ECD 115 Kim Sutton Instructor Observation and Assessment of the Young Child1
Lesson 3 Objective Versus Subjective Observations2
Six Key Practices for Effective Observation 1. Make observation a routine part of your work 2. Engage families in the observation process 3. Use strategies that match your purposes 4. Observe as objectively as possible 5. Document your observations 6. Reflect on and use your observations3
No two people will see the same child in identical ways. Two open and honestteachers can be asked to observe the same child. What they see and the interpretation they make will depend on what they decide to look for and on their own particular perspectives. (Martin, S., Take a Look, 2007)
Objective vs. Subjective Descriptions Objective Subjective Descriptions of your Descriptions of your observations provide the observations are facts and details with as influenced by your little interpretation as opinions, past personal possible. experiences, and Example: There was a background. crowd of about 50 people Example: There was an in front of the museum. impatient crowd of about 50 people waiting endlessly to enter the museum.5
When Observing • Remain as objective as possible in your descriptions. • Record only the facts. • Learning to be objective takes time and practice.6
Let’s Practice! Objective or Subjective? 1. Sarah puts dishes on the table for the bear and the doll and says "you...one...you...one... ME!" 2. Tanya sets the table, probably imitating how it happens at home. 3. Zack has been crying because he misses his mom and is afraid she won’t come back. He clings to his blanket for comfort.7
Let’s Practice! Objective or Subjective? 1. Sarah puts dishes on the table for the bear and the doll and says "you...one...you...one... ME!“ OBJECTIVE 2. Tanya sets the table, probably imitating how it happens at home. SUBJECTIVE 3. Zack has been crying because he misses his mom and is afraid she won’t come back. He clings to his blanket for comfort. SUBJECTIVE8
Keep in Mind… • Each of us has unique experiences and knowledge that impact how we observe and react to the things children say and do. • So that we begin with the most accurate description of what has been observed, it is important to develop objective observation habits and to hold off on interpreting what we observe until we have collected the factual descriptions.9
Look Back…. • Look back at your homework assignment for lesson 2. You will need to open the Microsoft Word document that you created last week. • Are your descriptions objective or subjective?10
Homework Assignment – Lesson 3, Part I • Highlight each subjective statement in your description of the photograph that you submitted for Lesson 2. • Save your file - example: sutton3a.doc. SUBMIT YOUR ANSWERS VIA THE LESSON 3 LINK IN THE DROPBOX.11
Homework Assignment – Lesson 3, Part II • Download the Objective versus Subjective Worksheet file (you can find it in the same area as this PowerPoint.) • Read each statement and determine if it is objective or subjective. – Type your answers directly on the worksheet. – If the statement is subjective, highlight the part that makes the statement subjective. – Save your file – example: sutton3b.doc SUBMIT YOUR ANSWERS THROUGH THE DROPBOX FOR LESSON 3.12
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