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Course of the    War Pacific/Asian   Theater
Japan’s Military Might• JAP leaders were encouraged by GER’s rapid  victories in the 1940s.• JAP received permission from ...
December 7, 1941• Japanese aircraft attacked Pearl Harbor   – Americans in Hawaii are unprepared for attack.   – Japanese ...
• Historic sites of Pearl Harbor  – http://video.yahoo.com/watch/2256300/7106820• Hitler - declared war on U.S., thought U...
Battle of Coral Sea• May 7 & 8, 1942 – Battle of Coral Sea  – US navy stopped Japanese advance & saved    Australia from i...
Battle of Midway Island• June 4 – Battle of Midway Island  – Turning Point in the Pacific     • Showing that the Japanese ...
• Fall 1942 – Allied forces gathering for 2  operations  – 1. MacArthur – to Philippines through New    Guinea & South Pac...
Gen. Douglas MacArthur• US commander in Pacific  – “old soldiers never die; they just fade away.”
The Battle of Iwo Jima• Feb. – March 1945• One of the bloodiest engagements of the  entire war.  – JAP losses: 21,000  – U...
The least you need to know:• Dec 7, 1941 – A day that will live in infamy  – Pearl Harbor not the only place attacked  – K...
Harry Truman• Harry Truman – U.S. Pres after FDR dies  – Has to decide if U.S. should use atomic    bomb
Atomic Bomb• Use of Atomic Bomb  – Allow U.S. to avoid invasion of Japan    • Estimated 90% casualty rate to invade JAP  –...
Atomic Bomb cont.• Almost everything within a one-mile radius  of the explosion’s center spontaneously  combusted.• Granit...
End of the War• Aug 14 – Emperor Hirohito surrendered  – 17 million dead in battle  – 20 million dead civilians  – Some es...
Course of the war pacific theater
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Transcript of "Course of the war pacific theater"

  1. 1. Course of the War Pacific/Asian Theater
  2. 2. Japan’s Military Might• JAP leaders were encouraged by GER’s rapid victories in the 1940s.• JAP received permission from GER to occupy French Indochina.• Pres. Roosevelt froze all JAP assets in U.S. & stopped shipping oil to them.• U.S. demanded JAP withdraw from China and Indochina.• While negotiating with U.S. the JAP planned a surpris
  3. 3. December 7, 1941• Japanese aircraft attacked Pearl Harbor – Americans in Hawaii are unprepared for attack. – Japanese invasion seems inevitable.• The Battle of Wake Island began simultaneously w/ the attack on Pearl Harbor• JAP also hit Philippines & pushed toward Malaya (BR colony)• Soon invaded Dutch Indies• Spring 1942 – almost all SE Asia & much of W Pacific in Japanese control• JAP leaders - hoped lightening strike at American bases would destroy US Pacific fleet• U.S. enters the war – joined European nations & nationalist China to defeat Japan
  4. 4. • Historic sites of Pearl Harbor – http://video.yahoo.com/watch/2256300/7106820• Hitler - declared war on U.S., thought U.S. couldn’t fight in Pacific & Europe• The battles of Bataan & Corregidor fought in the Philippines were 2 of America’s greatest losses to Japan at beginning of WWII.• Battle of Bataan – American/Filipino losses: 10,000 men, 20,000 wounded, 75,000 prisoners – Bataan Death March
  5. 5. Battle of Coral Sea• May 7 & 8, 1942 – Battle of Coral Sea – US navy stopped Japanese advance & saved Australia from invasion • JAP losses: Approximately 3500 men, 2 aircraft carriers, 2 destroyers, numerous other vessels, about 100 planes • U.S. losses: 540 personnel, the aircraft carrier Lexington, 65 planes, the destroyer Sims, and the aircraft carrier Yorktown was damaged
  6. 6. Battle of Midway Island• June 4 – Battle of Midway Island – Turning Point in the Pacific • Showing that the Japanese had greatly underestimated the U.S. Navy – U.S. planes destroyed 4 Japanese aircraft carriers • U.S. losses: 307 personnel, 1 carrier, 1 destroyer, 98 planes • JAP losses: 3,057 men, 4 carriers, 1 cruiser, 248 planes • Losses permanently weakened the Imperial Japanese Navy – U.S. established naval superiority in Pacific
  7. 7. • Fall 1942 – Allied forces gathering for 2 operations – 1. MacArthur – to Philippines through New Guinea & South Pacific – 2. Move across Pacific w/ U.S. Army, Marines & Navy attacks on Japanese held- island.• (d) island hopping – tactic of capturing some and bypassing other Japanese held- islands• 1943 – U.S. forces on offensive, advancing across Pacific
  8. 8. Gen. Douglas MacArthur• US commander in Pacific – “old soldiers never die; they just fade away.”
  9. 9. The Battle of Iwo Jima• Feb. – March 1945• One of the bloodiest engagements of the entire war. – JAP losses: 21,000 – U.S. losses: 6,821
  10. 10. The least you need to know:• Dec 7, 1941 – A day that will live in infamy – Pearl Harbor not the only place attacked – Kamakazi• Battle of Coral Sea – Saved Australia• Midway Island – Turning point in the Pacific• Gen. Douglas MacArthur – US Commander in Pacific• Harry Truman- Us Pres. After FDR’s death
  11. 11. Harry Truman• Harry Truman – U.S. Pres after FDR dies – Has to decide if U.S. should use atomic bomb
  12. 12. Atomic Bomb• Use of Atomic Bomb – Allow U.S. to avoid invasion of Japan • Estimated 90% casualty rate to invade JAP – Aug 6 – 1st bomb dropped on Hiroshima – Aug 9 – 2nd bomb dropped on Nagasaki • Both cities leveled • Hiroshima: 71,379 instantly killed, 70,000 die later from radiation poisoning. • Nagasaki: 25,000 instantly killed, 45,000 die by end of year from radiation poisoning
  13. 13. Atomic Bomb cont.• Almost everything within a one-mile radius of the explosion’s center spontaneously combusted.• Granite stone melted• People vaporized left ghostly images imprinted on stone walls & sidewalks.*Information from Everything World War II
  14. 14. End of the War• Aug 14 – Emperor Hirohito surrendered – 17 million dead in battle – 20 million dead civilians – Some estimate total dead 50 million – Immediately after the war, Russia and the U.S. went their separate ways – This rivalry between east & west was known as the Cold War
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