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Vaccine Safety in Oregon Information provided by the Oregon Health Authority, Public Health Division.
Vaccines have been used to prevent disease for over 200 years.
Today, vaccines have been developed to prevent several diseases: Whooping Measles Mumps Rubella cough Meningococcal Polio Chickenpox Diphtheria disease Pneumococcal disease Rotavirus Influenza Tetanus Hepatitis Human Hib A&B Papillomavirus
Immunizations are so important,children are required to be vaccinated before attending childcare or school.
Are vaccines safe?Vaccines are tested before they are licensed, thenmonitored to ensure their safety.
Are vaccines safe?Healthcare providers must provide a VaccineInformation Statement, which discusses the risks andbenefits of each vaccine.
Are so many shots safe for my baby? Numerous studies have determined that simultaneous vaccination with multiple vaccines won’t overwhelm a body’s immune system.
Are so many shots safe for my baby? Today’s vaccines are more effective and contain fewer antigens than ever.3500300025002000 Antigens15001000 500 0 Pertussis in 1960 DTap today Todays immunizations combined
Are so many shots safe for my baby?•A CDC committee takes great care to ensure that childrenget their shots at the ages when the vaccines are mosteffective.•Combining vaccines into one shot means kids have fewershots, fewer office visits and less discomfort.
Are infants too young to get shots? •Most babies are born with some immunity from their mothers. •Many of the diseases that vaccines prevent occur in very young infants. •Vaccines don’t weaken the immune response, they boost it.
Isn’t it better to gain immunity naturally by getting the disease?•Natural infection can come at a high price.•A child may have a mild case or even no symptoms at all, buthe or she could pass on the disease to a child who can’t beimmunized.
Are the diseases that vaccines prevent really dangerous?•Yes. Many vaccine-preventable diseases are no longer seen onthis continent so we have forgotten how horrible they are.•Some dangerous diseases are still prevalent.•Disease is just a plane ride away.•Even diseases that seem mild can be dangerous for healthykids.
Why are immunizations given on aschedule? What is the harm in spacing shots out?
Why are immunizations given on aschedule? What is the harm in spacing shots out?Delaying shots can make children susceptible to disease for longer periods of time.
Why are immunizations given on aschedule? What is the harm in spacing shots out?There is no data to support safety and effectiveness of an alternative schedule.
Why are immunizations given on aschedule? What is the harm in spacing shots out?Alternative schedules mean more shots, more office visits and more stress for kids.
Are there harmful ingredients in vaccines?Some people have allergic reactions toingredients found in vaccines. Egg proteins Antibiotics Yeast proteins Gelatin Ask your health care provider!
Is there mercury in vaccines?Thimerosal was removed from childhood vaccines in 2001.
What about aluminum in vaccines? Is it harmful?•Aluminum salts have been in vaccines for 80years.•Aluminum is in the air, water and the food weeat.•Babies who are breastfed consume about 10milligrams of aluminum in their first sixmonths, compared to 4 milligrams in the allthe vaccines they receive during that time.
Why does a newborn get a hepatitis B vaccine?• Hepatitis B is around!• Not everyone with hepatitis B knows they’re infected.• Outcomes tend to be worse in young people.• The vaccine is safe.
Why should people trust a system that makes money for drug companies?•Vaccines aren’t a big moneymaker.• Vaccines are held to a higher regulatory standardthan drugs.
As Oregonians, we cherish ourindependent spirit, but we also care deeply about our neighbors.Immunization keeps our families and communities safe from disease.
For more information about vaccine safety:• Ask your health care provider• Call the Oregon Immunization Program 971-673-0300• Visit the Oregon Immunization Program’s website healthoregon.org/imm
This presentation is based on informationfrom the Centers for Disease Control andPrevention and the Oregon HealthAuthority, as well as Vaccines and YourChild: Separating Fact from Fiction by PaulA. Offit, MD and Charlotte A. Moser(Columbia University Press, 2011).
Glossary• AAFP: American Academy of Family Physicians.• AAP: American Academy of Pediatrics.• Adjuvant: An agent that may stimulate the immune system and increase the response to a vaccine; from the Latin word to aid.• ACIP: Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices.• Antigen: An antigen is any substance that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against it.• Autism: is a developmental disorder that affects the brain’s normal development of social and communication skills.
Glossary, cont.• CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.• DTaP: diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis vaccine.• Hib: haemophilus influenzae type b, a bacterium that causes severe disease in young children.• HPV: human papillomavirus.• MMR: measles, mumps, rubella vaccine.• Thimerosal: a mercury-containing organic preservative used in some flu vaccines but taken out of routine childhood vaccinations in 2001.
References and Related Studies• Glanz, J.M., D.L. McClure, D.J. Magid, et al. “Parental Refusal of Pertussis Vaccination is Associated with an Increased Risk of Pertussis Infection in Children.” Pediatrics 123 (2009): 1446-1451.• Honda, H., Y. Shimizu, and M. Rutter. “No Effect of MMR Withdrawal on the Incidence of Autism: A Total Population Study.” Journal of Child Psychiatry and Psychology 46 (2005): 572-579.• Hviid, A., M. Stellfeld, J. Wohlfahrt. and M. Melbye. “Association Between Thimerosal-Containing Vaccine and Autism.” Journal of the American Medical Association 290 (2003): 1763-1766.• Kelso, J.M. and J.T. Li. “Adverse Reactions to Vaccines.” Annals of Allergy Asthma and Immunology 103 (2009): S10-S14.• Offit, P.A. and R.K. Jew. “Addressing Parents’ Concerns: Do Vaccines Contain Harmful Preservatives, Adjuvants, Additives or Residuals?” Pediatrics 112 (2003): 1394-1401.• Offit, P.A., J. Quarles, M.A. Gerber, et al. “Addressing Parents’ Concerns: Do Multiple Vaccines Overwhelm or Weaken the Infant’s Immune System?” Pediatrics 109 (2002): 124-129.• Ramsay, D.S. and M. Lewis. “Developmental Changes in Infant Cortisol and Behavior Response to Inoculation.” Child Development 65 (1994): 1491-1502.