Accessibility of Norwegian Public Web Sites

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Paper presented at the conference NOKOBIT 2007 in Oslo (November). The paper shows the status of Norwegian Public Web Sites regarding accessibility.

Published in: Economy & Finance, Design
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  • Accessibility of Norwegian Public Web Sites

    1. 1. Accessibility of Norwegian Public Web Sites - Svein Ølnes, Vestlandsforsking
    2. 2. Content <ul><li>Main questions answered </li></ul><ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Web accessibility and public web sites </li></ul><ul><li>Results 2004 - 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility and national objectives </li></ul>
    3. 3. Main questions answered <ul><li>The state of accessibility of public web sites in Norway </li></ul><ul><li>Are the eNorge 2009 goals realistic? </li></ul>
    4. 4. Background <ul><li>Quality evaluations of public web sites since 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Statskonsult responsible for the first evaluations, since then an important part of Norge.no’s work </li></ul><ul><li>Annual evaluations (except one evaluation for 2002 and 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility an important part of all the different evaluation schemes </li></ul><ul><li>Web accessibility one of the few areas with explicit goals in the eNorge 2009 plan </li></ul><ul><li>W3C’s Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) as the central premise provider in this area </li></ul>
    5. 5. Web accessibility and public web sites <ul><li>Public web portals play an ever increasing important part of information and dialogue with the inhabitants </li></ul><ul><li>Access for all a democracy issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Access for all” stated as important part of eNorge 2009 strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ An Information society for all” the name of St.mld. 17/2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ An Information society for all” an important part of EU ICT policy </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Web accessibility and legislation <ul><li>EU and Norway: Carrot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>guidelines, benchmarking, evaluations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>USA: Stick </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“section 508” – Rehabilitation Amendments Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ADA – Americans with Disabilities Act </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Official Norwegian Report Equality and Accessibility (2005) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>human rights rather than welfare/charity perspective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a separate act against discrimination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>universal design secured through legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>web accessibility might be established by law </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Web accessibility indicators 2004 - 2006 Score is computed as percentage of max. obtainable points 28,9 1 <ul><li>Data tables should be marked with row and column headers </li></ul>99,6 1 <ul><li>Web pages should be free of flickering images </li></ul>90,1 1 <ul><li>Web pages should be readable also without accompanying style sheets (css) </li></ul>85,1 1 <ul><li>Do not rely solely on colours for navigation </li></ul>53,1 1 <ul><li>Provide alt. text for all non-textual elements </li></ul>Score (%) Priority Indicator
    8. 8. Web accessibility indicators 2004 - 2006 Score is computed as percentage of max. obtainable points 90,7 2 <ul><li>Service provider clearly marked (especially with the use of frames) </li></ul>15,2 - <ul><li>Direct links to contenct etc. </li></ul>87,0 2/3 <ul><li>Good contrast between foreground and background </li></ul>77,2 1 <ul><li>Preserve functionality also if using special technologies (javascript, java, plug-ins etc.) </li></ul>75,9 1 <ul><li>Compensation for use of frames </li></ul>Score (%) Priority Indicator
    9. 9. Results 2004 – 2006 (%) Score is computed as total obtained points in percentage of max. obtainable points 67,3 60,6 58,4 Municipalities 72,3 69,0 2006 71,8 64,5 2005 69,4 62,4 2004 Government agencies Total Year
    10. 10. Results 2004 - 2006 <ul><li>eNorge 2009 goal: 80 % by 2007 </li></ul>2006 2005 2004 Year 690 699 674 Number of inst. 6 1 2 Number of inst. fulfilling all access. criter. 1,0 0,1 0,3 Percentage
    11. 11. Conclusion <ul><li>Far from reaching accessibility goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2006: 1,0 % as opposed to the 80 % goal stated in eNorge 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No way the goal can be reached in 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public web sites still has a long way to go regarding accessibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small improvements from year to year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Speak softly and carry a big stick? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speak softly: Yes (quality evaluations, eNorge goal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carry a big stick: No </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Time’s up for establishing accessibility requirements by law? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Today’s methods do not seem to be enough </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. End of presentation <ul><li>Thanks! </li></ul><ul><li>Contact information </li></ul><ul><li>Svein Ølnes – [email_address] </li></ul>

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