A case for Open Data (GoOpen 2009)


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A short introduction to the world of open data and the opportunities it creates. The slides are from my presentation at the GoOpen 2009 conference in Oslo, Norway.

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A case for Open Data (GoOpen 2009)

  1. 1. A case for Open Data<br />1<br />A case for Open Data<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />A case for Open Data<br />CONTENT<br />MATTERS <br />
  3. 3. Whyisn’t it enough?<br /><ul><li>Open source only covers the software
  4. 4. Open source doesn’t require open formats
  5. 5. Data often lasts longer than software
  6. 6. Data is more valuable when accessible
  7. 7. Any code will be acceptable, any data won’t</li></ul>3<br />A case for Open Data<br />Graphic by OpenSourceInitiative, CC BY<br />
  8. 8. Open data – real gold<br />Canadian GoldCorp Inc. was near collapse in the late 90’ies.<br />It’s Red Lake mine showed reduced output after 50 years of production <br />Then something previously unheard of happened: <br />Inspired by the crowd-sourcing of Linux and Open Source, Rob McEwen announced The GoldCorp Challenge: a competition to find new gold in the mine. The full geological dataset from Red Lake was made available to contestants.<br />And the result?<br />4<br />A case for Open Data<br /><ul><li>110 targets were suggested by contestants from around the world
  9. 9. 80% of the targets submitted yielded substantial quantities of gold
  10. 10. GoldCorp got first look a wealth of new technologies for mine analysis
  11. 11. Production at Red Lake increased tenfold while mining costs dropped to 1/6th</li></li></ul><li>What is Open Data?<br /> Open Knowledge Definition(http://www.opendefinition.org/)<br />Open data/content/information must:<br /> Be Available and Accessible at Reproduction Cost “As a Whole”<br /> Permit Free Redistribution<br /> Permit Reuse Under Same Terms<br /> Be Absent of Technological Restrictions<br /> Be Attributed as Required<br /> Keep Source Integrity<br /> Not Discriminate Against Persons or Groups<br /> Not Discriminate Against Fields of Endeavor<br /> Be Distributed with only the Original License<br /> Must Not Be Licensed Specific to a Package<br /> Must Not by License Restrict the Distribution of Other Works<br />5<br />A case for Open Data<br />Graphic by ronin691 @ Flickr, CC BY-SA<br />
  12. 12. Whyshouldwecreate open data?<br /><ul><li>Restrictions on data re-use can create an anti-commons and its related tragedy.
  13. 13. Sponsors of research may not get full value unless the results are freely available.
  14. 14. Some data are required for the smooth operation of communal human activities.
  15. 15. In research, the rate of discovery is accelerated by better access to data.</li></ul>6<br />A case for Open Data<br />
  16. 16. 7<br />A case for Open Data<br />Ifyou love something…<br />Set it free!<br />Photo by keltanen @ Flickr, CC BY-NC<br />
  17. 17. Whenshouldwedemand Open Data?<br /><ul><li>The data belongs to the human race
  18. 18. Public money was used to fund the creation of the data
  19. 19. The data was created by or at a government institution
  20. 20. The data is independently verifiable facts or common knowledge </li></ul>8<br />A case for Open Data<br />
  21. 21. Current opportunities<br /><ul><li>Norwegian Medicines Agency
  22. 22. Open medical databases can aid both research and healthcare.
  23. 23. Data on approved medicines in Norway were made available online in 2008.
  24. 24. Norwegian Mapping Authority
  25. 25. Open maps can prevent fatal accidents, especially at sea.
  26. 26. The ”Rocknes”-wreck were caused by 3rd party electronic maps. 18 died.
  27. 27. The official maps are still not available to Norwegian pilotage authorities.
  28. 28. In the United States, official nautical maps are freely available online.
  29. 29. Norwegian Pollution Control Authority
  30. 30. A central database of information on various materials can improve safety.
  31. 31. Many databases on hazardous chemicals are outdated and of limited scope.
  32. 32. No single source of up to date and complete information are available.</li></ul>9<br />A case for Open Data<br />
  33. 33. 10<br />A case for Open Data<br />Graphic by W3C SWEO Linking Open Data, CC BY-SA<br />
  34. 34. Linked Data is about using the Web to connect related data that wasn&apos;t previously linked, or using the Web to lower the barriers to linking data currently linked using other methods. <br />Wikipedia defines Linked Data as “a term used to describe a recommended best practice for exposing, sharing, and connecting pieces of data, information, and knowledge on the Semantic Web using URIs and RDF.”<br />http://linkeddata.org/<br />11<br />A case for Open Data<br />Graphic by semanticwebcompany@ Flickr, CC BY-NC-SA<br />
  35. 35. DBpedia is a community effort to extract structured information from Wikipedia and to make this information available on the Web. DBpedia allows you to ask sophisticated queries against Wikipedia, and to link other data sets on the Web to Wikipedia data.<br /> The DBpedia knowledge base currently describes more than 2.6 million things, including at least 213,000 persons, 328,000 places, 57,000 music albums, 36,000 films, 20,000 companies. The knowledge base consists of 274 million pieces of information (RDF triples).<br />http://dbpedia.org/<br />DBpedia and all other linked data is searchable with SPARQL<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPARQL<br />12<br />A case for Open Data<br />
  36. 36. Open Streetmap<br />OpenStreetMap is a free editable map of the whole world. It is made by people like you. <br />OpenStreetMap allows you to view, edit and use geographical data in a collaborative way from anywhere on Earth. <br />www.openstreetmap.org<br />13<br />A case for Open Data<br />GeoNames<br />The GeoNames geographical database is available for download free of charge under a creative commons attribution license. It contains over eight million geographical names and consists of 6.5 million unique features.<br />www.geonames.org<br />
  37. 37. Creating Open Data<br />Public Domain – Only after the expiration of copyright<br />Science Commons protocol for open data<br /><ul><li> Creative Commons Zero (Link)
  38. 38. Public Domain Dedication & Licence with Community Norms (Link)
  39. 39. Avoid Technical protection measures
  40. 40. Give credit where credit’s due
  41. 41. Use Open formats
  42. 42. Let others know!
  43. 43. Share your work too!</li></ul>14<br />A case for Open Data<br />Photo by suttonhoo@ Flickr, CC BY-NC-SA<br />
  44. 44. 15<br />A case for Open Data<br />The road to open knowledge <br />starts here!<br />Photo by danesparza @ Flickr, CC BY-ND<br />
  45. 45. Svein-Magnus Sørensen<br /><ul><li>Master of Science in Communications Technology from NTNU
  46. 46. Graduate from theNorwegianSchoolofEntrepreneurship (Gründerskolen)</li></ul>Worked 2 years at Computas AS as a webdeveloper<br />Currentlyworking at Objectware AS as a business analyst<br /><ul><li>Weblog: http://blog.menneske.org
  47. 47. Twitter: http://twitter.com/sveinmagnus</li></ul>16<br />A case for Open Data<br />
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