Lecture 1

A Human Phenomenon
What is art?
• Assists us in rituals
• Reflects customs related to food, shelter, and
  human reproduction
• Communicates ...
•Art glorifies the power of the state




   Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, 175 CE
•Art commemorates the dead




Maya Lin, Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Washington DC, 1982
•Art celebrates war




     Trajan’s Arch, Rome, 114 CE
Art is also used to protest war




Nina Berman, photograph from the series Purple Hearts
Art entertains




Christo and Jeanne-Claude, The Gates, Central Park, 1979-2005
Can you think of any other functions of
 art?

What function does art take in your life?
Olow of Ise, Veranda Post, pre-1938
Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, 175 CE
Jeff Koons, Puppy, 2000, Rockefeller Center, NY
Art has content, which is the mass of ideas
           associated with the work.

The content can be expressed through the...
Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, 1907
Ceremonial mask known as Mboom or Bwoom, 19th-20th c., Zaire
Left: Shaiping, Lotuses on a Summer Day, 1684
Right: Georgia O’Keeffe, Black Iris, 1926
Shahzia Sikander, Hood’s Red Riding, 1997
Categories of Visual Arts
• Fine Art
• Pop Culture
• Kitsch
Fine Art




   Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, 175 CE
Thomas Eakins, The Gross Clinic, 1875
Paul Cezanne, Mt. St. Victoire, 1885-1887
Pop Culture
When you hear the words “pop culture,”
 what do you think of?
Pop Culture
When you hear the words “pop culture,” what
  do you think of?
• Television
• Movies
• Magazines
• Comic books...
Andy Warhol, Marilyn, 1968
Kitsch
Art, writing, etc. of a pretentious but
  shallow kind calculated to have popular
  appeal.




          Thomas Ki...
Jeff Koons, Michael Jackson with Bubbles, 1988
Fine art derived from craft




Miriam Schapiro, Anatomy of a Kimono, 1976
Style Vocabulary
Naturalistic




   Mary Cassatt, Mother and Child, 1899
Idealized




  Michelangelo Buonnaroti, David, 1501-1504
Expressive or Expressionistic




      Edvard Munch, The Scream, 1893
Expressive or Expressionistic




Vincent van Gogh, The Starry Night, 1889
Classical




Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, 175 CE
Non-objective or Non-representational




Frank Stella, Empress of India, 1965
Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, 1907
Vincent van Gogh
Impasto--a thick application of paint
Assignment 1 Questions
• How do you encounter art on a daily
  basis?
• When looking at art, are you drawn to it
  by its ...
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  1. 1. Lecture 1 A Human Phenomenon
  2. 2. What is art? • Assists us in rituals • Reflects customs related to food, shelter, and human reproduction • Communicates thoughts, emotions, ideas • Visualizes deities • Educates us about the surrounding world
  3. 3. •Art glorifies the power of the state Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, 175 CE
  4. 4. •Art commemorates the dead Maya Lin, Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Washington DC, 1982
  5. 5. •Art celebrates war Trajan’s Arch, Rome, 114 CE
  6. 6. Art is also used to protest war Nina Berman, photograph from the series Purple Hearts
  7. 7. Art entertains Christo and Jeanne-Claude, The Gates, Central Park, 1979-2005
  8. 8. Can you think of any other functions of art? What function does art take in your life?
  9. 9. Olow of Ise, Veranda Post, pre-1938
  10. 10. Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, 175 CE
  11. 11. Jeff Koons, Puppy, 2000, Rockefeller Center, NY
  12. 12. Art has content, which is the mass of ideas associated with the work. The content can be expressed through the: • Imagery • Location or surroundings where it is displayed • Symbols • Customs, beliefs or values in the culture in which it was made • Text associated with the work or writings about the work
  13. 13. Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, 1907
  14. 14. Ceremonial mask known as Mboom or Bwoom, 19th-20th c., Zaire
  15. 15. Left: Shaiping, Lotuses on a Summer Day, 1684 Right: Georgia O’Keeffe, Black Iris, 1926
  16. 16. Shahzia Sikander, Hood’s Red Riding, 1997
  17. 17. Categories of Visual Arts • Fine Art • Pop Culture • Kitsch
  18. 18. Fine Art Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, 175 CE
  19. 19. Thomas Eakins, The Gross Clinic, 1875
  20. 20. Paul Cezanne, Mt. St. Victoire, 1885-1887
  21. 21. Pop Culture When you hear the words “pop culture,” what do you think of?
  22. 22. Pop Culture When you hear the words “pop culture,” what do you think of? • Television • Movies • Magazines • Comic books • Advertising • Tattoos • Websites
  23. 23. Andy Warhol, Marilyn, 1968
  24. 24. Kitsch Art, writing, etc. of a pretentious but shallow kind calculated to have popular appeal. Thomas Kinkade, Nature’s Paradise
  25. 25. Jeff Koons, Michael Jackson with Bubbles, 1988
  26. 26. Fine art derived from craft Miriam Schapiro, Anatomy of a Kimono, 1976
  27. 27. Style Vocabulary Naturalistic Mary Cassatt, Mother and Child, 1899
  28. 28. Idealized Michelangelo Buonnaroti, David, 1501-1504
  29. 29. Expressive or Expressionistic Edvard Munch, The Scream, 1893
  30. 30. Expressive or Expressionistic Vincent van Gogh, The Starry Night, 1889
  31. 31. Classical Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius, Rome, 175 CE
  32. 32. Non-objective or Non-representational Frank Stella, Empress of India, 1965
  33. 33. Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, 1907
  34. 34. Vincent van Gogh Impasto--a thick application of paint
  35. 35. Assignment 1 Questions • How do you encounter art on a daily basis? • When looking at art, are you drawn to it by its aesthetics or by its meaning? • Do you judge some art to be more valuable than other types of art? Explain your response.

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