Japan’s Military Might• JAP leaders were encouraged by GER’s rapid victories in the 1940s.• JAP received permission from GER to occupy French Indochina.• Pres. Roosevelt froze all JAP assets in U.S. & stopped shipping oil to them.• U.S. demanded JAP withdraw from China and Indochina.• While negotiating with U.S. the JAP planned a surpris
December 7, 1941• Japanese aircraft attacked Pearl Harbor – Americans in Hawaii are unprepared for attack. – Japanese invasion seems inevitable.• The Battle of Wake Island began simultaneously w/ the attack on Pearl Harbor• JAP also hit Philippines & pushed toward Malaya (BR colony)• Soon invaded Dutch Indies• Spring 1942 – almost all SE Asia & much of W Pacific in Japanese control• JAP leaders - hoped lightening strike at American bases would destroy US Pacific fleet• U.S. enters the war – joined European nations & nationalist China to defeat Japan
• Historic sites of Pearl Harbor – http://video.yahoo.com/watch/2256300/7106820• Hitler - declared war on U.S., thought U.S. couldn’t fight in Pacific & Europe• The battles of Bataan & Corregidor fought in the Philippines were 2 of America’s greatest losses to Japan at beginning of WWII.• Battle of Bataan – American/Filipino losses: 10,000 men, 20,000 wounded, 75,000 prisoners – Bataan Death March
Battle of Coral Sea• May 7 & 8, 1942 – Battle of Coral Sea – US navy stopped Japanese advance & saved Australia from invasion • JAP losses: Approximately 3500 men, 2 aircraft carriers, 2 destroyers, numerous other vessels, about 100 planes • U.S. losses: 540 personnel, the aircraft carrier Lexington, 65 planes, the destroyer Sims, and the aircraft carrier Yorktown was damaged
Battle of Midway Island• June 4 – Battle of Midway Island – Turning Point in the Pacific • Showing that the Japanese had greatly underestimated the U.S. Navy – U.S. planes destroyed 4 Japanese aircraft carriers • U.S. losses: 307 personnel, 1 carrier, 1 destroyer, 98 planes • JAP losses: 3,057 men, 4 carriers, 1 cruiser, 248 planes • Losses permanently weakened the Imperial Japanese Navy – U.S. established naval superiority in Pacific
• Fall 1942 – Allied forces gathering for 2 operations – 1. MacArthur – to Philippines through New Guinea & South Pacific – 2. Move across Pacific w/ U.S. Army, Marines & Navy attacks on Japanese held- island.• (d) island hopping – tactic of capturing some and bypassing other Japanese held- islands• 1943 – U.S. forces on offensive, advancing across Pacific
Gen. Douglas MacArthur• US commander in Pacific – “old soldiers never die; they just fade away.”
The Battle of Iwo Jima• Feb. – March 1945• One of the bloodiest engagements of the entire war. – JAP losses: 21,000 – U.S. losses: 6,821
The least you need to know:• Dec 7, 1941 – A day that will live in infamy – Pearl Harbor not the only place attacked – Kamakazi• Battle of Coral Sea – Saved Australia• Midway Island – Turning point in the Pacific• Gen. Douglas MacArthur – US Commander in Pacific• Harry Truman- Us Pres. After FDR’s death
Harry Truman• Harry Truman – U.S. Pres after FDR dies – Has to decide if U.S. should use atomic bomb
Atomic Bomb• Use of Atomic Bomb – Allow U.S. to avoid invasion of Japan • Estimated 90% casualty rate to invade JAP – Aug 6 – 1st bomb dropped on Hiroshima – Aug 9 – 2nd bomb dropped on Nagasaki • Both cities leveled • Hiroshima: 71,379 instantly killed, 70,000 die later from radiation poisoning. • Nagasaki: 25,000 instantly killed, 45,000 die by end of year from radiation poisoning
Atomic Bomb cont.• Almost everything within a one-mile radius of the explosion’s center spontaneously combusted.• Granite stone melted• People vaporized left ghostly images imprinted on stone walls & sidewalks.*Information from Everything World War II
End of the War• Aug 14 – Emperor Hirohito surrendered – 17 million dead in battle – 20 million dead civilians – Some estimate total dead 50 million – Immediately after the war, Russia and the U.S. went their separate ways – This rivalry between east & west was known as the Cold War
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.