-shaped plateau; and the highlands.The Great Rift Valley that runs from north-east of Africa through central Tanzania isanother landmark that adds to the scenicview of the country. The country has thelargest concentration of wild animals. It alsohas pristine sandy beaches and Africa’shighest mountain, the snow-capped Mt.Kilimanjaro.The Tanzania Vision 2025A vision for development is an articulationof a desirable future condition or situationwhich a nation envisages to attain, aswell as the plausible course of action tobe taken for its achievement. A nationalvision therefore seeks to actively mobilisethe people and other resources towardsthe achievement of shared goals. A sharedvision arouses people’s aspirations andcreates the spark that lifts the nation outof the mundane. In the process, it instilsthe courage and determination to rise28 | Best of Tanzania
  30. 30. to challenges at individual, communityand national levels. A vision is a vehicleof hope and an inspiration for motivatingthe people to search and work harder forthe betterment of their livelihood and forposterity.What is envisioned for Tanzania in 2025is that society then will be substantiallydeveloped with a high quality livelihood.Abject poverty will be a thing of thepast. In other words, it is envisioned thatTanzanians will have graduated from a littledeveloped country to a middle-incomecountry by the year 2025 with a high levelof human development. The economywill have been transformed from a lowproductivity agricultural economy to a semi-industrialised one led by modernised andhighly productive agricultural activities whichare effectively integrated and buttressed bysupportive industrial and service activities inthe rural and urban areas. A solid foundationfor a competitive and dynamic economywith high productivity will have been laid.Consistent with this vision, Tanzania of 2025should be a nation imbued with five mainattributes: high quality livelihood; peace,stability and unity; good governance; awell educated and learning society; and acompetitive economy capable of producingsustainable growth and shared benefits.“Tanzania is regarded as one of thecountries with the highest growth potentialin Africa with enormous potential as aninvestment destination. It is one of the mostpromising emerging markets in the region,offering a unique combination of developedeconomic infrastructure and a vibrantemerging market” (Tanzania InvestmentCentre).Best of Tanzania | 29
  31. 31. Julius NyerereThe Father of the Nation, or Baba wa Taifa, ruled in office withpolitical party Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) from 26 April 1964 untilhis retirement on 5 November 1985. Prior to that he was President ofTanganyika from 1961 when the country became independent.Born on 13 April 1922 in Butiama, Tanganyika to Chief Nyerere Buritoof the Zanaki (1860–1942), Nyerere was known by the Swahili nameMwalimu or ‘teacher’ – which was his profession prior to politics. Hispolitical career began in 1954 when he helped form the TanganyikaAfrican National Union (TANU).In 1961, Nyerere was elected Tanganyika’s first Prime Minister, andfollowing independence, in 1962, the country’s first President. In1964, Tanganyika became politically united with Zanzibar and wasrenamed Tanzania. In 1965, a one-party election returned Nyerere topower.Nyerere issued the Arusha Declaration, which outlined his socialistvision of ‘ujamaa’ that came to dominate his policies. Nyerere wasthe first African head of state to retire voluntarily when he steppeddown in 1985 after two decades in power. He relinquished powerto his hand-picked successor because he realised that his socialistpolicies of communal ownership of farms and state ownership ofservices were not working. He remained the chairman of CCM.Although much progress in services such as health and educationhad been achieved with Nyerere at the helm, he left Tanzania withvery little development. Nyerere remained untainted by scandal or bycharges of corruption and few question his sincerity. He had wantedto make Tanzania self-reliant, free from indebtedness to formercolonial powers or to the West. He saw colonialism and capitalism asresponsible for the subjugation of their people.Influenced by Gandhi, Nyerere was awarded the Gandhi Peace Prizein 1995. Nyerere was first and foremost an African, and secondly asocialist – an African socialist. Despite the failure of his economicpolicies, he remained a believer of socialism and he supported thisbelief by living a modest lifestyle. A devout Catholic, Nyerere oftenfasted and did not enrich himself at his nation’s expense. He wasknown for his preferred dress of a simple Mao tunic.EducationAfter school, Nyerere received a scholarship to attend MakerereUniversity (at that time it was the only tertiary education institutionin East Africa), where he obtained a teaching diploma. He returnedto Tanganyika to teach. In 1949, he won a scholarship to attendthe University of Edinburgh (he was the first Tanzanian to study ata British university and only the second to gain a university degreeoutside Africa) where he obtained his MA in economics and history in1952.Political careerWhile teaching near Dar es Salaam, Nyerere founded TANU. Hispolitical activities attracted the attention of the colonial authoritiesand he was forced to choose politics over teaching. He achievedhis goal to bring a number of different nationalist factions into onegrouping in 1954. Nyerere rallied throughout the country to garnersupport for the independence movement. He also spoke on behalf ofTANU to the Trusteeship Council and Fourth Committee of the UnitedNations, in New York.His oratory skills and integrity helped Nyerere achieve TANU’s goalfor an independent country without war or bloodshed. Nyerereentered the Colonial Legislative council in 1958, and was electedchief minister in 1960. In 1961, Tanganyika was granted self-governance and Nyerere became its first Prime Minister on 9December 1961. In 1962, Nyerere became President of the Republicof Tanganyika. Nyerere orchestrated the union between Zanzibar andmainland Tanganyika to form Tanzania in 1964.Nyerere was a committed Pan-Africanist during the continentalmovement of the 1960s. He was a founder of the Organisation ofAfrican Unity in 1963 (The African Union) and housed a number ofAfrican liberation movements including the African National Congress(ANC) and the Pan African Congress (PAC) of South Africa, FRELIMOof Mozambique, and ZANLA of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe).In 1979, he led Tanzania into war against Uganda, then under thedictatorship of Idi Amin, resulting in the defeat of Uganda and exile ofAmin.During his retirement, Nyerere widely advocated for poor countries.One of his last high-profile actions was as the chief mediator in theBurundi conflict in 1996.Nyerere was an alma mater of Makerere University and the UniversityOf Edinburgh (MA). He married Maria Magige in 1953 and togetherthey had five sons and two daughters. In addition to political writings,he translated two Shakespearean plays into Swahili. He died on14 October 1999 at the age of 77 in London, the United Kingdom.His final resting place is Butiama, Tanzania. Nyerere’s example ofvoluntary retirement from power has set a standard that few Africanheads of state have met.www.juliusnyerere.infoJulius Kambarage Nyerere was the first President of Tanzania and one of the country’sgreatest political icons.TanzaniaIcon30 | Best of Tanzania
  32. 32. Best of Tanzania | 31Reginald Abraham MengiOriginally from Machame in the Kilimanjaro Region and a qualifiedChartered Accountant (UK) / Certified Accountant (Tanzania) bytraining, Reginald Mengi created the IPP business conglomerate inthe mid-1980s after serving as Chairman and Managing Partner ofCoopers & Lybrand in Tanzania.A true rags to riches story, Mengi’s journey to IPP all began with therealisation that Tanzania had a lack of availability of pens, which hethen decided to start manufacturing himself.IPP GroupThe IPP Group started as a small-scale hand-operated ball pointassembly plant in Dar es Salaam. It is now one of the largestindustrial groups in East Africa. Its expansion and diversification hasled to the creation of IPP Consulting, Coca-Cola Kwanza, BoniteBottlers and Kilimanjaro Spring Water, IPP Bodycare Ltd (Tanzania’sleading soap, detergent, and toothpaste manufacturer), as well asIPP Media – made up of eleven newspapers, three radio stations,and two television channels operating in Tanzania, Kenya andUganda. These include The Guardian, The Sunday Observer, TheDaily Mail, The Financial Times, Nipashe, Nipashe Jumapili, Alasiri,Kasheshe, and Taifa Letu, Independent Television Ltd. (ITV), EastAfrica Television (EATV), Radio ONE, Sky-FM (in a joint venture withthe BBC) and East Africa Radio.Mengi’s various positions have included Chairman of the NationalBoard of Accountants and Auditors Tanzania, Chairman of theNational Environment Management Council Tanzania, BoardDirector of LEAD (Leadership for Environment and DevelopmentInternational), Commissioner, and Tanzania HIV/AIDS Commission(TACAIDS).He is currently Board Chairman/Board Member of a number ofInstitutions and Enterprises, including:National Business Council; andMengi believes strongly in social responsibility and funds numerousprojects for social development, youth employment and for peoplewith disabilities. He has funded the Kilimanjaro afforestationcampaign since 1988, which has planted over 20-million trees.Because of his belief in social responsibility, he has receivednumerous awards including:earning praise and distinction for the United Republic of Tanzania(1994);the United States of America;Officer in East Africa by PricewaterhouseCoopers (in 2001 and2002).Most recently, Reginald Mengi began building The Rodney MutieMengi Heart Institute in memory of his son who died on October6, 2005 from heart complications. In the meantime he has begunsponsoring children in Tanzania with heart problems to travel abroadfor treatment.Mengi was featured as one of 16 business people in a book called“Africa’s Greatest Entrepreneurs” by Moky Makura, published byPenguin Books South Africa in 2008. He has an entire chapterdedicated to his story of success.Mengi is an unwavering advocate of good governance in Africa andprivate sector skills development to attract investment. His leadingexample, achievements and contributions have inspired Tanzaniansand spurred national business growth.www.ippresources.comTanzanian industrialist and media tycoon, Reginald Abraham Mengi, is the founder andExecutive Chairman of IPP Limited – one of the largest privately owned companies in EastAfrica – based in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.TanzaniaIcon
  33. 33. Dr. Jane Goodall, DBEIn 1956 when Jane was 22, her friend invitedher to her family’s new farm in Kenya.After saving her waitressing money for herpassage to Africa, she set sail from Englandin 1957. The ‘Kenya Castle’ docked inMombasa on 2 April.Jane soon met famed archaeologist andpalaeontologist, Louis S. B. Leakey. Hewas impressed with Jane’s energy, generalknowledge and avid interest in animals. Hehired her as an assistant and eventuallyasked Jane to undertake a study of a groupof wild chimpanzees living on a lakeshorein Tanzania. Little was known about wildchimpanzees at the time.In July 1960, Jane stepped onto the beachat Gombe in the jungle of Tanzania, thencalled ‘Tanganyika’. Her observationsof the chimps were groundbreaking –she discovered that Chimps were notvegetarians as previously thought, butregularly hunted and ate small mammals.She then observed chimps using longflexible probes to fish termites out of amound, after stripping leaves off stems tocreate these tools – one of Jane’s mostimportant discoveries.Before that, anthropologists saw tool-making as definitive of mankind. LouisLeakey’s response to her discovery was“Now we must redefine ‘tool,’ redefine ‘man’or accept chimpanzees as humans.” Heobtained further funding for Jane’s studyand arranged for her to enrol in CambridgeUniversity as a doctoral student in 1962. Sheearned her Ph.D. in ethology (the study ofanimal behaviour) in 1966.She began to view chimps as individualswith distinct personalities, giving themnames in her research instead of theaccepted method of numbering. She beganDame Jane Morris Goodall, DBE is a Britishprimatologist, ethologist, anthropologist, UN Messengerof Peace – and an icon in Tanzania.TanzaniaIcon32 | Best of Tanzania
  34. 34. to gain a clearer image of chimp societythrough her time at Gombe, such as themforaging alone or in small groups, unlike thelarge troops of other primates.Jane’s observations were published inNational Geographic, with captivatingphotos by filmmaker/photographer Hugovan Lawick, who became her first husbandin 1964. As the level of support for theGombe study increased, Jane and Hugowere able to build a permanent camp withchimp-proof buildings and to hire moreresearchers. The Gombe Stream ResearchCentre was born in 1965.The Gombe study also revealed the darkerside of chimpanzee nature, noted in a crueland strategic four-year war with a splintergroup in the chimp community after a newalpha aggressively took charge. Certainfemales also developed abnormal tastesfor other infant chimps. These flashes ofbrutality noted in Jane’s study, were alsointerspersed with moments of compassionand care for each other, such as malestaking on the care of orphans.The Centre still trains primatologists to thisday. Jane visits Gombe every year andis very involved in the research althoughfield work is done by a skilled team ofresearchers and assistants, many of themfrom Tanzania.Her book “The Chimpanzees of Gombe:Patterns of Behaviour” was published in1986, covering 25 years’ worth of Gomberesearch. Its publication was celebrated bya conference in Chicago, “UnderstandingChimpanzees”, which brought togethermany chimp biologists. They werefascinated by one another’s findings, butalarmed to realise how widespread andurgent the threats facing wild chimps were,specifically deforestation.Jane realised her work would be to savethe chimpanzees – she had gone into theconference as a scientist and left as anactivist. Today she travels over 300 daysper year talking to audiences about theirpower to help other people, animals and theenvironment. The Jane Goodall Institute,which she founded in 1977, has programsdesigned to benefit African communities andto spread the word about the importance ofconserving forests and animal populations.Roots & Shoots started with a group ofTanzania students in 1991, and is todaythe Institute’s global environmental andhumanitarian youth program with nearly150,000 members in more than 120countries.Her other books include “In the Shadow ofMan” and “Through a Window”.In April 2002, during a private ceremony atthe United Nations headquarters in NewYork, Secretary-General Kofi Annan namedDr. Goodall, a UN Messenger of Peace. Hecited her for her “dedication to what is bestin mankind” and presented her with a dovelapel pin.Jane and Hugo had one son, Hugo EricLouis van Lawick, born on March 4, 1967and nicknamed, “Grub.” When Grub wasseven years old, Jane and Hugo divorcedas the demands of their work hurt theirmarriage. Jane remarried the head of theTanzanian National Park, Derek Bryceson, in1975. Derek died from cancer in 1980 afterfive happy years together.Best of Tanzania | 33
  35. 35. Freddie Mercury – from Zanzibar to music legendBomi was a High Court cashier for theBritish Government, as Zanzibar was aBritish protectorate at the time. Farrokh’sonly sibling, sister Kashmira, was bornin 1952. At the age of one, Farrokh’s firsttaste of fame came when his baby picturewon the Local Photo of the year contest inZanzibar.The tropical spice island off the east coastof Africa was the backdrop to Farrokh’supbringing. On their father’s civil servant’ssalary, the family had servants and enjoyed arelatively high standard of living. The youngFarrokh was initiated into the Parsee culture,which is culturally and linguistically Indian,and was told fables and legends.Although very few Parsis remain inZanzibar, the community was much largerduring Farrokh’s youth and they often heldgatherings. At these religious functions,Farrokh would also sing and entertainthe gathering. Farrokh was accepted intohis faith, the ancient Zoroastrianiam, at aceremony at the Fire Temple on Zanzibar.In 1954, at the age of eight, Farrokh wassent by ship to St Peter’s English boardingschool in Panchgani, India. His schoolfriends called him Freddie and his familyadopted the name. He began taking pianolessons and achieved Grade IV in practicaland theory. Freddie was a good sportsman,but his artistic skills were incomparable.He was a member of the school choirand regularly partook in school theatricalproductions. He was awarded the schooltrophy as Junior All-rounder at the age of12. He loved music and constantly playedrecords on the family’s record player. Heformed a school rock and roll band with fivefriends in 1958, called The Hectics, withFreddie on piano.When Freddie finished school in 1962,he returned home to Zanzibar where hespent time with friends in the markets, parksand beaches. Political unrest in Zanzibarforced the Bulsara’s to make the decisionto leave the island in 1964, along with manyBritish and Indian families. They immigratedto Middlesex, England. After joining ablues band called Wreckage as a graphicdesign student, Freddie was introducedto Roger Taylor and Brian May who werein a band called Smile. In April 1970 afterFreddie joined them as their lead vocalistand changed his surname to Mercury, theyformed the legendary band, Queen. Theband stayed together for the next 20 yearsand was completed by bassist John Deaconin 1971.Queen was signed to EMI Records andElektra Records in 1973 and they releasedtheir debut self-titled album – hailed tocritical acclaim as a catalytic moment for therock genre. With the release of the unusualBohemian Rhapsody in 1975, Freddie’sunique skills became widely noticed. Hisremarkable vocal range and projection,flamboyance, theatricality and colour areforever immortalised in the song, whichtopped the UK charts for nine weeks. Theirpopularity quickly spread around the world.Queen became the pioneers of stadiumrock when they began to fill 70,000 seatervenues. In 1981, they performed to 231,000fans in Sao Paulo which was a worldrecord. The highlight of the success of theQueen phenomenon in the 1980s was thememorable performance on the Live Aidstage. At this time, Freddie began exploringhis solo career, which saw him record an LPwith world renowned opera diva MontserratCaballé. The title song, Barcelona hasbecome an anthem for the city and was thetheme song for the 1992 Barcelona OlympicGames. Freddie returned to the studios torecord ‘Innuendo’ with Queen in 1990.On 24 November 1991, Freddie’s struggleagainst AIDS ended when he passed awaypeacefully from bronchial pneumonia athis London home – the day after he hadpublicly announced he had the disease.The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert washeld at Wembley Stadium on 20 April 1992where AIDS charity, the Mercury PhoenixTrust, was set up in his memory by Queen’sremaining members.The 2012 London Olympics closingceremony on 12 August included a musicalextravaganza led by the late FreddieMercury. The Symphony of British Musicsection opened with Queen’s BohemianRhapsody. The section ended with a videoof the late Freddie Mercury singing to thecrowd, followed by his Queen band matesBrian May and Roger Taylor performing WeWill Rock You.This little boy from Zanzibar became oneof the world’s greatest stars, and through histalents and stage presence, he personifiedthe word ‘showmanship’. Freddie Mercury’slegacy of songs have become immortalclassics, still loved by millions over 20years after his death. Freddie Mercury hasrightfully been named the Greatest RockLegend of All Time.www.freddiemercury.comInternational rock legend Freddie Mercury was born in Zanzibar to Parsee parents Bomiand Jer Bulsara, who named him Farrokh at birth on 5 September 1946.TanzaniaIcon34 | Best of Tanzania
  36. 36. Best of Tanzania | 35Edward TingatingaBorn into a peasant family to parents SaidiTingatinga and Agnes Binti Ntembo, Edwardand his mother were Christian and Makua bytribe, while his father was a Muslim from theNgindo tribe. Edward was the first born in afamily of four children.In 1957, Edward Tingatinga left home insearch of work in the Tanga region. Heworked in the sisal plantations until 1959before leaving for Dar es Salaam. His cousinMzee Lumumba had been living in the citysince 1943 where he was a cook at OysterBay. Lumumba’s employer George Pollackwas so impressed with Tingatinga, that heemployed him as a gardener. When Pollackleft Tanzania, Tingatinga and Lumumba wentto live at Msasani Mikoroshoni.Tingatinga became a street-vendor sellingfruit and vegetables around Oyster Bay ona bicycle. He began to discover his creativetalents when he started embroidering pillowcases, table clothes and bed covers, whilealso learning to weave mats and baskets.Taking up one of the traditions practicedin his home region, Tingatinga begandecorating houses with wall paintings.In early 1968 he decided to experimentwith painting by brush and oil colours. Hepainted animals, scenes and motifs onsquare hardboards, usually 4ft2 in size. Thepaintings became in large demand withnumbers of tourists and expats.Also around this time, Tingatinga joined aMakonde traditional dance group. He wasgood at playing the xylophone. Through thisgroup, he joined the TANU Youth League, apolitical wing of the ruling political party.In 1970, Tingatinga officially married AgathaMataka. In 1972 the TANU Youth Leaguesecured a job for him at the MuhimbiliMedical Centre in Dar es Salaam. Tingatingawas accidentally killed by a traffic policemanshortly after, leaving behind two children– Martina and Daudi. After his death, itwas collectively decided by painters in themovement to call this painting style “TingaTinga”. Edward Saidi Tingatinga’s legacynow lives on through this popular Tanzanianart form.Possibly Tanzania’s most well-known artist, Edward Saidi Tingatinga was born in 1932in a village called Namochelia, now called Nakapanya, in Tanzania on the border withMozambique.TanzaniaIcon
  37. 37. Filbert Bayi – Tanzania’s most accomplished sportsmanBayi was born on 23 June 1953 in Karutu,Arusha in Tanzania. Bayi grew up on a farmwith Mount Kilimanjaro as a backdrop.He left school at 17 and moved to Dar esSalaam. Bayi’s early running interval trainingin the capital consisted of him sprintingalongside a moving bus and resting whenthe bus stopped for passengers.In 1971, Bayi achieved an acceptablepersonal best in the 1,500m of 3:52. Inearly 1972 as a 19-year-old lightweight,Bayi’s national wins in the 1,500m (3:45)and steeplechase (8:55) qualified him torepresent Tanzania at the Olympic Gamesin Munich – where he got to competealongside his idol, Kenyan Kip Keino.Bayi came ninth in the steeplechase andset a new Tanzanian national record witha time of 8:41.4, but was however out ofthe competition. In the 1,500m, Bayi waseliminated when he finished sixth in heat two– commendably establishing another newnational record of 3:45.4.Bayi next competed in the annual Eastand Central African Championships, heldin Dar es Salaam. Only three months afterthe Olympics, Bayi became the regionalchampion in the 1,500m on 3 December1972 with an impressive win and newnational record of 3:38.9. Bayi was fastgaining confidence in the face of formidablecompetition.The second All-Africa Games in Lagos,Nigeria in January 1973 saw Bayi take thelead from the start of the 1,500m, winningagainst Keino with a new national record of3:37.18. This was a tactic which he beganto frequently adopt in his races and hebecame noted worldwide as a Tanzanianphenomenon.A string of wins in international competitionfollowed in 1973. In Paris, Bayi won the1,000m with an Africa record of 2:19.5,followed by three 1,500m wins in Sweden.He then decided to attempt the 800m inGermany and came second with a newTanzania record of 1:46.9. He set a new1,500m Tanzania record with a win of 3:35.6at the Aarhus Games in Denmark, which hebettered at the World Games in Helsinki with3:34.6. He went on to establish the Tanzaniamile record of 3:52.86 in Stockholm.At the 1974 Commonwealth Games inChristchurch, New Zealand, Bayi competedin the 800m followed by the 1,500m. Bayiwon the first 800m heat and advanced tothe finals after finishing fourth in the semis.He went on to finish fourth in the finalswith a new Tanzania record of 1:45.32.His specialisation was the 1,500m and hefinished second in his heat to qualify forthe finals. The finals, Bayi’s most iconiccareer race, lingered in the minds of trackenthusiasts for a very long time. Bayi tookthe lead from the start, and beating JohnWalker of New Zealand and a Kenyan BenJipcho in a thrilling 1,500m race, he finishedwith a new world record of 3:32.16 – just15 months after his mediocre debut at theMunich Olympics.This World Record is one of the two longestlasting in the Commonwealth Gamesand remains unbroken. Bayi’s elationwas palatable as he jogged in front of theappreciating jubilant crowd after his world-record win.On 17 May 1975, Bayi competed in themile against formidable competition inKingston, Jamaica, at the Martin LutherKing International Freedom Games. He tookthe lead from the moment the gun went offand completed this “Dream Mile” in a worldrecord breaking time of 3:51.Sadly Bayi could not compete in theMontreal 1976 Olympic Games due to aBoycott – right at the height of his career.Bayi’s success was epitomised in the3,000m steeplechase of the 1980 MoscowOlympic Games, where he won a silvermedal. He started the final round ahead ofthe world record pace and led for a furthertwo laps before the finish line – behindPolish Bronislaw Malinowski. Bayi came insecond to clinch the silver with a time of8.12,5 – becoming Tanzania’s first Olympicmedallist. Bayi and Suleiman Nyambuiare still the only Tanzanian Olympic medalwinners.Now a retired Major, Filbert Bayi and hiswife built schools and set up the Filbert BayiFoundation to develop youth athletics talent.He is also the Secretary-General of theTanzania Olympic Committee (TOC).www.tanzaniasports.comFilbert Bayi is Tanzania’s most famous former athlete. His career highlights include winningthe 1974 Commonwealth Championship 1,500m with an unbeaten world record (3:32.16),and winning an Olympic silver medal in the 3,000m steeplechase in 1980 (8:12.48).TanzaniaIcon36 | Best of Tanzania
  38. 38. Best of Tanzania | 37Hasheem ThabeetAs the only National Basketball Association(NBA) basketball player to have ever comeout of Tanzania, Thabeet currently plays atcentre position with number 34 at OklahomaCity Thunder.Thabeet hadn’t considered playingbasketball until he watched a streetbasketball practice at the age of 15. Oneof the players was impressed by his heightand gave Thabeet sports shoes to playwith them the next day. He then playedbasketball for the team at his secondaryschool in Dar es Salaam, Makongo. He wasselected to compete in the East AfricanGames in Nairobi, Kenya. There an agentspotted him and offered him a basketballscholarship to the United States. Thabeettook his middle name for his surname on hisfather’s death, and left Dar es Salaam for theUnited States.He attended Cypress Christian High Schoolin Houston, Texas in 2005-06, helping histeam win the State 4A championship forthe sixth time in seven years. He then wenton to the University of Connecticut wherehe played for the Connecticut Huskies from2006 to 2009.As a freshman at Connecticut in 2006,Thabeet tied the University record of 10blocks. Thabeet was named to the 2007All-Big EastRookie Team. On 5 January 2008as a sophomore, he tied his career high of10 blocks. Thabeet was named Big EastDefensive Player of the Year.Thabeet emerged on the national scene asa junior. He earned his first career triple-double on 31 January 2009, with 15 points,11 rebounds and 10 blocks. He finishedwith 152 blocks in the season, and becameknown for the shots he prevented. Thabeetsurpassed the 1,000-point mark on March26, 2009 and helped lead Connecticut totheir first Final Four appearance since 2004.In April 2009, Thabeet decided to declarefor the 2009 NBA Draft instead of his seniorseason. His professional career was ignitedwhen he was the second pick overall bythe Memphis Grizzlies, becoming the firstTanzanian-born NBA player. He also playedD-League for the Dakota Wizards from 2009to 2010, the Houston Rockets from 2011 to2012, the Rio Grande Vipers D-League in2011, and the Portland Trail Blazers in 2012.On 11 July 2012, he signed as a free agentwith the Oklahoma City Thunder for the2012-13 season. Thabeet has played 135professional games in his career and hadhis best season from 2009 to 2010 withMemphis Grizzlies.At a height of over seven feet (2.21 metres)and weighing 119 kilograms, he is the tallestactive player in the NBA.His career highlights and awards includewinning the NABC Defensive Player of theyear twice in 2008 and 2009, Second TeamAll-America, and the Big East Player of theYear in basketball player Hasheem Thabeet was born Hashim Thabit Manka on16 February 1987 in Dar es Salaam – the son of Thabit Manka and Rukia Manka. Hismother lives in Dar es Salaam and he has a sister, Sham, and a brother, Akbar.TanzaniaIcon
  39. 39. Sport in TanzaniaLike most other African nations, sport in Tanzania is a unifying force with multitudes offans – particularly in football. Football is widely played all over Tanzania, which has twomain clubs – Young African Sports Club (Yanga) and Simba Sports Club (Simba).The country’s Mainland League is closelyfollowed, creating spirited rivalries amongcities such as Dar es Salaam and Dodoma.This unwavering support of football isdespite seldom success from the nationalteam – showing a true passion for thebeautiful game.Prolific footballers include Eddie Anaclet andSaid Maulid. Well known football clubs areSimba SC, Prisons FC, Young Africans FC,Kahama United, and Moro United.Tanzania’s well-known football stadiumsinclude Jamhuri Stadium, KambarageStadium, Amaan Stadium, ManunguStadium, Umoja Stadium, CCM KirumbaStadium, and Lake Tanganyika Stadium.There are a number of sports clubsthroughout the country, such as The HeronRecreation Centre in Arusha, the RaskazneSwimming Club in Tanga, the UpangaSports Club in Dar es Salaam, and theSalander Bridge Cub in Dar es Salaam.The Benjamin Mkapa Stadium is theNational Stadium of Tanzania. This multi-purpose stadium in Dar es Salaam is namedafter the third president of Tanzania. It ismostly used for football matches and canseat 60,000 people. Constructed by theBeijing Construction Engineering CompanyLimited and costing a total of TZS 56.4-billion, Benjamin Mkapa Stadium opened in2007. It is built in accordance with FIFA andOlympic Standards and replaced the WilliamMkapa Stadium as the national stadium.Basketball is a popular sport in schoolsand within the Tanzanian army. HasheemThabeet is Tanzania’s first NBA player andcurrently plays for Oklahoma City Thunder.At 2.21 metres tall, Thabeet is the tallestactive NBA player.After Tanzania hosted the ICC CricketLeague division 4 in 2008 and achieved onewin in the tournament, cricket has receiveda major boost in the country and is growingrapidly. Tanzania also has its own nationalcricket team.Partly due to the British influence, Rugbyunion is a growing sport in Tanzaniaalthough still minor.Other sports in Tanzania include boxing,cycling, athletics, rugby, scouting, fishing,golf, hockey, hunting, tennis, and volleyball.Sport in Tanzania is evolving and is set toproduce eminent sportsmen and women inthe near future.Tanzania organised a national Olympiccommittee in 1968, becoming recognisedby the International Olympic Committee.38 | Best of Tanzania
  40. 40. Athletes representing Tanganyikaparticipated in the 1964 Tokyo Olympics,and Tanzania made its debut at the 1968Mexico City Olympics. Since then, Tanzaniahas participated in every Olympics exceptfor 1976. Tanzania’s Olympic medalwinners are Filbert Bayi and SuleimanNyambui – both from the 1980 MoscowOlympics. Tanzania also competes in theCommonwealth Games and the AfricanChampionships in Athletics.Prominent names in Tanzanian athleticshave included Boay Akonay, MartinSulle, Lwiza John, Faustin Baha, FabianoJoseph, Damian Paul Chopa and FrancisNaali. Some of the well-known Olympiccompetitors from Tanzania are RestitutaJoseph, Agapius Masong, Ikaji Salam, JumaIkangaa, Zebedayo Bayo and John NadaSaya.The government of Tanzania is activelytaking steps to improve coachingfacilities to foster young talents. Sportscommittees exist to improve the standardsof sport, namely the National SportsCouncil of Tanzania and the NationalSports Association. It is hoped that theimprovement in Tanzanian sport will seemore of an impact on the world arena.At school level, sports education in Tanzaniais highly developed, with an emphasison physical fitness in the curriculum. Forrecreation, Tanzanian children competitivelyplay marbles, catchers, and soccer –nurturing a competitive love of sport fromearly on. The beautiful climate, outdoorculture, and strength in the heritage of theTanzanian people, all make for a sturdyplatform for sports development in Tanzania.The near future may well see Tanzaniansports stars lighting up the world stage.Best of Tanzania | 39
  41. 41. Photo: Jonathan Knowles
  42. 42. Best of Tanzania | 41Flaviana MatataHaving lost her mother in her childhood tothe tragic boat accident of the ferry boatMV Bukoba that capsised on Lake Victoria,Flaviana grew up with her siblings raisedby a single parent. She studied ElectricalEngineering in Arusha Technical College.Her star started shining when she shot tointernational fame in 2007 after she won theMiss Universe Tanzania title and became thefirst woman to represent her country in thepageant history.Flaviana also was the first bald woman tocompete in a beauty pageant, defying thenotion of beauty.Her natural African look and her charmingpersonality propelled her to 6th place in thefinals of Miss Universe 2007 in Mexico City.But this was just a first step for this boldAfrican. She served her title with outstandingcharity activities, including being GoodwillAmbassador of SOS Children’s VillageTanzania and working with youth on drugaddiction.Flaviana also travelled the world asTanzania’s representative in various eventsincluding the glamorous esteemed BudapestOpera Ball in 2008.After finishing her reign as Miss UniverseTanzania, Flaviana continued with hermodelling career in South Africa with IceModels. She is currently signed with BossModels SA.In a visit to a charity event in NewYork, Flaviana was discovered by RussellSimmons who helped her secure interviewswith modelling agencies in the US. She wenton to sign with international agency – Next.She now works with Next Europe (UK, Parisand Milan), Wilhelmina Models US and BossModels South Africa.Flaviana is currently living and workingin New York and has been listed in the top10 Black Models in Essence Magazine andonline magazine, Models and Moguls.Flaviana has worked with some of themost respected professionals in the fashionindustry. She has strutted the catwalk forTommy Hilfiger, Jason Wu, Rachel Roy,Charlotte Ronson, Tony Burch and VivienneWestwood, among others. Her photoshave been taken by some of the mostprominent photographers in the industry likeRussell James, her mentor Fadil Berisha,Josh Ollin, Mario Torres, Jenni Hare,Patrick Demarchelier, Klas Strom, CarolineTempleton, Jason Kibler, Alasdair McClellan,Methew Kristal.Flaviana has also been part of photoshoots of major brands by outstandingphotographers like i-D denim campaignby Mark Kean, Hockley look book by HaifaWohlers Olsen, Hunger by Rankin, Graziamain beauty by Paul Scala, Arise Magazineby Claudette Prosper, Laha Magazine byAndrew Hobb, just to mention a few.Flaviana has graced the catwalks of NewYork, London and Paris.This African star won the Model of theYear 2011 award at the Arise MagazineFashion week in Lagos, Nigeria.Flaviana was also part of Top Shopcampaign in Europe and USA and the TiGihair campaign, Selfridges Beauty campaign,Sony worldwide campaign and Face Lacecampaign.Flaviana was featured in variousprestigious magazines including Essence,Nylon magazine, Glass magazine, AriseMagazine, FA Japan, the high fashionL’Officiel Paris magazine, the Hungereditorial, Vision magazine – China, GraziaItaly and UK, Elle magazine and Schonmagazine.This African model has also modelled forthe catalogues of Macy and Sheri Hill just tomention a few.Apart from her modelling career, Flavianais also turning her attention to charity.She is Angel Ambassador of DiamondEmpowerment Fund (DEF) along with KimKardashian, Nicola Breytenbach-Steiner andSelita Banks – all are working closely withRussell Simmons, on various charities inAfrica.Through her foundation – Flaviana MatataFoundation – she is reaching out andhelping women and children of her homecountry Tanzania, through various charityactivities.Flaviana is also the Goodwill Ambassadorof Mitindo House – a Tanzanian charity.Flaviana is also working with Life projectfor Africa, Malaika for Life, Usher New Look,Malaria No More. Hassan Maajar Trust andhas worked with various philanthropists indifferent projects including Carlton Mastersand Hope Sullivan, just to mention a few.Flaviana Matata is on her path to achieveher dreams and is available for variousengagements through her agency.Born and raised in Tanzania, Flaviana Matata’s stellar rise in themodelling industry sounds like a fairy tale; an inspiration to manyAfrican women.TanzaniaIconPhoto: Jonathan Knowles
  43. 43. Hotels, Lodges and ResortsCHAPTER 142 | Best of Tanzania
  44. 44. Best of Tanzania | 43
  45. 45. Hotel Sea Cliff is the perfect Dar es Salaamstop-over base to explore this buzzingcity, as well as a luxury getaway for thoseseeking romance and pampering.All 93 rooms are beautifully furnishedand include seven executive rooms,five executive suites, and a magnificentpresidential/honeymoon suite withpanoramic views out to sea and looking overthe beautifully manicured tropical garden.The hotel is conveniently located just 5kmfrom the hustle and bustle of the city centreand nearby all the popular bars, restaurantsand shopping areas. It has a fitnesscentre, large outdoor swimming pool, tworestaurants, bar/lounge area, hair and beautysalon, gift shop, jewellers and casino onsite. Next door, the Village Shopping Centreprovides a wide range of eateries and shops.The two restaurants (Karambezi and Alcove)are two of the most popular venues in Dares Salaam, offering breathtaking views and amouth-watering menu of seafood specialitiesand a wide selection of international cuisine.The breakfast buffet served in the morning atKarambezi, coupled with the view is simplyan experience not to be missed!On entering the hotel, you are guaranteed awarm Tanzanian welcome and huge smilesfrom everyone you meet. The hotel pridesitself on trying harder and going further todeliver the very highest level of service andconstant attention to detail.It is also well set up for the businesstraveller, offering complimentary Internet,an Executive Floor, conference rooms, abusiness centre, secretarial services, audiovisual equipment, flight booking, car hireand airport transfer services…Whatever you’re looking for, Hotel SeaCliff is the ultimate choice and their teamwill look forward to greeting you with a big“karibu”!Tel: +255 764 700 600reservations@hotelseacliff.commarketing@hotelseacliff.comwww.hotelseacliff.comHotel Sea CliffHotel Sea Cliff is a stunning 5-star hotel located majestically ontop of a cliff jutting out over the turquoise waters of the IndianOcean.44 | Best of Tanzania
  46. 46. The Hotel comprises of 68 Luxury ServiceSuites, consisting of studios, one bedroomsuites and two bedroom suites.Sea Cliff Court Hotel & Luxury Apartmentsoffers both serviced and fully equippedsuites for self-catering business trips as wellas holiday stays.Packages range from a Studio Apartmenton daily Bed and Breakfast rates to a twobedroom apartment on a monthly self-catering rate.All Suites are elegantly decorated ina modern afro-influenced design, withthe majority of the furniture and all ofthe artwork being locally handcrafted inTanzania.The Hotel & Luxury Apartments offer thefollowing:Accommodation:All suites are elegantly decorated in amodern afro-influenced design. Each suitehas a kitchen which can be equipped for selfcatering on request.The Hotel & Apartments are fully air-conditioned and offer:bedroom apartments)movies are available upon requestSTUDIOS – A bedroom with a double bed,bathroom, all room facilities and kitchen.ONE BEDROOM APARTMENT – Aseparate bedroom with a double bed,a spacious living room with sofa bed, abathroom, washing machine, kitchen and allroom facilities.TWO BEDROOM APARTMENT – Twoseparate bedrooms (one double and onetwin room), a spacious living room with sofabed, a bathroom, washing machine, kitchenand all room facilities.Contact DetailsSEA CLIFF COURT LTD.Haile Selassie Road, Msasani PenninsularP.O Box 3030, Dar es Salaam, TanzaniaTel: + 255 22 2601968/7+255 22 260 2528Fax: +255 22 260 1975info@seacliffcourt.comreservations@seacliffcourt.comwww.seacliffcourt.comSea Cliff Court Hotel & Luxury ApartmentsThe Hotel & Luxury Apartment Complex is conveniently andcentrally situated on the Msasani Peninsular.46 | Best of Tanzania
  47. 47. Best of Tanzania | 47Sea Cliff Resort & Sparoad through a coconut plantation that leadsto the hotel is a reminder of the Zanzibar ofold. Peace and tranquillity, no other hotels orbusy roads; just open space and palm trees.With traditional makuti roofs and Arabictowers lit by brass lights, the hotel is builtwith the location in mind. It is a uniquecombination of modern facilities and theoriginal exotic architecture of historicalZanzibar.The hotel is situated on a cliff overlookingthe Indian ocean and offers panoramic viewsfrom the lounge, restaurant, bar and therecreation area, as well as both of the infinityswimming pools and most of the hotelrooms.There is a lovely jetty that offers the perfectplace from which to enjoy sundownerswhilst watching a beautiful sunset that thewest coast of Zanzibar is famous for.The hotel offers a number of activities for theenergetic, including a fully equipped gym, awater sports centre offering a wide range ofactivates including water skiing, sailing etc,two tennis courts, horse riding, light tacklefishing, volleyball court, as well as a squashcourt and bicycles for rides through thecoconut plantation.For guests wanting to relax and bepampered, there is the Shwari Spa. Withfive treatment rooms offering a range oftreatments including manicures, pedicures,facials and massages by Thai therapists.After your treatment you can take a swim inthe spa’s private pool or sit and enjoy a cupof herbal tea in the spa gardens.There is also a full-time children’s centresupervised by professional child minders.perfect hotel for romance, relaxation andrejuvenation in a luxurious environment ina unique destination filled with history andcharacter, beautiful beaches and wonderfulpeople.Sea Cliff Resort & SpaZanzibarTel: + 255 676702241-9Email: marketing@seacliffzanzibar.comwww.seacliffzanzibar.comon the West Coast of the exotic Island of Zanzibar, conveniently
  48. 48. Serena Hotels has the perfect safari selection for any holiday, witha wide range of getaways to choose from at affordable rates. TheSerena properties in Tanzania are jewels in the crown.Serena offers the ultimate adventure getaways in the north. The safariexperience with Serena Hotels is not complete without exploring theoutdoor activities.Serena Mountain Village in Arushaand the lake through the shaded groves of coffee plantations; withcanoe along the shores of the lake or take on Mt. Meru – Africa’s fifthhighest mountain – for a rewarding climb, walk or hike.Lake Manyara Serena Safari LodgeThis lodge offers cycling and a breathtaking view of the landscapeVillage – Mto wa Mbu – on the lake’s shores, which is a livingdifferent tribes, it is possibly the only place in Africa where Bantu,Nilotic, Khoisan and Cushitic are all spoken.Ngorongoro Serena Safari Lodgemankind’ and site of one of the most important and controversialPalaeolithic finds in recent history. Indulge in an open-air craterbarbecue lunch or just relax with our selected range of beauty andhealth services.Serengeti Serena Safari LodgeThis getaway is a true African experience. This offers either a hotair balloon safari with magnificent views of the plains below or asucculent bush barbecue dinner and breakfast, staged on the bluffoverlooking the Mbingwe valley.Mbuzi Mawe Tented CampThe ultimate in infinite calm, Mbuzi Mawe offers a timeless blendof classical safari and world-class sophistication. The sundowners,camp’s own kopjes are simply unforgettable.Kirawira Luxury Tented CampThe evocatively set camp is the epitome of a classic safariexperience and a member of the Small Luxury Hotels of the WorldSelous Luxury Camp and Mivumo River LodgeWorld Heritage Site, it is the largest game reserve in Africa withspecies; Africa’s largest population of hartebeest, gnu, sable andbuffalo; half of Tanzania’s elephant population; and one third ofAfrica’s population of the endangered wild dog.Zanzibar Serena InnZanzibar and the ancient Stone Town are rich in history; noted in thearchitecture. The legendary Inn is a member of the prestigious SmallLuxury Hotels of the World. Mangapwani Beach Club culminates inadventure, calm and romance. The freshest seafood can be sampledDar es Salaam Serena HotelAt the heart of Dar es Salaam is this oasis of luxury. Whether forbusiness or a city getaway, the choice of restaurants and bars,the sundeck, live music, the health club and recreations, are onoffer for all.Victoria Nyamunga | Serena Hotels4th Floor, Williamson House,4th Ngong AvenueP.O. Box 48690 GPO, 00100Nairobi, Kenya, East AfricaTel: +254 20 284 2238Fax: +254 20 271 8103Mobile: +254 734 699 868Email: www.serenahotels.comSerena HotelsEnjoy East Africa’s Best Kept Secret…48 | Best of Tanzania