Studio Photography Basics
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Studio Photography Basics

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"Basic Studio photography" conducted at Studio XPOZ, Bangalore on 24th July 2010.

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Studio Photography Basics Presentation Transcript

  • 1. WorkshoponStudio Photography
    By
    Suvajit
    jeet_sen@yahoo.co.in
    17th July 2010
    Bangalore
  • 2. Topics
    Principles of Artificial Lighting
    Basic Studio Lighting
    Portrait lighting
    Studio lighting and Exposure
  • 3. Principles of artificial lighting
    Why use artificial light?
    Lack of adequate natural light
    Take control of the light
    Make a photograph; don’t just take it.
    Shooting with artificial light is like:
    “Sculpting with LIGHT”
  • 4. Basic goal of artificial lighting
    Bring out the 3D quality of the subject(s)
    • By reproducing the highlights and shadows as produced under natural light
    • 5. By revealing surface textures
  • Basic Studio Lighting
    Categories of studio light
    Basic four light setup
    Studio lighting tools
  • 6. Categories of studio light
    Continuous
    + Cheap
    + See what the light is doing
    - Produces more heat than light
    - Not balanced to daylight
    Flash
    + Balanced to daylight (5500K)
    + Saves power
  • 7. Basic four light setup
    Key Light(M)
    The main light source/ brightest light source
    Fill light (F)
    Soften the shadows formed by Key light
    Background light(B1)
    Lights background and not the subject
    Accent lights(H, B2)
    Adds a rim light to separate subject from background.
    Also called “kicker light”
  • 8. Steps in preparing lighting setup
    Decide on general effect
    visualize; determine type/direction/angle of light
    2. Add the key light(s)
    - create dominant set of highlight & shadows
    3. Place the fill lights
    - Adjust light ratio to obtain desired effect
    4. Separate subject from background
    - Add background light
    - Add kicker light (optional)
    - Subject should not be close to background (min 5 feet)
    - Lights should not add to any secondary highlight or shadows
    5. Make final adjustments
    - take sample shot, analyze and readjust
    - look out for unwanted highlights/shadows, catchlights
  • 9. Studio equipments
    Light Source
    Studio lights
    Tripods/Stands
    Triggers
    Light Modifiers
    Diffusers
    Umbrella
    Soft Box (normal, strip, octabox)
    Deflectors
    Reflectors
    Snoot
    Grid
    Barn door
    Color gels
    Light meter
    Accessories
    Backdrop
    Props
  • 10. Portrait lighting
    Rembrandt
    Loop
    Butterfly
    Split
    Broad
    Short
  • 11. Rembrandt lighting
    Source : http://tips.romanzolin.com
  • 12. Loop lighting
    Source : http://tips.romanzolin.com
  • 13. Butterfly lighting
    Source : http://tips.romanzolin.com
  • 14. Split lighting
    Source : http://tips.romanzolin.com
  • 15. Broad lighting
    Source : http://tips.romanzolin.com
  • 16. Short lighting
    Source : http://tips.romanzolin.com
  • 17. Exposure in studio lighting
    Shutter speed in camera has no control on exposure as your camera cannot shoot faster than your camera SYNC speed, it is 1/200.
    Exposure can be controlled by :
    1. The power of the light
    2. Aperture of the lens
    3. ISO setting
  • 18. How to control studio light power
    Controls on Light system ( Full, ½, ¼, 1/8 )
    Distance of light from subject.
    Inverse Square Law applies here ( so if you move your subject from 3 feet away to 6 feet away, your light power will reduce by 4 times or you will need four times more light)
  • 19. Aperture and f stops
    For aperture control under studio lights, same principle applies.
    Exposure halves by increase in each f-stop
    f/8, Full power @ ISO 200 will give
    same exposure as
    f/5.6, ½ power @ ISO 200
    The full f stops are
    2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22
  • 20. References
    www.studiolighting.net
    www.strobist.com