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Causes of WWII


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Outlines the causes of WWII …

Outlines the causes of WWII

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  • 1. Causes of World War II
  • 2. World-wide Depression
    • The United States was not the only country troubled with economic hardships during the 1930s
    • Economic depressions in Japan, Germany, and Italia influenced their politics that spurred WWII
      • These countries would come to be known as the Axis Powers
  • 3.
    • In 1931, Japan took control of the Manchurian province of China
      • In order to accomplish economic growth, Japan's Nationalist government wanted to take control of China's natural resources
      • At this time China was in a weakened state due to a civil war between the Nationalists and Communists
    Japanese Imperialism
  • 4.
      • The League of Nations was unable to intervene because they lacked a strong enough naval power
    • During the late 1930s
      • Japan and China enter into full on war
      • The Japanese expanded further south
    Japanese Imperialism
  • 5.
    • Japan continues south into China
    • Japan takes over Manchuria (1931)
  • 6. Germany After WWI
    • The Treaty of Versailles (WWI) demanded reparations from Germany
      • Germany was blamed for WWI and with their defeat, were in no position to argue
      • With the consequences of the treaty and their economy in shambles, the German public turned toward Nationalism
  • 7.
    • Adolf Hitler promised to rebuild Germany's power through military action
      • In 1933, Germany elected Hitler as the Chancellor of the National Socialists Party and took control of Germany in 1934
    Germany Under Adolf Hitler
  • 8.
    • Here we see a massive political rally that was common in Nazi Germany
  • 9. Germany Takes Action
    • On March 13th, 1938 Germany moves in and takes over Austria
    • After its conquest in Austria, Germany wanted to do the same to part of Czechoslovakia (Sudetenland)
      • A conference called the Munich Crisis, which included Great Britain & France, allowed Germany to take Sudetenland as long as Germany did not continue their expansion
    • Germany still took the rest of Czechoslovakia
  • 10. Germany Takes Action
    • In May of 1939, Germany and Italy officially formed their alliance
    • In September of 1939, Germany invades Poland
      • Because of the Poland's alliances, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany
      • This is considered the start of World War II
  • 11.
    • As of 1940, Germany had dominated many of its surrounding countries
  • 12. Germany's Invasion of France
    • On May 13th, 1940
      • Germany breaks through the Maginot Line and takes over France
        • The Maginot Line was a series of defenses along the eastern border of France
  • 13. Germany Takes Action The Maginot Line
  • 14. German Expansion
  • 15. U.S Involvement
    • During this period, the U.S. became less neutral
      • The Destroyer Deal
        • The U.S. gave naval ships to Great Britain
      • The Lend/Lease Program
        • The United States lent military supplies to Great Britain (tanks, gun, etc.)
        • With this program, Great Britain could either repay or return these items when they were done with them
  • 16. The Soviet Union
    • In June of 1941, Germany invades Russia
      • Germany was unable to make it to Russia's capitol, Moscow due to the incredibly harsh Russian winter
      • At this point the Lend/Lease Program was extended to the Soviets
      • Much of the fighting in Russia took place in Stalingrad
        • The Allie's victory in Stalingrad proved to be a substantial turning point in the war
  • 17. Pearl Harbor
    • On December 7th, 1941, Pearl Harbor, an American naval base in Hawaii, was attacked by the Japanese
      • This attack came as a complete surprise
      • Over 2,000 people were killed and the U.S. Naval fleet there was severally damaged
  • 18.  
  • 19. Pearl Harbor
    • On December 8th, Congress passed an official declaration of war against Japan
      • Days later Germany and Italy declared war on the United States
  • 20. “ A date which shall live in infamy.” -President Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 21. For Monday...
    • Speak to a relative or someone you know that was alive during WWII
      • Write a 5 paragraph essay about their experiences
  • 22.
    • Works Cited
    • Chancellor. 1933. Photograph. Time. Cable News Network. Web. 26 Oct. 2009. <,29307,1707887_1525748,00.html >.
    • &quot;Europe's Changing Borders 1938-1940.&quot; Map. BBC News. BBC. Web. 25 Oct. 2009. < >.
    • Foner, Eric. Give Me Liberty!, Second Edition, Volume 2 (Give Me Liberty). 2nd ed. Vol. 2. New York: W. W. Norton, 2007. Print.
    • Hickman, Kennedy. &quot;World War II Pacific: Moving Towards War.&quot; History. The New York Times Company. Web. 24 Oct. 2009.
    • High School Social Studies Content Expectations. Michigan Department of Education. State of Michigan, Oct. 2007. Web. 24 Oct. 2009.
    • &quot;The Japanese Empire Mid-1942.&quot; Map. Web. 24 Oct. 2009. < l >.
    • &quot;Maginot Line.&quot; Map. Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 27 Oct. 2009. < >.
    • Mass Meeting. 1934. Photograph. Time. Cable News Network. Web. 26 Oct. 2009. <,29307,1707887_1525775,00.html>.
  • 23.
    • Works Cited
    • Nazi Expeditions in World War II. YouTube, LLC, 1 July 2006. Web. 27 Oct. 2009. < >.
    • Pearl Harbor. 1941. Photograph. Star Gazette. Gannett New York Network. Web. 27 Oct. 2009. <>.
    • Rosenberg, Jennifer. &quot;World War II Starts: September 1, 1939.&quot; 20th Century History. The New York Times Company. Web. 24 Oct. 2009.
    • Rosenthal, Joe. 1945. Photograph. Associated Press. Demand Media. Web. 25 Oct. 2009. <>.
    • Schoenherr, Steven. &quot;WWII Timeline.&quot; History Department at the University of San Diego. University of San Diego, 25 Sept. 2002. Web. 25 Oct. 2009. <>.
    • Webber, Charley. Japanese Empire Flag. Digital image. Web. 26 Oct. 2009. < >.
    • &quot;World War II.&quot; The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2008. 28 Oct. 2009 < >.