Case Study (Stockholm City)Presentation Transcript
Prepared by:HAMZAH ALI (P 63147)SUZILAWATIE ABDUL GHANI (P 60832)AZLIZA BT AZIZ (P 65287)
Stockholm City Plan The Green Map Objectives Using the Green Map Ecological Qualities Social and Cultural Qualities Developing Stockholm As A Sustainable Compact City In A Network Region A planned city Strategy for the 21st century: Build the City inwards Urban development areas on the edge of the inner city Developing Kista Science CityStockholm as a part of a multi-core structure Preserving and developing the green structure Participation in enhancing suburban areas
Stockholm has retained a great deal of its natural and cultural landscape, The open land areas in and around Stockholm form the green structure, Stockholm City must take place as far as possible on previously developed land (brownfield sites).
• StocKholm city plan on 4 October 1999 is the comprehensive plan for land and water uses and development.• The main strategy is to achieve sustainable development by “building the city inwards”.• An overall green structure is defined in the plan along with guidelines for green qualities.• Stockholm City Plan 1999 and the Green Map have been parallel projects.
To create a green structure that serves all its purposes, i.e. social, cultural, ecological and technical functions that work well as a whole. To give the green structure the same standing as the building and traffic structures, together they form a good urban environment. To give an overall and simple picture of where there are ecological, cultural and social qualities in the city and where these qualities are lacking.
Itis also to be used as a basis during the city’s transition towards long-term sustainability. The Green Map clearly illustrates each areas qualities and their connection. The Green Map implements the guiding principles of the Stockholm City Plan.
Department of Physical Geography at Stockholm University, in cooperation with the City of Stockholm has devolaped the ecological valuation of the land. The Biotope Map is an interpretation of infrared aerial photographs in which 78 different biotopes.
Especially valuable biotopes (green) are habitat for a large number of different species and have the highest natural values. Dispersion areas and buffer zones (yellow) The value of these biotopes depends to a great extent on where they are situated. areas of low biological value (grey) with little or no vegetation usually have very few natural qualities and function.
Survey of Valuable Carried out by >> means of field studies >> interpreting aerial photographs Open Space Shows parks and natural areas, other public land, housing areas, other land reserved for building and unplanned land. Classification based on --> experiences --> inquiries Valuation and classification of open spaces Green Grid Open areas with major social and cultural qualities Yellow Grid Areas with good access to valuable open spaces Grey Grid Areas with limited access to valuable open spaces
Valuation and classification of open spaces Open areas with Areas with good Areas with limited major social and access to valuable access to valuable cultural qualities open spaces open spaces Half of the built-up Only 1/4 or less ofRemain undeveloped the area is classified area is valuable open space as valuable openExceptional cases spaceWhen other Preserved, protected Area improved forimportant interests and developed on a recreation whenare at stake and no scale both planning, to create aalternative location reasonable and multi-functionalis available characteristic for structure of green that particular cityPreserved & areas and open districtimproved for spaces that is wellrecreation suited to its purpose Qualities must beProtected under the protected byEnvironmental Code applying theand the Planning provisions under theand Building Act Planning and Building Act
A Plan City STOCKHOLM – THE UNIQUE CITY Strategy: buy land Designed as a >> Stockholm is a developing capital for development and neighbour-hood unit city to preserve areas for >>social and recreation purposes commercial core >> Stockholm’s position as a node in >>high density the Baltic region Following the housing close to the >>The developing policies aim of principles of zoning station making building housing and workplaces without violating the attractiveness and unique Establishing large- Establishing an characteristics of the city. scale systems for efficient public>> Stockholm has a unique character >> heating transport system, as a city of green and blue – large >> sewage based on a network preserved green areas and blue >> waste treatment of metro lines andwaters around the islands the city was commuting trains built on.
Strategy for the 21st century: Build the City inwards Increasing car traffic Growing Developing awareness of economy – environmental growing IT and issues media industry Issue Increasing ethnic and No unused land social left to develop segregation Strong demand for new housing
Strategy for the 21st century: Build the City inwards SOLUTIONStockholm City Plan 99 - adopted by the City Council in October1999 A broad discussion among citizens, organisations, local authorities, companies, governmental authorities was part of the process in making the plan At public meetings and exhibitions all around the city citizens gave their opinion about the plan The aim of the City Plan 99 is to “build the city inwards” - Reuse already developed land - Respect and enhance the character of the City - Redevelop semi-central area transform older industrial areas into new urban areas of mixed uses and variation - Concentrate new development to areas with good access to public transport
Strategy for the 21st century: Build the City inwards
Increasing car traffic The congestion tax is Public Transport charged for certain vehicles driven in to, and out of the inner city of Stockholm, between 6:30 am and 6:30 pm Monday to Friday Transportation system more Cycling environmentally friendly, and to increase the proportion of Intended to : pedestrians, cyclists and users >> improve traffic flow of public transport>> contribute to improvements in the urban environment>> raise money for investment in the Facilities transport network Smart Card Park & Ride Better parking facilities Music Bands Interconnection from cars and bicycles to taxis and regional trains Increase security
Growing awareness of environmental issues Biogas Biodiesel - produced naturally when organic- renewable fuel for diesel waste ferments engines -no health hazardous emissions Ethanol - derived from different - very little greenhouse gas vegetable oils emissions – less noisy Electric Car
Social and Cultural QualitiesUrban development areas on the edge of the inner city Developing Kista Science CityStockholm as a part of a multi-core structure Preserving and developing the green structureParticipation in enhancing suburban areas
The city Plans to develop mixed use areas with attaractivehousing, bussiness facilitiesdevelopment areaThe idea of urban reuse and redevelop old partly abandones industrial and harbour Take advantage of already existing investment in infrastructure
Tvabanan >> connection between theredial metro lines going from the suburbs to the inner city. >> the first effort in stockhlom to establish a peripheral heavy public communication link >> Open new possibilities to develop urban nuclei in the nodes where the tram connects to the metro lines
Hammarby Sjostad largest on-going new part of innerurban development Stockholm where the project focus is on the water An old dockland and industrial areas Run-down port and being transform into industrial district modern city area being transformed that will form a into logical extension ofmodern, ecologically Sodermalm, withsustainable part of a 8,000 apartment city housing population of 20,000 After completion of all parts of the project in 2010 there will be 30,000 people living and working in the area.
Hammarby Sjostad (cont.)
North West Kungsholmen Some of the most advanced companies Less space is needed within Telecom and for warehouse and Internet business goods on the quays andsphere are establishing greet parts of harbour their head offices for area will possible to the european and develop for housing and nordic market the offices This area will be completed with new Lindhagen street now housing in an designed as a road forexcellent position close heavy commercialto public transport and traffic, will be to water in the north developed as western part. boulevard
Vartan-Frihamnen harbour Within area also one ofMore based on roll on/ the largest firms in roll off handling Biotechnology, Pharmac ia – has a research facilities The development have already startedThe new housing and spontaneously as many offices will co-exist firms mainly inwith expanding ferry information technology and ro/ro traffic. and media business have moved into the old warehouses
. Is one of the worlds most important IT-Clusters Firms ( Ericson, Nokia, Intel, Microsoft, Motorola etc) have chosen to locate their development in wireless telecom and wireless internet to this area. The city is now working with aproject to transform these areas to an attractive place for work and life. Using Tvarbanan as public transport in an effort to over-bridge cultureal and ethnic barriers existing in the areas. Providing jobs to unemployed peoplethrough a co-operatively program with job matching between the growing advanced IT-industry in Kista and the housing areas south. The ideas of landscape park is planned to promote social connection between northwestern parts and poorer suburban area south of Stockholm. The design to be an ecological and cultural park with meeting places.
Kista Science City Area of Development in Kista Science City With surrounding districts andKista Science Tower Kista Science Tower municipalities plans and idea
Stockholm as a part of a multi-core structure . 1- Investment in Public Transport and subsidy to keep down fares. e.g.: i) 70% people travel from house to workplace using public transport. ii) develop strategic area in prevent user to use its own car2- Use train for far distance e.g.: i) Malar Valley consist ¾ countries, big town and cities ii) To avoid further development of edge cities served by car iii) car traffic is decreasing.
.Stockholm city and the Green Map have been parallel project whichthe Green Map goes further and defines the green qualities. Stockholm city and the Green Map have been parallel project The Green Map which the Green Map defines the values of goes further and parks and green defines the green areas. qualities. It is devide into an ecological part, based on the biotop mapping showing bio-diversity, and a socio-cultural part based on a “ sociotop map” (a places for human activities and experiences) which is the result of a communicative process involving citizens..
Participation in enhancing suburban areasLate 60’s, early 70’s – built million suburbs along metrolines in order to get rid of heavy housing shortage70’s – Suburbs move to own house, so flat become empty90’s – Increasing social problems in Million programme areas.Planning issue needs to manage in order to continuing developmentto enhance democracy and citizen enggagementCome out with Outer City program where built environment anddesign standard of building improved following in the innitiative fromtenants