Apa citation style 6th edition
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Apa citation style 6th edition

on

  • 5,417 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
5,417
Views on SlideShare
5,417
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
3
Downloads
106
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Apa citation style 6th edition Apa citation style 6th edition Presentation Transcript

  • Nor ezan bin omar[be seen or you are a nobody]
  • APA Citation Style 6th Edition  American Psychological Association (APA) style is commonly used for citing references in science and social science courses, such as Psychology, Nursing, and Social Work.  The purpose of documentation is to:  Identify (cite) other people’s ideas and information used within your essay.  Indicate the authors or sources of these in aReferences list at the end of your paper.  The best way to avoid plagiarism is to cite your sources.  “Plagiarism: The submission by a student of the writings, ideas or data of another individual as the student’s own in any essay or assignment. Avoid the consequences of plagiarism by giving proper references to your sources.” --RDC Academic Terminology Glossary
  • Book with one Author or EditorGeneral Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase) -entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words. In-Text Citation (Quotation) -entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote. References - entry that appears at the end of your paper. In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):(Author Surname, Year)In-Text Citation (Quotation):(Author Surname, Year, page number)References:Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher.
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Franks, 2005) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Franks, 2005, p. 148) References: Franks, A. (2005). Margaret Sangers eugenic legacy: The control of female fertility. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company.
  • Book with Two Authors or EditorsGeneral Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname & Author Surname, Year) In-Text Citation (Direct Quote): (Author Surname & Author Surname, Year, page number) References: Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher.
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Burley & Harris, 2002) In-Text Citation (Direct Quote): (Burley & Harris, 2002, p. 153) References: Burley, J., & Harris, J. (Eds.). (2002). A companion to genethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  • Book with Three to Five Authorsor EditorsGeneral Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year) NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five authors/editors includes all of the names of the authors/editors, subsequent citations include only the first authors/editors surname, followed by et al. and the year. In-Text Citation (Direct Quote): (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year, page number) References: Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher.
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Johnson, Roberts, & Worell, 1999) NOTE: A subsequent citation would appear as (Johnson et al., 1999) In-Text Citation (Direct Quote): (Johnson, Roberts, & Worell, 1999, p. 72) References: Johnson, N. G., Roberts, M. C., & Worell, J. (Eds.). (1999). Beyond appearance: A new look at adolescent girls. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Article or Chapter in an EditedBook General Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname [of Chapter or Article], Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname [of Chapter or Article], Year, page number) References (Quotation): Author Surname [of Chapter or Article], First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article or chapter title. In Editor First Initial. Second Initial. Surname (Eds.), Book title:Subtitle (pp. page range of article or chapter). Place of Publication: Publisher.
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Lawrence & Dodds, 2003) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Lawrence & Dodds, 2003, p. 526) References: Lawrence, J. A., & Dodds, A. E. (2003). Goal-directed activities and life-span development. In J. Valsiner & K. Connolly (Eds.), Handbook of developmentalpsychology (pp. 517-533). London, England: Sage Publications.
  • Article in a Reference Book General Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname [of Article], Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname [of Article], Year, page number) References (Quotation): Author Surname [of Article], First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title. In Editor First Initial. Second Initial. Surname (Eds.), Reference book title: Subtitle(# ed. edition, Vol. Volume, pp. page range of article). Place of Publication: Publisher.
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Lindgren, 1994) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Lindgren, 1994, p.468) References: Lindgren, H. C. (1994). Stereotyping. In Encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 3, pp. 468-469). New York, NY: Wiley.
  • Book with no AuthorGeneral Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Book title [usually shortened], Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Book title [usually shortened], Year, page number) References: Book title: Subtitle. (Year). Place of Publication: Publisher.
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Merriam-Websters, 2005) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Merriam-Websters, 2005, p. 3) References: Merriam-Websters collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2005). Springfield, MA: Merriam- Webster.
  • E-BookGeneral Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname, Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname, Year, page number) References: Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle [Version]. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxx OR Retrieved from URL of the home page of the e-book provider.
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Ochs, 2004) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Ochs, 2004, p. 55) References: Ochs, S. (2004). A history of nerve functions: From animal spirits to molecular mechanisms [ebrary Reader version]. Retrieved from http://www.ebrary.com/corp/
  • Edition of a Book other than theFirst General Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname, Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname, Year, page number) References: Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle (edition). Place of Publication: Publisher.
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Harris, 2001) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Harris, 2001, p. 50) References: Harris, L. A. (2001). Canadian copyright law (3rd ed.). Toronto, ON: McGraw Hill Ryerson.
  • A Translation General Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname, Year Originally Published/Year of Translation) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname, Year Originally Published/Year of Translation, page number) References (Quotation): Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle (Translator First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, Trans.). Place of Publication: Publisher. (Original work published Year).
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Laplace, 1814/1951) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Laplace, 1814/1951, p. 148) References: Laplace, P. S. (1951). A philosophical essay on probabilities (F. W. Truscott & F. L. Emory, Trans.). New York, NY: Dover. (Original work published 1814).
  • JOURNAL/MAGAZINE ARTICLESIf a journal article has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) listed, you will always include this identifier in your reference. You will not have to include the URL of the journals home page or of the database from which you retrieved the article if a DOI is available.Journal Article with One Author In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname, Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname, Year, page number) References: Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx OR Retrieved from URL of journal home page [if available].
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Pettigrew, 2009) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Pettigrew, 2009, p. 61) References: Pettigrew, T. F. (2009). Secondary transfer effect of contact: Do intergroup contact effects spread to noncontacted outgroups? Social Psychology, 40(2), 55-65. doi:10.1027/1864-9335.40.2.55
  • Journal Article with Two Authors In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname & Author Surname, Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname & Author Surname, Year, page number) References: Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx OR Retrieved from URL of journal home page [if available].
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Paterson & Thorne, 2003) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Paterson & Thorne, 2003, p. 30) References: Paterson, B. L., & Thorne, S. (2003). Enhancing the evaluation of nursing care effectiveness. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 35(3), 26- 38. References: Sillick, T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self- esteem mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E- Journal of AppliedPsychology, 2(2), 38-48. Retrieved from http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/ejap
  • Journal Article with Three to FiveAuthors General Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year) NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five authors/editors includes all of the names of the authors/editors, subsequent citations include only the first authors/editors surname, followed by et al. and the year. In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year, page number) References: Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx OR Retrieved from URL of journal home page [if available].
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Brinkworth, Noakes, Buckley, Keogh, & Clifton, 2009)NOTE: A subsequent citation would appear as (Brinkworth et al., 2009) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Brinkworth, Noakes, Buckley, Keogh, & Clifton, 2009, p. 27) References: Brinkworth, G. D., Noakes, M., Buckley, J. D., Keogh, J. B., & Clifton, P. M. (2009). Long-term effects of a very-low-carbohydrate weight loss diet compared with an isocaloric low-fat diet after 12 mo. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 90 (1), 23-32. doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.27326
  • Journal Article with Six or MoreAuthorsGeneral Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname et al., Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname et al., Year, page number) References: Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx [if available] OR Retrieved from URL of journal home page [if available].NOTE: If an article has more than seven authors, list the names ofthe first six authors followed by ... and then the last authors name in thereference entry (p. 198).
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Dietz et al., 2007) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Dietz et al., 2007, p. 1517) References: Dietz, P. M., Williams, S. B., Callaghan, W. M., Bachman, D. J., Whitlock, E. P., & Hornbrook, M. C. (2007). Clinically identified maternal depression before, during, and after pregnancies ending in live births. American Journal of Psychiatry, 164(10), 1515-1520. Retrieved from http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/
  • Magazine ArticleGeneral Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname, Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname, Year, page number) References: Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year, Month Day). Article title: Subtitle. Magazine Title, Volume(issue), page range. Retrieved from URL of magazine home page [if viewed online].
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Henry & Mehta, 1990) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Henry & Mehta, 1990, p. 30) References: Henry, W. A., & Mehta, N. S. (1990, April 9). Beyond the melting pot. Time, 135, 28-31. References: Kuttner, R. (2003, September 8). The great American pension- fund robbery. Business Week, 24-26. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/
  • Newspaper ArticleGeneral Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname, Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname, Year, page number) References: Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year, Month Day). Article title: Subtitle. Newspaper Title, page range. Retrieved from URL [if viewed online]
  • ExampleExample 1 In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Wallace, 2007) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Wallace, 2007, p. A8) References: Wallace, K. (2007, December 4). Passport applicant finds massive privacy breach. The Globe and Mail, pp. A1, A8. References: Severson, K., & Martin, A. (2009, March 3). Its organic, but does that mean its safer? The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com
  • WEBSITES When citing sources that you find on the Internet you only need to include a retrieval date if the information you viewed is likely to change over time (p. 192). If you reference an article from Wikipedia, for example, you would want to include a retrieval date because information in a wiki can be subject to a lot of change.General Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname, Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname, Year, page or paragraph number [if available]) References: Personal or Corporate Author. (Last update or copyright date; if not known, put n.d.). Title of specific document. Retrieved from URL of specific document
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Browning, 1993) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Browning, 1993, para. 12) References: Browning, T. (1993). A brief historical survey of women writers of science fiction. Retrieved from http://www.cwrl.utexas.edu/tonya/Tonya/sf/history.html
  • Web page from a University siteGeneral Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname, Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname, Year, page or paragraph number [if available]) References: Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Last update or copyright date; if not known, put n.d.). Title of specific document. Retrieved from Name of Universitywebsite: URL of specific document
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Johnson & Becker, n.d.) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Johnson & Becker, n.d.) References: Johnson, K. A., & Becker, J. A. (n.d.). The whole brain atlas. Retrieved from Harvard University Medical School website: http://www.med.harvard.edu/AANLIB/
  • Document from a Web site withno AuthorGeneral Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Title of specific document, Year)NOTE: If the title of a document is long, use a shortened version for thein-text citations. In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Title of specific document, Year, page or paragraph number [if available]) References: Title of specific document. (Last update or copyright date; if not known, put n.d.). InTitle of website. Retrieved from URL of specific document
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Neurology, n.d.) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Neurology, n.d.) References: Neurology. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved August 8, 2007, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neurology
  • Blog PostGeneral Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname OR Screen name, Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname OR Screen name, Year) References: Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Author screen name {as it appears on the blog}. (Year, Month Day {of post}). Title of specific post [Web log post].Retrieved from URL of specific post NOTE: If it is the original blog post use [Web log post]. If it is a reply or comment made to the original post, use [Web log comment].
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (MiddleKid, 2007) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (MiddleKid, 2007) References: MiddleKid. (2007, January 22). Re: The unfortunate prerequisites and consequences of partitioning your mind [Web log comment]. Retrieved from http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2007/01/the _unfor tunate_prerequisites.php
  • Entry in an Online ReferenceWorkGeneral Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname, Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname, Year, page number [if available]) References: Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year; if not known, put n.d.). Title of entry. In Editor First Initial. Second Initial. Surname (Ed.), Title of reference work (edition, Vol. #). Retrieved from URL
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Graham, 2005) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Graham, 2005) References: Graham, G. (2005). Behaviorism. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2007 ed.). Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries /behaviorism/
  • AUDIOVISUAL MEDIAMotion Picture/Video RecordingGeneral Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Producer Surname & Director Surname, Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Producer Surname & Director Surname, Year) References: Producer Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Producer), & Director Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Director). (Year). Title of movie [Format e.g. Motion picture or DVD]. Country where movie was produced: Name of Studio.
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Davidson & Davidson, 1999) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Davidson & Davidson, 1999) References: Davidson, F. (Producer), & Davidson, J. (Director). (1999). B. F. Skinner: A fresh appraisal [Motion picture]. United States: Davidson Films.
  • Youtube VideoGeneral Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname OR Screen name, Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname OR Screen name, Year) References: Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Author screen name. (Year, Month Day {of video post}). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL of specific video
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Norton, 2006) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Norton, 2006) References: Norton, R. (2006, November 4). How to train a cat to operate a light switch [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vja83KLQXZs
  • OTHER SOURCESAn InterviewPersonal interviews are not included in the reference list because they do not provide recoverable data. Cite them in text only.General Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Interviewee First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day, Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Interviewee First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day, Year) References: Not included.
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Y. Martel, personal communication, April 15, 2005) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Y. Martel, personal communication, April 15, 2005) References: Not included.
  • Secondary SourcesSometimes an author writes about research that someone else has done, but you are unable to track down the original research report.In this case, because you did not read the original report, you will include only the source you did consult in your References.The words “as cited in” in the parenthetical reference indicate you have not read the original research.General Format In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname, Year qtd. as cited in Author Surname [of the source you read], Year) In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname, Year qtd. as cited in Author Surname [of the source you read], Year, page number) References: Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial [of the source you read]. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher.
  • Example In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): Fong’s 1987 study (as cited in Bertram, 1996) found that older students’ memory can be as good as that of young people, but this depends on how memory is tested. References: Do not include Fong (1987) in your References; do include Bertram (1996).
  • THANK YOU